Results for 'David P. Scaer'

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  1.  22
    The Two Sacraments Doctrine as a Factor in Synoptic Relationships.David P. Scaer - 1989 - Philosophy and Theology 3 (3):205-222.
    I argue that baptism and the Lord’s supper were two closely connected and central notions for the Gospel authors. The way in which baptism was connected to forgiveness also provides clues to interdependencies among the Gospel narratives. Following summary examination of the doctrines in Matthew and Paul, I conclude that Mark and John provide a fully developed doctrine of the two sacraments.
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  2.  61
    Omniprescient Agency: DAVID P. HUNT.David P. Hunt - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (3):351 - 369.
    The principle that One cannot deliberate over what one already knows is going to happen, when suitably qualified, has seemed to many philosophers to be about as secure a truth as one is likely to find in this life.Fortunately, poses little restriction on human deliberation, since the conditions which would trigger its prohibition seldom arise for us: our knowledge of the future is intermittent at best, and those things of which we do have advance knowledge are not the sorts of (...)
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  3.  11
    Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes From Morals by Agreement.David P. Gauthier & Robert Sugden - 1993
    Here a group of philosophers, economists and political theorists discuss the work of David Gauthier, which seeks to show that rational individuals would accept certain moral constraints on their choices. The possibilities and limitations of a contractarian approach to issues of justice is analyzed.
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  4.  2
    The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1969 - Oxford University Press.
    The Logic of Leviathan The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.
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  5.  19
    The Compatibility of Omniscience and Intentional Action: A Reply to Tomis Kapitan: DAVID P. HUNT.David P. Hunt - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):49-60.
    The paper that follows continues a discussion with Tomis Kapitan in the pages of this journal over the compatibility of divine agency with divine foreknowledge. I had earlier argued against two premises in Kapitan's case for omniscient impotence: that intentionally A-ing presupposes prior acquisition of the intention to A, and that acquiring the intention to A presupposes prior ignorance whether one will A. In response to my criticisms, Kapitan has recently offered new defences for these two premises. I show in (...)
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  6.  64
    Middle Knowledge and the Soteriological Problem of Evil: DAVID P. HUNT.David P. Hunt - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (1):3-26.
    According to the thesis of divine ‘middle knowledge’, first propounded by the Jesuit theologian Luis de Molina in the sixteenth century, subjunctive conditionals stating how free agents would freely respond under counter-factual conditions may be straightforwardly true, and thus serve as the objects of divine knowledge. This thesis has provoked considerable controversy, and the recent revival of interest in middle knowledge, initiated by Anthony Kenny, Robert Adams and Alvin Plantinga in the 1970s, has led to two ongoing debates. One is (...)
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  7.  21
    Divine Providence: The Molinist Account. [REVIEW]David P. Hunt - 1998 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 47 (1):62-64.
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  8. Practical Reasoning the Structure and Foundations of Prudential and Moral Arguments and Their Exemplification in Discourse.David P. Gauthier - 1963 - Clarendon Press.
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  9. Morals by Agreement.David P. Gauthier - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    Is morality rational? In this book Gauthier argues that moral principles are principles of rational choice. He proposes a principle whereby choice is made on an agreed basis of cooperation, rather than according to what would give an individual the greatest expectation of value. He shows that such a principle not only ensures mutual benefit and fairness, thus satisfying the standards of morality, but also that each person may actually expect greater utility by adhering to morality, even though the choice (...)
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  10.  8
    John Martin Fischer on the Puzzle of Theological Fatalism.David P. Hunt - 2017 - Science, Religion and Culture 4 (2):15-26.
    This is a contribution to an Author Meets Critics special issue on John Martin Fischer's _Our Fate: Essays on God and Free Will_.
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  11.  17
    'An Aristocracy of Exalted Spirits': The Idea of the Church in Newman's Tamworth Reading Room by David P. Delio.David P. Deavel - 2017 - Newman Studies Journal 14 (1):78-80.
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  12.  96
    Providence, Foreknowledge, and Explanatory Loops: A Reply to Robinson.David P. Hunt - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (4):485-491.
    In a number of earlier papers I have attempted to defend the providential utility of simple foreknowledge as a via media between the accounts of divine providence offered by Molinists, on the one hand, and ‘open theists’, on the other. In the current issue of this journal, Michael Robinson argues that my response to one of the standard difficulties for simple foreknowledge – that its providential employment would generate explanatory loops – is inadequate. In the following paper I answer Robinson's (...)
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  13. Sexual Dials (Not Switches) Theory: An Evolutionary Perspective on Sex and Gender Complexity.David P. Schmitt - 2017 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 1 (1):93-102.
  14.  3
    Transcendence and Film: Cinematic Encounters with the Real.David P. Nichols (ed.) - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    In this book, ten experts in philosophy of film explore the importance of transcendence for cinema as an art form in the films of the great directors, David Cronenberg, Karl Theodor Dreyer, Federico Fellini, Werner Herzog, Stanley Kubrick, David Lynch, Terrence Malick, Yasujiro Ozu, and Martin Scorsese.
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  15. Psychoanalytic Studies of Creativity, Greed and Fine Art: Making Contact with the Self.David P. Levine - 2015 - Routledge.
    Throughout the history of psychoanalysis, the study of creativity and fine art has been a special concern. _Psychoanalytic Studies of Creativity, Greed and Fine Art: Making Contact with the Self_ makes a distinct contribution to the psychoanalytic study of art by focusing attention on the relationship between creativity and greed. This book also focuses attention on factors in the personality that block creativity, and examines the matter of the self and its ability to be present and exist as the essential (...)
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  16.  2
    Van Gogh Among the Philosophers: Painting, Thinking, Being.David P. Nichols (ed.) - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    This volume brings Continental philosophical interpretations of Van Gogh into dialogue with one another to explore how for Van Gogh, art places human beings in their world, and yet in other ways displaces them, not allowing them to belong to that world.
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  17. David P. D. Munns & Kärin Nickelsen. Far Beyond the Moon: A History of Life Support Systems in the Space Age. Pittsburgh. [REVIEW]Michael J. Neufeld - 2022 - Centaurus 64 (2):543-545.
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  18.  49
    Evil and Theistic Minimalism.David P. Hunt - 2001 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (3):133-154.
  19.  1
    The Challenge of Coleridge: Ethics and Interpretation in Romanticism and Modern Philosophy.David P. Haney - 2001 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Interweaving past and present texts, _The Challenge of Coleridge _engages the British Romantic poet, critic, and philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge in a "conversation" with philosophical thinkers today who share his interest in the relationship of interpretation to ethics and whose ideas can be both illuminated and challenged by Coleridge’s insights into and struggles with this relationship. In his philosophy, poetry, theology, and personal life, Coleridge revealed his concern with this issue, as it manifests itself in the relation between technical and (...)
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  20. Property and Contract in Economics: The Case for Economic Democracy.David P. Ellerman - 1992 - Blackwell.
    From a pre-publication review by the late Austrian economist, Don Lavoie, of George Mason University: -/- "The book's radical re-interpretation of property and contract is, I think, among the most powerful critiques of mainstream economics ever developed. It undermines the neoclassical way of thinking about property by articulating a theory of inalienable rights, and constructs out of this perspective a "labor theory of property" which is as different from Marx's labor theory of value as it is from neoclassicism. It traces (...)
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  21.  3
    Perfection at Risk? [REVIEW]David P. Hunt - 1999 - Philosophia Christi 1 (2):91-96.
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  22. Collective Intentionality.David P. Schweikard & Hans Bernhard Schmid - 2012 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  23.  1
    Poverty, Work, and Freedom: Political Economy and the Moral Order.David P. Levine & S. Abu Turab Rizvi - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    The poor seem easy to identify: those who do not have enough money or enough of the things money can buy. This book explores a different approach to poverty, one suggested by the notion of capabilities emphasized by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum. In the spirit of the capabilities approach, the book argues that poverty refers not to a lack of things but to the lack of the ability to live life in a particular way. The authors argue that the (...)
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  24. Thomas P. Flint, Divine Providence: The Molinist Account. [REVIEW]David P. Hunt - 2000 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 47 (1):62-64.
  25. Seeing is Believing: The Effect of Brain Images on Judgments of Scientific Reasoning.David P. McCabe & Alan D. Castel - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):343-352.
  26. The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1969 - Clarendon Press.
    I THE NATURE OF MAN To understand morals and politics, understand man. Leviathan , 'that mortal god, to which we owe under the immortal God, our peace and ...
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  27. Moral Responsibility and Unavoidable Action.David P. Hunt - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 97 (2):195-227.
    The principle of alternate possibilities (PAP), making the ability to do otherwise a necessary condition for moral responsibility, is supposed by Harry Frankfurt, John Fischer, and others to succumb to a peculiar kind of counterexample. The paper reviews the main problems with the counterexample that have surfaced over the years, and shows how most can be addressed within the terms of the current debate. But one problem seems ineliminable: because Frankfurt''s example relies on a counterfactual intervener to preclude alternatives to (...)
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  28.  37
    Augustine on Theological Fatalism: The Argument of De Libero Arbitrio 3.1-4.David P. Hunt - 1996 - Medieval Philosophy & Theology 5 (1):1-30.
  29. Subjectivity in Political Economy: Essays on Wanting and Choosing.David P. Levine - 1998 - Psychology Press.
    This book explores the way political economy understands human motivation. In it, the author argues that the assumptions typically made by economists regarding want and choice cannot adequately lay a foundation for answering important questions about the design of economic institutions and the appropriate use of markets. This volume offers an exciting and unusual contribution to political economy, offering a novel integration of the insights of political economy, philosophy, and psychology, applying them to vital foundational issues in political economy.
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  30.  47
    The ‘Problem of Fire’: Referring to Phenomena in Plato’s Timaeus.David P. Hunt - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (1):69-80.
  31. Category Theory and Concrete Universals.David P. Ellerman - 1988 - Erkenntnis 28 (3):409 - 429.
  32.  50
    Intellectual Trespassing as a Way of Life: Essays in Philosophy, Economics, and Mathematics.David P. Ellerman - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Dramatic changes or revolutions in a field of science are often made by outsiders or 'trespassers,' who are not limited by the established, 'expert' approaches. Each essay in this diverse collection shows the fruits of intellectual trespassing and poaching among fields such as economics, Kantian ethics, Platonic philosophy, category theory, double-entry accounting, arbitrage, algebraic logic, series-parallel duality, and financial arithmetic.
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  33.  97
    Moral Responsibility and Buffered Alternatives.David P. Hunt - 2005 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):126–145.
  34. GAUTHIER, DAVID P.: "Practical Reasoning". [REVIEW]David Muschamp - 1964 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 42:151.
     
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  35. Sociosexuality From Argentina to Zimbabwe: A 48-Nation Study of Sex, Culture, and Strategies of Human Mating.David P. Schmitt - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):247-275.
    The Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI; Simpson & Gangestad 1991) is a self-report measure of individual differences in human mating strategies. Low SOI scores signify that a person is sociosexually restricted, or follows a more monogamous mating strategy. High SOI scores indicate that an individual is unrestricted, or has a more promiscuous mating strategy. As part of the International Sexuality Description Project (ISDP), the SOI was translated from English into 25 additional languages and administered to a total sample of 14,059 people (...)
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  36. The Capacity for Ethical Conduct: On Psychic Existence and the Way We Relate to Others.David P. Levine - 2012 - Routledge.
    What is the root cause of ethical failure? Why is preoccupation with ethics more a part of the problem than a part of the solution? What makes ethical conduct a natural expression of who we are? What enables us to be ourselves in our relations with others? Ethical failure has become a significant concern in public life, in organizations and in educational institutions. The Capacity for Ethical Conduct explores how qualities of character and personality either make ethical conduct possible for (...)
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  37. Morality and Advantage.David P. Gauthier - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (4):460-475.
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  38. Self-Seeking and the Pursuit of Justice.David P. Levine - 1997 - Routledge.
    First published in 1997, this volume delves into the most influential theories of economic justice, which ground themselves in utilitarian or related contractarian ideas about the self. These ideas take self-interest to be transparent and unproblematic. Favoured assumptions about the self also make scarcity the primary reality with which economic justice must deal. Much is lost in consideration of the justness of economic arrangements when we take the wants and interests of the self for granted in this way, and treat (...)
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  39. The Velocity of Information: Human Thinking During Chaotic Times.David P. Perrodin - 2022 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  40.  42
    Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.David P. Gauthier - 1990 - Cornell University Press.
  41. Practical Reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1963 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
  42. Category Theory and Set Theory as Theories About Complementary Types of Universals.David P. Ellerman - 2017 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 26 (2):1-18.
    Instead of the half-century old foundational feud between set theory and category theory, this paper argues that they are theories about two different complementary types of universals. The set-theoretic antinomies forced naïve set theory to be reformulated using some iterative notion of a set so that a set would always have higher type or rank than its members. Then the universal u_{F}={x|F(x)} for a property F() could never be self-predicative in the sense of u_{F}∈u_{F}. But the mathematical theory of categories, (...)
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  43.  14
    Sheaves of Structures and Generalized Ultraproducts.David P. Ellerman - 1974 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):163.
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  44. The Logic of Leviathan. The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1971 - Studia Leibnitiana 3 (4):293-296.
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  45. Frankfurt Counterexamples: Some Comments on the Widerker-Fischer Debate.David P. Hunt - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):395-401.
    One strategy in recent discussions of theological fatalism is to draw on Harry Frankfurt’s famous counterexamples to the principle of alternate possibilities to defend human freedom from divine foreknowledge. For those who endorse this line, “Frankfurt counterexamples” are supposed to show that PAP is false, and this conclusion is then extended to the foreknowledge case. This makes it critical to determine whether Frankfurt counterexamples perform as advertised, an issue recently debated in this journal via a pair of articles by (...) Widerker and John Martin Fischer. I suggest that this debate can be avoided: divine foreknowledge is itself aparadigmatic counterexample to PAP, requiring no support from suspect Frankfurt counterexamples. (shrink)
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  46. Divine Providence and Simple Foreknowledge.David P. Hunt - 1993 - Faith and Philosophy 10 (3):394-414.
  47.  14
    Intentionality and Information Theory.David P. Ellerman - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):143-144.
  48. Practical Reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1965 - Mind 74 (293):116-125.
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  49. On the Labor Theory of Property.David P. Ellerman - 1985 - Philosophical Forum 16 (4):293.
     
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  50. Marxian Exploitation Theory: A Brief Exposition, Analysis, and Critique.David P. Ellerman - 1983 - Philosophical Forum 14 (3):315.
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