Results for 'Daniel A. Friedman'

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Daniel Friedman
Stanford University
  1. The ant colony as a test for scientific theories of consciousness.Daniel A. Friedman & Eirik Søvik - 2019 - Synthese (2):1-24.
    The appearance of consciousness in the universe remains one of the major mysteries unsolved by science or philosophy. Absent an agreed-upon definition of consciousness or even a convenient system to test theories of consciousness, a confusing heterogeneity of theories proliferate. In pursuit of clarifying this complicated discourse, we here interpret various frameworks for the scientific and philosophical study of consciousness through the lens of social insect evolutionary biology. To do so, we first discuss the notion of a forward test versus (...)
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  2.  4
    The ant colony as a test for scientific theories of consciousness.Daniel A. Friedman & Eirik Søvik - 2021 - Synthese 198 (2):1457-1480.
    The appearance of consciousness in the universe remains one of the major mysteries unsolved by science or philosophy. Absent an agreed-upon definition of consciousness or even a convenient system to test theories of consciousness, a confusing heterogeneity of theories proliferate. In pursuit of clarifying this complicated discourse, we here interpret various frameworks for the scientific and philosophical study of consciousness through the lens of social insect evolutionary biology. To do so, we first discuss the notion of a forward test versus (...)
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  3.  8
    The Idea of a Political Liberalism: Essays on Rawls.Samantha Brennan, Claudia Card, Bernard Dauenhauer, Marilyn A. Friedman, Dale Jamieson, Richard Arneson, Clark Wolf, Robert Nagle, James Nickel, Christoph Fehige, Norman Daniels & Robert Noggle - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this unique volume, some of today's most eminent political philosophers examine the thought of John Rawls, focusing in particular on his most recent work. These original essays explore diverse issues, including the problem of pluralism, the relationship between constitutive commitment and liberal institutions, just treatment of dissident minorities, the constitutional implications of liberalism, international relations, and the structure of international law. The first comprehensive study of Rawls's recent work, The Idea of Political Liberalism will be indispensable for political philosophers (...)
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  4.  14
    Genetic and environmental influences on rumination and its covariation with depression.Daniel P. Johnson, Mark A. Whisman, Robin P. Corley, John K. Hewitt & Naomi P. Friedman - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (7):1270-1286.
  5.  6
    Cheating in markets: A methodological exploration.Daniel Friedman - unknown
    In the 1970s, experimental economics split from social psychology by embracing rational choice and equilibrium methods. Behavioral economics has recently narrowed the divide, to the dismay of some. The present paper argues that evolutionary dynamics provides a framework which unifies the best features of social psychology with equilibrium and rational choice. Ongoing research in cheating in markets illustrates the main points. A new equilibrium model provides distinctive testable predictions under three regimes: autarky, frictionless free trade, and anonymous foreign trade with (...)
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  6. Evolutionary Games in Natural, Social, and Virtual Worlds.Daniel Friedman & Barry Sinervo - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Over the last 25 years, evolutionary game theory has grown with theoretical contributions from the disciplines of mathematics, economics, computer science and biology. It is now ripe for applications. In this book, Daniel Friedman---an economist trained in mathematics---and Barry Sinervo---a biologist trained in mathematics---offer the first unified account of evolutionary game theory aimed at applied researchers. They show how to use a single set of tools to build useful models for three different worlds: the natural world studied by (...)
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  7. Pause reports for spontaneous dialogic speech.Lori A. Friedman & Daniel C. O’Connell - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (3):223-225.
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  8.  27
    Pause reports for spontaneous dialogic speech.Lori A. Friedman & Daniel C. O’Connell - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):223-225.
  9.  31
    Kant’s Construction of Nature: A Reading of the by Michael Friedman.Daniel Sutherland - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):173-174.
    Kant’s Construction of Nature marks a major milestone in Kant scholarship. Friedman draws on over thirty years of research to make Kant’s deep engagement with Newtonian natural science accessible, and shows its relevance to Kant’s critical philosophy, especially the Critique of Pure Reason. Friedman has benefited from other excellent scholarship on Kant’s Metaphysical Foundations, but no other scholar combines such detailed textual analysis and understanding of the issues with a systematic presentation of the whole and its connection to (...)
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  10.  57
    Scientific Disagreements, Fast Science and Higher-Order Evidence.Daniel Friedman & Dunja Šešelja - 2022
    Scientific disagreements are an important catalyst for scientific progress. But what happens when scientists disagree amidst times of crisis, when we need quick yet reliable policy guidance? In this paper we aim to provide a normative account for how scientists facing disagreement in the context of ‘fast science’ should respond, and how policy makers should evaluate such disagreement. Starting from an argumentative, pragma-dialectic account of scientific controversies (Donato Rodríguez and Zamora Bonilla, 2013), we argue for the importance of ‘higher-order evidence (...)
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  11.  36
    Tractable consumer choice.Daniel Friedman & József Sákovics - 2015 - Theory and Decision 79 (2):333-358.
    We present a rational model of consumer choice, which can also serve as a behavioral model. The central construct is λ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\lambda $$\end{document}, the marginal utility of money, derived from the consumer’s rest-of-life problem. It provides a simple criterion for choosing a consumption bundle in a separable consumption problem. We derive a robust approximation of λ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\lambda $$\end{document} and show how to incorporate liquidity constraints, (...)
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  12.  21
    An algebraic result about soft model theoretical equivalence relations with an application to H. Friedman's fourth problem.Daniele Mundici - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (3):523-530.
    We prove the following algebraic characterization of elementary equivalence: $\equiv$ restricted to countable structures of finite type is minimal among the equivalence relations, other than isomorphism, which are preserved under reduct and renaming and which have the Robinson property; the latter is a faithful adaptation for equivalence relations of the familiar model theoretical notion. We apply this result to Friedman's fourth problem by proving that if L = L ωω (Q i ) i ∈ ω 1 is an (ω (...)
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  13.  4
    The Moral Ecology of Markets: Assessing Claims About Markets and Justice.Daniel Finn - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Disagreements about the morality of markets, and about self-interested behavior within markets, run deep. They arise from perspectives within economics and political philosophy that appear to have nothing in common. In this book, Daniel Finn provides a framework for understanding these conflicting points of view. Recounting the arguments for and against markets and self-interest, he argues that every economy must address four fundamental problems: allocation, distribution, scale, and the quality of relations. In addition, every perspective on the morality of (...)
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  14.  46
    Beyond accountability for reasonableness.Alex Friedman - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (2):101–112.
    This paper is a critique of Norman Daniels' and James Sabin's ‘Accountability for Reasonableness’ framework for making priority-setting decisions in health care in the face of widespread disagreement about values. Accountability for Reasonableness has been rapidly gaining worldwide acceptance, arguably to the point of becoming the dominant paradigm in the field of health policy. The framework attempts to set ground rules for a procedure that ensures that whatever decisions result will be fair, reasonable, and legitimate to the extent that even (...)
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  15. Reinterpreting the universe-multiverse debate in light of inter-model inconsistency in set theory.Daniel Kuby - manuscript
    In this paper I apply the concept of _inter-Model Inconsistency in Set Theory_ (MIST), introduced by Carolin Antos (this volume), to select positions in the current universe-multiverse debate in philosophy of set theory: I reinterpret H. Woodin’s _Ultimate L_, J. D. Hamkins’ multiverse, S.-D. Friedman’s hyperuniverse and the algebraic multiverse as normative strategies to deal with the situation of de facto inconsistency toleration in set theory as described by MIST. In particular, my aim is to situate these positions on (...)
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  16.  43
    The Logic of Relations and the Ideality of Space.Danielle Macbeth - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:367-379.
    As Friedman has argued, Kant's argument for the ideality of space turns on the nondeductive character of geometrical reasoning in Euclid's system. Since geometry can be axiomatized, this argument fails. But ("pace" Russell) Leibniz's argument based on the unreality of constitutive relations is not thereby answered as well. I argue that what is needed in response to Leibniz is a properly post-Kantian conception of concepts as inferentially articulated. This conception, I suggest, is based on the same fundamental insight that (...)
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  17.  8
    Corporate Beneficence and COVID-19.Daniel T. Ostas & Gastón de los Reyes - 2020 - Journal of Human Values 27 (1):15-26.
    This article explores the motives underlying corporate responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis begins with Thomas Dunfee’s Statement of Minimum Moral Obligation, which specifies, more precisely than any other contribution to the business ethics canon, the level of corporate beneficence required during a pandemic. The analysis then turns to Milton Friedman’s neoliberal understanding of human nature, critically contrasting it with the notion of stoic virtue that informs the works of Adam Smith. Friedman contends that beneficence should play (...)
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  18.  32
    Volitional Pragmatism: The Collective Construction of Rules to Live By.Daniel W. Bromley - 2015 - The Pluralist 10 (1):6-22.
    As an economist, I was raised on the milk of prescriptive consequentialism. The theoretical architecture of rational choice, welfare economics, and its applied version—benefit-cost analysis—was offered up as the definitive answer to a wide range of public policy problems. Welfare economics was alleged to offer value-free solutions to value-laden policy debates. Symbolic of this confidence is the claim by Milton Friedman:[C]urrently in the Western world, and especially in the United States, differences about economic policy among disinterested citizens derive predominantly (...)
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  19.  34
    Folding in Recreational Mathematics during the 17th-18th Centuries: Between Geometry and Entertainment.Michael Friedman & Lisa Rougetet - 2017 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 5 (2):5-34.
    This article aims to present how paper-folding activities were integrated into recreational mathematics during the 17th and the 18th centuries. Recreational mathematics was conceived during these centuries as a way not only to pique one’s curiosity, but also to communicate mathematical knowledge to the literate classes of the population. Starting with Leurechon’s 1624 Récréation mathématique, which did not contain any exercise concerning paper folding, we show how two other traditions—Dürer’s folded nets on the one hand and napkin folding on the (...)
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  20.  39
    Reconsiderando a Friedman, Richardson Y lo a priori constitutivo.Álvaro J. Peláez Cedrés - 2006 - Ideas Y Valores 55 (131):51-72.
    Las interpretaciones contemporáneas en torno a lo a priori en la filosofía de la ciencia han estado dominadas fundamentalmente por las concepciones semántica y pragmática. El aporte de estas concepciones ha sido significativo, pero han rechazado injustificadamente, a mi modo de ver, el sentido funda..
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  21. Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response.Daniel A. Dombrowski - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years, the ontological argument and theistic metaphysics have been criticised by philosophers working in both the analytic and continental traditions. Responses to these criticisms have primarily come from philosophers who make use of the traditional, and problematic, concept of God. In this volume, Daniel A. Dombrowski defends the ontological argument against its contemporary critics, but he does so by using a neoclassical or process concept of God, thereby strengthening the case for a contemporary theistic metaphysics. Relying on (...)
  22.  1
    Rawls and Religion: The Case for Political Liberalism.Daniel A. Dombrowski - 2001 - SUNY Press.
    Employs the political philosophy of John Rawls to address controversies involving politics and religion.
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  23.  29
    Differences Between High vs. Low Performance Chess Players in Heart Rate Variability During Chess Problems.Juan P. Fuentes-García, Santos Villafaina, Daniel Collado-Mateo, Ricardo de la Vega, Pedro R. Olivares & Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) has been considered as a measure of heart-brain interaction and autonomic modulation, and it is modified by cognitive and attentional tasks. In cognitive tasks, HRV was reduced in participants who achieved worse results. This could indicate the possibility of HRV predicting cognitive performance, but this association is still unclear in a high cognitive load sport such as chess Objective: To analyse modifications on HRV and subjective perception of stress, difficulty and complexity in different chess problem (...)
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  24.  5
    Reasoning in Medicine: An Introduction to Clinical Inference.Daniel A. Albert, Ronald Munson & Michael D. Resnik - 1988
  25. Visuospatial working memory, central executive functioning, and psychometric visuospatial abilities: How are they related.A. Miyake, N. P. Friedman, P. da RettingerShah & M. Hegarty - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130:621-640.
     
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  26. A Comment on Confucian Role Ethics.Daniel A. Bell - 2012 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 7 (4):604-609.
  27.  3
    A Brief, Liberal, Catholic Defense of Abortion.Daniel A. Dombrowski & Robert Deltete - 2006 - University of Illinois Press.
    This tightly argued, historically grounded study sets out to demonstrate that a 'pro-choice' stance is as fully justified by Catholic thought as an anti-abortion view, and may even be more compatible with Catholic tradition than the current opposition to abortion espoused by most Catholic leaders.
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  28. A fatal or providential affair? : Socrates and Alcibiades in Proclus' commentary on the Alcibiades I.Danielle A. Layne - 2014 - In Pieter D' Hoine, Gerd van Riel & Carlos G. Steel (eds.), Fate, providence and moral responsibility in ancient, medieval and early modern thought: studies in honour of Carlos Steel. Leuven University Press.
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  29. A Brief, Liberal, Catholic Defense of Abortion.Daniel A. Dombrowski & Robert Deltete - 2001 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 22 (3):290-294.
     
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  30.  3
    East Meets West: Human Rights and Democracy in East Asia.Daniel A. Bell - 2000 - Princeton University Press.
    Is liberal democracy a universal ideal? Proponents of "Asian values" argue that it is a distinctive product of the Western experience and that Western powers shouldn't try to push human rights and democracy onto Asian states. Liberal democrats in the West typically counter by questioning the motives of Asian critics, arguing that Asian leaders are merely trying to rationalize human-rights violations and authoritarian rule. In this book--written as a dialogue between an American democrat named Demo and three East Asian critics-- (...) A. Bell attempts to chart a middle ground between the extremes of the international debate on human rights and democracy.Bell criticizes the use of "Asian values" to justify oppression, but also draws on East Asian cultural traditions and contributions by contemporary intellectuals in East Asia to identify some powerful challenges to Western-style liberal democracy. In the first part of the book, Bell makes use of colorful stories and examples to show that there is a need to take into account East Asian perspectives on human rights and democracy. The second part--a fictitious dialogue between Demo and Asian senior statesman Lee Kuan Yew--examines the pros and cons of implementing Western-style democracy in Singapore. The third part of the book is an argument for an as-yet-unrealized Confucian political institution that justifiably differs from Western-style liberal democracy.This is a thought-provoking defense of distinctively East Asian challenges to Western-style liberal democracy that will stimulate interest and debate among students of political theory, Asian studies, and international human rights. (shrink)
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  31. Curriculum on the Edge of Survival: How Schools Fail to Prepare Students for Membership in a Democracy.Daniel A. Heller - 2007 - R&L Education.
    Daniel Heller contends that public education is in a downward spiral because we have failed to notice the erosion of the basic curricular dimensions which support the preparation of students as active participants in our ever-changing world. While many books explain procedural knowledge such as how to differentiate instruction, how to create standards-based curriculum, or how to write a constructivist lesson—Curriculum on the Edge of Survival discusses the "what" and "why" rather than the how. What is the purpose of (...)
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  32. Curriculum on the Edge of Survival: How Schools Fail to Prepare Students for Membership in a Democracy.Daniel A. Heller - 2007 - R&L Education.
    Daniel Heller contends that public education is in a downward spiral because we have failed to notice the erosion of the basic curricular dimensions which support the preparation of students as active participants in our ever-changing world. While many books explain procedural knowledge such as how to differentiate instruction, how to create standards-based curriculum, or how to write a constructivist lesson, the second edition of Curriculum on the Edge of Survival discusses the "what" and "why" rather than the how. (...)
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  33. Communitarianism and its Critics.Daniel A. Bell - 1993 - Clarendon Press.
    Many have criticized liberalism for being too individualistic, but few have offered an alternative that goes beyond a vague affirmation of the need for community. In this entertaining book, written in dialogue form, Daniel Bell fills this gap, presenting and defending a distinctively communitarian theory against the objections of a liberal critic. Drawing on the works of such thinkers as Charles Taylor, Michael Sandel, and Alasdair MacIntyre, Bell attacks liberalism's individualistic view of the person by pointing to our social (...)
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  34.  18
    Book Review: Brian (Daizen) A. Victoria, Zen War Stories. [REVIEW]Daniel A. Metraux - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 31:221-225.
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  35.  16
    Reinhold Niebuhr’s Paradox: Paralysis, Violence, and Pragmatism by Daniel Malotky, and: Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics by Reinhold Niebuhr, and: An Interpretation of Christian Ethics by Reinhold Niebuhr.Daniel A. Morris - 2015 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 35 (1):207-210.
  36.  30
    Introduction to World Philosophy: A Multicultural Reader.Daniel A. Bonevac (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Ethics in the philosophical traditions of India -- Chinese ethics -- Ancient Greek ethics -- Medieval Christian, Jewish, and Islamic ethics -- Ethics in modern philosophy -- African ethics -- The self in Indian philosophy -- The self in Chinese Buddhism -- Ancient Greek philosophy of mind -- Mind and body in early modern philosophy -- African philosophy of mind -- Indian theories of knowledge -- Chinese theories of knowledge.
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  37.  99
    Functional explaining: a new approach to the philosophy of explanation.Daniel A. Wilkenfeld - 2014 - Synthese 191 (14):3367-3391.
    In this paper, I argue that explanations just ARE those sorts of things that, under the right circumstances and in the right sort of way, bring about understanding. This raises the question of why such a seemingly simple account of explanation, if correct, would not have been identified and agreed upon decades ago. The answer is that only recently has it been made possible to analyze explanation in terms of understanding without the risk of collapsing both to merely phenomenological states. (...)
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  38.  8
    The China Model: A Précis.Daniel A. Bell - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 7 (1).
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  39.  14
    The East Asian Challenge for Democracy: Political Meritocracy in Comparative Perspective.Daniel A. Bell & Chenyang Li (eds.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    The rise of China, along with problems of governance in democratic countries, has reinvigorated the theory of political meritocracy. But what is the theory of political meritocracy and how can it set standards for evaluating political progress? To help answer these questions, this volume gathers a series of commissioned research papers from an interdisciplinary group of leading philosophers, historians and social scientists. The result is the first book in decades to examine the rise of political meritocracy and what it will (...)
  40.  19
    Confucianism and Ubuntu: Reflections on a Dialogue between Chinese and African Traditions (repr.).Daniel A. Bell & Thaddeus Metz - 2012 - In Chung-Ying Cheng (ed.), Confucian Philosophy: Innovations and Transformations. Wiley. pp. ch. 7.
    Reprint of an article appearing in the Journal of Chinese Philosophy (2011).
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  41.  3
    Confucian Political Ethics.Daniel A. Bell (ed.) - 2007 - Princeton University Press.
    For much of the twentieth century, Confucianism was condemned by Westerners and East Asians alike as antithetical to modernity. Internationally renowned philosophers, historians, and social scientists argue otherwise in Confucian Political Ethics. They show how classical Confucian theory--with its emphasis on family ties, self-improvement, education, and the social good--is highly relevant to the most pressing dilemmas confronting us today. Drawing upon in-depth, cross-cultural dialogues, the contributors delve into the relationship of Confucian political ethics to contemporary social issues, exploring Confucian perspectives (...)
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  42. Not Even a Sparrow Falls: The Philosophy of Stephen R. L. Clark.Daniel A. Dombrowski (ed.) - 2000 - Michigan State University Press.
    Since the mid-1970s an amazing philosopher has blazed across the philosophic sky—Stephen R. L. Clark. To date he has written twelve books, including _From Athens to Jerusalem, Aristotle's Man, Animals and Their Moral Standing, Civil Peace and Sacred Order, God's World and the Great Awakening, The Mysteries of Religion, The Moral Status of Animals, The Nature of the Beast, and A Parliament of Souls,_ as well as dozens of articles. Critics find him "arresting," "profound," "amusing," and, paradoxically, "irritating." In this (...)
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  43. Mimam&Dotbelow;Sakas and Madhyamikas Against the Buddhist Epistemologists: A Comparative Study of Two Indian Answers to the Question of Justification.Daniel A. Arnold - 2002 - Dissertation, The University of Chicago
    This dissertation consists in a philosophically constructive engagement with two different critiques of the Buddhist epistemological tradition stemming from Dignaga and Dharmakirti . The tradition of Dignaga and Dharmakirti, which was particularly important to the development of pan-Indian canons of reasoned argumentation, may plausibly be characterized as foundationalist. The traditions that follow the epistemologists in deploying these canons of reasoning are often taken as coextensive with or definitive of "philosophy" in classical India. Against this current, the dissertation aims at retrieving (...)
     
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  44.  11
    Health services research and systemic lupus erythematosus: a reciprocal relationship.Daniel A. Albert - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (3):327-340.
  45. Concept empiricism and the vehicles of thought.Daniel A. Weiskopf - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (9-10):156-183.
    Concept empiricists are committed to the claim that the vehicles of thought are re-activated perceptual representations. Evidence for empiricism comes from a range of neuroscientific studies showing that perceptual regions of the brain are employed during cognitive tasks such as categorization and inference. I examine the extant neuroscientific evidence and argue that it falls short of establishing this core empiricist claim. During conceptual tasks, the causal structure of the brain produces widespread activity in both perceptual and non-perceptual systems. I lay (...)
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  46. Confucianism and ubuntu: Reflections on a dialogue between chinese and african traditions.Daniel A. Bell & Thaddeus Metz - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (s1):78-95.
    In this article we focus on three key precepts shared by Confucianism and the African ethic of Ubuntu: the central value of community, the desirability of ethical partiality, and the idea that we tend to become morally better as we grow older. For each of these broad similarities, there are key differences underlying them, and we discuss those as well as speculate about the reasons for them. Our aim is not to take sides, but we do suggest ways that Ubuntu (...)
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  47.  11
    Assessing China’s Political System. A Response to Comments.Daniel A. Bell - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 7 (1).
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  48.  1
    Teaching the Art and Science of Logic: A Manual for the Instructor.Daniel A. Bonevac & Andrew Schwartz - 1990 - Mountain View, CA, USA: Mayfield.
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  49.  5
    Feminism and Community.Penny A. Weiss & Marilyn Friedman (eds.) - 1995 - Temple University Press.
    Author note: Penny A. Weiss, Associate Professor of Political Science at Purdue University, is the author of Gendered Community: Rousseau, Sex, and Politics. Marilyn Friedman, Associate Professor of Philosophy at Washington University, is the author of What Are Friends For? Feminist Perspectives on Personal Relationships and Moral Theory.
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  50.  78
    Understanding beyond grasping propositions: A discussion of chess and fish.Daniel A. Wilkenfeld & Jennifer K. Hellmann - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 48:46-51.
    In this paper, we argue that, contra Strevens (2013), understanding in the sciences is sometimes partially constituted by the possession of abilities; hence, it is not (in such cases) exhausted by the understander’s bearing a particular psychological or epistemic relationship to some set of structured propositions. Specifically, the case will be made that one does not really understand why a modeled phenomenon occurred unless one has the ability to actually work through (meaning run and grasp at each step) a model (...)
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