Results for 'David Crundall'

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  1.  82
    Eye movements and hazard perception in police pursuit and emergency response driving.David Crundall, Peter Chapman, Nicola Phelps & Geoffrey Underwood - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (3):163.
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  2.  43
    Is attention required in a model of saccade generation?David Crundall & Geoffrey Underwood - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):679-680.
    Removing attention from the saccade generation system should also remove the paradoxical loops that can occur with attention terminology. At least one such loop is still apparent in the current model, however. The benefits of an attention-free approach are assessed through comparison with a recent theory of attention (Logan 1996).
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  3. Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism.David Enoch - 2011 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    David Enoch develops, argues for, and defends a strongly realist and objectivist view of ethics and normativity more broadly. This view--according to which there are perfectly objective, universal, moral and other normative truths that are not in any way reducible to other, natural truths--is familiar, but this book is the first in-detail development of the positive motivations for the view into reasonably precise arguments. And when the book turns to defend Robust Realism against traditional objections, it mobilizes the original (...)
  4. Consciousness and Mind.David M. Rosenthal - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press UK.
    Consciousness and Mind presents David Rosenthal's influential work on the nature of consciousness. Central to that work is Rosenthal's higher-order-thought theory of consciousness, according to which a sensation, thought, or other mental state is conscious if one has a higher-order thought that one is in that state. The first four essays develop various aspects of that theory. The next three essays present Rosenthal's homomorphism theory of mental qualities and qualitative consciousness, and show how that theory fits with and helps (...)
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  5.  65
    Reason Without Freedom: The Problem of Epistemic Normativity.David Owens - 2000 - New York: Routledge.
    We call beliefs reasonable or unreasonable, justified or unjustified. What does this imply about belief? Does this imply that we are responsible for our beliefs and that we should be blamed for our unreasonable convictions? Or does it imply that we are in control of our beliefs and that what we believe is up to us? Reason Without Freedom argues that the major problems of epistemology have their roots in concerns about our control over and responsibility for belief. David (...)
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  6.  20
    Wholeness and the Implicate Order.David Bohm - 1980 - New York: Routledge.
    In his classic work, _Wholeness and the Implicate Order_, David Bohm develops a theory of quantum physics which treats the totality of existence, including matter and consciousness, as an unbroken whole. David Bohm presents a rational and scientific theory which explains cosmology and the nature of reality; written clearly, and without the use of technical jargon, it is essential reading for those interested in physics, philosophy, psychology and the connection between consciousness and matter. David Bohm was one (...)
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  7.  60
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 1.David Kellogg Lewis - 1983 - New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    The first volume of this series presents fifteen selected papers dealing with a variety of topics in ontology, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of language.
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  8.  53
    Unsnarling the World Knot: Consciousness, Freedom, and the Mind-Body Problem.David Ray Griffin - 1998 - University of California Press.
    David Ray Griffin develops a third form of realism, one that resolves the basic problem (common to dualism and materialism) of the continued acceptance of the Cartesian view of matter.
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  9. What is character?David Braun - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (3):241--273.
    David Kaplan distinguishes between character and content in his theory of demonstratives and indexicals. This paper argues that David Kaplan's theory of demonstratives contains two different, incompatible, descriptions of what character is. It argues that one of them is superior. It argues that, ultimately, a theory of indexicals needs a theory of structured characters.
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  10.  26
    Boundary Organizations in Environmental Policy and Science: An Introduction.David H. Guston - 2001 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 26 (4):399-408.
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  11. Debating Procreation: Is It Wrong to Reproduce?David Benatar & David Wasserman (eds.) - 2015 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    While procreation is ubiquitous, attention to the ethical issues involved in creating children is relatively rare. In Debating Procreation, David Benatar and David Wasserman take opposing views on this important question. David Benatar argues for the anti-natalist view that it is always wrong to bring new people into existence. He argues that coming into existence is always a serious harm and that even if it were not always so, the risk of serious harm is sufficiently great to (...)
  12.  44
    Measurement outcomes and probability in Everettian quantum mechanics.David J. Baker - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):153-169.
    The decision-theoretic account of probability in the Everett or many-worlds interpretation, advanced by David Deutsch and David Wallace, is shown to be circular. Talk of probability in Everett presumes the existence of a preferred basis to identify measurement outcomes for the probabilities to range over. But the existence of a preferred basis can only be established by the process of decoherence, which is itself probabilistic.
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  13.  33
    Introduction.David Lay Williams - 2021 - European Journal of Political Theory 20 (3):568-574.
    This introduction to the review symposium on Ryan Patrick Hanley’s works on the relatively neglected early modern philosopher François Fénelon provides a brief overview of the symposium itself before turning to Hanley’s treatment of Fénelon’s work on the intersection of politics and religion, culminating in a comparison of Fénelon with his most celebrated admirer, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The article sketches how both francophone thinkers employ conceptions of divine justice as a measure to counter the dangers of amour-propre, contrasting Fénelon’s thick theology (...)
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  14.  26
    Professionalism and Ethics in Teaching.David Carr - 1999 - New York: Routledge.
    _Professionalism and Ethics in Teaching_ presents a thought-provoking and stimulating study of the moral dimensions of the teaching professions. After discussing the moral implications of professionalism, Carr explores the relationship of education theory to teaching practice and the impact of this relationship on professional expertise. He then identifies and examines some central ethical and moral issues in education and teaching. Finally David Carr gives a detailed analysis of a range of issues concerning the role of the teacher and the (...)
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  15.  4
    The Enigma of the Aerofoil: Rival Theories in Aerodynamics, 1909-1930.David Bloor - 2011 - University of Chicago Press: Chicago.
    Why do aircraft fly? How do their wings support them? In the early years of aviation, there was an intense dispute between British and German experts over the question of why and how an aircraft wing provides lift. The British, under the leadership of the great Cambridge mathematical physicist Lord Rayleigh, produced highly elaborate investigations of the nature of discontinuous flow, while the Germans, following Ludwig Prandtl in Göttingen, relied on the tradition called “technical mechanics” to explain the flow of (...)
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  16.  45
    Flow and structure of time experience – concept, empirical validation and implications for psychopathology.David H. V. Vogel, Christine M. Falter-Wagner, Theresa Schoofs, Katharina Krämer, Christian Kupke & Kai Vogeley - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (2):235-258.
    We present a conceptual framework on the experience of time and provide a coherent basis on which to base further inquiries into qualitative approaches concerning time experience. We propose two Time-Layers and two Time-Formats forming four Time-Domains. Micro-Flow and Micro-Structure represent the implicit phenomenal basis, from which the explicit experiences of Macro-Flow and Macro-Structure emerge. Complementary to this theoretical proposal, we present empirical results from qualitative content analysis obtained from 25 healthy participants. The data essentially corroborate the theoretical proposal. With (...)
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  17.  11
    The Special Theory of Relativity.David Bohm - 1965 - New York,: Routledge.
    Based on his famous final year undergraduate lectures on theoretical physics at Birkbeck College, Bohm presents the theory of relativity as a unified whole, making clear the reasons which led to its adoption and explaining its basic meaning. With clarity and grace, he also reveals the limited truth of some of the "common sense" assumptions which make it difficult for us to appreciate its full implications. With a new foreword by Basil Hiley, a close colleague of David Bohm's, _The (...)
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  18.  8
    The economics of science: a critical realist overview.David Tyfield - 2012 - New York: Routledge.
    Introduction -- The commercialisation of science and the construction of the knowledge-based bio-economy -- The KBBE reality--the case of agriculture -- Intellectual property rights and the global commodification of knowledge -- Privatizing Chinese science : national development vs. neoliberal financialization -- Critical realism and the importance of ontological attention -- Critical realism and beyond in economics -- The realist transcendental argument.
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  19.  19
    Knowledge transfer in agent-based computational social science.David Anzola - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 77:29-38.
  20. Validity in Conductive Arguments.David Hitchcock - 2017 - In On Reasoning and Argument: Essays in Informal Logic and on Critical Thinking. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  21.  22
    The Writings of Sir Lewis Namier: An Annotated Bibliography.David Hayton - 2020 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 96 (1):99-141.
    Sir Lewis Namier was not only a major twentieth-century historian, a pioneer of ‘scientific history’ who gave his name to a particular form of history-writing, but an important public intellectual. He played a significant role in public affairs, as an influential adviser to the British Foreign Office during the First World War and later as an active Zionist. This article offers a new perspective on his life and work by providing, for the first time, as comprehensive a bibliography as is (...)
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  22.  21
    Dynamic Touch as Common Ground for Enactivism and Ecological Psychology.David Travieso, Lorena Lobo, Carlos de Paz, Thijme E. Langelaar, Jorge Ibáñez-Gijón & David M. Jacobs - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  23. Shame and Punishment in Kant's Doctrine of Right.David Sussman - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (231):299–317.
    In the Doctrine of Right, Kant claims that killings motivated by the fear of disgrace should be punished less severely than other murders. I consider how Kant understands the mitigating force of such motives, and argue that Kant takes agents to have a moral right to defend their honour. Unlike other rights, however, this right of honour can only be defended personally, so that individuals remain in a 'state of nature' with regard to any such rights, regardless of their political (...)
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  24.  13
    Albert Camus the Algerian: Colonialism, Terrorism, Justice.David Carroll - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In these original readings of Albert Camus' novels, short stories, and political essays, David Carroll concentrates on Camus' conflicted relationship with his Algerian background and finds important critical insights into questions of justice, the effects of colonial oppression, and the deadly cycle of terrorism and counterterrorism that characterized the Algerian War and continues to surface in the devastation of postcolonial wars today. During France's "dirty war" in Algeria, Camus called for an end to the violence perpetrated against civilians by (...)
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  25. Perversity of the heart.David Sussman - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (2):153-177.
  26.  48
    Are Freedom and Anti‐humanism Compatible? The Case of Foucault and Butler.David Weberman - 2000 - Constellations 7 (2):255-271.
  27.  6
    Nonmonotonicity and the scope of reasoning.David W. Etherington, Sarit Kraus & Donald Perlis - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 52 (3):221-261.
  28.  47
    Wittgenstein’s Confessions : Reading Philosophical Investigations with St. Augustine.David Egan - 2021 - Heythrop Journal 62 (1):25-38.
    This paper draws on a number of parallels between Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations and St. Augustine’s Confessions to suggest that Wittgenstein’s relation to the text with which he opens the Investigations is less adversarial than is normally supposed. In particular, the paper draws attention to two important parallels: the difficulty both Philosophical Investigations and Confessions have with beginning and with arrogating to themselves the authority to begin, and the role of conversion in both texts. These parallels help us read the methodological (...)
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  29.  60
    Don't look but think: Imaginary scenarios in Wittgenstein's later philosophy.David R. Cerbone - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):159 – 183.
    David Bloor has claimed that Wittgenstein is best read as offering the beginnings of a sociological theory of knowledge, despite Wittgenstein's reluctance to view his work this way. This leads him to dismiss Wittgenstein's many self?characterizations as mere ?prejudice?. In doing so, however, Bloor misses the import of Wittgenstein's work as a ?grammatical investigation?. The problems inherent in Bloor's interpretative approach can be discerned in his attitude toward Wittgenstein's use of imaginary scenarios: he demands that they be replaced by (...)
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  30.  21
    A New Condition for Transitivity of Probabilistic Support.David Atkinson & Jeanne Peijnenburg - 2021 - Erkenntnis (1):1-13.
    As is well known, implication is transitive but probabilistic support is not. Eells and Sober, followed by Shogenji, showed that screening off is a sufficient constraint for the transitivity of probabilistic support. Moreover, this screening off condition can be weakened without sacrificing transitivity, as was demonstrated by Suppes and later by Roche. In this paper we introduce an even weaker sufficient condition for the transitivity of probabilistic support, in fact one that can be made as weak as one wishes. We (...)
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  31.  29
    Mourning work: Death and democracy during a pandemic.David W. McIvor, Juliet Hooker, Ashley Atkins, Athena Athanasiou & George Shulman - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (1):165-199.
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  32.  20
    Levels of selection: An alternative to individualism in biology and the human sciences.David Sloan Wilson - 1994 - In Elliott Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books.
  33. Hope and Education: The Role of the Utopian Imagination.David Halpin - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (3):541-543.
  34.  26
    Zum Beginn abendländisch-chinesischer Tierphilosophie: Reflexionen zu einem wiederentdeckten Text [On the Beginnings of European-Chinese Animal Philosophy: Reflections on a Rediscovered Text].David Bartosch - 2022 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 47 (3):391-430.
    Der Text "Sing-li-tchin-thsiouan die wahrhafte Darstellung der Naturphilosophie (erster Theil)" kann als erstes Dokument einer transkulturellen abendländisch-chinesischen Perspektive im Bereich der Tierphilosophie gelten. Es handelt sich um die deutsche Übersetzung (1840) eines Mandschu-Texts durch Hans Conon von der Gabelentz. Obwohl für das Werk eines Chinesen erachtet, geht die Schrift auf einen chinesischen Urtext (1753) des Jesuiten Alexandre de Lacharme zurück. Eher implizit und allusiv begegnen sich in den inhaltlichen und übersetzungsgeschichtlichen Zusammenhängen cartesianische, neokonfuzianische und mandschurische Denkelemente. Im ersten Teil des (...)
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  35.  29
    Shifting Perspectives.David J. Gunkel - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2527-2532.
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  36.  66
    Crime Victims and the Right to Punishment.David Alm - 2019 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 13 (1):63-81.
    In this paper, I consider the question of whether crime victims can be said to have a moral right to see their victimizers punished that could explain why they often feel wronged or cheated when the state fails to punish offenders. In the first part, I explain what I mean by a “right to punishment” and what it is for such a right to “explain” the frustrated crime victim’s reaction. In the second part, I distinguish such a right from a (...)
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  37.  27
    Does quantum electrodynamics have an arrow of time?David Atkinson - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (3):528-541.
    Quantum electrodynamics is a time-symmetric theory that is part of the electroweak interaction, which is invariant under a generalized form of this symmetry, the PCT transformation. The thesis is defended that the arrow of time in electrodynamics is a consequence of the assumption of an initial state of high order, together with the quantum version of the equiprobability postulate.
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  38.  36
    Reflections on Inquiry and Truth arising from Peirce's Method for the Fixation of Belief.David Wiggins - 2004 - In Cheryl Misak (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Peirce. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 87--126.
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  39.  10
    Alloparental Support and Infant Psychomotor Developmental Delay.David Waynforth - 2024 - Human Nature 35 (1):43-62.
    Receiving social support from community and extended family has been typical for mothers with infants in human societies past and present. In non-industrialised contexts, infants of mothers with extended family support often have better health and higher survival through the vulnerable infant period, and hence shared infant care has a clear fitness benefit. However, there is scant evidence that these benefits continue in industrialised contexts. Better infant health and development with allocare support would indicate continued evolutionary selection for allocare. The (...)
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  40.  60
    The easy problems ain't so easy.David Hodgson - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (1):69-75.
    David Chalmers distinguishes the hard problem of consciousness -- why should a physical system give rise to conscious experiences at all -- with what he calls the easy problems, the explanation of how cognitive systems, including human brains, perform various cognitive functions. He argues that the easy problems are easy because the performance of any function can be explained by specifying a mechanism that performs the function. This article argues that conscious experiences have a role in the performance by (...)
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  41.  35
    A descriptive investigation of morality and victimisation at work.David Wornham - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):29 - 40.
    This paper attempts to define the moral terrain attached to bullying, or work victimisation. Existing research on this problem tends to focus on the phenomenon as a personnel or organisational issue. Bullying is fairly endemic and harmful but not accorded the same priority as other forms of harassment and there is little protection in law. Much research has concentrated on the nature and extent of bullying and impact on its victims. The education sector in the United Kingdom provides fertile ground (...)
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  42. Self-Construction in Buddhism.David Bastow - 1986 - Ratio (Misc.) 28 (2):97.
     
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  43.  36
    Encounters with Emergent Deities: Artificial Intelligence in Science Fiction Narrative.David Hipple - 2020 - Zygon 55 (2):382-408.
    In the mid‐twentieth century, theorists began seriously forecasting possibilities for artificial intelligence (AI). As related research gathered momentum and resources, the topic made impressions on public discourse. One effect was increasingly pointed emphasis on AI in popular narratives. Although considerably earlier thematic examples may be located, we can observe swelling and generally pessimistic threads of speculation in science fiction of the 1950s and 1960s. This discussion identifies some pertinent science fiction texts from that period, alongside public discussion arising from contemporary (...)
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  44.  32
    Hunger Hermeneutics.David M. Kaplan - 2020 - Topoi 40 (3):527-533.
    Hunger is both a natural and social phenomenon. On one hand, it is a natural, biological state that affects everyone, everywhere, in every historical time. On the other hand, our perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of hunger are far from uniform. We think about it differently in different contexts and settings depending on its causes and consequences. The same event—the same pangs, emptiness, and lack of energy associated with the desire for food—takes on different meanings depending on who is hungry, when, (...)
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  45.  29
    Counting the cost of denying assisted dying.David Shaw & Alec Morton - 2020 - Clinical Ethics 15 (2):65-70.
    In this paper, we propose and defend three economic arguments for permitting assisted dying. These arguments are not intended to provide a rationale for legalising assisted suicide or euthanasia in...
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  46.  14
    Non-invasive Brain Stimulation of the Posterior Parietal Cortex Alters Postural Adaptation.David R. Young, Pranav J. Parikh & Charles S. Layne - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  47.  9
    Surveillance, Liquidity and The Ethics of Visibility.David Lyon - 2016 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 277 (3):365-379.
    Analyses of contemporary surveillance are considered in relation to the growing liquidity of contemporary social relations. When state surveillance is revealed by Edward Snowden to depend on consumer data, this illustrates Bauman’s observations about today’s rapidly mobile and “extraterritorial” power. Such power is increasingly based on highly asymmetrical visibility of watcher and watched but paradoxically also depends on “panoptic selfie-surveillance” which complicates both analysis and ethics in significant ways. Strongly panoptic power, where it still exists, is largely at the margins, (...)
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  48.  21
    Taking Liberties.David Zimmerman - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (4):577-609.
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  49.  38
    Social Epistemology and Validation in Agent-Based Social Simulation.David Anzola - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1333-1361.
    The literature in agent-based social simulation suggests that a model is validated when it is shown to ‘successfully’, ‘adequately’ or ‘satisfactorily’ represent the target phenomenon. The notion of ‘successful’, ‘adequate’ or ‘satisfactory’ representation, however, is both underspecified and difficult to generalise, in part, because practitioners use a multiplicity of criteria to judge representation, some of which are not entirely dependent on the testing of a computational model during validation processes. This article argues that practitioners should address social epistemology to achieve (...)
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  50.  31
    The Translation of Modern Western Science in Nineteenth-Century China, 1840-1895.David Wright - 1998 - Isis 89:653-673.
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