Results for 'David C. Blackburn'

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  1. Finding Our Way Through Phenotypes.Andrew R. Deans, Suzanna E. Lewis, Eva Huala, Salvatore S. Anzaldo, Michael Ashburner, James P. Balhoff, David C. Blackburn, Judith A. Blake, J. Gordon Burleigh, Bruno Chanet, Laurel D. Cooper, Mélanie Courtot, Sándor Csösz, Hong Cui, Barry Smith & Others - 2015 - PLoS Biol 13 (1):e1002033.
    Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human- and machine-interpretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bottleneck to integration across many key fields in biology, including genomics, systems biology, development, medicine, evolution, ecology, and systematics. Here we survey the current phenomics landscape, including data resources and handling, and the progress that (...)
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  2.  5
    Nursing Home Chain Affiliation and Its Impact on Specialty Service Designation for Alzheimer Disease.Justin Blackburn, Qing Zheng, David C. Grabowski, Richard Hirth, Orna Intrator, David G. Stevenson & Jane Banaszak-Holl - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801878799.
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  3.  71
    The British Difference.David Papineau, Simon Blackburn, A. C. Grayling, Ted Honderich & Richard Norman - 2002 - The Philosophers' Magazine 18 (18):37-38.
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  4.  8
    The British Difference.David Papineau, Simon Blackburn, A. C. Grayling, Ted Honderich, Richard Norman & David Conway - 2002 - The Philosophers' Magazine 18:37-38.
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  5. David C. Palmer.David C. Palmer - 2003 - In Kennon A. Lattal (ed.), Behavior Theory and Philosophy. Springer. pp. 167.
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  6.  43
    Yes: David C. Thomasma, Ph.D. [REVIEW]David C. Thomasma - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (6):349-350.
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  7.  22
    The Computational Complexity of Hybrid Temporal Logics.C. Areces, P. Blackburn & M. Marx - 2000 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 8 (5):653-679.
    In their simplest form, hybrid languages are propositional modal languages which can refer to states. They were introduced by Arthur Prior, the inventor of tense logic, and played an important role in his work: because they make reference to specific times possible, they remove the most serious obstacle to developing modal approaches to temporal representation and reasoning. However very little is known about the computational complexity of hybrid temporal logics.In this paper we analyze the complexity of the satisfiability problem of (...)
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  8. Special Issue The Reception of European Philosophy in Modern Bulgaria Guest Editors DAVID C. DURST and ALEXANDER L. GUNGOV. [REVIEW]David C. Durst - 2001 - Studies in Soviet Thought 53 (1-2).
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  9. The Paradox of the Preface.David C. Makinson - 1965 - Analysis 25 (6):205-207.
    By means of an example, shows the possibility of beliefs that are separately rational whilst together inconsistent.
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  10.  1
    Natural Necessity, Objective Chances and Causal Powers.C. Behan McCullagh - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 10:78-83.
    Are the relations between the property of a thing and its related disposition to react in certain ways, and between the triggering of that disposition and the consequent effect, necessary? Harré and Madden, in their analysis of causal powers, said they are, but their arguments are not persuasive. Humeans like Simon Blackburn deny it. I criticize the Humean position, and argue afresh for their necessity. I note that David Lewis' analysis of causation requires their necessity, though as a (...)
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  11.  10
    Understanding Normal and Impaired Word Reading: Computational Principles in Quasi-Regular Domains.David C. Plaut, James L. McClelland, Mark S. Seidenberg & Karalyn Patterson - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (1):56-115.
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  12. Ardeshir, M., Ruitenburg, W. And Salehi, S., Intuitionistic.C. Areces, P. Blackburn, M. Marx, S. Cook, A. Kolokolova, T. Coquand, G. Sambin, J. Smith, S. Valentini & P. Dybjer - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 124:301.
  13.  57
    The Importance of Context: The Ethical Work Climate Construct and Models of Ethical Decision Making -- An Agenda for Research. [REVIEW]David C. Wyld & Coy A. Jones - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):465-472.
    This paper examines the role which organizational context factors play in individual ethical decision making. Two general propositions are set forth, examining the linkage between ethical work climate and decision making. An agenda for research and the potential implications of the study and practice of managerial ethics are then discussed.
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  14.  33
    Problems of Multi-Species Organisms: Endosymbionts to Holobionts.David C. Queller & Joan E. Strassmann - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):855-873.
    The organism is one of the fundamental concepts of biology and has been at the center of many discussions about biological individuality, yet what exactly it is can be confusing. The definition that we find generally useful is that an organism is a unit in which all the subunits have evolved to be highly cooperative, with very little conflict. We focus on how often organisms evolve from two or more formerly independent organisms. Two canonical transitions of this type—replicators clustered in (...)
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  15.  47
    How Do Self-Attributed and Implicit Motives Differ?David C. McClelland, Richard Koestner & Joel Weinberger - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (4):690-702.
  16. “They Did Not Walk the Green Talk!:” How Information Specificity Influences Consumer Evaluations of Disconfirmed Environmental Claims.Davide C. Orazi & Eugene Y. Chan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (1):107-123.
    While environmental claims are increasingly used by companies to appeal consumers, they also attract greater scrutiny from independent parties interested in consumer protection. Consumers are now able to compare corporate environmental claims against external, often disconfirming, information to form their brand attitudes and purchase intentions. What remains unclear is how the level of information specificity of both the environmental claims and external disconfirming information interact to influence consumer reactions. Two experiments address this gap in the CSR communication literature. When specific (...)
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  17.  5
    Event Memory: A Theory of Memory for Laboratory, Autobiographical, and Fictional Events.David C. Rubin & Sharda Umanath - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (1):1-23.
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  18.  16
    On the Accuracy of Personality Judgment: A Realistic Approach.David C. Funder - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (4):652-670.
  19.  79
    Conditional Probability in the Light of Qualitative Belief Change.David C. Makinson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):121 - 153.
    We explore ways in which purely qualitative belief change in the AGM tradition throws light on options in the treatment of conditional probability. First, by helping see why it can be useful to go beyond the ratio rule defining conditional from one-place probability. Second, by clarifying what is at stake in different ways of doing that. Third, by suggesting novel forms of conditional probability corresponding to familiar variants of qualitative belief change, and conversely. Likewise, we explain how recent work on (...)
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  20.  9
    Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-Out Rhymes.David C. Rubin - 1995 - Oxford University Press USA.
    "Dr. Rubin has brought cognitive psychology into a wholly unprecedented dialogue with studies in oral tradition. The result is a truly new perspective on memory and the processes of oral tradition." --John Miles Foley, University of Missouri.
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  21.  91
    What is Experimental about Thought Experiments?David C. Gooding - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:280 - 290.
    I argue that thought experiments are a form of experimental reasoning similar to real experiments. They require the same ability to participate by following a narrative as real experiments do. Participation depends in turn on using what we already know to visualize, manipulate and understand what is unfamiliar or problematic. I defend the claim that visualization requires embodiment by an example which shows how tacit understanding of the properties of represented objects and relations enables us to work out how such (...)
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  22. Reappraisals of the Scientific Revolution, Ed. By and (Cambridge:).David C. Lindberg & Robert S. Westman (eds.) - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    List of contributors; Acknowledgments; Introduction Robert S. Westman and David C. Lindberg; 1. Conceptions of the scientific revolution from Bacon to Butterfield: a preliminary sketch David C. Lindberg; 2. Conceptions of science in the scientific revolution Ernan McMullin; 3. Metaphysics and the new science Gary Hatfield; 4. Proof, portics, and patronage: Copernicus’s preface to De revolutionibus Robert S. Westman; 5. A reappraisal of the role of the universities in the scientific revolution John Gascoigne; 6. Natural magic, hermetism, and (...)
     
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  23.  16
    The Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus. Elliott Sober.David C. Culver - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):645-646.
  24.  19
    One Hundred Years of Forgetting: A Quantitative Description of Retention.David C. Rubin & Amy E. Wenzel - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):734-760.
  25. Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-Out Rhymes.David C. Rubin - 1997 - Oxford University Press USA.
    "Dr. Rubin has brought cognitive psychology into a wholly unprecedented dialogue with studies in oral tradition. The result is a truly new perspective on memory and the processes of oral tradition." --John Miles Foley, University of Missouri.
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  26.  41
    William James and the Metaphysics of Experience.David C. Lamberth - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    William James is frequently considered one of America's most important philosophers, as well as a foundational thinker for the study of religion. Despite his reputation as the founder of pragmatism, he is rarely considered a serious philosopher or religious thinker. In this new interpretation David Lamberth argues that James's major contribution was to develop a systematic metaphysics of experience integrally related to his developing pluralistic and social religious ideas. Lamberth systematically interprets James's radically empiricist world-view and argues for an (...)
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  27.  76
    Autobiographical Memory for Stressful Events: The Role of Autobiographical Memory in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.David C. Rubin, Michelle F. Dennis & Jean C. Beckham - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):840-856.
    To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and (...)
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  28.  10
    Alhazen's Theory of Vision and Its Reception in the West.David C. Lindberg - 1967 - Isis 58 (3):321-341.
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  29.  12
    Scenes Enable a Sense of Reliving: Implications for Autobiographical Memory.David C. Rubin, Samantha A. Deffler & Sharda Umanath - 2019 - Cognition 183:44-56.
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  30.  21
    A Memory-Based Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Evaluating Basic Assumptions Underlying the PTSD Diagnosis.David C. Rubin, Dorthe Berntsen & Malene Klindt Bohni - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):985-1011.
  31.  42
    Vivid Memories.David C. Rubin & Marc Kozin - 1984 - Cognition 16 (1):81-95.
  32.  5
    Individual and Developmental Differences in Semantic Priming: Empirical and Computational Support for a Single-Mechanism Account of Lexical Processing.David C. Plaut & James R. Booth - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (4):786-823.
  33.  9
    Social Science in the Cold War.David C. Engerman - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):393-400.
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  34.  66
    The Influence of the Internet on Plagiarism Among Doctoral Dissertations: An Empirical Study.David C. Ison - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (2):151-166.
    Plagiarism has been a long standing concern within higher education. Yet with the rapid rise in the use and availability of the Internet, both the research literature and media have raised the notion that the online environment is accelerating the decline in academic ethics. The majority of research that has been conducted to investigate such claims have involved self-report data from students. This study sought to collect empirical data to investigate the potential influence the prevalence of the Internet has had (...)
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  35.  25
    When Science and Christianity Meet.David C. Lindberg & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) - 2003 - University of Chicago Press.
    This book, in language accessible to the general reader, investigates twelve of the most notorious, most interesting, and most instructive episodes involving the interaction between science and Christianity, aiming to tell each story in its historical specificity and local particularity. Among the events treated in When Science and Christianity Meet are the Galileo affair, the seventeenth-century clockwork universe, Noah's ark and flood in the development of natural history, struggles over Darwinian evolution, debates about the origin of the human species, and (...)
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  36.  5
    Reuben C. Schellhase 1913-1964.David C. Stehman - 1964 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 38:103 -.
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  37. Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):5-11.
    The article offers an approach to inquiry about, the foundation of medical ethics by addressing three areas of conceptual presupposition basic to medical ethical theory. First, medical ethics must presuppose a view about the nature of medicine. it is argued that the view required by a cogent medical morality entails that medicine be seen both as a healing relationship and as a practical art. Three ways in which medicine inherently involves values and valuation are presented as important, i.e., in being (...)
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  38.  9
    The Ability to Recall Scenes is a Stable Individual Difference: Evidence From Autobiographical Remembering.David C. Rubin - 2020 - Cognition 197 (C):104164.
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  39.  17
    Enough Wiggle RoomBalancing Act: The New Medical Ethics of Medicine's New Economics.David C. Hadorn & E. Haavi Morreim - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):43.
  40.  60
    Parting with Illusions in Evolutionary Ethics.David C. Lahti - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):639-651.
    I offer a critical analysis of a view that has become a dominant aspect of recent thought on the relationship between evolution and morality, and propose an alternative. An ingredient in Michael Ruse's 'error theory' (Ruse 1995) is that belief in moral (prescriptive, universal, and nonsubjective) guidelines arose in humans because such belief results in the performance of adaptive cooperative behaviors. This statement relies on two particular connections: between ostensible and intentional types of altruism, and between intentional altruism and morality. (...)
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  41.  28
    The Telephone Enterprise: The Evolution of the Bell System's Horizontal Structure, 1876-1909. Robert W. GarnetThe Anatomy of a Business Strategy: Bell, Western Electric, and the Origins of the American Telephone Industry. George David SmithFrom Invention to Innovation: The Case of Long-Distance Telephone Transmission at the Turn of the Century. Neil H. Wasserman. [REVIEW]David C. Mowery - 1986 - Isis 77 (3):556-557.
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  42.  9
    Locating Object Knowledge in the Brain: Comment on Bowers’s (2009) Attempt to Revive the Grandmother Cell Hypothesis.David C. Plaut & James L. McClelland - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):284-288.
  43.  72
    Visualizing Scientific Inference.David C. Gooding - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):15-35.
  44.  13
    Respectable Challenges to Respectable Theory: Cognitive Dissonance Theory Requires Conceptualization Clarification and Operational Tools.David C. Vaidis & Alexandre Bran - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  45.  43
    Assisted Death and Martyrdom.David C. Thomasma - 1998 - Christian Bioethics 4 (2):122-142.
    Against the backdrop of ancient, mediaeval and modern Catholic teaching prohibiting killing (the rule against killing), the question of assisted suicide and euthanasia is examined. In the past the Church has modified its initial repugnance for killing by developing specific guidelines for permitting killing under strict conditions. This took place with respect to capital punishment and a just war, for example. One wonders why in the least objectionable instance, when a person is already dying, suffering, and repeatedly requesting assistance in (...)
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  46.  16
    Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):5-11.
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  47.  17
    A Connectionist Approach to Word Reading and Acquired Dyslexia: Extension to Sequential Processing.David C. Plaut - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):543-568.
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  48.  64
    Evaluating Ethical Approaches to Crisis Leadership: Insights From Unintentional Harm Research. [REVIEW]David C. Bauman - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (2):281 - 295.
    Leading a corporation through a crisis requires rational decision making guided by an ethical approach (Snyder et al., Journal of Business Ethics, 63, 2006, 371). Three such approaches are virtue ethics (Seeger and Ulmer, Journal of Business Ethics, 31, 2001, 369), an ethic of justice, and an ethic of care (Simóla, Journal of Business Ethics, 46, 2003, 351). In this article, I consider the effectiveness of these approaches for leading a corporation after a crisis. The standard I use is drawn (...)
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  49. Why Philosophers Should Offer Ethics Consultations.David C. Thomasma - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (2).
    Considerable debate has occurred about the proper role of philosophers when offering ethics consultations. Some argue that only physicians or clinical experienced personnel should offer ethics consultations in the clinical setting. Others argue still further that philosophers are ill-equipped to offer such advice, since to do so rests on no social warrant, and violates the abstract and neutral nature of the discipline itself.I argue that philosophers not only can offer such consultations but ought to. To be a bystander when one's (...)
     
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  50.  28
    Bioethics and International Human Rights.David C. Thomasma - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):295-306.
    Increasingly, the world seems to shrink due to our ever-expanding technological and communication capacities. Correspondingly, our awareness of other cultures increases. This is especially true in the field of bioethics because the technological progress of medicine throughout the world is causing dramatic and challenging intersections with traditionally held values. Think of the use of pregnancy monitoring technologies like ultrasound to abort fetuses of the “wrong” sex in India, the sale of human organs in and between countries, or the disjunction between (...)
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