Results for 'David Joseph Gunkel'

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  1. Debate: What is Personhood in the Age of AI?David J. Gunkel & Jordan Joseph Wales - 2021 - AI and Society 36:473–486.
    In a friendly interdisciplinary debate, we interrogate from several vantage points the question of “personhood” in light of contemporary and near-future forms of social AI. David J. Gunkel approaches the matter from a philosophical and legal standpoint, while Jordan Wales offers reflections theological and psychological. Attending to metaphysical, moral, social, and legal understandings of personhood, we ask about the position of apparently personal artificial intelligences in our society and individual lives. Re-examining the “person” and questioning prominent construals of (...)
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    The Rise and Decline of France as a Scientific Centre.Joseph Ben-David - 1970 - Minerva 8 (1-4):160-179.
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  3.  14
    Scientific Growth: A Sociological View. [REVIEW]Joseph Ben-David - 1964 - Minerva 2 (4):455-476.
  4. David J. Gunkel: The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics: MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2012, 272 Pp, ISBN-10: 0-262-01743-1, ISBN-13: 978-0-262-01743-5. [REVIEW]Mark Coeckelbergh - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (3):235-238.
  5.  14
    The Profession of Science and its Powers.Joseph Ben-David - 1972 - Minerva 10 (3):362-383.
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  6.  8
    The Scientific Role: The Conditions of its Establishment in Eeurope. [REVIEW]Joseph Ben-David - 1965 - Minerva 4 (1):15-54.
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  7.  11
    The Universities and the Growth of Science in Germany and the United States.Joseph Ben-David - 1968 - Minerva 7 (1-2):1-35.
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  8. The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on Ai, Robots, and Ethics.David J. Gunkel - 2012 - MIT Press.
    One of the enduring concerns of moral philosophy is deciding who or what is deserving of ethical consideration. Much recent attention has been devoted to the "animal question" -- consideration of the moral status of nonhuman animals. In this book, David Gunkel takes up the "machine question": whether and to what extent intelligent and autonomous machines of our own making can be considered to have legitimate moral responsibilities and any legitimate claim to moral consideration. The machine question poses (...)
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  9.  61
    The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics. By David J. Gunkel.Dominika Dzwonkowska - 2013 - International Philosophical Quarterly 53 (1):91-93.
  10.  34
    Beyond the Janus Face of Zionist Legalism: The Theo-Political Conditions of the Jewish Law Project.Joseph E. David - 2005 - Ratio Juris 18 (2):206-235.
    . What are the assumptions that underline the Jewish Law Project? To what extent is this project relates to Zionism as a political program and national vision? Does the secular version of this project and the religious one have anything in common? I argue that aside from the ideological lines that guide the Jewish Law Project, within it rests a reductionist and utopianist stance vis‐à‐vis halakhah which are considered to be obvious. I shall attempt to claim that reductionism and utopianism (...)
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  11.  42
    Tolstoy and Wittgenstein: The Life Outside of Time.David Joseph Woodruff - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):421-435.
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  12.  19
    Tolstoy and Wittgenstein: The Life Outside of Time.David Joseph Woodruff - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):421-435.
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  13. Mind the Gap: Responsible Robotics and the Problem of Responsibility.David J. Gunkel - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (4):307-320.
    The task of this essay is to respond to the question concerning robots and responsibility—to answer for the way that we understand, debate, and decide who or what is able to answer for decisions and actions undertaken by increasingly interactive, autonomous, and sociable mechanisms. The analysis proceeds through three steps or movements. It begins by critically examining the instrumental theory of technology, which determines the way one typically deals with and responds to the question of responsibility when it involves technology. (...)
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  14. Tractarian Mysticism: Moral Transformation Through Aesthetic Contemplation in Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy.David Joseph Woodruff - 1999 - Dissertation, University of Illinois at Chicago
    Since Wittgenstein's Tractatus first appeared in 1921 two interpretations of it have been offered. The received view emphasizes the book's philosophy of mathematics, logic, and language. The alternative view stresses its philosophy of religion, ethics, and aesthetics; it thereby takes seriously Wittgenstein's assertion that the "point" of the Tractatus is ethical. The aim of my dissertation is to build upon and improve the alternative interpretation in three ways. First I show through examination of the Western mystical canon that Wittgenstein's axiology (...)
     
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  15.  14
    Antoine de la Sale, Jean de Saintré: A Late Medieval Education in Love and Chivalry, Trans. Roberta L. Krueger and Jane H. M. Taylor. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014. Pp. Xxv, 235; 6 Black-and-White Figures. $59.95. ISBN: 978-0-8122-4586-8. [REVIEW]David Joseph Wrisley - 2016 - Speculum 91 (3):809-810.
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    Locating Medieval French, or Why We Collect and Visualize the Geographic Information of Texts.David Joseph Wrisley - 2017 - Speculum 92 (S1):S145-S169.
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  17.  93
    The Other Question: Can and Should Robots Have Rights?David J. Gunkel - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 20 (2):87-99.
    This essay addresses the other side of the robot ethics debate, taking up and investigating the question “Can and should robots have rights?” The examination of this subject proceeds by way of three steps or movements. We begin by looking at and analyzing the form of the question itself. There is an important philosophical difference between the two modal verbs that organize the inquiry—can and should. This difference has considerable history behind it that influences what is asked about and how. (...)
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  18.  19
    Scientific Research and Agricultural Innovation in Israel.Shaul Katz & Joseph Ben-David - 1975 - Minerva 13 (2):152-182.
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  19. Ben-David , Joseph 1920-1986.E. Shils - 1987 - Minerva 25 (1-2):1-2.
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  20. Emergence Of.Joseph Ben-David - 1978 - In Jerry Gaston (ed.), Sociology of Science. Jossey-Bass Publishers. pp. 197.
     
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  21. Éléments d'Une Sociologie Historique des Sciences.Joseph Ben-David, Gad Freudenthal, Michelle De Launay & Jean-Pierre Rothschild - 1997
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  22. Scientific Productivity and Academic Organization in Nineteenth Century Medicine.Joseph Ben-David - forthcoming - Science and Society.
     
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  23.  8
    Scientific Policy in the Netherlands.Joseph Ben-David - 1967 - Minerva 6 (1):118-121.
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  24. Detlef D¨ Urr,1 Sheldon Goldstein,2 and Nino Zangh´I.David Joseph Bohm - unknown
    David Bohm, Emeritus Professor of Theoretical Physics at Birkbeck College of the University of London and Fellow of the Royal Society, died of a heart attack on October 29, 1992 at the age of 74. Professor Bohm had been one of the world’s leading authorities on quantum theory and its interpretation for more than four decades. His contributions have been critical to all aspects of the field. He also made seminal contributions to plasma physics. His name appears prominently in (...)
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  25.  6
    Shifting Perspectives.David J. Gunkel - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2527-2532.
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  26.  8
    David Joseph Bohm: 1917–1992. [REVIEW]P. R. Holland & J. P. Vigier - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (1):5-6.
  27. A Vindication of the Rights of Machines.David J. Gunkel - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):113-132.
    This essay responds to the machine question in the affirmative, arguing that artifacts, like robots, AI, and other autonomous systems, can no longer be legitimately excluded from moral consideration. The demonstration of this thesis proceeds in four parts or movements. The first and second parts approach the subject by investigating the two constitutive components of the ethical relationship—moral agency and patiency. In the process, they each demonstrate failure. This occurs not because the machine is somehow unable to achieve what is (...)
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  28.  13
    Wollaston and Swift: A Source for the Houyhnhnms?David Joseph Leigh - 1980 - Philosophy and Literature 4 (1):92-106.
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  29.  70
    Thinking Otherwise: Ethics, Technology and Other Subjects.David J. Gunkel - 2007 - Ethics and Information Technology 9 (3):165-177.
    Ethics is ordinarily understood as being concerned with questions of responsibility for and in the face of an other. This other is more often than not conceived of as another human being and, as such, necessarily excludes others – most notably animals and machines. This essay examines the ethics of such exclusivity. It is divided into three parts. The first part investigates the exclusive anthropocentrism of traditional forms of moral␣thinking and, following the example of recent innovations in animal rights philosophy, (...)
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  30.  10
    Review of Robot Rights by David J. Gunkel[REVIEW]Kestutis Mosakas - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-4.
  31.  6
    Questions Left Unanswered: The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics. David J. Gunkel. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012, 272 Pages, $35.Jeffrey D. Gottlieb - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (2):163-166.
  32.  10
    Questions Left Unanswered: The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics. David J. Gunkel. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012, 272 Pages, $35. [REVIEW]Jeffrey D. Gottlieb - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (2):163-166.
  33. Introduction to the Special Issue on Machine Morality: The Machine as Moral Agent and Patient.David J. Gunkel & Joanna Bryson - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):5-8.
    One of the enduring concerns of moral philosophy is deciding who or what is deserving of ethical consideration. This special issue of Philosophy and Technology investigates whether and to what extent machines, of various designs and configurations, can or should be considered moral subjects, defined here as either a moral agent, a moral patient, or both. The articles that comprise the issue were competitively selected from papers initially prepared for and presented at a symposium on this subject matter convened during (...)
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  34.  40
    Virtual Alterity and the Reformatting of Ethics.David Gunkel & Debra Hawhee - 2003 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 18 (3-4):173-193.
    This article seeks to reconsider how traditional notions of ethics-ethics that privilege reason, truth, meaning, and a fixed conception of "the human"-are upended by digital technology, cybernetics, and virtual reality. We argue that prevailing ethical systems are incompatible with the way technology refigures the concepts and practices of identity, meaning, truth, and finally, communication. The article examines how both ethics and technology repurpose the liberal humanist subject even as they render such a subject untenable. Such an impasse reformats the question (...)
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  35.  94
    Facing Animals: A Relational, Other-Oriented Approach to Moral Standing.Mark Coeckelbergh & David J. Gunkel - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (5):715-733.
    In this essay we reflect critically on how animal ethics, and in particular thinking about moral standing, is currently configured. Starting from the work of two influential “analytic” thinkers in this field, Peter Singer and Tom Regan, we examine some basic assumptions shared by these positions and demonstrate their conceptual failings—ones that have, despite efforts to the contrary, the general effect of marginalizing and excluding others. Inspired by the so-called “continental” philosophical tradition , we then argue that what is needed (...)
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  36. Horizons of a Philosopher Essays in Honor of David Baumgardt. With a Pref. In German by the Editors: Joseph Frank, Helmut Minkowski [and] Ernest J. Sternglass. [REVIEW]Joseph Frank & David Baumgardt - 1963 - E.J. Brill.
     
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  37.  5
    Why Žižek?...Why Online?David Gunkel - 2007 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 1 (1).
    In "Why Žižek? - Why Online?" David J. Gunkel addresses head-on the complexly related issues Žižek's intellectual appeal and the suitability or otherwise of this Journal's online format. The essay not only demonstrates the way that Žižek's materialist philosophy complicates decisions about the material of publication but illustrates how these questions materialize in recent debates about scholarship and why they should matter for us.
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    Mark Coeckelbergh: Growing Moral Relations: Critique of Moral Status Ascription: Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2012, 239 Pp, ISBN: 978-1-137-02595-1. [REVIEW]David J. Gunkel - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (3):239-241.
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  39.  32
    The Authority of Law: Essays on Law and Morality.David Lyons & Joseph Raz - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (3):461.
  40. One Self Per Customer? From Disunified Agency to Disunified Self.David Lumsden & Joseph Ulatowski - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (3):314-335.
    The notion of an agent and the notion of a self are connected, for agency is one role played by the self. Millgram argues for a disunity thesis of agency on the basis of extreme incommensurability across some major life events. We propose a similar negative thesis about the self, that it is composed of relatively independent threads reflecting the different roles and different mind-sets of the person's life. Our understanding of those threads is based on theories of the narrative (...)
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  41.  33
    Response to “The Problem of the Question About Animal Ethics” by Michal Piekarski.Mark Coeckelbergh & David J. Gunkel - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (4):717-721.
    In this brief article we reply to Michal Piekarski’s response to our article ‘Facing Animals’ published previously in this journal. In our article we criticized the properties approach to defining the moral standing of animals, and in its place proposed a relational and other-oriented concept that is based on a transcendental and phenomenological perspective, mainly inspired by Heidegger, Levinas, and Derrida. In this reply we question and problematize Piekarski’s interpretation of our essay and critically evaluate “the ethics of commitment” that (...)
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  42.  27
    The Role of Locomotion in Psychological Development.David I. Anderson, Joseph J. Campos, David C. Witherington, Audun Dahl, Monica Rivera, Minxuan He, Ichiro Uchiyama & Marianne Barbu-Roth - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  43.  7
    Special Section: Rethinking Art and Aesthetics in the Age of Creative Machines: Editor’s Introduction.David Gunkel - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (3):263-265.
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  44. David I. Anderson, Joseph J. Campos, and Marianne A. Barbu-Roth.Joseph J. Campos - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell. pp. 30.
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  45.  7
    Visual Masking and Visual Integration Across Saccadic Eye Movements.David E. Irwin, Joseph S. Brown & Jun-shi Sun - 1988 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 117 (3):276-287.
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  46. David Lincicum: A Previously Unknown Letter From H. E. G. Paulus to Karl Joseph Hieronymus Windischmann.David Lincicum - 2018 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 25 (1-2):152-155.
    This edition presents a letter from Heinrich Eberhard Gottlob Paulus to Karl Joseph Hieronymus Windischmann, dated 13 February 1804, in which Paulus thanks Windischmann for his translation of Plato, discuses philosophy, and mentions the pending appointment of Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher.
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  47.  1
    David Gunkel/Paul A. Taylor: Heidegger and the Media. Cambridge: Polity 2014.Jared Smith - 2016 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 19 (1):241-243.
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  48.  4
    Book Review: How We Became Our Data: A Genealogy of the Informational Person, by Colin Koopman. [REVIEW]David J. Gunkel - 2021 - Political Theory 49 (5):873-877.
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    Mixtures and Psychological Inference with Resting State fMRI.Joseph McCaffrey & David Danks - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    In this essay, we examine the use of resting state fMRI data for psychological inferences. We argue that resting state studies hold the paired promises of discovering novel functional brain networks, and of avoiding some of the limitations of task-based fMRI. However, we argue that the very features of experimental design that enable resting state fMRI to support exploratory science also generate a novel confound. We argue that seemingly key features of resting state functional connectivity networks may be artefacts resulting (...)
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  50.  22
    The Problem of the Question About Animal Ethics: Discussion with Mark Coeckelbergh and David Gunkel.Michał Piekarski - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (4):705-715.
    In this article I discuss the thesis put forward by David Gunkel and Mark Coeckelbergh in their essay Facing Animals:A Relational, Other-Oriented Approach to Moral Standing. The authors believe that the question about the status of animals needs to be reconsidered. In their opinion, traditional attempts to justify the practice of ascribing rights to animals have been based on the search for what is common to animals and people. This popular conviction rests on the intuition according to which (...)
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