28 found
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  1.  8
    Philosophical Instruments: Minds and Tools at Work.Daniel Rothbart & Rom Harre - 2007 - University of Illinois Press.
    In Philosophical Instruments Daniel Rothbart argues that our tools are not just neutral intermediaries between humans and the natural world, but are devices that demand new ideas about reality.
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  2.  28
    The Epistemology of a Spectrometer.Daniel Rothbart & Suzanne W. Slayden - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (1):25-38.
    Contrary to the assumptions of empiricist philosophies of science, the theory-laden character of data will not imply the inherent failure (subjectivity, circularity, or rationalization) of instruments to expose nature's secrets. The success of instruments is credited to scientists' capacity to create artificial technological analogs to familiar physical systems. The design of absorption spectrometers illustrates the point: Progress in designing many modern instruments is generated by analogically projecting theoretical insights from known physical systems to unknown terrain. An experimental realism is defended.
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  3.  57
    The Semantics of Metaphor and the Structure of Science.Daniel Rothbart - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (4):595-615.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the semantics of metaphoric language in scientific contexts. According to the theory of metaphor advanced below, the benchmark of a metaphoric expression is the implicit transfer of semantic features across incongruous semantic fields. This transfer results in a conceptual variation of "meaning" in the receiving semantic field. Thus, the theory of metaphor rests on semantic field theory. Existing semantic approaches to metaphor are evaluated in Section 1. In Sections 2 and 3 an (...)
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  4.  25
    Science, Reason, and Reality: Issues in the Philosophy of Science.Daniel Rothbart - 1997 - Harcourt Brace College Publishers.
    Highlighting the work of the most prominent and influential scholars in the field, the articles reflect a diversity of philosophical opinion and demonstrate to students how each position is subject to constructive criticism and how this criticism motivates alternative positions.
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  5.  28
    Kant's Critique of Judgment and the Scientific Investigation of Matter.Daniel Rothbart & Irmgard Scherer - 1997 - Hyle 3 (1):65 - 80.
    Kant's theory of judgment establishes the conceptual framework for understanding the subtle relationships between the experimental scientist, the modern instrument, and nature's atomic particles. The principle of purposiveness which governs judgment has also a role in implicitly guiding modern experimental science. In Part 1 we explore Kant's philosophy of science as he shows how knowledge of material nature and unobservable entities is possible. In Part 2 we examine the way in which Kant's treatment of judgment, with its operating principle of (...)
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  6.  54
    On the Relationship Between Instrument and Specimen in Chemical Research.Daniel Rothbart - 1999 - Foundations of Chemistry 1 (3):255-268.
    Based on the design of many modern chemical instruments, information about a specimen is retrieved after the specimen undergoes agitation, manipulation and disturbance of its internal state. But can we retain the traditional ideal that instruments should reveal properties that are definable independently of all modes of detection? In this paper I argue that the capacity of chemical instruments to convert experimental phenomena to information places constraints on the way in which the specimen is characterized. During research, the specimen is (...)
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  7.  10
    Popper Against Inductivism.Daniel Rothbart - 1980 - Dialectica 34 (2):121-128.
    SummaryAfter presumably cleaning science of induction, Karl Popper claims to offer a purely noninductivist theory of science. In critically evaluating this theory, I focus on the allegedly noninductive character of this theory. First, I defend and expand Wesley Salmon's charge that Popper's dismissal of induction renders science useless for practical purposes. Without induction practitioners have no grounds for believing that the predicted event will actually take place. Second, despite Popper's demands to the contrary, his theory of science is shown to (...)
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  8. Conjectures and Refutations: A Critique of Popper's Theory of Corroboration.Daniel Rothbart - 1978 - Dissertation, Washington University
     
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  9. Identity, Morality, and Threat: Studies in Violent Conflict.Daniel Rothbart & Karina Valentinovna Korostelina (eds.) - 2006 - Lexington Books.
    Identity, Morality, and Threat offers a critical examination of the social psychological processes that generate outgroup devaluation and ingroup glorification as the source of conflict. Daniel Rothbart and Karyna Korostelina bring together essays analyzing the causal relationship between escalating violence and opposing images of the Self and Other.
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  10. Identity, Morality, and Threat: Studies in Violent Conflict.Daniel Rothbart & Karina V. Korostelina (eds.) - 2006 - Lexington Books.
    Identity, Morality, and Threat offers a critical examination of the social psychological processes that generate outgroup devaluation and ingroup glorification as the source of conflict. Daniel Rothbart and Karyna Korostelina bring together essays analyzing the causal relationship between escalating violence and opposing images of the Self and Other.
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  11. 6 Observing the Analogies of Nature.Daniel Rothbart - 1995 - In Babette E. Babich, Debra B. Bergoffen & Simon Glynn (eds.), Continental and Postmodern Perspectives in the Philosophy of Science. Avebury. pp. 111.
     
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  12. Realism Rescued: How Scientific Progress Is Possible. [REVIEW]Daniel Rothbart - 1999 - International Studies in Philosophy 31 (2):113-114.
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  13. State Domination and the Psycho-Politics of Conflict: Power, Conflict and Humiliation.Daniel Rothbart - 2019 - Routledge.
    This book offers a detailed study of the psycho-politics of governmental manipulation, in which a vulnerable population is disciplined by contorting their sense of self-worth. In many conflict settings a nation's government exerts its dominance over a marginalized population group through laws, policies and practices that foster stark inequality. This book shows how such domination comes in the form of systems of humiliation orchestrated by governmental forces, and draws upon recent findings in social psychology, conflict analysis, and political sociology. Case (...)
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  14. The Revolution in Instrumentation. [REVIEW]Daniel Rothbart - 2003 - Hyle 9:123-126.
     
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  15.  34
    The Dual Nature of Chemical Substance.Daniel Rothbart - 2002 - Techne 6 (2):106-109.
  16.  16
    Moral Contracts and the Patient-Physician Relationship.Daniel Rothbart - 1984 - Journal of Medical Humanities 5 (1):54-62.
    Moral contracts and the patient-physician relationship.
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  17.  18
    Extending Popper's Epistemology to the Lab.Daniel Rothbart - 1998 - Dialectica 52 (3):247–254.
    Although Popper rarely examined the “life of the laboratory” , some of his epistemic doctrines reveal important themes about knowledge‐acquisition in the laboratory sciences. In particular, when modern instruments are needed for exploring the subatomic realm, empirical evidence is dispositional in a Popperian sense. Evidence is defined conditionally with respect to a complex system of technological apparatus and theoretical judgments.After summarizing certain elements of Popper's epistemology , the character of observation in the laboratory sciences is explored . A conception of (...)
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  18.  12
    The Dual Nature of Chemical Substance.Daniel Rothbart - 2002 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 6 (2):106-109.
  19.  19
    Review. [REVIEW]Daniel Rothbart - 1993 - Erkenntnis 38 (2):281-283.
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  20.  17
    Spectrometers as Analogues of Nature.Daniel Rothbart - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:141 - 148.
    The success of chemistry is directly credited to the capacity of instruments to provide human contact to the structures of physical reality. Empiricist philosophers have given scant attention to instruments as a separate topic of inquiry on the grounds that reliability of instruments is reducible to the epistemology of common sense experience. I argue that the reliability of many modern instruments is based on their design as analogical replication of natural systems. Scientists designed absorption spectrometers as artificial technological replicas of (...)
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  21.  16
    On Philosophical Method.Daniel Rothbart - 1984 - International Studies in Philosophy 16 (1):77-78.
  22.  8
    Introduction by Guest Editor.Daniel Rothbart - 1996 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 15 (4):1-1.
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  23.  14
    Realism Rescued: How Scientific Progress Is Possible.Daniel Rothbart - 1999 - International Studies in Philosophy 31 (2):113-114.
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  24.  1
    Explaining the Growth of Scientific Knowledge: Metaphors, Models, and Meanings.Daniel Rothbart - 1997 - Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press.
    This study explains scientific progress through analogical cross-fertilization of ideas between distinct physical systems. In many cases, progress can be generatedfrom a radically new juxtaposition of apparently incongruous physical systems.
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  25.  8
    Substance and Function in Chemical Research.Daniel Rothbart - 2000 - In Nalini Bhushan & Stuart Rosenfeld (eds.), Of Minds and Molecules: New Philosophical Perspectives on Chemistry. New York: Oxford University Press.
  26.  19
    Towards a Structural Analysis of Extended Arguments.Daniel Rothbart - 1983 - Informal Logic 5 (2).
  27.  6
    Book Review: Morris, Peter J.T. (Ed.): "From Classical to Modern Chemistry: The Instrumental Revolution" (Cambridge 2002). [REVIEW]Daniel Rothbart - 2003 - Hyle 9 (1):123 - 126.
  28.  1
    Extending Popper's Epistemology to the Lab.Daniel Rothbart - 1998 - Dialectica 52 (3):247-254.
    Although Popper rarely examined the “life of the laboratory”, some of his epistemic doctrines reveal important themes about knowledge‐acquisition in the laboratory sciences. In particular, when modern instruments are needed for exploring the subatomic realm, empirical evidence is dispositional in a Popperian sense. Evidence is defined conditionally with respect to a complex system of technological apparatus and theoretical judgments.After summarizing certain elements of Popper's epistemology, the character of observation in the laboratory sciences is explored. A conception of property as capacities (...)
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