Results for 'David Kum-Wah Chan'

976 found
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  1.  10
    Cross-Cultural Biotechnology: A Reader.Stella Gonzalez Arnal, Donald Chalmers, David Kum-Wah Chan, Margaret Coffey, Jo Ann T. Croom, Mylène Deschênes, Henrich Ganthaler, Yuri Gariev, Ryuichi Ida, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Martin O. Makinde, Anna C. Mastroianni, Katharine R. Meacham, Bushra Mirza, Michael J. Morgan, Dianne Nicol, Edward Reichman, Susan E. Wallace & Larissa P. Zhiganova (eds.) - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book is a rich blend of analyses by leading experts from various cultures and disciplines. A compact introduction to a complex field, it illustrates biotechnology's profound impact upon the environment and society. Moreover, it underscores the vital relevance of cultural values. This book empowers readers to more critically assess biotechnology's value and effectiveness within both specific cultural and global contexts.
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  2. “They Did Not Walk the Green Talk!:” How Information Specificity Influences Consumer Evaluations of Disconfirmed Environmental Claims.Davide C. Orazi & Eugene Y. Chan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (1):107-123.
    While environmental claims are increasingly used by companies to appeal consumers, they also attract greater scrutiny from independent parties interested in consumer protection. Consumers are now able to compare corporate environmental claims against external, often disconfirming, information to form their brand attitudes and purchase intentions. What remains unclear is how the level of information specificity of both the environmental claims and external disconfirming information interact to influence consumer reactions. Two experiments address this gap in the CSR communication literature. When specific (...)
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  3.  28
    Exploring the Bioethics of Long-Term Care.J. T. L. Po Wah, H. M. Chan & R. Fan - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (5):395-399.
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  4.  88
    Exploring the bioethics of long-term care.Julia Tao Lai Po Wah, Ho Mun Chan & Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (5):395 – 399.
  5.  8
    The Emergence of Large Law Firms in Japan: Impact on Legal Professional Ethics.Kay-Wah Chan - 2008 - Legal Ethics 11 (2):154-180.
  6.  26
    Designing an Ethical Policy for Bone Marrow Donation by Minors and Others Lacking Capacity.Rebecca D. Pentz, Ka Wah Chan, Joyce L. Neumann, Richard E. Champlin & Martin Korbling - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (2):149-155.
    The child was 2 years, 8 months old and weighed 25 pounds, one-fifth the weight of her mother, for whom she was to be the bone marrow donor. The mother had suffered a relapse of acute myelogenous leukemia; her physicians recommended a bone marrow transplant. The child was the closest human leukocyte antigen match and thus the best donor candidate for her mother's transplant.
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  7.  51
    Justice System Reform and Legal Ethics in Japan.Kay-Wah Chan - 2011 - Legal Ethics 14 (1):73-108.
    Justice system reform is being implemented in Japan. The number of attorneys ( bengoshi ) has substantially increased and concerns have been raised about the impact on the profession's quality and ethics. The profession has called for a slowdown in the increase. Does the increase really adversely affect legal ethics in Japan? Should the pace of the reform be slowed down, from the perspective of maintaining legal ethics? This paper begins to answer these questions through empirical analysis of (1) whether (...)
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  8.  50
    Chinese and Australians showed difference in mental time travel in emotion and content but not specificity.Xing-Jie Chen, Lu-Lu Liu, Ji-Fang Cui, Ya Wang, David H. K. Shum & Raymond C. K. Chan - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  9.  38
    A cognitive architecture for knowledge exploitation.Gee Wah Ng, Yuan Sin Tan, Loo Nin Teow, Khin Hua Ng, Kheng Hwee Tan & Rui Zhong Chan - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (02):237-253.
  10.  28
    Communicating BRCA research results to patients enrolled in international clinical trials: lessons learnt from the AGO-OVAR 16 study.David J. Pulford, Philipp Harter, Anne Floquet, Catherine Barrett, Dong Hoon Suh, Michael Friedlander, José Angel Arranz, Kosei Hasegawa, Hiroomi Tada, Peter Vuylsteke, Mansoor R. Mirza, Nicoletta Donadello, Giovanni Scambia, Toby Johnson, Charles Cox, John K. Chan, Martin Imhof, Thomas J. Herzog, Paula Calvert, Pauline Wimberger, Dominique Berton-Rigaud, Myong Cheol Lim, Gabriele Elser, Chun-Fang Xu & Andreas du Bois - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):63.
    The focus on translational research in clinical trials has the potential to generate clinically relevant genetic data that could have importance to patients. This raises challenging questions about communicating relevant genetic research results to individual patients. An exploratory pharmacogenetic analysis was conducted in the international ovarian cancer phase III trial, AGO-OVAR 16, which found that patients with clinically important germ-line BRCA1/2 mutations had improved progression-free survival prognosis. Mechanisms to communicate BRCA results were evaluated, because these findings may be beneficial to (...)
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  11. Rethinking the posthuman in bioethics.David Boden & Sarah Chan - 2022 - In Danielle Sands (ed.), Bioethics and the Posthumanities. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  12. Instructions for Practical Living and Other Neo-Confucian WritingsThe Philosophy of Wang Yang-ming.David S. Nivison, Wang Yang-Ming, Wing-Tsit Chan & Frederick Goodrich Henke - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (4):436.
  13.  10
    To Erect Temples to Virtue: Effects of State Mindfulness on Other-Focused Ethical Behaviors.Davide C. Orazi, Jiemiao Chen & Eugene Y. Chan - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (4):785-798.
    While prior research suggests a link between mindfulness and ethical decision-making, most of the evidence for this link is correlational and refers to self-focused ethical behaviors. The paucity of experimental evidence, coupled with a lack of clarity on what mechanisms underlie the effect, limits our understanding of whether and how mindfulness might foster other-focused ethical behaviors. In this research, we hypothesize that state mindfulness might promote other-focused ethical behaviors by increasing resourcefulness, which we define as a perceived state of resource (...)
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  14. Design and Evaluation of a Wireless Electronic Health Records System for Field Care in Mass Casualty Settings.David Kirsh, L. A. Lenert, W. G. Griswold, C. Buono, J. Lyon, R. Rao & T. C. Chan - 2011 - Journal of the American Medical Informatic Association 18 (6):842-852.
    There is growing interest in the use of technology to enhance the tracking and quality of clinical information available for patients in disaster settings. This paper describes the design and evaluation of the Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters (WIISARD).
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  15.  2
    Sir Edward Coke and the Reformation of the Laws: Religion, Politics and Jurisprudence, 1578–1616.David Chan Smith - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Throughout his early career, Sir Edward Coke joined many of his contemporaries in his concern about the uncertainty of the common law. Coke attributed this uncertainty to the ignorance and entrepreneurship of practitioners, litigants, and other users of legal power whose actions eroded confidence in the law. Working to limit their behaviours, Coke also simultaneously sought to strengthen royal authority and the Reformation settlement. Yet the tensions in his thought led him into conflict with James I, who had accepted many (...)
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  16.  15
    Useful Knowledge, Improvement, and the Logic of Capital in Richard Ligon’s True and Exact History of Barbados.David Chan Smith - 2017 - Journal of the History of Ideas 78 (4):549-570.
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  17.  7
    A consideration of what is meant by automaticity and better ways to measure it.David A. Keatley, Derwin K. C. Chan, Kim Caudwell, Nikos L. D. Chatzisarantis & Martin S. Hagger - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  18.  18
    Stimulus familiarity modulates functional connectivity of the perirhinal cortex and anterior hippocampus during visual discrimination of faces and objects.Victoria C. McLelland, David Chan, Susanne Ferber & Morgan D. Barense - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  19.  25
    Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian of the Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This library serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-gram and the University of California, Berkeley School of Optometry.Richard E. Champlin, Ka Wah Chan, Leonard M. Fleck, John Harris, Matti Häyry, Søren Holm, Kenneth V. Iserson, Lynn A. Jansen & Martin Korbling - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:117-118.
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  20.  18
    Comparative effectiveness research: what to do when experts disagree about risks.K. Lie Reidar, K. L. Chan Francis, Grady Christine, Ng Vincent & Wendler David - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):42.
    Background: Ethical issues related to comparative effectiveness research, or research that compares existing standards of care, have recently received considerable attention. In this paper we focus on how Ethics Review Committees should evaluate the risks of comparative effectiveness research. Main text: We discuss what has been a prominent focus in the debate about comparative effectiveness research, namely that it is justified when “nothing is known” about the comparative effectiveness of the available alternatives. We argue that this focus may be misleading. (...)
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  21.  71
    The impact of expert visual guidance on trainee visual search strategy, visual attention and motor skills.Daniel R. Leff, David R. C. James, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Ka-Wai Kwok, Loi Wah Sun, George Mylonas, Thanos Athanasiou, Ara W. Darzi & Guang-Zhong Yang - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  22.  70
    Corporate Governance Quality and CSR Disclosures.MuiChing Carina Chan, John Watson & David Woodliff - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (1):1-15.
    Given the increasing importance attached to both corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate governance, this study investigates the association between these two complimentary mechanisms used by companies to enhance relations with stakeholders. Consistent with both legitimacy and stakeholder theory and controlling for industry profile, firm size, stockholder power/dispersion, creditor power/leverage, and economic performance, our analysis of the annual reports for a sample of 222 listed companies suggests that firms providing more CSR information: have better corporate governance ratings; are larger; belong (...)
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  23. Non-Intentional Actions.David K. Chan - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (2):139 - 151.
    The aim of the paper is to show that there are actions which are non-intentional. An account is first given which links intentional and unintentional action to acting for a reason, or appropriate causation by an intention. Mannerisms and habitual actions are then presented as examples of behavior which are actions, but which are not done in the course of acting for a reason. This account has advantages over that of Hursthouse's "arational actions," which are allegedly intentional actions done for (...)
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  24.  33
    Suppression of valid inferences: syntactic views, mental models, and relative salience.David Chan & Fookkee Chua - 1994 - Cognition 53 (3):217-238.
    Byrne has demonstrated that although subjects can make deductively valid inferences of the modus ponens and modus tollens forms, these valid inferences can be suppressed by presenting an appropriate additional premise “If R then Q” with the original conditional “If P then Q”. This suppression effect challenges the assumption of all syntactic theories of conditional reasoning that formal rules of inference such as modus ponens is part of mental logic. This paper argues that both the syntactic and the mental model (...)
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  25.  29
    Culture–Sex Interaction and the Self-Report Empathy in Australians and Mainland Chinese.Qing Zhao, David L. Neumann, Yuan Cao, Simon Baron-Cohen, Chao Yan, Raymond C. K. Chan & David H. K. Shum - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  26. Beyond Just War: A Virtue Ethics Approach.David K. Chan - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Are today’s wars different from earlier wars? Or do we need a different ethics for old and new wars alike? Unlike most books on the morality of war, this book rejects the ‘just war’ tradition, proposing a virtue ethics of war to take its place. Like torture, war cannot be justified. This book asks and answers the question: “If war is a very great evil, would a leader with courage, justice, compassion, and all the other moral virtues ever choose to (...)
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  27. Alien worlds, alien laws, and the Humean conceivability argument.Lok-Chi Chan, David Braddon-Mitchell & Andrew J. Latham - 2019 - Ratio 33 (1):1-13.
    Monism is our name for a range of views according to which the connection between dispositions and their categorical bases is intimate and necessary, or on which there are no categorical bases at all. In contrast, Dualist views hold that the connection between dispositions and their categorical bases is distant and contingent. This paper is a defence of Monism against an influential conceivability argument in favour of Dualism. The argument suggests that the apparent possibility of causal behaviour coming apart from (...)
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  28. Are there extrinsic desires?David K. Chan - 2004 - Noûs 38 (2):326-50.
    An extrinsic desire is defined as a desire for something, not for its own sake, but for its supposed propensity to secure something else that one desires. I argue that the notion of ‘extrinsic desire’ is theoretically redundant. I begin by defining desire as a propositional attitude with a desirability characterization. The roles of desire and intention in practical reasoning are distinguished. I show that extrinsic desire does not have its own motivational role. I also show that extrinsic desire is (...)
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  29. Cognitive profiling and preliminary subtyping in Chinese developmental dyslexia.Connie Suk-Han Ho, David Wai-Ock Chan, Suk-Han Lee, Suk-Man Tsang & Vivian Hui Luan - 2004 - Cognition 91 (1):43-75.
  30.  71
    A not-so-simple view of intentional action.David K. Chan - 1999 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 80 (1):1–16.
    The Simple View (SV) holds that for someone to intentionally A, he must intend to A. Critics of SV point to intentional actions which, due to belief-conditions or consistency constraints, agents cannot intend. By recognizing species of intention which vary according to the agent's confidence in acting, I argue that the stringency of consistency constraints depends on the agent's confidence. A more sophisticated SV holds that the species of intending is related to the degree of intentionality of the action. Finally, (...)
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  31. Intention and responsibility in double effect cases.David K. Chan - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (4):405-434.
    I argue that the moral distinction in double effect cases rests on a difference not in intention as traditionally stated in the Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE), but in desire. The traditional DDE has difficulty ensuring that an agent intends the bad effect just in those cases where what he does is morally objectionable. I show firstly that the mental state of a rational agent who is certain that a side-effect will occur satisfies Bratman's criteria for intending that effect. I (...)
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  32.  31
    Reasoning without Comparing.David K. Chan - 2010 - American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (2):153-164.
    My paper critiques the comparability requirement that practical reason is limited by the possibility of comparing alternatives. I describe methods of reasoning that are compatible with choice between incomparable options, and discuss a mistake about intention that supports the view that comparing alternatives is the only way to choose rationally. I then explain how a model of rational choice that prescribes the comparison of alternatives invents unacceptable concepts to make comparability possible. Finally, I criticize the assumption of the unity of (...)
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  33.  68
    Virtue Ethics and Nonviolence.David K. Chan - 2018 - In Andrew Fiala (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 168-178.
    In this paper, I discuss virtue ethics in relation to the rejection of the use of lethal violence. I argue that, given how I apply virtue ethics, a person of good character will have a very strong intrinsic desire to avoid the killing of another human being, so that only in rare circumstances where the alternative to violence is immensely evil would the use of violence to prevent the evil be the morally appropriate choice for the person to make. I (...)
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  34.  61
    Action Reconceptualized: Human Agency and its Sources.David K. Chan - 2016 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    In re-examining the concepts of desire, intention, and trying, David K. Chan brings a fresh approach toward resolving many of the problems that have occupied philosophers of action for almost a century. This book not only presents a complete theory of human agency but also, by developing the conceptual tools needed to do moral philosophy, lays the groundwork for formulating an ethics that is rooted in a clear, intuitive, and coherent moral psychology.
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  35.  9
    Transmitting the Ideal of Enlightenment: Chinese Universities Since the Late Nineteenth Century.Ricardo K. S. Mak, Ricardo K. S. Mak, Guangxin Fan, Chan-fai Cheung, Michael Wing-hin Kam, Eva Kit Wah Man, Lauren Pfister, Timothy Man Kong Wong & Ka-che Yip - 2009 - Upa.
    This book is a collection of articles on different aspects of university education in China since the late nineteenth century, addressing how far the ideal of modern university education, which has gradually been developed in the West since the age of European Enlightenment, was adopted or transformed by Chinese universities.
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  36.  45
    The doctor-patient relationship: A survey of attitudes and practices of doctors in singapore.David Chan & Lee Gan Goh - 2000 - Bioethics 14 (1):58–76.
    This article reports the results of a survey, by mailed questionnaire, of the attitudes, values and practices of doctors in Singapore with respect to the doctor-patient relationship. Questionnaires were sent to a random sample of 475 doctors (261 general practitioners and 214 medical specialists), out of which 249 (52.4%) valid responses were completed and returned. The survey is the first of its kind in Singapore. Questions were framed around issues of medical paternalism, consent and patient autonomy. As the doctors were (...)
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  37.  9
    In Memoriam.Charles Harvey, Janet Donohoe, David K. Chan, Joseph Orosco & Andrew Fiala - 2021 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 27 (2):100-105.
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  38.  59
    The Concept of Human Dignity in the Ethics of Genetic Research.David K. Chan - 2014 - Bioethics 29 (4):274-282.
    Despite criticism that dignity is a vague and slippery concept, a number of international guidelines on bioethics have cautioned against research that is contrary to human dignity, with reference specifically to genetic technology. What is the connection between genetic research and human dignity? In this article, I investigate the concept of human dignity in its various historical forms, and examine its status as a moral concept. Unlike Kant's ideal concept of human dignity, the empirical or relational concept takes human dignity (...)
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  39.  65
    Just war, noncombatant immunity, and the concept of supreme emergency.David K. Chan - 2012 - Journal of Military Ethics 11 (4):273-286.
    The supreme emergency exemption proposed by Michael Walzer has engendered controversy because it permits violations of the jus in bello principle of discrimination when a state is faced with imminent defeat at the hands of a very evil enemy. Traditionalists among just war theorists believe that noncombatants should never be deliberately targeted in war whether or not there is a supreme emergency. Pacifists on the other hand reject war as immoral even in a supreme emergency. Unlike Walzer, neither just war (...)
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  40.  12
    After Anscombe.David K. Chan - 2008 - In Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer. pp. 141-154.
    In "After Anscombe," I argue that, although Bratman's account of intention "has provided a conceptual tool for many directions of research in philosophy and cognitive psychology," it cannot do the work in ethics that moral philosophers, especially Kantians, use it for. This can be shown by considering the problems in using intention to make a moral distinction in cases of double effect. If so, Bratman's is not the same concept of intention that Anscombe had in mind when she wrote her (...)
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  41.  31
    Autonomy, Humane Medicine, and Research Ethics: An East Asian Perspective.David K. Chan - 2004 - In Michael C. Brannigan (ed.), Cross-Cultural Biotechnology: A Reader. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 127-137.
    In Chinese Confucian medical ethics, the principle of autonomy has not been recognized. Instead, the basic values of medical practice are compassion and humaneness. Patient autonomy however lies at the foundation of Western medical ethics in general and research ethics in particular. In the modern world of biotechnology, what happens when medical research is carried out in an East Asian society? Should the society adopt principles of Western medical ethics? Or can resources to ensure ethical research be found in Confucian (...)
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  42.  50
    A Reappraisal of the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing.David K. Chan - 2010 - In Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Harry S. Silverstein (eds.), Action, Ethics, and Responsibility. MIT Press. pp. 25-45.
    Warren Quinn and Philippa Foot have given versions of the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing justifying a moral distinction between doing something to bring about harm, and doing nothing to prevent harm. They argue that it is justified to allow one person to die so that one can save a larger number of people, but not to kill one person to achieve the same purpose. In this chapter, I show that the examples typically used to support the DDA do not (...)
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  43.  77
    Active Voluntary Euthanasia and the Problem of Intending Death.David K. Chan - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (9999):379-389.
    In this paper, I discuss an example from Buchanan of active voluntary euthanasia (AVE). I first refute objections to the intuitive permissibility of the killing described in the example. After explaining why the killing is intentional, I evaluate Buchanan's solution to the ‘problem of intending death’. According to Buchanan, what justifies a physician in intentionally bringing about a patient's death by AVE is a principle that embodies the values of patient self-determination and well-being. I argue that these two considerations are (...)
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  44.  10
    Controlled growth behavior of chemical vapor deposited Ni nanostructures.Keith T. Chan, Jimmy J. Kan, Christopher Doran, Lu Ouyang, David J. Smith & Eric E. Fullerton - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (17):2173-2186.
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  45.  42
    Editor's Introduction: War, Peace, and Ethics.David K. Chan - 2012 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 19 (2):1-3.
    This is an introduction to a special volume of the journal, Philosophy in the Contemporary World, on "War, Peace, and Ethics" which contains ten original essays on a wide range of topics.
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  46.  62
    Elster on self-realization in politics: A critical note.Joseph Chan & David Miller - 1991 - Ethics 102 (1):96-102.
  47.  52
    How War Affects People: Lessons from Euripides.David K. Chan - 2006 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (1):1-5.
    What do philosophers have to say about war beyond appeal to the just war doctrine? I suggest that they should concern themselves with the harmful consequences of war for the people who experience it. The ancient Greek tragedian Euripides was a moral philosopher of his time who wrote the plays Hecuba and The Trojan Women from the perspective of the losers in the Trojan War. There are striking parallels to the U.S. war in Iraq that began in 2003. Lessons that (...)
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  48.  47
    “Is Choice Good or Bad for Justice in Healthcare?”.David K. Chan - 2012 - American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Philosophy and Medicine 11 (2):21-25.
    In this paper, I examine the conflicts between autonomy and justice. The problem of justice in healthcare concerns both micro-allocation and macro-allocation. The latter has to do with distributive justice: who should get what healthcare resources at whose expense. The current debate about healthcare reform brings up two competing models of distributive justice from political philosophy. The libertarian theory holds to the ideal of individual responsibility and choice, viewing taxation for the purpose of providing goods to those who cannot afford (...)
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  49.  27
    Introduction: Moral Psychology Today.David K. Chan - 2008 - In Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer. pp. 1-13.
    This introduction by the editor to the essays in Moral Psychology Today describes what philosophy of action is about, followed by brief synopses of each essay in the volume.
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  50.  5
    In search of an ethical university: a proposed East–West integrative vision.David K. K. Chan - 2011 - Ethics and Education 6 (3):267 - 278.
    This article employs a sociological analysis of the changing role and mission of higher education from that of a ?public good? to that of a service industry. In this regard, the rise of modern universities as corporate enterprises in the recent decades has often neglected the important dimension of education as a process of enlightenment, with its ethical and moral dimensions. The author tries to put into perspective the relevance of searching for an ?ethical university? by proposing to integrate the (...)
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