67 found
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  1.  80
    Genethics: Moral Issues in the Creation of People.David Heyd - 1992 - University of California Press.
    Unprecedented advances in medicine, genetic engineering, and demographic forecasting raise new questions that strain the categories and assumptions of traditional ethical theories. Heyd's approach resolves many paradoxes in intergenerational justice, while offering a major test case for the profound problems of the limits of ethics and the nature of value.
  2.  14
    Genethics: Moral Issues in the Creation of People.David Heyd - 1992 - University of California Press.
    Unprecedented advances in medicine, genetic engineering, and demographic forecasting raise new questions that strain the categories and assumptions of traditional ethical theories. Heyd's approach resolves many paradoxes in intergenerational justice, while offering a major test case for the profound problems of the limits of ethics and the nature of value. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and (...)
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  3. Supererogation: its status in ethical theory.David Heyd - 1982 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    David Heyd's study will stimulate philosophers to recognise the importance of the rather neglected topic of the distinctiveness of supererogation and the ...
  4.  85
    Toleration: An Elusive Virtue.David Heyd (ed.) - 1996 - Princeton University Press.
    If we are to understand the concept of toleration in terms of everyday life, we must address a key philosophical and political tension: the call for restraint when encountering apparently wrong beliefs and actions versus the good reasons for interfering with the lives of the subjects of these beliefs and actions. This collection contains original contributions to the ongoing debate on the nature of toleration, including its definition, historical development, justification, and limits. In exploring the issues surrounding toleration, the essays (...)
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  5.  14
    Supererogation.David Heyd - 1982 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Actions that go 'beyond the call of duty' are a common though not commonplace part of everyday life - in heroism, self-sacrifice, mercy, volunteering, or simply in small deeds of generosity and consideration. Almost universally they enjoy a high and often unique esteem and significance, and are regarded as, somehow, peculiarly good. Yet it is not easy to explain how - for if duty exhausts the moral life there is no scope to praise supererogatory acts, and if the consequentialist is (...)
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  6. Supererogation.David Heyd - 2008 - Noûs.
    Actions that go 'beyond the call of duty' are a common though not commonplace part of everyday life - in heroism, self-sacrifice, mercy, volunteering, or simply in small deeds of generosity and consideration. Almost universally they enjoy a high and often unique esteem and significance, and are regarded as, somehow, peculiarly good. Yet it is not easy to explain how - for if duty exhausts the moral life there is no scope to praise supererogatory acts, and if the consequentialist is (...)
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  7. The intractability of the nonidentity problem.David Heyd - 2009 - In David Wasserman & Melinda Roberts (eds.), Harming Future Persons: Ethics, Genetics and the Nonidentity Problem. Springer. pp. 3--25.
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  8.  14
    6. Is Toleration a Political Virtue?David Heyd - 2022 - In Melissa S. Williams & Jeremy Waldron (eds.), Toleration and its Limits: Nomos Xlviii. New York University Press. pp. 169-194.
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  9. Supererogation. Its Status in Ethical Theory.David Heyd - 1984 - Mind 93 (372):619-622.
     
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  10. Supererogation. Its Status in Ethical Theory.David Heyd - 1983 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 45 (4):671-672.
     
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  11. Procreation and value can ethics deal with futurity problems?David Heyd - 1988 - Philosophia 18 (2-3):151-170.
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  12. A Value or an Obligation? Rawls on Justice to Future Generations.David Heyd - 2009 - In Axel Gosseries & Lukas H. Meyer (eds.), Intergenerational Justice. Oxford, Royaume-Uni: Oxford University Press.
  13.  17
    Group (Non) Identity and Historical Justice.David Heyd - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-18.
    The Non-Identity Problem (NIP) has been recognized as a hindrance in justifying compensation for historical injustice. Since NIP applies to individuals, an attractive way of trying to remove the obstacle is by shifting the focus from the allegedly harmed individuals to the harmed group. However, critical examination of this move shows that (a) there are groups—most conspicuously African Americans—who were _created_ by the unjust wrongs for which compensation is now claimed and hence fall under the same category as any wrongful (...)
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  14.  66
    Parfit on the Non-identity Problem, Again.David Heyd - 2014 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 8 (1):1-20.
    In his recent work, Parfit returns to the examination of the non-identity problem, but this time not in the context of a theory of value but as part of a Scanlonian theory of reasons for action. His project is to find a middle ground between pure impersonalism and the narrow person-affecting view so as to do justice to some of our fundamental intuitions regarding procreative choices. The aim of this article is to show that despite the sophisticated and challenging thought (...)
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  15.  20
    Introduction.David Heyd - 1996 - In Toleration: An Elusive Virtue. Princeton University Press. pp. 3-17.
  16.  14
    Introduction.David Heyd - 2023 - In Handbook of Supererogation. Springer Nature Singapore. pp. 1-15.
    Only few philosophers are fortunate enough to start single-handedly a new topic in philosophy. The Oxford philosopher J. O. Urmson is one of them. But at the time he wrote his seminal article, ‘Saints and Heroes’ (1958), he was certainly not aware of it.
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  17. Justice and solidarity: The contractarian case against global justice.David Heyd - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):112–130.
  18.  87
    Can Virtue Ethics Account for Supererogation?David Heyd - 2015 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 77:25-47.
    In his classical article, ‘Saints and Heroes’, James Urmson single-handedly revived the idea of supererogation from it astonishingly long post-Reformation slumber. During the first two decades after its publication, Urmson's challenge was taken up almost exclusively by either utilitarians or deontologists of some sort. On the face of it, neither classical utilitarianism nor Kant's categorical imperative makes room for action which is better than the maximizing requirement, on the one hand, or beyond the requirement of duty, on the other. Nevertheless, (...)
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  19.  42
    Solidarity: A Local, Partial and Reflective Emotion.David Heyd - 2015 - Diametros 43:55-64.
    Solidarity is analysed in contradistinction from two adjacent concepts - justice and sympathy. It is argued that unlike the other two, it is essentially local , partial and reflective . Although not to be confused with justice, solidarity is presented as underlying any contract-based system of justice, since it defines the contours of the group within which the contract is taking place. Finally, due to the fact that health is a typically universal value and being a primary good it is (...)
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  20.  12
    Justice and Solidarity: The Contractarian Case against Global Justice.David Heyd - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):112-130.
  21. Can revenge be just or otherwise justified?Gilead Bar-Elli & David Heyd - 1986 - Theoria 52 (1-2):68-86.
  22.  15
    Life Plans.David Heyd & Franklin G. Miller - 2010 - The Monist 93 (1):17-37.
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  23.  39
    The Charitable Perspective.Hagit Benbaji & David Heyd - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):567-586.
    'May one be pardon’ d and retain the offence?’ asks King Claudius in his tormented monologue in Hamlet. Forgiveness appears incompatible with the retention of the offence, both in the sense of enjoying its consequences and in the sense of the subsistence of the attitude which underlay the offensive act. There are, however, views which allow for, even admire, an attitude of forgiveness towards people who have ‘retained’ their offense in some way. This idea of forgiveness is harder to justify, (...)
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  24.  64
    Cultural diversity and biodiversity: a tempting analogy.David Heyd - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (1):159-179.
  25.  51
    Supererogatory promises a comment on kawal's “promising and supererogation”.David Heyd - 2005 - Philosophia 32 (1-4):399-403.
  26.  25
    Experimenting with embryos: Can philosophy help?David Heyd - 1996 - Bioethics 10 (4):292–309.
    Beyond the well‐known ethical issues involved in medical experimentation on human subjects, experimenting with embryos raises unique and particularly hard problems. Beside the psychological obstacles connected with the fear of ‘‘playing God" and the awe with which we hold the process of the creation of human beings, there are three philosophical problems which are the main subject of the article:1. The logical problem of circularity: the morality of experimenting on embryos is dependent on the status of the embryo, which in (...)
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  27.  34
    Flattery.David Heyd - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (3):685-704.
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  28.  71
    Tact: Sense, sensitivity, and virtue.David Heyd - 1995 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 38 (3):217 – 231.
    The concept of tact has so far received only little theoretical attention. The present article suggests three levels on which the idea of tact may be approached: (1) The epistemological problem: the etymology of the term ?tact? is taken seriously, namely its relation to the sense of touch and tactility. An analysis of the position of touch in the ranking of the five senses according to various parameters is shown to be highly relevant to the understanding of the idea of (...)
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  29. Experimentation On Trial. Why Should One Take Part In Medical Research?David Heyd - 1996 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 4.
    The article discusses the issue of the justification of experimenting on human subjects from the point of view of the individual participant. The discussion is conducted on three levels, which can be viewed as a hierarchy:I. Rationality: does one have good self-regarding reasons to subject oneself to medical experimentation?II. Justice: does one have a duty or an obligation to take part in medical research?III. Virtue: ought one contribute to the long-term attempt to promote medical knowledge and the overall health of (...)
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  30.  8
    Experimenting with Embryos: Can Philosophy Help?David Heyd - 1996 - Bioethics 10 (4):292-309.
    Beyond the well‐known ethical issues involved in medical experimentation on human subjects, experimenting with embryos raises unique and particularly hard problems. Beside the psychological obstacles connected with the fear of ‘‘playing God" and the awe with which we hold the process of the creation of human beings, there are three philosophical problems which are the main subject of the article:1. The logical problem of circularity: the morality of experimenting on embryos is dependent on the status of the embryo, which in (...)
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  31.  21
    The Place of Laughter in Hobbes's Theory of Emotions.David Heyd - 1982 - Journal of the History of Ideas 43 (2):285.
  32. Moral And Legal Luck. Kant's Reconciliation With Practical Contingency.David Heyd - 1997 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 5.
    Some modern critics of Kant, like Bernard Williams, argue that his ideal of morality is a form of action which lies beyond any empirical determination. The aim of this article is to show that Kant was not only fully aware of the role of contingent elements in moral action, but that his fundamental conception of practical rationality is itself partly constituted by contingent factors. Practical rationality cannot be separated from its exercise and hence from the necessary empirical conditions of human (...)
     
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  33.  36
    Ethical universalism, justice, and favouritism.David Heyd - 1978 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 56 (1):25 – 31.
  34. Human nature: An oxymoron?David Heyd - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (2):151 – 169.
    The concept of human nature played an important role in the Aristotelian attempt to characterize the specific difference of humans from other animals and serves as a normative guide. But with the positivistic turn in the modern conception of nature and the denaturalization of reason (typically since Kant), the essential characteristic of human beings can no more be thought of as "natural". The idea of human nature is more commonly conceived as open-ended, and is associated, since Pico della Mirandola, with (...)
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  35.  54
    Hobbes on Capital Punishment.David Heyd - 1991 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 8 (2):119 - 134.
  36.  70
    Male or Female, We Will Create Them.David Heyd - 2003 - Ethical Perspectives 10 (3):204-214.
    The article examines the arguments for and against the practice of sex selection for non-medical reasons in the light of the new technology of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis . It distinguishes between arguments about the risks to the future child, the mother and society, on the one hand, and the inherent wrongness of the practice as an illegitimate interference in the natural course of reproduction, on the other. The article tries to show that at least in the well defined context of (...)
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  37.  18
    Promise-Making and Supererogation.David Heyd - 2023 - In Handbook of Supererogation. Springer Nature Singapore. pp. 221-236.
    Studies of the practice of promising have concentrated on the reasons for keeping promises. This article focuses on promise-making and argues that the making of promises is typically supererogatory. It then addresses the question whether we can promise to perform supererogatory acts. Although once given, the promisor is under an obligation to perform the promised act, there is no paradox in describing the act as supererogatory. The proposed analysis is based on the distinction between the content of the promised act (...)
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  38.  72
    Is life worth reliving?David Heyd - 1983 - Mind 92 (365):21-37.
  39. John Rawls: A Critical Review (edited book).Daniel Attas & David Heyd - 2006 - Yerushalayim: Hotsaʼat sefarim ʻa. sh. Y.L. Magnes, ha- Universiṭah ha-ʻIvrit.
  40. Suicide.Sidney Bloch & David Heyd - 1981 - In Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (eds.), Psychiatric ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  41.  31
    Artificial reproductive technologies: The israeli scene.David Heyd - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):263-270.
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  42. Dignity In Genethics.David Heyd - 1999 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 7.
    Die Berufung auf das Prinzip der Menschenwürde ist im gegenwärtigen Diskurs über die Ethik der Genetik weit verbreitet, insbesondere wenn es darum geht, ein schlagkräftiges Argument gegen bestimmte Formen der genetischen Forschung und Praxis wie der Genmanipulation und des Klonens zur Verfügung zu haben. Das Prinzip der Menschenwürde ist indes sehr vage und unbestimmt. Der Beitrag verfolgt die Entwicklung des Prinzips der Menschenwürde von einem gesellschaftlichen Konzept - der Art und Weise, wie Individuen einander betrachten - zu den modernen Konzepten (...)
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  43. Etiḳah u-refuʼah.David Heyd - 1989 - [Tel Aviv]: Maṭkal/Ḳetsin ḥinukh rashi/Gale Tsahal, Miśrad ha-biṭaḥon.
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  44. From Wrongful Life to Wrongful Identity. A Solution of a Hard Case.David Heyd - 2001 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 9.
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  45.  23
    Human genome research and the challenge of contingent future persons: Toward an impersonal theocentric approach Jan Christian Heller.David Heyd - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (2):173–176.
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  46.  31
    Handbook of Supererogation.David Heyd (ed.) - 2023 - Springer Nature Singapore.
    Supererogation is the category of moral actions which go beyond the call of duty. This collection of articles is the first of its kind to cover the broad spectrum of issues related to supererogation. It provides an up-to-date status of the discussion on the main issues, alternative analyses, and controversies regarding central cases of supererogation. The work explores a broad range of philosophical problems and challenges our presuppositions about the basis of ethical theories. Beyond the challenges of supererogation to deontological (...)
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  47. Hopeless Philosophical Reflections On The Senselessness Of Regulation In Genetics.David Heyd - 2002 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 10.
    Regulierung ist ein Kennzeichen für Rationalität bei dem Versuch, Verhaltensweisen im Lichte von Normen zu leiten. Ihre Funktion ist es, sowohl das Verhalten der Individuen in einem bestimmten Bereich ihres Handelns zu koordinieren als auch dieses Verhalten auf wünschenswerte Ziele hin auszurichten. Nach Regulierung wird insbesondere auf neuartigen Feldern sozialen Verhaltens gerufen, so vor allem im Hinblick auf gentechnische Forschung und Praxis. Aber die Genetik ist deshalb ein schwieriger Fall, weil sie Ziele und Werte betrifft, die in hohem Maße kontrovers (...)
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  48. Informed Consent and Clinical Trials : A Jewish Perspective.David Heyd - 2022 - In Joseph Tham, Alberto García Gómez & Mirko Daniel Garasic (eds.), Cross-cultural and religious critiques of informed consent. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  49.  98
    Is There Anything Unique in the Ethics of Synthetic Biology?David Heyd - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (4):581-589.
    This article opens with a disclaimer: I am not a scientist, and the science of synthetic biology is beyond my comprehension. I am a philosopher and an ethicist interested in moral issues in reproductive medicine. In my past research I have raised theoretical questions about the normative constraints on the creation of human beings, especially in the context of the debates on genetic screening and genetic engineering, on both the individual level and the collective, namely that pertaining to the intervention (...)
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  50.  31
    Is There a Duty to Forgive?David Heyd - 2013 - Criminal Justice Ethics 32 (2):163-174.
    Margaret R. Holmgren. Forgiveness and Retribution: Responding to Wrongdoing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, vii +297 pp. In the Old Testament, forgiveness is a divine prerogative. Onl...
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