32 found
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  1. Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion.Dacher Keltner & Jonathan Haidt - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (2):297-314.
    In this paper we present a prototype approach to awe. We suggest that two appraisals are central and are present in all clear cases of awe: perceived vastness, and a need for accommodation, defined as an inability to assimilate an experience into current mental structures. Five additional appraisals account for variation in the hedonic tone of awe experiences: threat, beauty, exceptional ability, virtue, and the supernatural. We derive this perspective from a review of what has been written about awe in (...)
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  2.  96
    Beyond valence: Toward a model of emotion-specific influences on judgement and choice.Jennifer S. Lerner & Dacher Keltner - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):473-493.
    Most theories of affective influences on judgement and choice take a valence-based approach, contrasting the effects of positive versus negative feeling states. These approaches have not specified if and when distinct emotions of the same valence have different effects on judgement. In this article, we propose a model of emotion-specific influences on judgement and choice. We posit that each emotion is defined by a tendency to perceive new events and objects in ways that are consistent with the original cognitive-appraisal dimensions (...)
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  3.  97
    Social Functions of Emotions at Four Levels of Analysis.Dacher Keltner & Jonathan Haidt - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):505-521.
    In this paper we integrate claims and findings concerning the social functions of emotions at the individual, dyadic, group, and cultural levels of analysis. Across levels of analysis theorists assume that emotions solve problems important to social relationships in the context of ongoing interactions. Theorists diverge, however, in their assumptions about the origins, defining characteristics, and consequences of emotions, and in their preferred forms of data. We illustrate the differences and compatibilities among these levels of analysis for the specific case (...)
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  4.  87
    Self-Transcendent Emotions and Their Social Functions: Compassion, Gratitude, and Awe Bind Us to Others Through Prosociality.Jennifer E. Stellar, Amie M. Gordon, Paul K. Piff, Daniel Cordaro, Craig L. Anderson, Yang Bai, Laura A. Maruskin & Dacher Keltner - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):200-207.
    In this article we review the emerging literature on the self-transcendent emotions. We discuss how the self-transcendent emotions differ from other positive emotions and outline the defining features of this category. We then provide an analysis of three specific self-transcendent emotions—compassion, gratitude, and awe—detailing what has been learned about their expressive behavior, physiology, and likely evolutionary origins. We propose that these emotions emerged to help humans solve unique problems related to caretaking, cooperation, and group coordination in social interactions. In our (...)
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  5. The nature of awe: Elicitors, appraisals, and effects on self-concept.Michelle N. Shiota, Dacher Keltner & Amanda Mossman - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (5):944-963.
  6.  26
    Power, approach, and inhibition.Dacher Keltner, Deborah H. Gruenfeld & Cameron Anderson - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):265-284.
  7.  30
    Social class, solipsism, and contextualism: How the rich are different from the poor.Michael W. Kraus, Paul K. Piff, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Michelle L. Rheinschmidt & Dacher Keltner - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):546-572.
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  8.  85
    Functional Accounts of Emotions.Dacher Keltner & James J. Gross - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):467-480.
    In this article we outline the history, elements, and variations of functional accounts of emotions. Summarising diverse theories and observations, we propose that functional accounts of emotions: (1) address why humans have emotions; (2) define emotions as solutions to problems and opportunities related to physical and social survival; (3) treat emotions as systems of interrelated components; and (4) focus on the beneficial consequences of emotions. This conceptual approach to emotion is complemented by several empirical strategies, including the study of emotion (...)
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  9.  94
    Emotions as Moral Amplifiers: An Appraisal Tendency Approach to the Influences of Distinct Emotions upon Moral Judgment.Elizabeth J. Horberg, Christopher Oveis & Dacher Keltner - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):237-244.
    In this article, we advance the perspective that distinct emotions amplify different moral judgments, based on the emotion’s core appraisals. This theorizing yields four insights into the way emotions shape moral judgment. We submit that there are two kinds of specificity in the impact of emotion upon moral judgment: domain specificity and emotion specificity. We further contend that the unique embodied aspects of an emotion, such as nonverbal expressions and physiological responses, contribute to an emotion’s impact on moral judgment. Finally, (...)
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  10.  26
    What is shared, what is different? Core relational themes and expressive displays of eight positive emotions.Belinda Campos, Michelle N. Shiota, Dacher Keltner, Gian C. Gonzaga & Jennifer L. Goetz - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):37-52.
    Understanding positive emotions' shared and differentiating features can yield valuable insight into the structure of positive emotion space and identify emotion states, or aspects of emotion states, that are most relevant for particular psychological processes and outcomes. We report two studies that examined core relational themes (Study 1) and expressive displays (Study 2) for eight positive emotion constructs—amusement, awe, contentment, gratitude, interest, joy, love, and pride. Across studies, all eight emotions shared one quality: high positive valence. Distinctive core relational theme (...)
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  11. Culture and Facial Expression: Open-ended Methods Find More Expressions and a Gradient of Recognition.Jonathan Haidt & Dacher Keltner - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (3):225-266.
    We used multiple methods to examine two questions about emotion and culture: (1) Which facial expressions are recognised cross-culturally; and (2) does the “forced-choice” method lead to spurious findings of universality? Forty participants in the US and 40 in India were shown 14 facial expressions and asked to say what had happened to cause the person to make the face. Analyses of the social situations given and of the affect words spontaneously used showed high levels of recognition for most of (...)
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  12.  74
    Awe as a Scientific Emotion.Sara Gottlieb, Dacher Keltner & Tania Lombrozo - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):2081-2094.
    Awe has traditionally been considered a religious or spiritual emotion, yet scientists often report that awe motivates them to answer questions about the natural world, and to do so in naturalistic terms. Indeed, awe may be closely related to scientific discovery and theoretical advance. Awe is typically triggered by something vast (either literally or metaphorically) and initiates processes of accommodation, in which existing mental schemas are revised to make sense of the awe‐inspiring stimuli. This process of accommodation is essential for (...)
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  13.  72
    Evidence for the Distinctness of Embarrassment, Shame, and Guilt: A Study of Recalled Antecedents and Facial Expressions of Emotion.Dacher Keltner - 1996 - Cognition and Emotion 10 (2):155-172.
  14.  25
    Toward a consensual taxonomy of emotions.Dacher Keltner - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):14-19.
  15.  54
    Brief Report The coherence of emotion systems: Comparing “on‐line” measures of appraisal and facial expressions, and self‐report.George Bonanno & Dacher Keltner - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (3):431-444.
  16.  11
    Culture and Facial Expression: Open-ended Methods Find More Expressions and a Gradient of Recognition.Jonathan Haidt & Dacher Keltner - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (3):225-266.
    We used multiple methods to examine two questions about emotion and culture: (1) Which facial expressions are recognised cross-culturally; and (2) does the “forced-choice” method lead to spurious findings of universality? Forty participants in the US and 40 in India were shown 14 facial expressions and asked to say what had happened to cause the person to make the face. Analyses of the social situations given and of the affect words spontaneously used showed high levels of recognition for most of (...)
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  17.  21
    How emotions, relationships, and culture constitute each other: advances in social functionalist theory.Dacher Keltner, Disa Sauter, Jessica L. Tracy, Everett Wetchler & Alan S. Cowen - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (3):388-401.
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  18.  41
    A discrete emotions approach to positive emotion disturbance in depression.June Gruber, Christopher Oveis, Dacher Keltner & Sheri L. Johnson - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):40-52.
    A core symptom of depression, anhedonia, involves deficits in the ability to experience positive emotion (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Positive emotional disturbances play a central rol...
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  19.  21
    Me against we: In-group transgression, collective shame, and in-group-directed hostility.Paul K. Piff, Andres G. Martinez & Dacher Keltner - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):634-649.
    People can experience great distress when a group to which they belong (in-group) is perceived to have committed an immoral act. We hypothesised that people would direct hostility toward a transgressing in-group whose actions threaten their self-image and evoke collective shame. Consistent with this theorising, three studies found that reminders of in-group transgression provoked several expressions of in-group-directed hostility, including in-group-directed hostile emotion (Studies 1 and 2), in-group-directed derogation (Study 2), and in-group-directed punishment (Study 3). Across studies, collective shame—but not (...)
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  20.  74
    Making sense of self-conscious emotion: Linking theory of mind and emotion in children with autism.Erin A. Heerey, Dacher Keltner & Lisa M. Capps - 2003 - Emotion 3 (4):394-400.
  21. What is unique about self-conscious emotions?Jennifer S. Beer & Dacher Keltner - 2004 - Psychological Inquiry 15 (2):126-128.
  22.  71
    Power in mixed-sex stranger interactions.Gian C. Gonzaga, Dacher Keltner & Daniel Ward - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (8):1555-1568.
  23.  43
    Social Functions of Emotions in Life and Imaginative Culture.Keith Oatley & Dacher Keltner - 2022 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 6 (1):1-20.
    One chapter in the science of emotion has focused, largely through an individualist lens, on just a few emotions: the Ekman Six. Considerable debate has occurred and entrenched positions have ensued. In this essay we offer evidence and argument revealing that there are not only six emotions, nor states measured as valence and arousal, but upwards of 20 discrete emotions that contribute to our subjective and social lives. These emotions enable the rich fabric of relationships, from caregiving interactions to collective (...)
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  24. The role of empathy in the formation and maintenance of social bonds.Cameron Anderson & Dacher Keltner - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):21-22.
    A primary function of empathy is to help individuals form and maintain social bonds. Empathy should thus occur only when individuals seek to solidify social bonds, and not in response to any opportunity to process others' emotions. Empathy should also involve only certain types of emotion – specifically, emotions that facilitate social bonds – and not any and all types of emotion.
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  25.  72
    Different religions, different emotions.Adam B. Cohen, Dacher Keltner & Paul Rozin - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):734-735.
    Atran & Norenzayan (A&N) correctly claim that religion reduces emotions related to existential concerns. Our response adds to their argument by focusing on religious differences in the importance of emotion, and on other emotions that may be involved in religion. We believe that the important differences among religions make it difficult to have one theory to account for all religions.
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  26. Approaching awe as moral aesthetic and spiritual emotions.Dacher Keltner & Jonathan Haidt - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17:p297 - 314.
  27.  34
    Affective Intensity and Emotional Responses.Dacher Keltner - 1996 - Cognition and Emotion 10 (3):323-328.
  28. Self-conscious emotion and self-regulation.Dacher Keltner & Jennifer S. Beer - 2005 - In Abraham Tesser, Joanne V. Wood & Diederik A. Stapel (eds.), On Building, Defending, and Regulating the Self: A Psychological Perspective. Psychology Press. pp. 197-215.
  29.  10
    The power paradox: how we gain and lose influence.Dacher Keltner - 2016 - New York: Penguin Press.
    It is taken for granted that power corrupts. This is reinforced culturally by everything from Machiavelli to contemporary politics. But how do we get power? And how does it change our behavior? So often, in spite of our best intentions, we lose our hard-won power. Enduring power comes from empathy and giving. Above all, power is given to us by other people. This is what all-too-often we forget, and what Dr. Keltner sets straight. This is the crux of the power (...)
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  30.  23
    Using art for comparison and distraction: Effects on negative emotions and judgements of satisfaction.Kenneth D. Locke & Dacher Keltner - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (5):443-460.
  31.  33
    Contact high: Mania proneness and positive perception of emotional touches.Paul K. Piff, Amanda Purcell, June Gruber, Matthew J. Hertenstein & Dacher Keltner - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (6):1116-1123.
  32.  62
    I love you but … : Cultural differences in complexity of emotional experience during interaction with a romantic partner.Michelle N. Shiota, Belinda Campos, Gian C. Gonzaga, Dacher Keltner & Kaiping Peng - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (5):786-799.
    Studies suggest that emotional complexity—the experience of positive and negative emotion in response to the same event—is unusual in Western samples. However, recent research finds that the co-occurrence of positive and negative emotion during unstructured situations is more common among East Asians than Westerners, consistent with theories emphasising the prevalence of dialectical folk epistemology in East-Asian culture. The present study builds upon previous research by examining Asian- and European-Americans' experience of a particular positive emotion—love—and a situationally appropriate negative emotion during (...)
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