Results for 'David G. Williamson'

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  1.  19
    War and peace: international relations 1878-1941.David G. Williamson - 2009 - London: Hodder Education.
    Give your students the best chance of success with this tried and tested series' combination of in-depth analysis, engaging narrative and accessibility. Access to History is the most popular, trusted and wide-ranging series for A Level History students. War and Peace: International Relations 1890-1945 Fourth Edition supports the content and assessment requirements of the 2015 A Level History specifications. - Contains authoritative and engaging content, including Great Power rivalries and the causes of the First World War, the Peace Settlements and (...)
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  2.  31
    Individual patient data meta‐analysis of randomized anti‐epileptic drug monotherapy trials.Paula R. Williamson, Anthony G. Marson, Catrin Tudur, Jane L. Hutton & David Chadwick - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):205-214.
  3. Is Timothy Williamson a Necessary Existent.David Efird - 2010 - In Bob Hale & Aviv Hoffmann (eds.), Modality: metaphysics, logic, and epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    Timothy Williamson (2002) has offered an argument for the claim that, necessarily, he exists, that is, that he is a necessary existent.1 Though this argument has attracted a great deal of attention (e.g., Rumfitt 2003 and Wiggins 2003), I present a new argument for the same conclusion which reveals a new way of denying the soundness of Williamson’s argument, one which denies not only that it is necessary that he exists but also that there are any true necessities (...)
     
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  4. Existence and contingency: A note.David Wiggins - 2003 - Philosophy 78 (4):483-494.
    Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, (...)
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  5. Wittgenstein on mind and language.David G. Stern - 1995 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on ten years of research on the unpublished Wittgenstein papers, Stern investigates what motivated Wittgenstein's philosophical writing and casts new light on the Tractatus and Philosophical Investigations. The book is an exposition of Wittgenstein's early conception of the nature of representation and how his later revision and criticism of that work led to a radically different way of looking at mind and language. It also explains how the unpublished manuscripts and typescripts were put together and why they often provide (...)
  6.  75
    Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: An Introduction.David G. Stern - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In this new introduction to a classic philosophical text, David Stern examines Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. He gives particular attention to both the arguments of the Investigations and the way in which the work is written, and especially to the role of dialogue in the book. While he concentrates on helping the reader to arrive at his or her own interpretation of the primary text, he also provides guidance to the unusually wide range of existing interpretations, and to the reasons (...)
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  7.  23
    Spiritual Themes and Challenges in Global Health.David G. Addiss - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (3):337-348.
    Although the importance of spirituality is increasingly recognized in clinical medicine, spirituality is rarely mentioned in the practice, literature, or training programs of global health. To understand the role of spirituality in global health practice and identify factors that influence and limit its expression, I initiated conversations and informal interviews with more than 300 global health leaders, students, and practitioners during 2010-2014. Four spiritual themes or challenges emerged: compassion at a distance; dichotomous thinking; conspiracy of silence; and compulsion to save (...)
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  8. Models of memory: Wittgenstein and cognitive science.David G. Stern - 1991 - Philosophical Psychology 4 (2):203-18.
  9.  8
    The American Paradox: Spiritual Hunger in an Age of Plenty.David G. Myers - 2000 - Yale University Press.
    Well-known social psychologist David G. Myers addresses why Americans can have so many social problems--reflecting a deep spiritual poverty--at a time when material wealth is at record levels. 32 illustrations.
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  10. How Many Angels Can Dance on the Point of a Needle? Transcendental Theology Meets Modal Metaphysics.J. Hawthorne & G. Uzquiano - 2011 - Mind 120 (477):53-81.
    We argue that certain modal questions raise serious problems for a modal metaphysics on which we are permitted to quantify unrestrictedly over all possibilia. In particular, we argue that, on reasonable assumptions, both David Lewis's modal realism and Timothy Williamson's necessitism are saddled with the remarkable conclusion that there is some cardinal number of the form ℵα such that there could not be more than ℵα-many angels in existence. In the last section, we make use of similar ideas (...)
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  11. Impure Semiotic Objections to Markets.David G. Dick - 2018 - Public Affairs Quarterly 32 (3):227-246.
    Semiotic objections to markets urge us not to place a good on the market because of the message that doing so would send. Brennan and Jaworski reject them on the grounds that either the contingent semiotics of a market can be changed or the weakness of semiotic reasons allows them to be ignored. The scope of their argument neglects the impure semiotic objections that claim that the message a market sends causes, constitutes, or involves a nonsemiotic wrong. These are the (...)
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  12. Wittgenstein’s Place in Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy.David G. Stern & P. M. S. Hacker - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):449.
    Originally conceived as a forty-page conclusion to Hacker’s twenty years of work on the monumental four-volume Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, this book “rapidly assumed a life of its own”. A major contribution to the history of analytic philosophy, this substantial volume delivers even more than the title promises. The eight chapters are best approached as a six-chapter book, itself some 220 pages long, on Wittgenstein’s contribution to twentieth-century philosophy, followed by a two-chapter, 120-page epilogue about how and why (...)
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  13.  12
    The Uses of Wittgenstein's Beetle: Philosophical Investigations §293 and Its Interpreters.David G. Stern - 2007 - In Guy Kahane, Edward Kanterian & Oskari Kuusela (eds.), Wittgenstein and His Interpreters: Essays in Memory of Gordon Baker. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 248–268.
    This chapter contains section titled: Introduction: Baker on the Private Language Argument Strawson's and Malcolms Interpretations of the Beetle Story Pitcher's, Cook's, and Donagan's Interpretations of the Beetle Story Cohen's Repudiation of the Beetle Story Hacker's and Baker's Interpretations of the Beetle Story.
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  14.  20
    Three-dimensional object recognition from single two-dimensional images.David G. Lowe - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 31 (3):355-395.
  15. The harm of medical disorder as harm in the damage sense.David G. Limbaugh - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (1):1-19.
    Jerome Wakefield has argued that a disorder is a harmful dysfunction. This paper develops how Wakefield should construe harmful in his harmful dysfunction analysis. Recently, Neil Feit has argued that classic puzzles involved in analyzing harm render Wakefield’s HDA better off without harm as a necessary condition. Whether or not one conceives of harm as comparative or non-comparative, the concern is that the HDA forces people to classify as mere dysfunction what they know to be a disorder. For instance, one (...)
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  16.  16
    Wittgenstein: Lectures, Cambridge 1930-1933: From the Notes of G. E. Moore.David G. Stern, Brian Rogers & Gabriel Citron (eds.) - 2016 - Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    This edition of G. E. Moore's notes taken at Wittgenstein's seminal Cambridge lectures in the early 1930s provides, for the first time, an almost verbatim record of those classes. The presentation of the notes is both accessible and faithful to their original manuscripts, and a comprehensive introduction and synoptic table of contents provide the reader with essential contextual information and summaries of the topics in each lecture. The lectures form an excellent introduction to Wittgenstein's middle-period thought, covering a broad range (...)
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  17.  21
    A Semantic View of Ecological Theories.David G. A. Castle - 2001 - Dialectica 55 (1):51-66.
    Philosophical analysis of ecological theories has lagged behind the study of evolutionary theory. The semantic conception of scientific theories, which has been employed successfully in the analysis of evolutionary theory, is adopted here to analyse ecological theory. Two general problems in ecology are discussed. One arises from the continued use of covering law models in ecology, and the other concerns the applicability of ecological theory in conservation biology. The semantic conception of ecological theories is used to resolve these problems.
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  18.  46
    How Many Wittgensteins?David G. Stern - 2006 - In Alois Pichler & Simo Säätelä (eds.), Wittgenstein: The Philosopher and His Works. Berlin, Germany: Ontos.
    The paper maps out and responds to some of the main areas of disagreement over the nature of Wittgenstein’s philosophy: (1) Between defenders of a “two Wittgensteins” reading (which draws a sharp distinction between early and late Wittgenstein) and the opposing “one Wittgenstein” interpretation. (2) Among “two-Wittgensteins” interpreters as to when the later philosophy emerged, and over the central difference between early and late Wittgenstein. (3) Between those who hold that Wittgenstein opposes only past philosophy in order to do philosophy (...)
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  19. Human cooperation.David G. Rand & Martin A. Nowak - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (8):413.
  20.  43
    The Practical Turn.David G. Stern - 2003 - In Stephen P. Turner & Paul Roth (eds.), The Blackwell Guidebook to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell. pp. 11--185.
  21.  5
    Bringing Life to the Stars.David G. Duemler - 1993 - Upa.
    This book attempts to provide an ethical foundation with which to address the question, 'Should we spread life beyond Earth?' It examines the material conditions of the solar system, the limits of consciousness, the limits of society, and the long term possibilities of sending human life out into the universe. The author delineates the ethical criteria of sentient life and considers justifications of space travel for the purpose of human expansion. Duemler gives special attention to the utilitarian explanation which concludes (...)
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  22. The availability of Wittgenstein's philosophy.David G. Stern - 1996 - In Hans D. Sluga & David G. Stern (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Wittgenstein. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  23.  24
    Disability discrimination and misdirected criticism of the quality-adjusted life year framework.David G. T. Whitehurst & Lidia Engel - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):793-795.
    Whose values should count – those of patients or the general public – when adopting the quality-adjusted life year framework for healthcare decision making is a long-standing debate. Specific disciplines, such as economics, are not wedded to a particular side of the debate, and arguments for and against the use of patient values have been discussed at length in the literature. In 2012, Sinclair proposed an approach, grounded within patient preference theory, which sought to avoid a perceived unfair discrimination against (...)
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  24.  92
    The Idea of Humanity: Anthropology and Anthroponomy in Kant’s Ethics.David G. Sussman - 2001 - New York: Routledge.
    Examining the significance of Kant's account of "rational faith," this study argues that he profoundly revises his account of the human will and the moral philosophy of it in his later religious writings.
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  25.  25
    Motivated empathy: The mechanics of the empathic gaze.David G. Cowan, Eric J. Vanman & Mark Nielsen - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (8):1522-1530.
  26. Random and Systematic Error in the Puzzle of the Unmarked Clock.Randall G. McCutcheon - manuscript
    A puzzle of an unmarked clock, used by Timothy Williamson to question the KK principle, was separately adapted by David Christensen and Adam Elga to critique a principle of Rational Reflection. Both authors, we argue, flout the received relationship between ideal agency and the classical distinction between systematic and random error, namely that ideal agents are subject only to the latter. As a result, these criticisms miss their mark.
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  27.  21
    Traits and motives: Toward an integration of two traditions in personality research.David G. Winter, Oliver P. John, Abigail J. Stewart, Eva C. Klohnen & Lauren E. Duncan - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (2):230-250.
  28. Wittgenstein, the Vienna Circle, and physicalism: A reassessment.David G. Stern - 2007 - In Alan Richardson & Thomas Uebel (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 305--31.
    The "standard account" of Wittgenstein’s relations with the Vienna Circle is that the early Wittgenstein was a principal source and inspiration for the Circle’s positivistic and scientific philosophy, while the later Wittgenstein was deeply opposed to the logical empiricist project of articulating a "scientific conception of the world." However, this telegraphic summary is at best only half-true and at worst deeply misleading. For it prevents us appreciating the fluidity and protean character of their philosophical dialogue. In retrospectively attributing clear-cut positions (...)
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  29.  72
    Human Dignity and Human Enhancement: A Multidimensional Approach.David G. Kirchhoffer - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (5):375-383.
    In the debates concerning the ethics of human enhancement through biological or technological modifications, there have been several appeals to the concept of human dignity, both by those favouring such enhancement and by those opposing it. The result is the phenomenon of ‘dignity talk', where opposing sides both appeal to the concept of human dignity to ground their arguments resulting in a moral impasse. This article examines the use of the concept of human dignity in the enhancement debates and reveals (...)
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  30.  32
    Wittgenstein in the 1930s: Between the Tractatus and the Investigations.David G. Stern (ed.) - 2018 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Wittgenstein's 'middle period' is often seen as a transitional phase connecting his better-known early and later philosophies. The fifteen essays in this volume focus both on the distinctive character of his teaching and writing in the 1930s, and on its pivotal importance for an understanding of his philosophy as a whole. They offer wide-ranging perspectives on the central issue of how best to identify changes and continuities in his philosophy during those years, as well as on particular topics in the (...)
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  31.  9
    Existential Psychotherapy: The Process of Caring.David G. Edwards - 1982 - Psychology Press.
  32. Metaphysics 2015. Proceedings of the Sixth World Conference.David G. Murray (ed.) - 2018 - Madrid:
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  33. Proceedings Metaphysics 2003 Second World Conference.David G. Murray (ed.) - 2003 - Foundazione Idente di Studi e di Ricerca,.
     
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  34.  29
    3 Determined and Free.David G. Myers - 2008 - In John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.), Are we free?: psychology and free will. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 32.
  35.  6
    The inflated self: human illusions and the Biblical call to hope.David G. Myers - 1980 - New York: Seabury Press.
    Human illusions and the Biblical call to hope.
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  36.  10
    The Jewish Past Revisited: Reflections on Modern Jewish Historians.David G. Myers & David B. Ruderman - 1998 - Studies in Jewish Culture and.
    In this fascinating new collection of essays, contemporary historians examine the ways earlier historians have framed, written, and "made" the Jewish past. Probing the ideology and methodology of their professional predecessors, American and Israeli historians offer new perspectives on some of the central figures of twentieth-century Jewish historiography, including Gershom Scholem, S. D. Goitein, Yitzhak Baer, Elias Bickermann, and Cecil Roth, as well as the Israeli "New Historians." Although the lives and work of these scholars differ in many ways, Jewish (...)
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  37. The powers and perils of intuition.David G. Myers - 2007 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Tall Tales About the Mind and Brain: Separating Fact From Fiction. Oxford University Press.
     
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  38. The social animal.David G. Myers - 2011 - In Malcolm A. Jeeves (ed.), Rethinking human nature: a multidisciplinary approach. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
     
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  39.  39
    Dignity, Autonomy, and Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources During COVID-19.David G. Kirchhoffer - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):691-696.
    Ruth Macklin argued that dignity is nothing more than respect for persons or their autonomy. During the COVID-19 pandemic, difficult decisions are being made about the allocation of scarce resources. Respect for autonomy cannot justify rationing decisions. Justice can be invoked to justify rationing. However, this leaves an uncomfortable tension between the principles. Dignity is not a useless concept because it is able to account for why we respect autonomy and for why it can be legitimate to override autonomy in (...)
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  40.  7
    Dignity, conscience and religious pluralism in healthcare: An argument for a presumption in favour of respect for religious belief.David G. Kirchhoffer - 2022 - Bioethics 37 (1):88-97.
    Religious pluralism in healthcare means that conflicts regarding appropriate treatment can occur because of convictions of patients and healthcare workers alike. This contribution argues for a presumption in favour of respect for religious belief on the basis that such convictions are judgements of conscience, and respect for conscience is core to what it means to respect human dignity. The human person is a subject in relation to all that is. Human dignity refers to the worth of human persons as members (...)
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  41.  7
    Reflections on editing Moore's notes in Wittgenstein: Lectures, Cambridge 1930-1933.David G. Stern - 2017 - Belgrade Philosophical Annual 30 (30):225-234.
    The essay begins by briefly reviewing the complex history of the collaborative long-distance editing work that led to the publication of Wittgenstein: Lectures, Cambridge 1930-1933 (Cambridge UP, 2016). It then turns to a discussion of the rationale for the innovative editorial policies we ultimately developed and implemented, and some of the broader methodological issues that they raise.
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  42. Wittgenstein and Moore on grammar.David G. Stern - 2018 - In Wittgenstein in the 1930s: Between the Tractatus and the Investigations. Cambridge University Press.
  43.  20
    COVID-19 Pandemic Healthcare Resource Allocation, Age and Frailty.David G. Smithard & James Haslam - 2021 - The New Bioethics 27 (2):127-132.
    The current coronavirus pandemic presents the greatest healthcare crisis in living memory. Hospitals across the world have faced unprecedented pressure. In the face of this tidal wave of demand for limited healthcare resources, how are clinicians to identify patients most likely to benefit? Should age or frailty be discriminators? This paper seeks to analyse the current evidence-base, seeking a nuanced approach to pandemic decision-making, such as admission to critical care.
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  44. Practices, practical holism, and background practices.David G. Stern - 2000 - In Mark Wrathall & Jeff Malpas (eds.), Heidegger, Coping, and Cognitive Science: Essays in Honor of Hubert L. Dreyfus, Volume 2. MIT Press.
  45.  11
    Wittgenstein's Texts and Style.David G. Stern - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 41–55.
    Wittgenstein's principal works, the Tractatus Logico‐Philosophicus and Philosophical Investigations, are each written in such strikingly unconventional ways that it takes considerable effort to translate them into conventional philosophical writing. The most important aspect of Wittgenstein's style for an understanding of his philosophy is his use of multiple voices, and the way he forces his reader to engage with those voices in order to understand him. This chapter provides an outline of the leading macro‐level answers to the question which of Wittgenstein's (...)
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  46.  17
    Pediatric Participation in Medical Decision Making: The Devil Is in the Details.David G. Scherer - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):16-18.
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  47. Moore’s Notes on Wittgenstein’s Lectures, Cambridge 1930-1933: Text, Context, and Content.David G. Stern, Gabriel Citron & Brian Rogers - 2013 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review (1):161-179.
    Wittgenstein’s writings and lectures during the first half of the 1930s play a crucial role in any interpretation of the relationship between the Tractatus and the Philosophical Investigations . G. E. Moore’s notes of Wittgenstein’s Cambridge lectures, 1930-1933, offer us a remarkably careful and conscientious record of what Wittgenstein said at the time, and are much more detailed and reliable than previously published notes from those lectures. The co-authors are currently editing these notes of Wittgenstein’s lectures for a book to (...)
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  48.  32
    Why We Should Not Let the Cheerfully Demented Die.David G. Limbaugh, Peter M. Koch & Eric C. Merrell - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):96-98.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 96-98.
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  49.  56
    The uses of Wittgenstein's beetle: Philosophical investigations and its interpreters.David G. Stern - 2007 - In Guy Kahane, Edward Kanterian & Oskari Kuusela (eds.), Wittgenstein and His Interpreters: Essays in Memory of Gordon Baker. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 248--268.
  50. Greening Paul: Reading the Apostle in a Time of Ecological Crisis.David G. Horrell, Cherryl Hunt & Christopher Southgate - 2010
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