Results for 'Daniel T. Willingham'

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  1.  65
    Unconscious abstraction in motor learning.Aysha S. Keisler & Daniel T. Willingham - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):342-343.
    Given the complexity and generalizability of motor skills, it is difficult to account for learning in this area without incorporating the concept of unconscious abstraction. A model based solely on association does not seem to account for data in this domain; specifically, instances that require learners to execute a practiced motor skill in a novel situation.
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  2. Change blindness blindness: The metacognitive error of overestimating change-detection ability.Daniel T. Levin, Nausheen Momen, Sarah B. Drivdahl & Daniel J. Simons - 2000 - Visual Cognition 7 (1):397-412.
  3. The Law and Ethics of K Street.Daniel T. Ostas - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):33-63.
    This article explores the law and ethics of lobbying. The legal discussion examines disclosure regulations, employment restrictions,bribery laws, and anti-fraud provisions as each applies to the lobbying context. The analysis demonstrates that given the social value placed on the First Amendment, federal law generally affords lobbyists wide latitude in determining who, what, when, where, and how to lobby.The article then turns to ethics. Lobbying involves deliberate attempts to effect changes in the law. An argument is advanced that because law implicates (...)
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  4.  58
    False predictions about the detectability of visual changes: The role of beliefs about attention, memory, and the continuity of attended objects in causing change blindness blindness.Daniel T. Levin, Sarah B. Drivdahl, Nausheen Momen & Melissa R. Beck - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):507-527.
    Recently, a number of experiments have emphasized the degree to which subjects fail to detect large changes in visual scenes. This finding, referred to as “change blindness,” is often considered surprising because many people have the intuition that such changes should be easy to detect. Levin, Momen, Drivdahl, and Simons documented this intuition by showing that the majority of subjects believe they would notice changes that are actually very rarely detected. Thus subjects exhibit a metacognitive error we refer to as (...)
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  5.  29
    The Law and Ethics of K Street.Daniel T. Ostas - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):33-63.
    This article explores the law and ethics of lobbying. The legal discussion examines disclosure regulations, employment restrictions,bribery laws, and anti-fraud provisions as each applies to the lobbying context. The analysis demonstrates that given the social value placed on the First Amendment, federal law generally affords lobbyists wide latitude in determining who, what, when, where, and how to lobby.The article then turns to ethics. Lobbying involves deliberate attempts to effect changes in the law. An argument is advanced that because law implicates (...)
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  6.  3
    Confrontations 1.Daniel T. Pekarske - 2002 - Philosophy and Theology 14 (1-2):313-339.
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  7. Memory for centrally attended changing objects in an incidental real-world change detection paradigm.Daniel T. Levin, Daniel J. Simons, Bonnie L. Angelone & Christopher Chabris - 2002 - British Journal of Psychology 93:289-302.
  8. Separation and immanence in Plato's theory of forms.Daniel T. Devereux - 1994 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 12:63-90.
  9.  52
    Aristotle on the Perfect Life.Daniel T. Devereux - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):475.
    Aristotle on the Perfect Life may be viewed as part of such a detailed study. In this book, Kenny discusses a series of topics relating to the central Aristotelian concept of the supreme good, and compares the treatment of these topics in the two treatises. He devotes separate discussions to the notions of finality, perfection, and self-sufficiency as attributes of the supreme good. He also considers the way in which friendship and good fortune relate to happiness. A theme which recurs (...)
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  10.  15
    The Premotor theory of attention: time to move on?Daniel T. Smith & Thomas Schenk - 2012 - Neuropsychologia 50 (6):1104-14.
    Spatial attention and eye-movements are tightly coupled, but the precise nature of this coupling is controversial. The influential but controversial Premotor theory of attention makes four specific predictions about the relationship between motor preparation and spatial attention. Firstly, spatial attention and motor preparation use the same neural substrates. Secondly, spatial attention is functionally equivalent to planning goal directed actions such as eye-movements (i.e. planning an action is both necessary and sufficient for a shift of spatial attention). Thirdly, planning a goal (...)
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  11.  19
    Self-Reported Risk and Delinquent Behavior and Problem Behavioral Intention in Hong Kong Adolescents: The Role of Moral Competence and Spirituality.Daniel T. L. Shek & Xiaoqin Zhu - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12.  22
    Cognition can affect perception: Restating the evidence of a top-down effect.Daniel T. Levin, Lewis J. Baker & Mahzarin R. Banaji - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  13.  57
    Change blindness blindness as visual metacognition.Daniel T. Levin - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (5-6):111-30.
    Many experiments have demonstrated that people fail to detect seemingly large visual changes in their environment. Despite these failures, most people confidently predict that they would see changes that are actually almost impossible to see. Therefore, in at least some situations visual experience is demonstrably not what people think it is. This paper describes a line of research suggesting that overconfidence about change detection reflects a deeper metacognitive error founded on beliefs about attention and the role of meaning as a (...)
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  14.  23
    The Influence of Parental Control and Parent-Child Relational Qualities on Adolescent Internet Addiction: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study in Hong Kong.Daniel T. L. Shek, Xiaoqin Zhu & Cecilia M. S. Ma - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:355298.
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  15.  44
    What Is It Like to Be Someone Else?Daniel T. Linger - 2010 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (2):205-229.
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  16. Separation and Immanence in Plato’s Theory of Forms.Daniel T. Devereux - 1994 - In Gail Fine (ed.), Plato, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
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  17.  14
    Unwritten Rules and the Press of Social Conventions.Daniel T. Durbin - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (4):416-434.
  18. Particular and Universal in Aristotle's Conception of Practical Knowledge.Daniel T. Devereux - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):483 - 504.
    ARISTOTLE thought his predecessors in general, and Plato in particular, made a serious mistake in failing to mark the boundaries separating the different sciences and branches of philosophical inquiry. All of them failed to grasp the fundamental distinction between practical and theoretical knowledge. Ethics and politics, the prime examples of practical knowledge, differ from such theoretical sciences as metaphysics and physics not only in their aims but in their methods and subject matter as well. Indeed, Aristotle thinks the differences are (...)
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  19.  18
    The Impact of Positive Youth Development Attributes and Life Satisfaction on Academic Well-Being: A Longitudinal Mediation Study.Daniel T. L. Shek & Wenyu Chai - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  20.  30
    Confrontations 1.Daniel T. Pekarske - 2002 - Philosophy and Theology 14 (1-2):313-339.
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  21.  21
    Psychometric Properties of the Service Leadership Attitude Scale in Hong Kong.Daniel T. L. Shek & Wen Yu Chai - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  22.  17
    Reciprocal Relationships Between Moral Competence and Externalizing Behavior in Junior Secondary Students: A Longitudinal Study in Hong Kong.Daniel T. L. Shek & Xiaoqin Zhu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10:428801.
    Defining moral competence using a virtue approach, this longitudinal study examined the prospective relationships between moral competence and externalizing behavior indexed by delinquency and intention to engage in problem behavior in a large and representative sample of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Starting from the 2009–2010 academic year, Grade 7 students in 28 randomly selected secondary schools in Hong Kong were invited to join a longitudinal study, which surveyed participating students annually during the high school years. The current study used data (...)
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  23.  15
    The Incomplete Tyranny of Dynamic Stimuli: Gaze Similarity Predicts Response Similarity in Screen‐Captured Instructional Videos.Daniel T. Levin, Jorge A. Salas, Anna M. Wright, Adrianne E. Seiffert, Kelly E. Carter & Joshua W. Little - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (6):e12984.
    Although eye tracking has been used extensively to assess cognitions for static stimuli, recent research suggests that the link between gaze and cognition may be more tenuous for dynamic stimuli such as videos. Part of the difficulty in convincingly linking gaze with cognition is that in dynamic stimuli, gaze position is strongly influenced by exogenous cues such as object motion. However, tests of the gaze‐cognition link in dynamic stimuli have been done on only a limited range of stimuli often characterized (...)
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  24. Patterned by Grace: How Liturgy Shapes Us.Daniel T. Benedict - 2007
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  25.  12
    Infinite combinatorics plain and simple.Dániel T. Soukup & Lajos Soukup - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (3):1247-1281.
    We explore a general method based on trees of elementary submodels in order to present highly simplified proofs to numerous results in infinite combinatorics. While countable elementary submodels have been employed in such settings already, we significantly broaden this framework by developing the corresponding technique for countably closed models of size continuum. The applications range from various theorems on paradoxical decompositions of the plane, to coloring sparse set systems, results on graph chromatic number and constructions from point-set topology. Our main (...)
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  26.  16
    Corporate Beneficence and COVID-19.Daniel T. Ostas & Gastón de los Reyes - 2020 - Journal of Human Values 27 (1):15-26.
    This article explores the motives underlying corporate responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis begins with Thomas Dunfee’s Statement of Minimum Moral Obligation, which specifies, more precisely than any other contribution to the business ethics canon, the level of corporate beneficence required during a pandemic. The analysis then turns to Milton Friedman’s neoliberal understanding of human nature, critically contrasting it with the notion of stoic virtue that informs the works of Adam Smith. Friedman contends that beneficence should play no role (...)
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  27.  11
    Later Writings.Daniel T. Pekarske - 2002 - Philosophy and Theology 14 (1-2):129-173.
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  28.  21
    Rorty, Dewey, and truth.Daniel T. Primozic - 1989 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 11.
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  29. The unity of the virtues in Plato's protagoras and laches.Daniel T. Devereux - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):765-789.
    Plato's "laches" is an investigation into the nature of courage with the intention of demonstrating the difficulty of singling out one virtue, namely courage, and defining it separately from the other cardinal virtues such as bravery, wisdom, justice, temperance, and piety. As the dialogue proceeds it becomes evident that socrates not only relates courage with the battlefield, but also with other spheres of life. Of special interest is his reference of being courageous regarding desires and pleasures where an overlap of (...)
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  30.  15
    Religion and the Business Enterprise: An American Perspective.Daniel T. Ostas - 1995 - Journal of Human Values 1 (1):27-35.
    The main thesis of this essay is that religious inquiry can and should be central to business ethics instruction in both the business school classroom and the corporate boardroom. Religious conviction has always been a major factor in social progress in America. Hence, removing religious inquiry from ethical instruction severely restricts the potency of such instruction to effect change. The essay first analyzes two aspects of American culture that tend to inhibit religious dialogue: American faith in a wall between the (...)
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  31.  12
    Has Culture Theory Lost Its Minds?Daniel T. Linger - 1994 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 22 (3):284-315.
  32. Realism and Moral Enlightenment in Machiavelli's "Discourses on Livy".Daniel T. Gallagher - 1993 - Dissertation, Boston College
    This study examines the manner in which Machiavelli undertakes to elaborate and to justify the notorious "realism" of his political science, which consists in a deliberate and rigorous critique of justice or moral goodness. Despite its overt appeal to the common good and republican devotion, the Discourses on Livy, I argue, supplies a pathway to the foundation of this realism: the work is addressed to "the young" who combine rare intelligence with moral and civic concern, and it is guided by (...)
     
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  33. No pause for a brief disruption: Failures of visual awareness during ongoing events.Daniel T. Levin & D. Alexander Varakin - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):363-372.
    Past research has repeatedly documented the close relationship between visual attention and awareness. Most recently, research exploring change blindness, inattentional blindness, repetition blindness, and the attentional blink has converged on the conclusion that attention to one aspect of a scene or event may lead to a highly circumscribed awareness of only the specific information attended, while other information, even that which is spatially or temporally nearby can go completely unnoticed. In the present report, we extend these observations to the dynamic (...)
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  34.  50
    Science and Christian Faith.Daniel T. Pekarske - 2002 - Philosophy and Theology 14 (1-2):560-592.
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  35.  9
    Clinician Moral Distress: Toward an Ethics of Agent‐Regret.Daniel T. Kim, Wayne Shelton & Megan K. Applewhite - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (6):40-53.
    Moral distress names a widely discussed and concerning clinician experience. Yet the precise nature of the distress and the appropriate practical response to it remain unclear. Clinicians speak of their moral distress in terms of guilt, regret, anger, or other distressing emotions, and they often invoke them interchangeably. But these emotions are distinct, and they are not all equally fitting in the same circumstances. This indicates a problematic ambiguity in the moral distress concept that obscures its distinctiveness, its relevant circumstances, (...)
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  36.  12
    Later Writings.Daniel T. Pekarske - 2002 - Philosophy and Theology 14 (1-2):129-173.
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  37.  5
    Further Theology of the Spiritual Life 1.Daniel T. Pekarske - 2002 - Philosophy and Theology 14 (1-2):207-231.
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  38.  47
    Surplus evil.Daniel T. Snyder - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (158):78-86.
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  39.  36
    Aristotle’s Categories 3b10-21.Daniel T. Devereux - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (2):341-352.
  40.  26
    Aristotle’s Categories 3b10-21.Daniel T. Devereux - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (2):341-352.
  41.  57
    Aristotle on the Active and Contemplative Lives.Daniel T. Devereux - 1977 - Philosophy Research Archives 3:832-844.
    The paper offers an interpretation of Aristotle's discussion of the active and contemplative lives in the Nicomachean Ethics. In the first section I outline an interpretation recently set out by John Cooper in his book Reason and Human Good in Aristotle. Through criticism of Cooper's interpretation I attempt to develop my own. In the second section I argue that the active life is a life devoted to practical activity and does not include philosophical contemplation as one of its constituents. I (...)
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  42. Inherence and Primary Substance in Aristotle’s Categories.Daniel T. Devereux - 1992 - Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):113-131.
  43.  44
    Concepts about agency constrain beliefs about visual experience.Daniel T. Levin - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):875-888.
    Recent research exploring phenomena such as change blindness, inattentional blindness, attentional blink and repetition blindness has revealed a number of counterintuitive ways in which apparently salient visual stimuli often go unnoticed. In fact, large majorities of subjects sometimes predict that they would detect visual changes that actually are rarely noticed, suggesting that people have strong beliefs about visual experience that are demonstrably incorrect. However, for other kinds of visual metacognition, such as picture memory, people underpredict performance. This paper describes two (...)
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  44.  25
    Optimistic metacognitive judgments predict poor performance in relatively complex visual tasks.Daniel T. Levin, Gautam Biswas, Joeseph S. Lappin, Marian Rushdy & Adriane E. Seiffert - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 74 (C):102781.
  45.  17
    Comments on gazi Islam's review of anthropology through a double lens.Daniel T. Linger - 2010 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (1):1-3.
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  46.  17
    Development and Validation of a Pioneer Scale on Service Leadership Behavior in the Service Economies.Daniel T. L. Shek, Diya Dou & Lawrence K. Ma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10:464639.
    In response to the severe lack of leadership assessment tools in the Chinese context, the Service Leadership Behavior Scale was developed based on the Service Leadership Model proposed by Po Chung, the co-founder of DHL International. Utilizing responses from 4,486 Hong Kong undergraduates, this paper reports the findings of a validation study on the Short-Form Service Leadership Behavior Scale (SLB-SF-65). Previous findings based on exploratory factor analysis revealed a six-factor 48-item solution (SLB-SF-48). With the removal of ten items, confirmatory factor (...)
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  47. Restoring Earth, restored to Earth: Toward an ethic for reinhabiting place.Daniel T. Spencer - 2007 - In Laurel Kearns & Catherine Keller (eds.), Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth. Fordham University Press. pp. 415--432.
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  48. Change blindness.Daniel J. Simons & Daniel T. Levin - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (1):241-82.
  49.  5
    Freethought and compassion.Daniel T. Strain - 2008 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 16 (1):25-34.
    This paper was originally prepared for oral presentation at the Houston Church of Freethought - April 9, 2006, service. The HCOF members include humanists, atheists, agnostics, and other freethinkers. The paper argues that compassion is consistent with Freethought and supplies some suggestions for bringing it to the fore in everyday life.
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  50.  13
    Further Theology of the Spiritual Life 1.Daniel T. Pekarske - 2002 - Philosophy and Theology 14 (1-2):207-231.
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