Results for 'Dana Schultchen'

995 found
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  1.  12
    On the Relationship of Interoceptive Accuracy and Attention: A Controlled Study With Depressed Inpatients and a Healthy Cohort.Dana Schultchen, Carolin Schneider, Götz Berberich, Michael Zaudig, Thorsten M. Erle & Olga Pollatos - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    ObjectivePrevious research has shown reduced interoceptive accuracy in depression. Attention deficit represents a key symptom of depression. Moreover, IAcc is positively correlated with attention. There is no study that investigates the effect of depression on IAcc and attention. The aim of this study is to examine the mediating effect of IAcc on depression and attention.MethodsThirty-six depressed patients from the Psychosomatic Clinic in Windach were matched with 36 healthy controls according to age and sex and were assessed at Ulm University. All (...)
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  2.  10
    Discrepancies Between Explicit Feelings of Power and Implicit Power Motives Are Related to Anxiety in Women With Anorexia Nervosa.Felicitas Weineck, Dana Schultchen, Freya Dunker, Gernot Hauke, Karin Lachenmeir, Andreas Schnebel, Matislava Karačić, Adrian Meule, Ulrich Voderholzer & Olga Pollatos - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    BackgroundSeveral studies identified low subjective feelings of power in women with anorexia nervosa. However, little is known about implicit power motives and the discrepancy between explicit feelings of power and implicit power motives in AN.AimThe study investigated the discrepancy between explicit feelings of power and implicit power motives and its relationship to anxiety in patients with AN.MethodFifty-three outpatients and inpatients with AN and 48 participants without AN were compared regarding subjective feelings of power and anxiety. Explicit power [investigated with the (...)
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  3.  22
    Dana M. Britton.Dana M. Britton - 2011 - Gender and Society 25 (3):376-380.
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  4. Tangled up in views: Beliefs in the nature of science and responses to socioscientific dilemmas.Dana L. Zeidler, Kimberly A. Walker, Wayne A. Ackett & Michael L. Simmons - 2002 - Science Education 86 (3):343-367.
     
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  5.  25
    Task instructions and implicit theory of mind.Dana Schneider, Zoie E. Nott & Paul E. Dux - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):43-47.
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  6. Existence and description in formal logic.Dana Scott - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (1):181--200.
  7.  52
    Arendt and Heidegger: The Fate of the Political.Dana Richard Villa - 1995 - Princeton University Press.
    Theodor Adorno once wrote an essay to "defend Bach against his devotees." In this book Dana Villa does the same for Hannah Arendt, whose sweeping reconceptualization of the nature and value of political action, he argues, has been covered over and domesticated by admirers who had hoped to enlist her in their less radical philosophical or political projects. Against the prevailing "Aristotelian" interpretation of her work, Villa explores Arendt's modernity, and indeed her postmodernity, through the Heideggerian and Nietzschean theme (...)
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  8. Making sense of freedom and responsibility.Dana Kay Nelkin - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Nelkin presents a simple and natural account of freedom and moral responsibility which responds to the great variety of challenges to the idea that we are free and responsible, before ultimately reaffirming our conception of ourselves as agents. Making Sense of Freedom and Responsibility begins with a defense of the rational abilities view, according to which one is responsible for an action if and only if one acts with the ability to recognize and act for good reasons. The view is (...)
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  9.  72
    All Gifts Large and Small.Dana Katz, Arthur L. Caplan & Jon F. Merz - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):39-46.
    Much attention has been focused in recent years on the ethical acceptability of physicians receiving gifts from drug companies. Professional guidelines recognize industry gifts as a conflict of interest and establish thresholds prohibiting the exchange of large gifts while expressly allowing for the exchange of small gifts such as pens, note pads, and coffee. Considerable evidence from the social sciences suggests that gifts of negligible value can influence the behavior of the recipient in ways the recipient does not always realize. (...)
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  10. Do we have a coherent set of intuitions about moral responsibility?Dana K. Nelkin - 2007 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):243–259.
    I believe that the data is both fascinating and instructive, but in this paper I will resist the conclusion that we must give up Invariantism, or, as I prefer to call it, Unificationism. In the process of examining the challenging data and responding to it, I will try to draw some larger lessons about how to use the kind of data being collected. First, I will provide a brief description of some influential theories of responsibility, and then explain the threat (...)
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  11. Responsibility and rational abilities: Defending an asymmetrical view.Dana K. Nelkin - 2008 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (4):497-515.
    Abstract: In this paper, I defend a view according to which one is responsible for one's actions to the extent that one has the ability to do the right thing for the right reasons. The view is asymmetrical in requiring the ability to do otherwise when one acts badly or for bad reasons, but no such ability in cases in which one acts well for good ones. Despite its intuitive appeal, the view's asymmetry makes it a target of both of (...)
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  12.  25
    Parameter nets.Dana H. Ballard - 1984 - Artificial Intelligence 22 (3):235-267.
  13.  45
    Observations, Experiments, and Arguments for Epistemic Superiority in Scientific Methodology.Dana Matthiessen & Nora Mills Boyd - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    This paper argues against general claims for the epistemic superiority of experiment over observation. It does so by dissociating the benefits traditionally attributed to experiment from physical manipulation. In place of manipulation, we argue that other features of research methods do confer epistemic advantages in comparison to methods in which they are diminished. These features better track the epistemic successes and failures of scientific research, cross-cut the observation/experiment distinction, and nevertheless explain why manipulative experiments are successful when they are.
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  14.  22
    Socratic Citizenship.Dana Villa - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    Many critics bemoan the lack of civic engagement in America. Tocqueville's ''nation of joiners'' seems to have become a nation of alienated individuals, disinclined to fulfill the obligations of citizenship or the responsibilities of self-government. In response, the critics urge community involvement and renewed education in the civic virtues. But what kind of civic engagement do we want, and what sort of citizenship should we encourage? In Socratic Citizenship, Dana Villa takes issue with those who would reduce citizenship to (...)
  15.  18
    Foundational aspects of Theories of Measurement.Dana Scott & Patrick Suppes - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (2):287-288.
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  16.  59
    Cortical connections and parallel processing: Structure and function.Dana H. Ballard - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):67-90.
    The cerebral cortex is a rich and diverse structure that is the basis of intelligent behavior. One of the deepest mysteries of the function of cortex is that neural processing times are only about one hundred times as fast as the fastest response times for complex behavior. At the very least, this would seem to indicate that the cortex does massive amounts of parallel computation.This paper explores the hypothesis that an important part of the cortex can be modeled as a (...)
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  17. Difficulty and Degrees of Moral Praiseworthiness and Blameworthiness.Dana Kay Nelkin - 2016 - Noûs 50 (2):356-378.
    In everyday life, we assume that there are degrees of blameworthiness and praiseworthiness. Yet the debate about the nature of moral responsibility often focuses on the “yes or no” question of whether indeterminism is required for moral responsibility, while questions about what accounts for more or less blameworthiness or praiseworthiness are underexplored. In this paper, I defend the idea that degrees of blameworthiness and praiseworthiness can depend in part on degrees of difficulty and degrees of sacrifice required for performing the (...)
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  18. The lottery paradox, knowledge, and rationality.Dana K. Nelkin - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):373-409.
    Jim buys a ticket in a million-ticket lottery. He knows it is a fair lottery, but, given the odds, he believes he will lose. When the winning ticket is chosen, it is not his. Did he know his ticket would lose? It seems that he did not. After all, if he knew his ticket would lose, why would he have bought it? Further, if he knew his ticket would lose, then, given that his ticket is no different in its chances (...)
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  19. Deictic codes for the embodiment of cognition.Dana H. Ballard, Mary M. Hayhoe, Polly K. Pook & Rajesh P. N. Rao - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):723-742.
    To describe phenomena that occur at different time scales, computational models of the brain must incorporate different levels of abstraction. At time scales of approximately 1/3 of a second, orienting movements of the body play a crucial role in cognition and form a useful computational level embodiment level,” the constraints of the physical system determine the nature of cognitive operations. The key synergy is that at time scales of about 1/3 of a second, the natural sequentiality of body movements can (...)
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  20.  37
    The epistemology of the gendered organization.Dana M. Britton - 2000 - Gender and Society 14 (3):418-434.
    Considerable attention has been paid recently to the gendering of organizations and occupations. Unfortunately, the gendered-organizations approach remains theoretically and empirically underdeveloped, as there have as yet been few clear answers to the question central to the perspective: What does it really mean to say that an organization itself, or a policy, practice, or slot in the hierarchy, is “gendered”? Reviewing literature in the gendered-organizations tradition, the author discusses three of the most common ways the perspective has been applied and (...)
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  21.  9
    “I Don’t Want to See Myself as a Disabled Person”: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Devices and the Emergence of (Dis)ability as Subjectivity.Dana Zarhin - 2018 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 43 (2):224-246.
    This article explains how the most recommended treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, the continuous positive airway pressure device, acts and interacts with users’ bodies, sleep partners’ bodies, and cultural discourses to produce emotions and practices that generate the subjectivity of a disabled or abled person. Drawing upon in-depth interviews with OSA patients, this article illustrates how introducing CPAP devices into patients’ lives may disturb their sleep and breathing, diminish their independence, disfigure their appearance, and problematize intimacy with bed partners, thereby (...)
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  22.  6
    It's debatable!: using socioscientific issues to develop scientific literacy, K-12.Dana L. Zeidler - 2014 - Arlington, Virginia: NSTA Press, National Science Teachers Association. Edited by Sami Kahn.
    REVERE Award Finalist, PreK-12 Learning Group, Association of American Publishers! " Functional scientific literacy requires an understanding of the nature of science and the skills necessary to think both scientifically and ethically about everyday issues." -- from the introduction to It's Debatable! This book encourages scientific literacy by showing you how to teach the understanding and thinking skills your students need to explore real-world questions like these: - Should schools charge a "tax" to discourage kids from eating unhealthy foods? - (...)
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  23.  62
    Tidy Whiteness: A Genealogy of Race, Purity, and Hygiene.Dana Berthold - 2010 - Ethics and the Environment 15 (1):1.
    While ideals of racial purity may be out of fashion, other sorts of purity ideals are increasingly popular in the United States today. The theme of purity is noticeable everywhere, but it is especially prominent in our contemporary fixation on health and hygiene. This may seem totally unrelated to issues of racism and classism, but in fact, the purveyors of purity draw upon the same themes of physical and moral purity that have helped produce white identity and dominance in the (...)
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  24.  67
    Mechanistic Explanation in Systems Biology: Cellular Networks.Dana Matthiessen - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1):1-25.
    It is argued that once biological systems reach a certain level of complexity, mechanistic explanations provide an inadequate account of many relevant phenomena. In this article, I evaluate such claims with respect to a representative programme in systems biological research: the study of regulatory networks within single-celled organisms. I argue that these networks are amenable to mechanistic philosophy without need to appeal to some alternate form of explanation. In particular, I claim that we can understand the mathematical modelling techniques of (...)
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  25. Animate vision.Dana H. Ballard - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 48 (1):57-86.
    Animate vision systems have gaze control mechanisms that can actively position the camera coordinate system in response to physical stimuli. Compared to passive systems, animate systems show that visual computation can be vastly less expensive when considered in the larger context of behavior. The most important visual behavior is the ability to control the direction of gaze. This allows the use of very low resolution imaging that has a high virtual resolution. Using such a system in a controlled way provides (...)
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  26. Transformative Choices and the Specter of Regret.Dana Howard - 2022 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 8 (1):72-91.
    When people are making certain medical decisions – especially potentially transformative ones – the specter of regret may color their choices. In this paper, I ask: can predicting that we will regret a decision in the future serve any justificatory role in our present decision-making? And if so, what role? While there are many pitfalls to such reasoning, I ultimately conclude that considering future retrospective emotions like regret in our decisionmaking can be both rational and authentic. Rather than indicating that (...)
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  27. Surrogate Perspectives on a Patient Preference Predictor: Good Idea, But I Should Decide How It Is Used.Dana Howard - 2022 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 13 (2):125-135.
    Background: Current practice frequently fails to provide care consistent with the preferences of decisionally-incapacitated patients. It also imposes significant emotional burden on their surrogates. Algorithmic-based patient preference predictors (PPPs) have been proposed as a possible way to address these two concerns. While previous research found that patients strongly support the use of PPPs, the views of surrogates are unknown. The present study thus assessed the views of experienced surrogates regarding the possible use of PPPs as a means to help make (...)
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  28. On engendering an illusion of understanding.Dana Scott - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (21):787-807.
  29.  18
    Big Ramsey degrees in ultraproducts of finite structures.Dana Bartošová, Mirna Džamonja, Rehana Patel & Lynn Scow - 2024 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 175 (7):103439.
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  30.  27
    On Maria Danae Koukouti, Lambros Malafouris, “An Anthropological Guide to the Art and Philosophy of Mirror Gazing”, London, Bloomsbury Publishing pp. 200.Maria Danae Koukouti, Lambros Malafouris, Shaun Gallagher, Carey Jewitt, Claudio Paolucci, Luigi Lobaccaro & Martina Bacaro - 2021 - Studi di Estetica 21.
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  31.  52
    The Scoundrel and the Visionary: On Reasonable Hope and the Possibility of a Just Future.Dana S. Howard - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (3):294-317.
    John Rawls, among others, has argued that one of aims political philosophy is that it provides reasonable hope in the possibility of justice in the future. But what makes hope reasonable? What sorts of theories of justice are best suited to foster reasonable hope in us? To answer these questions, this paper investigates Rawls’s conception of reasonable hope and the kinds of unreasonableness Rawls sought to guard against with his account of a realistic utopia. Rawls's idea of reasonable hope goes (...)
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  32.  11
    Task Constraints Affect Mapping From Approximate Number System Estimates to Symbolic Numbers.Dana L. Chesney & Percival G. Matthews - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  33. Freedom, responsibility and the challenge of situationism.Dana K. Nelkin - 2005 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):181–206.
    In conclusion, then, the situationist literature provides a rich area of exploration for those interested in freedom and responsibility. Interestingly, it does not do so primarily because it is situationist in the sense of supporting the substantive thesis about the role of character traits. Rather it is because it makes us wonder whether we really do act on a regular basis with the particular normative, epistemic,and reactive capacities that are central to our identity as free and responsible agents.
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  34.  92
    Investigating the Shared Background Required for Argument: A Critique of Fogelin’s Thesis on Deep Disagreement.Dana Phillips - 2008 - Informal Logic 28 (2):86-101.
    Robert Fogelin claims that interlocutors must share a framework of background beliefs and commitments in order to fruitfully pursue argument. I refute Fogelin’s claim by investigating more thoroughly the shared background required for productive argument. I find that this background consists not in any common beliefs regarding the topic at hand, but rather in certain shared pro-cedural commitments and competencies. I suggest that Fogelin and his supporters mistakenly view shared beliefs as part of the required background for productive argument because (...)
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  35. Grim Reaper Paradoxes and Patchwork Principles: Severing the Case for Finitism.Troy Dana & Joseph C. Schmid - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Benardete paradoxes involve infinite collections of Grim Reapers, assassins, demons, deafening peals, or even sentences. These paradoxes have recently been used in arguments for finitist metaphysical theses such as temporal finitism, causal finitism, and discrete views of time. Here we develop a new finite Benardete-like paradox. We then use this paradox to defend a companions in guilt argument that challenges recent applications of patchwork principles on behalf of the aforementioned finitist arguments. Finally, we develop another problem for those applications by (...)
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  36. Socratic Citizenship.Dana Villa - 2003 - Political Theory 31 (6):888-891.
  37.  51
    Bridging the Modal Gap.Dana Goswick - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (8):432-443.
  38.  91
    Foundational aspects of theories of measurement.Dana Scott & Patrick Suppes - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):113-128.
  39.  62
    A temporally sustained implicit theory of mind deficit in autism spectrum disorders.Dana Schneider, Virginia P. Slaughter, Andrew P. Bayliss & Paul E. Dux - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):410-417.
    Eye movements during false-belief tasks can reveal an individual's capacity to implicitly monitor others' mental states (theory of mind - ToM). It has been suggested, based on the results of a single-trial-experiment, that this ability is impaired in those with a high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD), despite neurotypical-like performance on explicit ToM measures. However, given there are known attention differences and visual hypersensitivities in ASD it is important to establish whether such impairments are evident over time. In addition, investigating implicit (...)
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  40.  54
    Structural realism beyond physics.Dana Tulodziecki - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 59:106--114.
    The main purpose of this paper is to test structural realism against (one example from) the historical record. I begin by laying out an existing challenge to structural realism -- that of providing an example of a theory exhibiting successful structures that were abandoned -- and show that this challenge can be met by the miasma theory of disease. However, rather than concluding that this is an outright counterexample to structural realism, I use this case to show why it is (...)
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  41.  42
    Noise... The Political Economy of Music.Dana Polan, Jacques Attali & Brian Massumi - 1988 - Substance 17 (3):56.
  42.  74
    Logic with denumerably long formulas and finite strings of quantifiers.Dana Scott - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):1104--329.
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  43. Politics, Philosophy, Terror: Essays on the Thought of Hannah Arendt.Dana Richard Villa - 1999 - Princeton University Press.
    Hannah Arendt's rich and varied political thought is more influential today than ever before, due in part to the collapse of communism and the need for ideas that move beyond the old ideologies of the Cold War. As Dana Villa shows, however, Arendt's thought is often poorly understood, both because of its complexity and because her fame has made it easy for critics to write about what she is reputed to have said rather than what she actually wrote. Villa (...)
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  44.  23
    Zur Axiomatik der Mengenlehre.Dana Scott - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):215-216.
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  45.  23
    Current evidence for automatic Theory of Mind processing in adults.Dana Schneider, Virginia P. Slaughter & Paul E. Dux - 2017 - Cognition 162 (C):27-31.
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  46. The marriage of physics with mathematics" : Francis Bacon on measurement, mathematics, and the construction of a mathematical physics.Dana Jalobeanu - 2016 - In Geoffrey Gorham (ed.), The Language of Nature: Reassessing the Mathematization of Natural Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  47.  19
    Les Cahiers du cinema: histoire d'une revue, Volume 1: A l'assaut du cinema, 1951-1959.Dana Polan & Antoine de Baecque - 1992 - Substance 21 (2):111.
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  48.  18
    Roland Barthes.Dana Polan & Jean-Louis Calvet - 1992 - Substance 21 (1):130.
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  49. Act of Lawyering and the Art of Communication: An Essay on Families-in-Crisis, the Adversarial Tradition, and the Social Work Model, The.Dana A. Prescott - 2007 - Legal Ethics 10:176.
     
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  50.  4
    Where are the Workers in Consumer-Worker Alliances? Class Dynamics and the History of Consumer-Labor Campaigns.Dana Frank - 2003 - Politics and Society 31 (3):363-379.
    This article surveys the history of labor- and middle-class-sponsored efforts to mobilize shopping on behalf of working people from the late nineteenth century through the present. It analyzes the class dynamics of these movements to, first, underscore workers' own ability to mount consumer campaigns and, second, critique middle-class campaigns in the present that can treat workers as unorganized, passive victims. It underscores the potential hierarchical dynamics inherent in consumer-labor campaigns, both between classes and within the labor movement, including dynamics of (...)
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