18 found
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  1.  35
    Simplifying Heuristics Versus Careful Thinking: Scientific Analysis of Millennial Spiritual Issues.Daniel S. Levine & Leonid I. Perlovsky - 2008 - Zygon 43 (4):797-821.
    Abstract.There is ample evidence that humans (and other primates) possess a knowledge instinct—a biologically driven impulse to make coherent sense of the world at the highest level possible. Yet behavioral decision‐making data suggest a contrary biological drive to minimize cognitive effort by solving problems using simplifying heuristics. Individuals differ, and the same person varies over time, in the strength of the knowledge instinct. Neuroimaging studies suggest which brain regions might mediate the balance between knowledge expansion and heuristic simplification. One region (...)
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  2.  27
    Multiattribute Decision Making in Context: A Dynamic Neural Network Methodology.Samuel J. Leven & Daniel S. Levine - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (2):271-299.
    A theoretical structure for multiattribute decision making is presented, based on a dynamical system for interactions in a neural network incorporating affective and rational variables. This enables modeling of problems that elude two prevailing economic decision theories: subjective expected utility theory and prospect theory. The network is unlike some that fit economic data by choosing optimal weights or coefficients within a predetermined mathematical framework. Rather, the framework itself is based on principles used elsewhere to model many other cognitive and behavioral (...)
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  3.  91
    Simplifying heuristics versus careful thinking: Scientific analysis of millennial spiritual issues.Daniel S. Levine & Leonid I. Perlovsky - 2008 - Zygon 43 (4):797-821.
    There is ample evidence that humans (and other primates) possess a knowledge instinct—a biologically driven impulse to make coherent sense of the world at the highest level possible. Yet behavioral decision-making data suggest a contrary biological drive to minimize cognitive effort by solving problems using simplifying heuristics. Individuals differ, and the same person varies over time, in the strength of the knowledge instinct. Neuroimaging studies suggest which brain regions might mediate the balance between knowledge expansion and heuristic simplification. One region (...)
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  4.  24
    Optimality in Biological and Artificial Networks?Daniel S. Levine & Wesley R. Elsberry (eds.) - 1997 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This book is the third in a series based on conferences sponsored by the Metroplex Institute for Neural Dynamics, an interdisciplinary organization of neural ...
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  5.  34
    Connectionism and motivation are compatible.Daniel S. Levine - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):487-487.
  6.  31
    Explanatory coherence in neural networks?Daniel S. Levine - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):479-479.
  7. Healing the reason-emotion split: scarecrows, tin woodmen and the wizard.Daniel S. Levine - 2021 - New York: Routledge.
    Healing the Reason-Emotion Split draws on research from experimental psychology and neuroscience to dispel the myth that reason should be heralded above emotion. Arguing that reason and emotion mutually benefit our decision-making abilities, the book explores the idea that understanding this relationship could have long-term advantages for our management of society's biggest problems. Levine reviews how reason and emotion operated in historical movements such as the Enlightenment, Romanticism and 1960s' counterculture, to conclude that a successful society would restore human connection (...)
     
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  8.  31
    Is all affiliation the same? Facilitation or complementarity?Daniel S. Levine - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):356-357.
    The authors regard opiates as the primary neural substrate for social attachment, and peptide hormones as subsidiary. One may instead conclude from their evidence that oxytocin, vasopressin, and opiates play complementary roles in attachment. Oxytocin and vasopressin relate to different aspects of emotional experience, and opiates to quiescence from long-term attachment. This is related to intimacy versus affiliation.
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  9.  16
    Is chaos the only alternative to rigidity?Daniel S. Levine - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):180-180.
  10.  20
    In partial defense of softness.Daniel S. Levine - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):421-422.
    The authors wish that the psychology of human decision making should borrow methodological rigor from economics. However, unless economics also borrows from psychology this poses a danger of overly limiting the phenomena studied. In fact, an expanded economic theory should be sought that is based in psychology (and ultimately neuroscience) and encompasses both rational and irrational aspects of decision making.
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  11.  50
    Introduction to the special issue on brain development and caring behavior.Daniel S. Levine - 2002 - Brain and Mind 3 (1):1-7.
  12. Neural network modeling.Daniel S. Levine - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
     
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  13.  24
    Toward a unified theory of visual perception.Daniel S. Levine - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):670.
  14.  21
    The example of psychology: Optimism, not optimality.Daniel S. Levine - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):225-226.
  15.  37
    Volume Contents (Volume 3).Daniel S. Levine & Riane Eisler - 2002 - Brain and Mind 3 (4):415-417.
  16.  34
    Where Is Utopia in the Brain?Daniel S. Levine - 2009 - Utopian Studies 20 (2):249 - 274.
  17. Nurture, nature, and caring: We are not prisoners of our genes. [REVIEW]Riane Eisler & Daniel S. Levine - 2002 - Brain and Mind 3 (1):9-52.
    This article develops a theory for how caringbehavior fits into the makeup of humans andother mammals. Biochemical evidence for threemajor patterns of response to stressful orotherwise complex situations is reviewed. There is the classic fight-or-flight response;the dissociative response, involving emotionalwithdrawal and disengagement; and the bondingresponse, a variant of which Taylor et al. (2000) called tend-and-befriend. All three ofthese responses can be explained as adaptationsthat have been selected for in evolution andare shared between humans and other mammals. Yet each of us (...)
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  18.  68
    Book reviews. [REVIEW]Eric A. Weiss, Justin Leiber, Judith Felson Duchan, Mallory Selfridge, Eric Dietrich, Peter A. Facione, Timothy Joseph Day, Johan M. Lammens, Andrew Feenberg, Deborah G. Johnson, Daniel S. Levine & Ted A. Warfield - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (1):109-155.