Results for 'Dan R. Corbett'

992 found
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  1.  86
    Meta-relation and ontology closure in Conceptual Structure Theory.Philip H. P. Nguyen, Ken Kaneiwa, Dan R. Corbett & Minh-Quang Nguyen - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (4):291-320.
    This paper presents an enhanced ontology formalization, combining previous work in Conceptual Structure Theory and Order-Sorted Logic. Most existing ontology formalisms place greater importance on concept types, but in this paper we focus on relation types, which are in essence predicates on concept types. We formalize the notion of ‘predicate of predicates’ as meta-relation type and introduce the new hierarchy of meta-relation types as part of the ontology definition. The new notion of closure of a relation or meta-relation type is (...)
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  2. The Knowledge-Learning-Instruction Framework: Bridging the Science-Practice Chasm to Enhance Robust Student Learning.Kenneth R. Koedinger, Albert T. Corbett & Charles Perfetti - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):757-798.
    Despite the accumulation of substantial cognitive science research relevant to education, there remains confusion and controversy in the application of research to educational practice. In support of a more systematic approach, we describe the Knowledge-Learning-Instruction (KLI) framework. KLI promotes the emergence of instructional principles of high potential for generality, while explicitly identifying constraints of and opportunities for detailed analysis of the knowledge students may acquire in courses. Drawing on research across domains of science, math, and language learning, we illustrate the (...)
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  3.  38
    The philosophy of religious language: sign, symbol, and story.Dan R. Stiver - 1996 - Cambridge, Mass., USA: Blackwell.
    This text provides a lively introduction to the developments in philosophy of language in this century, and to the way these have impinged upon religious language. Included is the relevance of analytical philosophy of language, but the text also covers important historical debates about religious language that have had increasing impact upon biblical studies and theology.
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  4.  25
    Are Director Equity Policies Exclusionary?Dan R. Dalton - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):415-432.
    Abstract:This paper examines two recent trends relative to boards of directors’ compensation, and their potential incompatibility. There has been some progress in increasing board diversity, specifically the inclusion of women and minorities on boards. The increasing trend requiring directors to hold/purchase equity as a requirement of board membership may seriously compromise further improvements in diversifying boards. Also, an increasing number of companies compensate directors partially or fully in stock grants and options. These compensation policies may be exclusionary, especially for women (...)
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  5.  15
    Initial Public Offerings as a Web of Conflicts of Interest: An Empirical Assessment.Dan R. Dalton, S. Trevis Certo & Catherine M. Daily - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (3):289-314.
    Abstract:While a ubiquitous phenomenon, initial public offerings (IPOs) have received no attention in the ethics literature. We provide an overview of a series of potential conflicts of interest that pervade the IPO process. We also report the results of an empirical assessment of IPOs and those elements that may inform a substantive moral hazard faced by key players in the period prior to and just after an IPO.
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  6.  20
    Candor, Privacy, and.Dan R. Dalton, James C. Wimbush & Catherine M. Daily - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (1):87-99.
    Many areas of business ethics research are “sensitive.” We provide an empirical assessment of the randomized response techniquewhich provides absolute anonymity to subjects and “legal immunity” to the researcher. Beyond that, RRT techniques provide complete disclosure to subjects, unconditional privacy is maintained, and there is no deception.
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  7.  7
    Systematic Theology After Ricoeur.Dan R. Stiver - 2006 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 16 (1-2):157-168.
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  8.  14
    Candor, Privacy, and “Legal Immunity” In Business Ethics Research: An Empirical Assessment of the Randomized Response Technique (RRT).Dan R. Dalton, James C. Wimbush & Catherine M. Daily - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (1):87-99.
    Many areas of business ethics research are “sensitive.” We provide an empirical assessment of the randomized response technique which providesabsoluteanonymity to subjects and “legal immunity” to the researcher. Beyond that, RRT techniques provide complete disclosure to subjects, unconditional privacy is maintained, and there is no deception.
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  9. Can postmodernism claim to be true?Dan R. Stiver - 2003 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 25:73.
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  10.  3
    Attentional control capacity for emotion: An individual-difference measure of internal controlled attention.Dan R. Johnson - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1516-1536.
  11.  48
    Metacognition in argument generation: the misperceived relationship between emotional investment and argument quality.Dan R. Johnson, Mara E. Tynan, Andy S. Cuthbert & Juliette K. O’Quinn - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):566-578.
    Overestimation of one’s ability to argue their position on socio-political issues may partially underlie the current climate of political extremism in the U.S. Yet very little is known about what factors influence overestimation in argumentation of socio-political issues. Across three experiments, emotional investment substantially increased participants’ overestimation. Potential confounding factors like topic complexity and familiarity were ruled out as alternative explanations. Belief-based cues were established as a mechanism underlying the relationship between emotional investment and overestimation in a measurement-of-mediation and manipulation-of-mediator (...)
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  12.  7
    What Do I Tell My Patient?Dan R. Thompson - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):66-67.
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  13.  13
    Angelic semantics of fine-grained concurrency.Dan R. Ghica & Andrzej S. Murawski - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 151 (2-3):89-114.
    We introduce a game model for an Algol-like programming language with primitives for parallel composition and synchronization on semaphores. The semantics is based on a simplified version of Hyland–Ong-style games and it emphasizes the intuitive connection between the concurrent nature of games and that of computation. The model is fully abstract for may-equivalence.
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  14.  6
    Foreword.Dan R. Ghica & Russ Harmer - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (5):617.
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  15.  25
    Commentary on at Will Employment: A Devil’s Advocate.Dan R. Dalton & Idalene F. Kesner - 1986 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (1):73-74.
  16.  21
    Competing theories of multialternative, multiattribute preferential choice.Brandon M. Turner, Dan R. Schley, Carly Muller & Konstantinos Tsetsos - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (3):329-362.
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  17.  33
    The Organization of Ethics and the Ethics of Organizations: The Case for Expanded Organizational Ethics Audits.Michael Metzger, Dan R. Dalton & John W. Hill - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (1):27-44.
    The United States Sentencing Commission’s guidelines for the sentencing of organizations found guilty of violating federal laws recently became effective. Dramatically increased penalties are possible under these gudelines, but so too is a substantial reduction in the penalties imposed on organizations that have an effective program in place to prevent and detect violations. This provides corporations with a tremendous new incentive in inaugurate organizational ethics audits both to avoid violations in the first instance and to reduce the penalty imposed in (...)
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  18.  36
    On the dynamics of corporate size and illegal activity: An empirical assessment. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Idalene F. Kesner - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (11):861 - 870.
    This research, relying on companies continuously listed on the Fortune 500 over a five-year period (n=384), provides an empirical assessment of two hypotheses. Based on 334 violations over the period the results indicate: (1) gross differences in illegal activity based on corporate size, and (2) similar differences in corporate recidivism also based on size. Discussion includes a number of size related dynamics which may account in part for such results.
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  19.  30
    “Integrity testing” for personnel selection: An unsparing perspective. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Michael B. Metzger - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):147 - 156.
    Federal legislation (the Employee Polygraph Protection Act) adopted in 1988 prohibits virtually all private sector employers from requiring or requesting preemployment polygraph examinations for prospective employees. Since then, written integrity testing designed to reliably distinguish those prospective employees who may steal from the company from those who are far less likely to do so has been something of a growth industry. Indeed, the American Psychological Association has recently noted that honesty tests have demonstrated useful levels of validity as an employee (...)
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  20.  12
    Foreword.Samson Abramsky & Dan R. Ghica - 2013 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (11):1037.
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  21.  65
    Collecting "sensitive" data in business ethics research: A case for the unmatched count technique (UCT). [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton, Catherine M. Daily & James C. Wimbush - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1049-1057.
    Some would argue that the more promising areas of business ethics research are "sensitive." In such areas, it would be expected that subjects, if inclined to respond at all, would be guarded in their responses, or respond inaccurately. We provide an introduction to an empirical approach -- the unmatched block count (UCT) -- for collecting these potentially sensitive data which provides absolute anonymity and confidentiality to subjects and "legal immunity" to the researcher. Interestingly, under UCT protocol researchers could not divulge (...)
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  22.  32
    An issue in corporate social responsibility: An experiential approach to establish the value of human life. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Richard A. Cosier - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (4):311 - 315.
    While the notion of establishing a value for human life may be uncomfortable for some, we argue that it is a fundamental requirement for many aspects of public policy. We compare a number of approaches which have been traditionally relied on to make estimations. Also, we provide an exercise which provides an unusual, but we hope provocative, perspective on the evaluation of human life.
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  23.  21
    On the antecedents of corporate severance agreements: An empirical assessment. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Paula L. Rechner - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):455 - 462.
    This study of major corporations (n=481) provides an empirical assessment of the effects of several corporate governance variables (CEO duality, boards of director composition, officers and directors common stock holdings, institutional common stock holdings, number of majority owners) on the adoption of so-called severance agreements. A discriminant analysis indicates a significant multivariate function. Wilks lambda univariate analyses suggest that the percentage of common stock held by owners and directors and number of majority stock holders are the more robust discriminators.
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  24.  3
    Paul Ricoeur and the Task of Political Philosophy.Greg S. Johnson & Dan R. Stiver (eds.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book offers a sustained engagement with the political philosophy of Paul Ricoeur and demonstrates both the significance of the political in his own thinking throughout his career, and how his understanding of the political offers something valuable to current discussions of issues in political philosophy.
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  25.  11
    Paul Ricoeur and the Task of Political Philosophy.Greg S. Johnson & Dan R. Stiver (eds.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book offers a sustained engagement with the political philosophy of Paul Ricoeur and demonstrates both the significance of the political in his own thinking throughout his career, and how his understanding of the political offers something valuable to current discussions of issues in political philosophy.
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  26.  6
    Ideology and Utopia in the Twenty-First Century: The Surplus of Meaning in Ricoeur's Dialectical Concept.Stephanie N. Arel & Dan R. Stiver (eds.) - 2018 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Paul’s Ricoeur’s Lectures on Ideology and Utopia are more pertinent than ever forty years later. The chapters in this book reflect the lectures’ original intricacy as the authors not only insightfully analyze them but also creatively apply them.
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  27.  32
    Certified public accountants: Ethical perception skills and attitudes on ethics education. [REVIEW]Suzanne Pinac Ward, Dan R. Ward & Alan B. Deck - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (8):601 - 610.
    This study investigated the proficiency of CPAs in recognizing and evaluating ethical and unethical situations. In addition, CPAs provided attitudes on ethics education. Respondents were asked to evaluate the ethical acceptability of CPA behavior as presented in six vignettes involving a variety of ethical dilemmas from questions of conflict of interest to questions of personal honor. The results tend to signify that CPAs can, to a degree, distinguish ethical and unethical behaviors. It appears that ethical behaviors and very specific unethical (...)
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  28.  19
    “But not the music”: psychopathic traits and difficulties recognising and resonating with the emotion in music.R. C. Plate, C. Jones, S. Zhao, M. W. Flum, J. Steinberg, G. Daley, N. Corbett, C. Neumann & R. Waller - 2023 - Cognition and Emotion 37 (4):748-762.
    Recognising and responding appropriately to emotions is critical to adaptive psychological functioning. Psychopathic traits (e.g. callous, manipulative, impulsive, antisocial) are related to differences in recognition and response when emotion is conveyed through facial expressions and language. Use of emotional music stimuli represents a promising approach to improve our understanding of the specific emotion processing difficulties underlying psychopathic traits because it decouples recognition of emotion from cues directly conveyed by other people (e.g. facial signals). In Experiment 1, participants listened to clips (...)
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  29.  49
    Boards of Directors’ Self Interest: Expanding for Pay in Corporate Acquisitions?S. Trevis Certo, Catherine M. Dalton, Dan R. Dalton & Richard H. Lester - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):219-230.
    Director compensation can potentially represent an ethical minefield. When faced with supporting strategic decisions that can lead to an increase in director pay, directors may consider their own interests and not solely those of the shareholders to whom they are legally bound to represent. In such cases, directors essentially become agents, rather than those installed to protect principals (shareholders) from agents. Using acquisitions as a study context, we employ a matched-pair design and find a statistically significant difference in outside director (...)
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  30.  9
    Cognitive modeling and intelligent tutoring.John R. Anderson, C. Franklin Boyle, Albert T. Corbett & Matthew W. Lewis - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 42 (1):7-49.
  31.  4
    Four brides for twelve brothers: how to Dutch book a group of fully rational players.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Björn Petersson, Jonas Josefsson & Dan Egonsson - 2007 - In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Björn Petersson, Jonas Josefsson & Dan Egonsson (eds.), Hommage a Wlodek: Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz.
    Wlodek Rabinowicz suggested in an e-mail conversation (2001) to me that one might be able to use a particular Hats Puzzle to make a Dutch Book against a group of individually rational persons. I present a fanciful story here that has the same structure as Rabinowicz’s Dutch Book.
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  32.  4
    Excellence in Canada: Healthy Organizations? Achieve Results by Acting Responsibly.Dan Corbett - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (2):125-133.
    There is much public focus in North America today on issues of corporate governance and ethics due mainly to the malpractice of several high profile corporate leaders and the negative impact of this on their corporation's stakeholders, employees and communities. This has caused a crisis of trust in the public and lead to much discussion on ways to prevent such unethical behavior by adopting new approaches through legislation and the structure of corporations. This article is not about introducing a new (...)
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  33.  31
    Skill Acquisition and the LISP Tutor.John R. Anderson, Frederick G. Conrad & Albert T. Corbett - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (4):467-505.
    An analysis of student learning with the LISP tutor indicates that while LISP is complex, learning it is simple. The key to factoring out the complexity of LISP is to monitor the learning of the 500 productions in the LISP tutor which describe the programming skill. The learning of these productions follows the power‐law learning curve typical of skill acquisition. There is transfer from other programming experience to the extent that this programming experience involves the same productions. Subjects appear to (...)
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  34.  4
    Hommage a Wlodek: Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Björn Petersson, Jonas Josefsson & Dan Egonsson (eds.) - 2007
  35.  17
    Offering patients entry in clinical trials: preliminary study of the views of prospective participants.F. Corbett, J. Oldham & R. Lilford - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (4):227-231.
    OBJECTIVE: To ascertain attitudes to different methods of obtaining informed consent for randomised clinical trials (RCTs). DESIGN: Structured interviews with members of the public, medical secretaries and medical students. SETTING: The public were approached in a variety of public places. Medical secretaries and students were approached in their place of work. SUBJECTS: Fifty members of the public, 25 secretaries and 25 students. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Views on RCTs were elicited, with particular emphasis on how subjects thought the concept of randomisation (...)
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  36.  26
    Corporate governance predictors of adoption of anti-takeover amendments: An empirical analysis. [REVIEW]Paula L. Rechner, Chamu Sundaramurthy & Dan R. Dalton - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (5):371 - 378.
    This study of 481 corporations provides an assessment of the relationship between several corporate governance variables (board composition, type of board leadership, officer and director stock holdings, institutional stock holdings, number of majority owners, existence of severance agreements) and adoption of anti-takeover amendments. The results of analysis suggest that the two groups (adopters/non-adopters) differ significantly in regards to these variables.
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  37.  47
    Genetic screening in the workplace: Legislative and ethical implications. [REVIEW]William D. Murry, James C. Wimbush & Dan R. Dalton - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (4):365 - 378.
    This paper discusses legal and ethical issues related to genetic screening. It is argued that persons identified with actual or perceived deleterious genetic markers are protected by the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991, if members of a protected group, regardless of whether or not they are currently ill. However, legislation may not protect all employees in all scenarios, in which case, ethical principles should guide decision-making. In doing so a model of preventive (...)
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  38.  5
    Individual differences and predictive validity in student modeling.Albert T. Corbett, John R. Anderson, Valerie H. Carver & Scott A. Brancolini - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 213.
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  39.  10
    Acute Anxiety Predicts Components of the Cold Shock Response on Cold Water Immersion: Toward an Integrated Psychophysiological Model of Acute Cold Water Survival.Martin J. Barwood, Jo Corbett, Heather Massey, Terry McMorris, Mike Tipton & Christopher R. D. Wagstaff - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  40.  17
    Excellence in canada: Healthy organizations – achieve results by acting responsibly. [REVIEW]Dan Corbett - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (2):125 - 133.
    There is much public focus in North America today on issues of corporate governance and ethics due mainly to the malpractice of several high profile corporate leaders and the negative impact of this on their corporation''s stakeholders, employees and communities. This has caused a crisis of trust in the public and lead to much discussion on ways to prevent such unethical behavior by adopting new approaches through legislation and the structure of corporations. This article is not about introducing a new (...)
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  41.  16
    Simple Minds.Jean R. Kazez & Dan Lloyd - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (4):718.
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  42.  2
    Consensus by aggregation and deliberation.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Bjørn Petersson, Jonas Josefsson & Dan Egonsson - 2007 - Hommage a Wlodek: Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz.
    On the face of it both aggregation and deliberation represent alternative ways of producing a consensus. I argue, however, that the adequacy of aggregation mechanisms should be evaluated with an eye to the effects, both possible and actual, of public deliberation. Such an evaluation is undertaken by sketching a Bayesian model of deliberation as learning from others.
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  43.  20
    Hommage à Wlodek; 60 Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz - published as web resource only.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Björn Petersson, Jonas Josefsson & Dan Egonsson (eds.) - 2007 - Department of Philosophy, Lund University.
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  44. Recovering Reason: Essays in Honor of Thomas L. Pangle.Peter J. Ahrensdorf, Arlene Saxonhouse, Steven Forde, Paul A. Rahe, Michael Zuckert, Devin Stauffer, David Leibowitz, Robert Goldberg, Christopher Bruell, Linda R. Rabieh, Richard S. Ruderman, Christopher Baldwin, J. Judd Owen, Waller R. Newell, Nathan Tarcov, Ross J. Corbett, Clifford Orwin, John W. Danford, Heinrich Meier, Fred Baumann, Robert C. Bartlett, Ralph Lerner, Bryan-Paul Frost, Laurie Fendrich, Donald Kagan, H. Donald Forbes & Norman Doidge (eds.) - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    Recovering Reason: Essays in Honor of Thomas L. Pangle is a collection of essays composed by students and friends of Thomas L. Pangle to honor his seminal work and outstanding guidance in the study of political philosophy. These essays examine both Socrates' and modern political philosophers' attempts to answer the question of the right life for human beings, as those attempts are introduced and elaborated in the work of thinkers from Homer and Thucydides to Nietzsche and Charles Taylor.
     
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  45.  12
    Electron paramagnetic resonance of free and bound holes in diamond.J. C. Bourgoin, P. R. Brosious, Y. M. Kim, J. W. Corbett & R. M. Chrenko - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 26 (5):1167-1178.
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  46. How Live Music Moves Us: Head Movement Differences in Audiences to Live Versus Recorded Music.Dana Swarbrick, Dan Bosnyak, Steven R. Livingstone, Jotthi Bansal, Susan Marsh-Rollo, Matthew H. Woolhouse & Laurel J. Trainor - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  47.  21
    CSR Reputation and Firm Performance: A Dynamic Approach.Stewart R. Miller, Lorraine Eden & Dan Li - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (3):619-636.
    Many countries have regulations that require firms to engage in minimum levels of corporate social activities in areas such as the environment and social welfare. In this paper, we argue that changes in a firm’s compliance with CS regulations are reflected in its reputation for corporate social responsibility, which affects the firm’s performance. The performance impacts depend on whether the firm’s CSR reputation in the current and prior periods is positive, neutral, or negative. Our theoretical framework draws on the reputation (...)
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  48.  18
    RePAIR consensus guidelines: Responsibilities of Publishers, Agencies, Institutions, and Researchers in protecting the integrity of the research record.Alice Young, B. R. Woods, Tamara Welschot, Dan Wainstock, Kaoru Sakabe, Kenneth D. Pimple, Charon A. Pierson, Kelly Perry, Jennifer K. Nyborg, Barb Houser, Anna Keith, Ferric Fang, Arthur M. Buchberg, Lyndon Branfield, Monica Bradford, Catherine Bens, Jeffrey Beall, Laura Bandura-Morgan, Noémie Aubert Bonn & Carolyn J. Broccardo - 2018 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 3 (1).
    The progression of research and scholarly inquiry does not occur in isolation and is wholly dependent on accurate reporting of methods and results, and successful replication of prior work. Without mechanisms to correct the literature, much time and money is wasted on research based on a crumbling foundation. These guidelines serve to outline the respective responsibilities of researchers, institutions, agencies, and publishers or editors in maintaining the integrity of the research record. Delineating these complementary roles and proposing solutions for common (...)
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  49. Mitochondrial bioenergetics as a major motive force of speciation.Moran Gershoni, Alan R. Templeton & Dan Mishmar - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (6):642-650.
    Mitochondrial bioenergetics plays a key role in multiple basic cellular processes, such as energy production, nucleotide biosynthesis, and iron metabolism. It is an essential system for animals' life and death (apoptosis) and it is required for embryo development. This, in conjunction with its being subjected to adaptive processes in multiple species and its gene products being involved in the formation of reproductive barriers in animals, raises the possibility that mitochondrial bioenergetics could be a candidate genetic mechanism of speciation. Here, we (...)
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  50.  92
    Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy.Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao-Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, LeRoy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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