Results for 'David A. Vander Laan'

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  1. The Ontology of Impossible Worlds.David A. Vander Laan - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (4):597-620.
    The best arguments for possible worlds as states of affairs furnish us with equally good arguments for impossible worlds of the same sort. I argue for a theory of impossible worlds on which the impossible worlds correspond to maximal inconsistent classes of propositions. Three objections are rejected. In the final part of the paper, I present a menu of impossible worlds and explore some of their interesting formal properties.
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  2. Counterpossibles and Similarity.David Vander Laan - 2004 - In Frank Jackson & Graham Priest (eds.), Lewisian Themes: The Philosophy of David K. Lewis. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. pp. 258-275.
    Several themes of David Lewis's theory of counterfactuals, especially their sensitivity to context, pave the way for a viable theory of non-trivial counterpossibles. If Lewis was successful in defending his account against the early objections, a semantics of counterpossibles can be defended from similar objections in the same way. The resulting theory will be extended to address 'might' counterfactuals and questions about the relative "nearness" of impossible worlds.
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  3. A regress argument for restrictive incompatibilism.David Vander Laan - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (2):201 - 215.
    Plausibly, no agent ever performs an action without some desire to perform that action. If so, a regress argument shows that, given incompatibilism, we are only rarely free. The argument sidesteps recent objections to this thesis.
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  4.  10
    What Efficacious Divine Action Need Not Be.David A. Vander Laan - 2023 - Philosophia Christi 25 (2):231-237.
    Arguments concerning divine conservation and concurrence often assume that actions of certain descriptions would be superfluous if God were to perform them, and it is then concluded that God does not perform such actions. In particular, it often seems that atomic actions cannot be the result of cooperative activity between God and creatures since there is no apparent way to divide the labor between the two. However, the actions that are atomic in one model of divine action may not be (...)
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  5. The Sanctification Argument for Purgatory.David Vander Laan - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):331-339.
    A recently advanced argument for purgatory hinges on the need for complete sanctification before one can enter heaven. The argument has a modal gap.The gap can be exploited to fashion a competing account of how sanctification occurs in the afterlife according to which it is in part a heavenly process.The competing account usefully complicates the overall case for purgatory and raises questions about how the notion ought to be understood.
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  6.  69
    Lewis' argument for possible worlds.David Vander Laan - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 76–78.
    This entry provides a brief exposition and formal reconstruction of the argument for possible worlds in David Lewis's _Counterfactuals_.
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  7. Impossible Worlds.David Vander Laan - 1999 - Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    The theory of possible worlds has permeated analytic philosophy in recent decades, and its best versions have a consequence which has gone largely unnoticed: in addition to the panoply of possible worlds, there are a great many impossible worlds. A uniform ontological method alone should bring the friends of possible worlds to adopt impossible worlds, I argue, but the theory's applications also provide strong incentives. In particular, the theory facilitates an account of counterfactuals which avoids several of the implausible results (...)
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  8. A Relevance Constraint on Composition.David Vander Laan - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):135-145.
    Whether certain objects compose a whole at a given time does not seem to depend on anything other than the character of those objects and the relations between them. This observation suggests a far-reaching constraint on theories of composition. One version of the constraint has been explicitly adopted by van Inwagen and rules out his own answer to the composition question. The constraint also rules out the other well-known moderate answers that have so far been proposed.
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  9. Persistence and divine conservation.David Vander Laan - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (2):159-176.
    Plausibly, if an object persists through time, then its later existence must be caused by its earlier existence. Many theists endorse a theory of continuous creation, according to which God is the sole cause of a creature's existence at a given time. The conjunction of these two theses rather unfortunately implies that no object distinct from God persists at all. What strategies for resolving this difficulty are available? (Published Online April 7 2006).
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  10. Satisfaction in the End without End.David Vander Laan - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion.
    In comparison with a highest attainable good, a future of everlasting progress may appear subjectively dissatisfying or objectively deficient. This is the satisfaction problem. I defend the progressive view against three strands of the satisfaction problem and argue that the notion of a highest good faces a satisfaction problem of its own.
     
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  11.  40
    Rethinking Human Nature. [REVIEW]David Vander Laan - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (3):346-350.
    A review of Kevin Corcoran's Rethinking Human Nature.
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  12.  85
    The Paradox of the End without End.David Vander Laan - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (2):157-172.
    In much of Christian thought humans are taken to have an ultimate end, understood as the highest attainable good. Christians also anticipate “the life everlasting.” Together these ideas generate a paradox. If the end can be reached in a finite amount of time, some longer-lasting state will be better still, so the purported end is not the highest good after all. But if the end is to possess some good forever, then it will never be reached. So it seems an (...)
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  13. The timing of divine conservation : pushes, nudges, and merry-go-rounds.David Vander Laan - 2021 - In Gregory E. Ganssle (ed.), Philosophical Essays on Divine Causation. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Against the historically widespread view that divine conservation is a continuation of the act of creation, William Lane Craig argues that conservation is a different kind of act since, unlike creation ex nihilo, it is diachronic and it acts on a patient. Timothy Miller poses a timing objection against Craig's view, arguing that on such a view either the existence of a conserved entity is discontinuous, or the conserving activity overdetermines its effect, or the conserving activity is not continuous. The (...)
     
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  14.  9
    Adverse Consequences.David Vander Laan - 2018-05-09 - In Robert Arp, Steven Barbone & Michael Bruce (eds.), Bad Arguments. Wiley. pp. 94–97.
    This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy called “adverse consequences”. The argument from adverse consequences can be seen as an argument that is intended to be pragmatic ‐ about what we should do, not about what is true ‐ but then comes to the wrong kind of conclusion. In many genuinely pragmatic arguments, however, adverse consequences are relevant to the conclusion and no fallacy is committed. So it is important to notice exactly what the conclusion (...)
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  15. Knowledge and Reality: Essays in Honor of Alvin Plantinga.Thomas M. Crisp, Matthew Davidson & David Vander Laan (eds.) - 2006 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    This volume comprises essays presented to Alvin Plantinga on the occasion of his 70th birthday.
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  16. Feldman, R., 61 Glanzberg, M., 217 Glymour, B., 271 Lycan, WG, 35 Predelli, S., 145.A. Bumpus, J. Cohen, S. Cohen, E. Conee, C. L. Elder, M. Ridge, M. Sabatés, E. C. Tiffany & D. Vander Laan - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (343).
     
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  17.  91
    The Concord of Molinism with Modal Voluntarism.D. Vander Laan - 2015 - Analysis 75 (2):259-270.
    According to Brian Leftow's modal voluntarism, some necessary truths about created beings depend on the divine will. One might expect this view to be in tension with Molinism, according to which some contingent truths about creatures' free actions are independent of the divine will. It is argued that modal voluntarism is consistent with a lightly modified Molinism.
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  18.  34
    Ethical reasoning concerning the feeding of severely demented patients: an international perspective.A. Norberg, M. Hirschfeld, B. Davidson, A. Davis, S. Lauri, J. Y. Lin, L. Phillips, E. Pittman, R. Vander Laan & L. Ziv - 1994 - Nursing Ethics 1 (1):3-13.
    Structured interviews were held with 149 registered nurses in seven countries in America, Asia, Australia and Europe concerning the feeding of severely demented patients who do not accept food. The most common reasons for nurses being willing to change their decision to feed or not to feed were an order from the medical head, a request from the patient's husband and/or the staff meeting. There was a connection between the willingness to feed and the ranking of ethical principles. Nurses who (...)
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  19.  35
    Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches.Paul K. Moser & Arnold Vander Nat (eds.) - 1995 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    Offering a unique and wide-ranging examination of the theory of knowledge, the new edition of this comprehensive collection deftly blends readings from the foremost classical sources with the work of important contemporary philosophical thinkers. Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches, 3/e, offers philosophical examinations of epistemology from ancient Greek and Roman philosophy ; medieval philosophy ; early modern philosophy ; classical pragmatism and Anglo-American empiricism ; and other influential Anglo-American philosophers. Organized chronologically and thematically, Human Knowledge, 3/e, features exceptionally broad (...)
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  20.  25
    Human knowledge: classical and contemporary approaches.Paul K. Moser & Arnold Vander Nat (eds.) - 1987 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Offering a unique and wide-ranging examination of the theory of knowledge, the new edition of this comprehensive collection deftly blends readings from the foremost classical sources with the work of important contemporary philosophical thinkers. Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches, 3/e, offers philosophical examinations of epistemology from ancient Greek and Roman philosophy (Plato, Aristotle, Sextus Empiricus); medieval philosophy (Augustine, Aquinas); early modern philosophy (Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley, Hume, Reid, Kant); classical pragmatism and Anglo-American empiricism (James, Russell, Ayer, Lewis, Carnap, Quine, (...)
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  21.  20
    International Rules: Approaches from International Law and International Relations.Robert J. Beck & Robert D. Vander Lugt - 1996 - Oxford University Press on Demand.
    International Rules brings together exemplary works from the most prominent approaches to international rules of International Law and International Relations disciplines. Included are chapters on Natural Law, Legal Positivism, Classical Realism, the New Haven School, Institutionalism, Structural Realism, the New Stream, and Feminist Voices. Each of the eight chapters begins with a brief overview, offers a representative work or works, and concludes with a selected bibliography. From Hugo Grotius to David Kennedy, from George Kennan to Robert Keohane, the featured (...)
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  22.  8
    The visual control of object manipulation.David A. Westwood - 2008 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford handbook of human action. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 88--103.
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  23.  7
    Religions and Extraterrestrial Life: How Will We Deal With It?David A. Weintraub - 2014 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    In the twenty-first century, the debate about life on other worlds is quickly changing from the realm of speculation to the domain of hard science. Within a few years, as a consequence of the rapid discovery by astronomers of planets around other stars, astronomers very likely will have discovered clear evidence of life beyond the Earth. Such a discovery of extraterrestrial life will change everything. Knowing the answer as to whether humanity has company in the universe will trigger one of (...)
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  24.  12
    Human rights in industrial relations - the Israeli approach.David A. Frenkel & Yotam Lurie - 2003 - Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (1):33-40.
    Basic human rights are supposed to protect people from abuse and harm. They are the means whereby we protect our humanity. One would expect, therefore, that basic human rights would be valid and sacred in any context, including industrial relations. However, the complexity of the employee–employer relationship obscures this issue, and it is not clear whether such rights can be protected or whether they are valid in the context of industrial relations. Since rights are relational, they are preconditioned on the (...)
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  25.  11
    The Israeli approach to advertising: ethical and legal norms.David A. Frenkel & Yotam Lurie - 2001 - Business Ethics: A European Review 10 (3):248-256.
    The Israeli approach to advertising consists of two complementary sets of norms, legal norms and moral‐ethical norms. Advertising legislation demands honest disclosure. The Israeli legislator refrains from intervening in fundamental rights such as freedom of expression, free trade, occupation, and liberty of contract in advertising. However, there are also few interventions to prevent phenomena that are dangerous or abusive, especially to groups needing protection. The Israeli courts do try to apply moral considerations in cases tried by them, but living up (...)
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  26.  22
    Animal Oppression and Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict.David A. Nibert - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    Jared Diamond and other leading scholars have argued that the domestication of animals for food, labor, and tools of war has advanced the development of human society. But by comparing practices of animal exploitation for food and resources in different societies over time, David A. Nibert reaches a strikingly different conclusion. He finds in the domestication of animals, which he renames "domesecration," a perversion of human ethics, the development of large-scale acts of violence, disastrous patterns of destruction, and growth-curbing (...)
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  27. Ethics of Global Development: Agency, Capability, and Deliberative Democracy.David A. Crocker - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Poverty, inequality, violence, environmental degradation, and tyranny continue to afflict the world. Ethics of Global Development offers a moral reflection on the ends and means of local, national, and global efforts to overcome these five scourges. After emphasizing the role of ethics in development studies, policy-making, and practice, David A. Crocker analyzes and evaluates Amartya Sen's philosophy of development in relation to alternative ethical outlooks. He argues that Sen's turn to robust ideals of human agency and democracy improves on (...)
     
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  28. Christopher Norton and David Park, eds., Cistercian Art and Architecture in the British Isles. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Pp. xix, 453; 190 black-and-white plates, 37 figures, 5 maps. $95. [REVIEW]David A. Walsh - 1990 - Speculum 65 (1):209-212.
     
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  29.  59
    Brain and Mind.David A. Oakley (ed.) - 1985 - New York: Methuen.
  30. A behavioral analysis of degree of reinforcement and ease of shifting to new responses in a Weigl-type card-sorting problem.David A. Grant & Esta Berg - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):404.
  31. Trinity and creation in the theology of St. Thomas aquinas.David A. Walker - 1993 - The Thomist 57 (3):443-455.
     
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  32. Ritual and Memory in the Ottonian Reich: The Ceremony of Adventus.David A. Warner - 2001 - Speculum 76 (2):255-283.
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  33.  46
    Transformed Religion.David A. Ward - 2001 - Renascence 53 (2):97-117.
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  34.  8
    Transformed Religion.David A. Ward - 2001 - Renascence 53 (2):97-117.
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  35.  37
    The Evidential Foundations of Probabilistic Reasoning.David A. Schum - 1994 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Interscience.
    A detailed treatment regarding the diverse properties and uses of evidence and the judgmental tasks they entail. Examines various processes by which evidence may be developed or discovered. Considers the construction of arguments made in defense of the relevance and credibility of individual items and masses of evidence as well as the task of assessing the inferential force of evidence. Includes over 100 numerical examples to illustrate the workings of diverse probabilistic expressions for the inferential force of evidence and the (...)
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  36. A Spatial Logic Based on Regions and Connection.David Randell, Cui A., Cohn Zhan & G. Anthony - 1992 - KR 92:165--176.
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  37.  14
    Kant, Hegel and the Possibility of a Speculative Logic.David A. Duquette - 1990 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 10:1-16.
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  38.  21
    The engram found? Role of the cerebellum in classical conditioning of nictitating membrane and eyelid responses.David A. Mccormick, David G. Lavond, Gregory A. Clark, Ronald E. Kettner, Christina E. Rising & Richard F. Thompson - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (3):103-105.
  39. Choosing Actions.A. Rosenbaum David, M. Chapman Kate, J. Coelho Chase, Breanna Lanyun Gong & E. Studenka - 2014 - In Ezequiel Morsella & T. Andrew Poehlman (eds.), Consciousness and action control. Lausanne, Switzerland: Frontiers Media SA.
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  40.  66
    A theory of reasons for action.David A. J. Richards - 1971 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
  41. Activity changes in early visual cortex reflect monkeys' percepts during binocular rivalry.David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis - 1996 - Nature 379 (6565):549-553.
  42.  13
    Philosophy in World Perspective: A Comparative Hermeneutic of the Major Theories.David A. Dilworth - 1989 - Yale University Press.
    Philosophers and theologians from around the world and throughout history have grappled with such fundamental issues as the nature of the world and man's relation to it, as well as the optimal forms of human perception, language and behaviour. Yet it has always been difficult to compare the works of thinkers from different eras and cultures. In this work of systematic philosophy, David Dilworth places the major texts of ancient and modern, and Western and Oriental philosphy and religion into (...)
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  43.  11
    A Social & Political Critique of Capitalism.David A. Duquette - 1996 - Social Philosophy Today 12:219-231.
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  44. The Literary Structure of the Old Testament: A Commentary on Genesis-Malachi.David A. Dorsey - 1999
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  45.  83
    Grandparental investment: Past, present, and future.David A. Coall & Ralph Hertwig - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (1):1-19.
    What motivates grandparents to their altruism? We review answers from evolutionary theory, sociology, and economics. Sometimes in direct conflict with each other, these accounts of grandparental investment exist side-by-side, with little or no theoretical integration. They all account for some of the data, and none account for all of it. We call for a more comprehensive theoretical framework of grandparental investment that addresses its proximate and ultimate causes, and its variability due to lineage, values, norms, institutions (e.g., inheritance laws), and (...)
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  46.  68
    A social actor conception of organizational identity and its implications for the study of organizational reputation.David A. Whetten & Alison Mackey - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (4):393-414.
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  47. Hegel's Social and Political Thought.David A. Duquette - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  48. Animal awareness, consciousness, and self-image.David A. Oakley - 1985 - In Brain and Mind. Methuen.
     
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  49.  12
    Comment.David A. Duquette - 1984 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 7:93-99.
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  50.  14
    Commentary on Tom Rockmore's "Husserl's Critique of Hegel".David A. Duquette - 1989 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 9:214-218.
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