Results for 'D. Spencer Smith'

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  1.  17
    The Controversy Over Controversies: A Plea for Flexibility and for “Soft‐Directive” Teaching.Bryan R. Warnick & D. Spencer Smith - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (3):227-244.
    A controversy rages over the question of how should controversial topics be taught. Recent work has advanced the “epistemic criterion” as the resolution to this controversy. According to the epistemic criterion, a matter should be taught as controversial when contrary views can be entertained on the matter without the views being contrary to reason. When an issue is noncontroversial, according to the epistemic criterion, the correct position can be taught “directively,” with the teacher endorsing that position. When there is a (...)
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  2.  20
    Student Communities and Individualism in American Cinema.Bryan R. Warnick, Heather S. Dawson, D. Spencer Smith & Bethany Vosburg-Bluem - 2010 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 46 (2):168-191.
    Hollywood films partially construct how Americans think about education. Recent work on the representation of schools in American cinema has highlighted the role of class difference in shaping school film genres. It has also advanced the idea that a nuanced understanding of American individualism helps to explain why the different class genres are shaped as they are. This article attempts to refine this theoretical approach by focusing on the paradox of individualism, which suggests that individualism must always be dependent on (...)
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  3.  3
    The identification of 100 ecological questions of high policy relevance in the UK.William J. Sutherland, Susan Armstrong-Brown, Paul R. Armsworth, Brereton Tom, Jonathan Brickland, Colin D. Campbell, Daniel E. Chamberlain, Andrew I. Cooke, Nicholas K. Dulvy, Nicholas R. Dusic, Martin Fitton, Robert P. Freckleton, H. Charles J. Godfray, Nick Grout, H. John Harvey, Colin Hedley, John J. Hopkins, Neil B. Kift, Jeff Kirby, William E. Kunin, David W. Macdonald, Brian Marker, Marc Naura, Andrew R. Neale, Tom Oliver, Dan Osborn, Andrew S. Pullin, Matthew E. A. Shardlow, David A. Showler, Paul L. Smith, Richard J. Smithers, Jean-Luc Solandt, Jonathan Spencer, Chris J. Spray, Chris D. Thomas, Jim Thompson, Sarah E. Webb, Derek W. Yalden & Andrew R. Watkinson - 2006 - Journal of Applied Ecology 43 (4):617-627.
    1 Evidence-based policy requires researchers to provide the answers to ecological questions that are of interest to policy makers. To find out what those questions are in the UK, representatives from 28 organizations involved in policy, together with scientists from 10 academic institutions, were asked to generate a list of questions from their organizations. 2 During a 2-day workshop the initial list of 1003 questions generated from consulting at least 654 policy makers and academics was used as a basis for (...)
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  4.  23
    Semantics and Discourse Representation.Richard Spencer-Smith - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (1):1-26.
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  5.  25
    Two kinds of global perceptual separability and curvature.James T. Townsend & Jesse Spencer-Smith - 2004 - In Christian Kaernbach, Erich Schroger & Hermann Müller (eds.), Psychophysics Beyond Sensation: Laws and Invariants of Human Cognition. Psychology Press. pp. 89--109.
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  6.  27
    Interactions between perceptual and conceptual learning.Robert Goldstone, Mark Steyvers, Jesse Spencer-Smith & Alan Kersten - 2000 - In Eric Dietrich Art Markman (ed.), Cognitive Dynamics: Conceptual Change in Humans and Machines. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  7.  29
    Reductionism and emergent properties.Richard Spencer-Smith - 1995 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95:113-29.
    Richard Spencer-Smith; VII*—Reductionism and Emergent Properties, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 95, Issue 1, 1 June 1995, Pages 113–130, https.
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  8.  26
    VII*—Reductionism and Emergent Properties.Richard Spencer-Smith - 1995 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95 (1):113-130.
    Richard Spencer-Smith; VII*—Reductionism and Emergent Properties, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 95, Issue 1, 1 June 1995, Pages 113–130, https.
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  9.  16
    Scenes of Attention: Essays on Mind, Time, and the Senses.D. Graham Burnett & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2023 - Columbia University Press.
    Are we paying enough attention? At least since the nineteenth century, critics have alleged a widespread and profound failure of attentiveness—to others, to ourselves, to the world around us, to what is truly worthy of focus. Why is there such great anxiety over attention? What is at stake in understanding attention and the challenges it faces? This book investigates attention from a range of disciplinary perspectives, including philosophy, history, anthropology, art history, and comparative literature. Each chapter begins with a concrete (...)
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  10. Logic and Prolog.Richard Spencer-Smith - 1991
    This work introduces Prolog, beginning with the logical principles underlying the language, going on to explain how to apply these principles in the data structures of programming, how to utilize deduction and how to exercise control by means of lists, sets, recursion and operators.
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  11.  4
    Machinations: Computational Studies of Logic, Language, and Cognition.Richard Spencer-Smith, Steve Torrance & Stephen B. Torrance - 1992 - Intellect Books.
    This volume brings together a collection of papers covering a wide range of topics in computer and cognitive science. Topics included are: the foundational relevance of logic to computer science, with particular reference to tense logic, constructive logic, and Horn clause logic; logic as the theoretical underpinnings of the engineering discipline of expert systems; a discussion of the evolution of computational linguistics into functionally distinct task levels; and current issues in the implementation of speech act theory.
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  12.  2
    Truth and Interpretation: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson.Richard Spencer-Smith - 1987 - Philosophical Books 28 (2):65-73.
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  13.  3
    Clause trees: a tool for understanding and implementing resolution in automated reasoning.J. D. Horton & Bruce Spencer - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence 92 (1-2):25-89.
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  14.  12
    Mechanized Reasoning.W. Mays, D. M. Mccallum & J. B. Smith - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):68-69.
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  15.  5
    Feedback Logical Computors.D. M. Mccallum & J. B. Smith - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):68-68.
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  16.  11
    Mechanized Reasoning--Logical Computors and Their Design.D. B. Mccallum & J. B. Smith - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (1):77-77.
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  17. Anici Manli Seuerini Boethi De consolatione philosophiae libri quinque.George D. Boethius, Adrianus & Smith - 1925 - Burns Oates & Washbourne.
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  18.  59
    Exploring the relations between categorization and decision making with regard to realistic face stimuli.James T. Townsend, Kam M. Silva, Jesse Spencer-Smith & Michael J. Wenger - 2000 - Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (1):83-105.
    Categorization and decision making are combined in a task with photorealistic faces. Two different types of face stimuli were assigned probabilistically into one of two fictitious groups; based on the category, faces were further probabilistically assigned to be hostile or friendly. In Part I, participants are asked to categorize a face into one of two categories, and to make a decision concerning interaction. A Markov model of categorization followed by decision making provides reasonable fits to Part I data. A Markov (...)
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  19. Thinking, vol. 3 de.D. N. Osherson & E. E. Smith - 1990 - In Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith (eds.), An Invitation to Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
     
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  20.  19
    Unjust Outcomes and Unfair Process?D. Robert MacDougall, Elise M. Smith & David B. Resnik - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):10-12.
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  21.  4
    Theeffectof added titanium on the magnetic behaviour of haematite.D. M. Finlayson & T. Smith - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (46):1160-1163.
  22.  8
    The not-so-tell-tale heart.D. R. Vailhen & Maxwell J. Smith - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (2):7.
  23. The influence of problem representation on hypothesis-testing.D. S. Rohlman & Kh Smith - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):464-464.
     
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  24.  11
    Aceh: Art and Culture.D. M. Roskies & Holly S. Smith - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (4):722.
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  25.  53
    Ethical Dilemmas in Protecting Susceptible Subpopulations From Environmental Health Risks: Liberty, Utility, Fairness, and Accountability for Reasonableness.David B. Resnik, D. Robert MacDougall & Elise M. Smith - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):29-41.
    Various U.S. laws, such as the Clean Air Act and the Food Quality Protection Act, require additional protections for susceptible subpopulations who face greater environmental health risks. The main ethical rationale for providing these protections is to ensure that environmental health risks are distributed fairly. In this article, we (1) consider how several influential theories of justice deal with issues related to the distribution of environmental health risks; (2) show that these theories often fail to provide specific guidance concerning policy (...)
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  26.  7
    Categorical Cross-Recurrence Quantification Analysis Applied to Communicative Interaction during Ainsworth’s Strange Situation.Danitza Lira-Palma, Karolyn González-Rosales, Ramón D. Castillo, Rosario Spencer & Andrés Fresno - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-15.
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  27.  49
    The neuropsychology of schizophrenia.J. A. Gray, J. Feldon, J. N. P. Rawlins, D. R. Hemsley & A. D. Smith - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):1-20.
  28.  20
    Word learning under infinite uncertainty.Richard A. Blythe, Andrew D. M. Smith & Kenny Smith - 2016 - Cognition 151 (C):18-27.
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  29. New books. [REVIEW]T. D. Weldon, P. Nowell-Smith, A. H. Armstrong, B. A. Farrell, H. D. Lewis, P. L. Heath, Vincent Turner, Karl Britton & D. J. M.`Cracken - 1948 - Mind 57 (227):382-398.
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  30.  2
    Modelling student's problem solving.D. H. Sleeman & M. J. Smith - 1981 - Artificial Intelligence 16 (2):171-187.
  31.  29
    Symposium: Science and Politics.R. Rhees, T. D. Weldon & P. Nowell Smith - 1949 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 23 (1):129-164.
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  32. Ancient epistemology : introduction.Nicholas D. Smith - 2018 - In The philosophy of knowledge: a history. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  33. Holocaust Testimony: Listening, Humanizing, and Sacralizing.PhD Stephen D. Smith - 2023 - In Stanley M. Davids & Leah Hochman (eds.), Re-forming Judaism: moments of disruption in Jewish thought. New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis.
     
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  34.  7
    The philosophy of knowledge: a history.Nicholas D. Smith (ed.) - 2018 - London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
    The Philosophy of Knowledge: A History presents the history of one of Western philosophy's greatest challenges: understanding the nature of knowledge. Divided chronologically into four volumes, it follows conceptions of knowledge that have been proposed, defended, replaced, and proposed anew by ancient, medieval, modern and contemporary philosophers. This volume covers the Presocratics, Sophists, and treatments of knowledge offered by Socrates and Plato. With original insights into the vast sweep of ways in which philosophers have sought to understand knowledge, The Philosophy (...)
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  35.  13
    Magnetomechanical damping effects in nickel.C. F. Burdett, D. M. Weight & J. D. Smith - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 22 (175):47-55.
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  36.  28
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Theodore Hutchcroft, L. C. Peters, Janice Beran, Valora Washington, Don Adams, James Nichterlein, Christopher J. Lucas, Creta D. Sabine, William A. Spencer, Harvey G. Neufeldt, Maralyn Blachowicz, John R. Thelin, Daniel V. Mattox & Joseph W. Newman - 1980 - Educational Studies 10 (4):395-423.
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  37.  22
    Internally produced electron pairs from π−-mesons captured in hydrogen.D. C. Cundy, R. A. Donald, W. H. Evans, D. W. Hadley, W. Hart, P. Mason, R. W. Newport, D. E. Plane, J. R. Smith & J. G. Thomas - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (73):121-126.
  38.  4
    No Exit: Death Drive, Dystopia, and the Long Winter of the American Dream in Harold Ramis's The Ice Harvest.Eric D. Smith - 2024 - Utopian Studies 34 (3):380-398.
    Abstractabstract:This article examines Harold Ramis’s 2005 noir comedy The Ice Harvest as the critically dystopian counter-panel to his beloved 1993 film Groundhog Day, a film frequently discussed within the paradigm of utopia. While starkly different in genre, tone, and reception, the two films comprise a dialectical dyad that registers the historical transition from the utopian cultural effervescence of the early 1990s to the tragic foreclosure of imaginative horizons and the dystopian transformation of economic, political, and social landscapes in the new (...)
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  39.  2
    Understanding hope: a brief philosophical exploration, drawing on theology, psychology, and personal loss.Philip D. Smith - 2022 - Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.
    What is hope? A feeling? Something you do? A belief or a cluster of beliefs? A way of perceiving the world? Is hope the same as wishful thinking? Hope is complicated. Nevertheless, hope can make our lives better. In Understanding Hope, Philip Smith combines theology, psychology, philosophy, and his own experience of personal loss to help readers understand and practice hope. Understanding Hope is short, but it requires hard thinking. It's worth the effort.
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  40.  10
    Exploring the role of hand gestures in learning novel phoneme contrasts and vocabulary in a second language.Spencer D. Kelly, Yukari Hirata, Michael Manansala & Jessica Huang - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  41.  6
    In search of the third bird: exemplary essays from the proceedings of ESTAR(SER), 2001-2021.D. Graham Burnett, Catherine L. Hansen & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2021 - London: Strange Attractor Press.
    The real history of the covey of attention-artists who call themselves "The Birds." A great deal of uncertainty--and even some genuine confusion--surrounds the origin, evolution, and activities of the so-called Avis Tertia or "Order of the Third Bird." Sensational accounts of this "attentional cult" emphasize histrionic rituals, tragic trance-addictions, and the covert dissemination of obscurantist ontologies of the art object. Hieratic, ecstatic, and endlessly evasive, the Order attracts sensual misfits and cabalistic aesthetes--both to its ranks, and to its scholarship. In (...)
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  42.  8
    Introduction to philosophy.Nathan D. Smith - 2022 - Houston, Texas: OpenStax, Rice University.
    Designed to meet the scope and sequence of your course, Introduction to Philosophy surveys logic, metaphysics, epistemology, theories of value, and history of philosophy thematically. To provide a strong foundation in global philosophical discourse, diverse primary sources and examples are central to the design, and the text emphasizes engaged reading, critical thinking, research, and analytical skill-building through guided activities."--OpenStax.
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  43.  26
    Challenges and Opportunities for Biomarker Validation.Spencer Phillips Hey, Elvira D'Andrea, Emily H. Jung, Frazer Tessema, Jing Luo, Bishal Gyawali & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (3):357-361.
    Biomarkers can be powerful tools to guide diagnosis, treatment, and research. However, prudent use of biomarkers requires formal validation efforts. Although the data needed for biomarker validation has traditionally been hard to access, new research initiatives can ease this process.
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  44.  5
    Gender Effects on Student Attitude Toward Science.Cornelius M. McKenna, Spencer L. Pasero & Thomas J. Smith - 2014 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 34 (1-2):7-12.
    The present study examined gender and attitude toward science in fourth- and eighth-grade students in the United States and also assessed to what extent the relationship between science attitude and science achievement differed by gender. Results showed that both fourth- and eighth-grade boys demonstrated more confidence in science than girls, while eighth-grade boys also showed greater liking for science than girls. Additionally, gender moderated the relationship between science achievement and (a) liking science (for fourth-grade students) and (b) confidence in science (...)
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  45.  7
    Surrogate Endpoints and Drug Regulation: What Is Needed to Clarify the Evidence.Spencer Phillips Hey, William B. Feldman, Emily H. Jung, Elvira D'Andrea & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (3):381-387.
    The FDA's new table of surrogate endpoints used for drug approvals is an important step forward for overseeing the use of biomarkers in clinical trials. Nevertheless, we present several ways in which the table can be improved.
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  46.  14
    Living large: Affect amplification in visual perception predicts emotional reactivity to events in daily life.Spencer L. Palder, Scott Ode, Tianwei Liu & Michael D. Robinson - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (3):453-464.
  47.  19
    Translating Environmental Ideologies into Action: The Amplifying Role of Commitment to Beliefs.Matthew A. Maxwell-Smith, Paul J. Conway, Joshua D. Wright & James M. Olson - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (3):839-858.
    Consumers do not always follow their ideological beliefs about the need to engage in environmentally friendly consumption. We propose that Commitment to Beliefs —the general tendency to follow one’s value-based beliefs—can help identify who is most likely to follow their environmental ideologies. We predicted that CTB would amplify the effect of beliefs prescribing environmental stewardship, or neglect, on corresponding intentions, behavior, and purchasing decisions. In two studies, CTB amplified the positive and negative effects of relevant EF ideologies on EF purchase (...)
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  48. Pathways From Family Violence to Adolescent Violence: Examining the Mediating Mechanisms.Spencer D. Li, Ruoshan Xiong, Min Liang, Xiaohua Zhang & Wei Tang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    PurposePast research has documented a significant relationship between family violence and adolescent violence. However, much is unknown about the processes through which this association occurs, especially in the non-Western cultural context. To address this gap, we propose an integrated model encompassing multiple pathways that connect family violence to adolescent violence. Specifically, this study investigates how family violence is related to adolescent violence through violent peer association, normative beliefs about violence, and negative emotions.MethodWe tested the model using the two-wave survey data (...)
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  49. The works of Aristotle.J. A. Aristotle, W. D. Smith, John I. Ross, G. R. T. Beare & Harold H. Ross - 1908 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press. Edited by W. D. Ross & J. A. Smith.
    v. 1. Nicomachean ethics. Politics. The Athenian Constitution. Rhetoric. On Poetics.--v. 2. Logic.--v. 3. Physics. Metaphysics. On the soul. Short physical treaties.--v. 4. On the heavens. On generation and corruption. Meteorology. Biological treatises.
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  50.  93
    Descartes and the Late Scholastics.A. D. Smith - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):360-363.
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