Results for 'David E. Guinn'

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  1.  3
    Handbook of Bioethics and Religion: A Tale of Three Cities.David E. Guinn (ed.) - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    What role should religion play in a religiously pluralistic liberal society? Public bioethics unavoidably raises this question in a particularly insistent fashion. As the 20 papers in this collection demonstrate, the issues are complex and multifaceted. The authors address specific and highly contested issues as assisted suicide, stem cell research, cloning, reproductive health, and alternative medicine as well as more general questions such as who legitimately speaks for religion in public bioethics, what religion can add to our understanding of justice, (...)
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  2.  43
    Mental Competence, Caregivers, and the Process of Consent: Research Involving Alzheimer's Patients or Others with Decreasing Mental Capacity.David E. Guinn - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (3):230-245.
    Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia are among the fastest growing health problems in America. Dementia incidence tends to increase with age, and the elderly are the fastest growing segment of the population. Medical and social sciences research on dementia involving demented patients is both ongoing and necessary. However, as noted in a report of the Office for Human Subjects Research, “while research with intellectually impaired people generates valuable … data, it also provides significant ethical challenges.
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  3.  57
    Handbook of bioethics and religion.David E. Guinn (ed.) - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    What role should religion play in a religiously pluralistic liberal society? Public bioethics unavoidably raises this question in a particularly insistent fashion. As the 20 papers in this collection demonstrate, the issues are complex and multifaceted. The authors address specific and highly contested issues as assisted suicide, stem cell research, cloning, reproductive health, and alternative medicine as well as more general questions such as who legitimately speaks for religion in public bioethics, what religion can add to our understanding of justice, (...)
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  4.  15
    The heart of the matter : Religion and spirituality at the end of life.David E. Guinn - 2006 - In Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press.
    Concerns about caregivers providing religious or spiritual care arise, in large part, out of a misunderstanding about religion and spirituality and what those terms really mean. Many people treat religion and spirituality as special and unique. This chapter argues that religion and spirituality are basic human facts as inseparable from what it means to be human in the same way as our sex, our age, our ethnicity or the other social and cultural factors that caregivers routinely address. The chapter begins (...)
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  5.  15
    Law and bioethics in Rodriquez V. canada.E. Guinn David, W. Keyserlingk Edward & Morton Wendy - 2006 - In David E. Guinn (ed.), Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter argues that ethics plays an extremely important role in decision making and lawmaking in bioethics issues. These decisions are not simple case-by-case judgments; rather, they rest upon deeply considered ethical opinions. It also discusses the implications of this epistemic grounding for bioethics and its use of case law materials as an ethical resource. Finally, since many people base their moral judgments on religious beliefs, the religious implications of this legal-moral relationship are considered.
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  6.  39
    Corporate compliance and integrity programs: The uneasy alliance between law and ethics. [REVIEW]David E. Guinn - 2000 - HEC Forum 12 (4):292-302.
  7.  23
    Now, the Real Foundations of BioethicsThe Foundations of Christian Bioethics. [REVIEW]David E. Guinn - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (6):46.
    The Foundations of Christian Bioethics is Tristram Engelhardt’s long awaited sequel to his 1996 (2d ed) The Foundations of Bioethics. It is a passionate, probing and passionate work of “Orthodox theology” (p.199) by one of our most powerful and provocative thinkers. In this Foundations Engelhardt revisits many of the arguments raised in his earlier works. However, this time they are framed with a more explicit focus on Christian bioethics as the alternative: secular bioethics, an ethics of consent and contract between (...)
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  8.  47
    Imaginary scenarios, Black boxes and philosophical method.David E. Ward - 1995 - Erkenntnis 43 (2):181 - 198.
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  9. Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: Evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations.David E. Meyer & Roger W. Schvaneveldt - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):227.
  10. A Basic Schema for Understanding Aesthetic Transactions.David E. Ward - unknown
    My intention in this paper is to present a schema for understanding �sthetic transactions. (By '�sthetic transactions' I mean to refer to the artist's creation of a work of art and the audience's appreciation of it). For Kant a schema was a rule or principle that enables the under- standing to apply its categories. I am using this term in a narrower sense but in the same spirit : The schema to be considered is to serve as a principle which (...)
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  11.  14
    Explaining agency via Kant and Spinoza.David E. Ward - 1991 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 7:57-68.
  12. THE SOLUTION TO THE PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEM OF AKRASIA.David E. Ward - unknown
    I would like to begin by welcoming all of you and by saying how nice it is to be President of the AAP NZ DIV or (the altervative Title) and to be addressing you tonight in that capacity. As I began writing this it occurred to me that every former Secretary of this Association must have asked themselves at some time just how meaningful this automatic honour of becoming President the following year actually is. Certainly it is an advantage to (...)
     
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  13. The Abortion Debate : A Compromise.David E. Ward - unknown
    The fundamental issue dividing Pro- and Anti-abortionists is the question of whether or not the foetus/unborn child is to be regarded as a human being, a person with a right to life. An answer to this question which would satisfy both disputants must be developed in a consistent way from beliefs that are shared between them. I outline these shared beliefs (viz., attitudes towards potential life, and, how and when the value of life is realised by an individual) and argue (...)
     
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  14.  31
    Models for the speed and accuracy of aimed movements.David E. Meyer, J. E. Smith & Charles E. Wright - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (5):449-482.
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  15.  42
    Optimality in human motor performance: Ideal control of rapid aimed movements.David E. Meyer, Richard A. Abrams, Sylvan Kornblum & Charles E. Wright - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):340-370.
  16.  16
    The Logician in the Archive: John Venn’s Diagrams and Victorian Historical Thinking.David E. Dunning - 2021 - Journal of the History of Ideas 82 (4):593-614.
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  17.  50
    Philosophical Hermeneutics, 30th Anniversary Edition.David E. Linge (ed.) - 2008 - University of California Press.
    Published in German during the last 15 years, the 13 essays in this volume provide readers with valuable knowledge of the much discussed theme of hermeneutics today. Gadamer was an early student of Martin Heidegger and has been a lifelong friend and interpreter. These essays are an outgrowth of Gadamer's Truth and Method. They can be understood, however, independently of it. Gadamer's standpoint is a blend of Hegel's and Heidegger's, with his own independent development in part. The book contains a (...)
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  18.  27
    A computational theory of executive cognitive processes and multiple-task performance: Part I. Basic mechanisms.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (1):3-65.
  19.  72
    An interactive activation model of context effects in letter perception: II. The contextual enhancement effect and some tests and extensions of the model.David E. Rumelhart & James L. McClelland - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (1):60-94.
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  20. Personal values' influence on the ethical dimension of decision making.David Fritzsche & E. Oz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
    Personal values have long been associated with individual decision behavior. The role played by personal values in decision making within an organization is less clear. Past research has found that managers tend to respond to ethical dilemmas situationally. This study examines the relationship between personal values and the ethical dimension of decision making using Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis. The study examines personal values as they relate to five types of ethical dilemmas. We found a significant positive contribution of altruistic (...)
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  21. Regret in decision making under uncertainty.David E. Bell - 1982 - Operations Research 30 (5):961–81.
  22.  22
    A computational theory of executive cognitive processes and multiple-task performance: Part 2. Accounts of psychological refractory-period phenomena.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (4):749-791.
  23.  57
    The Origins of Stoic Cosmology.David E. Hahm - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):620-623.
  24.  15
    Malebranche and Chinese Philosophy.David E. Mungello - 1980 - Journal of the History of Ideas 41 (4):551.
    Presents nicholas malebranche's interpretation of chinese philosophy as found in his "entretien d'un philosophe chretien et d'un philosophe chinois" (1708). Treats background (transition from 17th century insular to 18th century cosmopolitan eurocentrism), Sources (primarily artus de lionne, Bishop of rosalie and former missionary to china), And motivation (defense of his philosophy against the charge of spinozism). Discusses malebranche's interpretation of neo-Confucian terms "li" and "ch'i" and their relationship to his definition of god. Places the "entretien" in the context of the (...)
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  25.  47
    Simulating a Skilled Typist: A Study of Skilled Cognitive‐Motor Performance.David E. Rumelhart & Donald A. Norman - 1982 - Cognitive Science 6 (1):1-36.
    We review the major phenomena of skilled typing and propose a model for the control of the hands and fingers during typing. The model is based upon an Activation‐Trigger‐Schema system in which a hierarchical structure of schemata directs the selection of the letters to be typed and, then, controls the hand and finger movements by a cooperative, relaxation algorithm. The interactions of the patterns of activation and inhibition among the schemata determine the temporal ordering for launching the keystrokes. To account (...)
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  26.  81
    New paradigm psychology of reasoning.David E. Over - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):431-438.
  27.  90
    World philosophies: an historical introduction.David E. Cooper - 1996 - Malden, MA: Blackwell.
    This popular book has now been revised to ensure that it continues to meet the needs of the growing number of people interested in all the main philosophical ...
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  28. A Philosophy of Gardens.David E. Cooper - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Why do gardens matter so much and mean so much to people? That is the intriguing question to which David Cooper seeks an answer in this book. Given the enthusiasm for gardens in human civilization ancient and modern, Eastern and Western, it is surprising that the question has been so long neglected by modern philosophy. Now at last there is a philosophy of gardens. David Cooper identifies garden appreciation as a special human phenomenon distinct from both from the (...)
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  29.  11
    Naturalizing Heidegger: His Confrontation with Nietzsche, His Contributions to Environmental Philosophy.David E. Storey - 2015 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    _Explores the evolution of Heidegger’s thinking about nature and its relevance for environmental ethics._.
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  30. Imperfect Duties and Corporate Philanthropy: A Kantian Approach.David E. Ohreen & Roger A. Petry - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):367-381.
    Nonprofit organizations play a crucial role in society. Unfortunately, many such organizations are chronically underfunded and struggle to meet their objectives. These facts have significant implications for corporate philanthropy and Kant’s notion of imperfect duties. Under the concept of imperfect duties, businesses would have wide discretion regarding which charities receive donations, how much money to give, and when such donations take place. A perceived problem with imperfect duties is that they can lead to moral laxity; that is, a failure on (...)
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  31. What in the World Is Semantic Indeterminacy?David E. Taylor & Alexis Burgess - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (4):298-317.
    Discussions of “indeterminacy” customarily distinguish two putative types: semantic indeterminacy (SI)—indeterminacy that’s somehow the product of the semantics of our words/concepts—and metaphysical indeterminacy (MI)—indeterminacy that exists as a mind/language-independent feature of reality itself. A popular and influential thought among philosophers is that all indeterminacy must be SI. In this paper we challenge this thought. Our challenge is guided by the question: What, exactly, does it take for a case of indeterminacy to count as SI? We argue that the only satisfactory (...)
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  32.  28
    Feature discovery by competitive learning.David E. Rumelhart & David Zipser - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):75-112.
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  33.  18
    Early Greek Astronomy to Aristotle.David E. Hahm & D. R. Dicks - 1973 - American Journal of Philology 94 (1):121.
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  34.  25
    Augustine and Wittgenstein.David E. Zoolalian - 1978 - Augustinian Studies 9:25-33.
  35.  94
    A Minimal Characterization of Indeterminacy.David E. Taylor - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18.
    The current literature on indeterminacy centers around two projects. One concerns the logic of indeterminacy; the other concerns its nature or source. The aim of this paper is to introduce, motivate and go some way toward addressing a new, third project: that of providing what I call a minimal characterization of indeterminacy. An MC, to a first approximation, is a relatively pre-theoretical characterization of indeterminacy that is neutral between the various substantive theories of the nature and logic of indeterminacy. An (...)
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  36.  83
    Mentoring and Research Misconduct: An Analysis of Research Mentoring in Closed ORI Cases.David E. Wright, Sandra L. Titus & Jered B. Cornelison - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):323-336.
    We are reporting on how involved the mentor was in promoting responsible research in cases of research misconduct. We reviewed the USPHS misconduct files of the Office of Research Integrity. These files are created by Institutions who prosecute a case of possible research misconduct; ORI has oversight review of these investigations. We explored the role of the mentor in the cases of trainee research misconduct on three specific behaviors that we believe mentors should perform with their trainee: (1) review source (...)
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  37.  66
    Authenticity and Learning: Nietzsche's Educational Philosophy.David E. Cooper - 1983 - Boston: Routledge.
    David E. Cooper elucidates Nietzsche's educational views in detail, in a form that will be of value to educationalists as well as philosophers. In this title, first published in 1983, he shows how these views relate to the rest of Nietzsche's work, and to modern European and Anglo-Saxon philosophical concerns. For Nietzsche, the purpose of true education was to produce creative individuals who take responsibility for their lives, beliefs and values. His ideal was human authenticity. David E. Cooper (...)
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  38.  19
    Buddhism and the Ethics of Species Conservation.David E. Cooper & Simon P. James - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (1):85-97.
    Efforts to conserve endangered species of animal are, in some important respects, at odds with Buddhist ethics. On the one hand, being abstract entities, species cannot suffer, and so cannot be proper objects of compassion or similar moral virtues. On the other, Buddhist commitments to equanimity tend to militate against the idea that the individual members of endangered species have greater value than those of less-threatened ones. This paper suggests that the contribution of Buddhism to the issue of species conservation (...)
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  39. The probability of conditionals: The psychological evidence.David E. Over & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):340–358.
    The two main psychological theories of the ordinary conditional were designed to account for inferences made from assumptions, but few premises in everyday life can be simply assumed true. Useful premises usually have a probability that is less than certainty. But what is the probability of the ordinary conditional and how is it determined? We argue that people use a two stage Ramsey test that we specify to make probability judgements about indicative conditionals in natural language, and we describe experiments (...)
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  40.  53
    Postmetaphysical Thinking: Philosophical Essays.David E. Cooper, Jurgen Habermas & William Mark Hohengarten - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):572.
    This collection of Habermas's recent essays on philosophical topics continues the analysis begun in The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. In a short introductory essay, he outlines the sources of twentieth-century philosophizing, its major themes, and the range of current debates. The remainder of the essays can be seen as his contribution to these debates.Habermas's essay on George Herbert Mead is a focal point of the book. In it he sketches a postmetaphysical, intersubjective approach to questions of individuation and subjectivity. In (...)
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  41.  17
    Perception and preference in short-term word priming.David E. Huber, Richard M. Shiffrin, Keith B. Lyle & Kirsten I. Ruys - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):149-182.
  42. Religion and the Human Future: An Essay on Theological Humanism.David E. Klemm - 2008 - Blackwell. Edited by William Schweiker.
    The shape of theological humanism -- Ideas and challenges -- The humanist imagination -- Thinking of God -- The logic of Christian humanism -- On the integrity of life -- The task of theological humanism -- Our endangered garden -- A school of conscience -- Masks of mind -- Religion and spiritual integrity -- Living theological humanism.
     
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  43.  15
    The Role of a Mental Model in Learning to Operate a Device.David E. Kieras & Susan Bovair - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (3):255-273.
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  44.  6
    Domain-independent planning Representation and plan generation.David E. Wilkins - 1984 - Artificial Intelligence 22 (3):269-301.
  45.  94
    The Impact of Business Education on Moral Judgment Competence: An Empirical Study.David E. Desplaces, David E. Melchar, Laura L. Beauvais & Susan M. Bosco - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):73-87.
    This study uses theories of moral reasoning and moral competence to investigate how university codes of ethics, perceptions of ethical culture, academic pressure from significant others, and ethics pedagogy are related to the moral development of students. Results suggest that ethical codes and student perceptions of such codes affect their perceptions of the ethical nature of the cultures within these institutions. In addition, faculty and student discussion of ethics in business courses is significantly and positively related to moral competence among (...)
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  46.  47
    The reconciliation of neo-confucianism with christianity in the writings of Joseph de prémare, S. J.David E. Mungello - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (4):389-410.
  47.  41
    Persistence and accommodation in short‐term priming and other perceptual paradigms: temporal segregation through synaptic depression.David E. Huber & Randall C. O'Reilly - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (3):403-430.
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  48.  20
    Process of recognizing tachistoscopically presented words.David E. Rumelhart & Patricia Siple - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (2):99-118.
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  49.  17
    The dynamics of cognition and action: Mental processes inferred from speed-accuracy decomposition.David E. Meyer, David E. Irwin, Allen M. Osman & John Kounois - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (2):183-237.
  50.  52
    Exploring the Boundaries of Human Resource Managers' Responsibilities.David E. Guest & Christopher Woodrow - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):109-119.
    This article addresses two longstanding challenges for human resource (HR) managers; how far they can and should represent the interests of both management and workers and how they can gain the power to do so. Adopting a Kantian perspective, it is argued that to pursue an ethical human resource management (HRM), HR managers need to go some way to resolving both. Three possible avenues are considered. Contemporary approaches to organisation of the HR role associated with the work of Ulrich are (...)
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