Results for 'D. B. McCaughan'

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  1.  14
    Using Extra Output Learning to Insert a Symbolic Theory Into a Connectionist Network.M. R. W. Dawson, D. A. Medler, D. B. McCaughan, L. Willson & M. Carbonaro - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (2):171-201.
    This paper examines whether a classical model could be translated into a PDP network using a standard connectionist training technique called extra output learning. In Study 1, standard machine learning techniques were used to create a decision tree that could be used to classify 8124 different mushrooms as being edible or poisonous on the basis of 21 different Features (Schlimmer, 1987). In Study 2, extra output learning was used to insert this decision tree into a PDP network being trained on (...)
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  2. B. Magnus, "Nietzsche's Existential Imperative". [REVIEW]D. B. Allison - 1980 - Man and World 13 (3):466.
     
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  3. Nepotistic Patterns of Violent Psychopathy: Evidence for Adaptation?D. B. Krupp, L. A. Sewall, M. L. Lalumière, C. Sheriff & G. T. Harris - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3:1-8.
    Psychopaths routinely disregard social norms by engaging in selfish, antisocial, often violent behavior. Commonly characterized as mentally disordered, recent evidence suggests that psychopaths are executing a well-functioning, if unscrupulous strategy that historically increased reproductive success at the expense of others. Natural selection ought to have favored strategies that spared close kin from harm, however, because actions affecting the fitness of genetic relatives contribute to an individual’s inclusive fitness. Conversely, there is evidence that mental disorders can disrupt psychological mechanisms designed to (...)
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  4.  52
    Linee Fondametale d'Una Filosofia Dello Spirito. [REVIEW]B. B. D. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):477-477.
    An examination of the contemporary Italian movement associated with M. P. Sciacca, and the serious application of dialectical and phenomenological methods to unveil the structure of "intentionality" or "spirit." An appraisal of Sciacca together with a sample critique of Dante follows a competent summary of the prevailing positions.--D. B. B.
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  5. A Pluralistic Account of Intellectual Property.D. B. Resnik - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):319-335.
    This essay reviews six different approaches to intellectual property. It and argues that none of these accounts provide an adequate justification of intellectual property laws and policies because there are many different types of intellectual property, and a variety of incommensurable values play a role in the justification of intellectual property. The best approach to intellectual property is to assess and balance competing moral values in light of the particular facts and circumstances.
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  6.  17
    Les Chefs d'Œuvre de la Peinture Grecque. By G. Méautis. Pp. 220; Pl. 74. Paris: A. Michel, 1939. 50 Fr.D. B. J. - 1942 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 62:99-100.
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  7.  44
    Der Dialect der homerischeti Gedichte: von Dr. J. Van Leeuwen Jr. und M. B. Mendes Da Costa, aus dem Hollandischen übersetzt von Dr. E. Mehleb. Leipzig. Teubner. 1886. 8vo. pp. 158. Mk. 2.40. [REVIEW]D. B. Monro - 1887 - The Classical Review 1 (07):199-.
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  8.  65
    Book Review:The Meaning of National Guilds. C. E. Bechhofer, M. B. Reckitt. [REVIEW]D. B. C. - 1919 - Ethics 29 (4):504-.
  9.  39
    The Shape of Athenian Law.D. B. Walters & S. C. Todd - 1997 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 117:239-240.
    Unlike its predecessors, this systematic survey of the law of Athens is based on explicit discussion of how the subject might be studies, incorporating topics such as the democratic political system and social structure. Technical and legal terms are explained in a comprehensive glossary.
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  10.  49
    The Reformation in England.D. B. Zema - 1943 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 18 (3):519-520.
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  11.  38
    The Influence of Efficient Atomic Packing on the Constitution of Metallic Glasses.D. B. Miracle, W. S. Sanders & O. N. Senkov - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (20):2409-2428.
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  12.  46
    Environmental Factors in Christian History.D. B. Zema - 1940 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 15 (2):322-324.
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  13.  84
    Responsibility for Health: Personal, Social, and Environmental.D. B. Resnik - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):444-445.
    Most of the discussion in bioethics and health policy concerning social responsibility for health has focused on society’s obligation to provide access to healthcare. While ensuring access to healthcare is an important social responsibility, societies can promote health in many other ways, such as through sanitation, pollution control, food and drug safety, health education, disease surveillance, urban planning and occupational health. Greater attention should be paid to strategies for health promotion other than access to healthcare, such as environmental and public (...)
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  14. On Cultural Relativism and" Radical Doubt".D. B. Zilberman - 1995 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 164:359-359.
  15.  32
    Bilder Griechischer Vasen, Herausgegeben von J. D. Beazley and Paul Jacobsthal. Heft 1. Vasen Um Meidias. By Walter Hahland. Pp. 22; 24 Plates. Berlin: H. Keller, 1929. 25 M. - Musée National du Louvre, Catalogue des Vases Antiques de Terre Cuite. Troisième Partie, l'École Attique: 2°, Les Vases À Figures Rouges. Seconde Édition Revue Et Augmentée. By E. Pottier. Paris: Musées Nationaux, 1929. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1930 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 50 (1):160-161.
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  16.  18
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Great Britain 7 = British Museum 5. By H. B. Walters and E. J. Forsdyke. London: British Museum, 1930. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1930 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 50 (1):162-162.
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  17.  30
    Western Civilization.D. B. Zema - 1943 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 18 (1):117-119.
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  18.  18
    The Dove's Neckring About Love and LoversAbū Muḥammad `Alī Ibn Ḥazim Al Andalusī D. K. Pétrof A. R. Nykl.D. B. Macdonald - 1932 - Isis 17 (2):430-431.
  19.  17
    Le Pelerinage a la Mekke; Etude d'Histoire Religieuse. Annales du Musee Guimet. Maurice Gaudefroy-Demonbynes.D. B. Macdonald - 1926 - Isis 8 (1):209-210.
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  20.  7
    Rissalat al Tawhid. Cheikh Mohammed Abdou, B. Michel, Cheikh Moustapha Abdel Razik.D. B. Macdonald - 1927 - Isis 9 (3):456-457.
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  21.  22
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Pays-Bas 2 = Musée Scheurleer , 2. By C. W. Lunsingh Scheurleer. Paris: Champion, N.D. [1931]. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1932 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 52 (1):142-142.
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  22. The Commodification of Human Reproductive Materials.D. B. Resnik - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (6):388-393.
    This essay develops a framework for thinking about the moral basis for the commodification of human reproductive materials. It argues that selling and buying gametes and genes is morally acceptable although there should not be a market for zygotes, embryos, or genomes. Also a market in gametes and genes should be regulated in order to address concerns about the adverse social consequences of commodification.
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  23.  19
    The Impact of Rigid Definitions on Scientific Thinking.D. B. Zilversmit - 1964 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 7 (2):227-248.
  24.  24
    Ὦ Φλτατ'.D. B. Gregor - 1957 - The Classical Review 7 (01):14-15.
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  25.  11
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: British Museum, Fasc. 6 = Great Britain, Fasc. 8. By H. B. Walters. 48 Plates. London: Humphrey Milford, 1931. 15s. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1931 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 51 (1):121-123.
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  26.  9
    Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Cameos, Greek, Etruscan and Roman, in the British Museum. By H. B. Walters. London, 1926. Pp. 419, with 44 Plates. £2 10s. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1927 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 47 (1):142-145.
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  27.  15
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: United States of America, Fasc. 7 = The Robinson Collection, Baltimore, Fasc. 3. By D. M. Robinson with the Assistance of Sarah E. Freeman. Pp. 62; 44 Plates. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1938. 22s. 6d. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):153-153.
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  28.  7
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Great Britain 5 = British Museum 4. By H. B. Walters. London: Humphrey Milford, 1929.D. B. J. - 1929 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 49 (1):130-130.
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  29.  12
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Great Britain 2, British Museum 2. By A. H. Smith and P. N. Pryce. London, 1926. - Italy 1 and 2, Villa Giulia 1 and 2. By G. Q. Giglioli. Milan and Rome, N.D. - Belgium 1, Brussels 1. By F. Mayence. Paris, 1926. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1926 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 46 (2):291-293.
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  30.  21
    Eliminating the Daily Life Risks Standard From the Definition of Minimal Risk.D. B. Resnik - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):35-38.
    The phrase “minimal risk,” as defined in the United States’ federal research regulations, is ambiguous and poorly defined. This article argues that most of the ambiguity that one finds in the phrase stems from the “daily life risks” standard in the definition of minimal risk. In this article, the author argues that the daily life risks standard should be dropped and that “minimal risk” should be defined as simply “the probability and magnitude of the harm or discomfort anticipated in research (...)
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  31.  11
    Catalogue of the Greek and Roman Antiques in the Possession of the Right Honourable Lord Melchett, P.C., D.Sc, F.R.S., at Melchet Court and 35, Lowndes Square. By Eugénie Strong. Pp. 55; 42 Plates and 23 Illustrations in the Text. Oxford University Press, 1928. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1929 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 49 (2):310-311.
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  32.  6
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: United States of America, 2 = Providence, Museum of the Rhode Island School of Design, 1. By S. B. Luce. Pp. 50; 31 Plates. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1933. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53 (2):310-312.
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  33.  10
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Pologne 1 = Goluchów, Musée Czartoryski. By Kazimierz Bulas. Cracow: Gebethner and Wolff; and Paris: Champion, N.D. [1932]. All the Goluchow Vases. The Text is Good, and Brief. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1932 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 52 (1):142-143.
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  34.  10
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: United States of America 6 = The Robinson Collection, Baltimore, Md, 2. By D. M. Robinson, with the Assistance of S. E. Freeman. Pp. 38: 57 Plates. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1937. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1938 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 58 (2):267-268.
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  35.  9
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Italia 3 = Villa Giulia 3. By G. Q. Giglioli. Milan and Rome: Bestetti and Tuminelli, N.D. [1928]. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1928 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 48 (2):257-257.
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  36.  27
    Tarentum Pierre Wuilleumier: Tarente des origines à laconquête romaine. Pp. vi+756, with a portfolio containing 2 maps, 48 plates, and index. (Bibliothèque des Éicoles Francaises d'Athenes et de Rome, Fasc. 148.) Paris: de Boccard, 1939. [REVIEW]D. B. Harden - 1942 - The Classical Review 56 (01):37-39.
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  37.  7
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: France 7 = Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale 1. By Madame S. Lambrino . Paris: Champion, N.D. [1928]. 17s. 6d. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1928 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 48 (2):256-257.
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  38.  7
    Union Académique Internationale: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. France, Musée du Louvre, by E. Pottier: Fascicules 2 and 3. Paris, 1923 and 1925. France, Musée de Compiègne, by Mme. Marcelle Flot. Paris, 1924. Danemark, Copenhague, Museée National, by Chr. Blinkenberg and K. Friis Johansen: Fascicule I. Paris and Copenhagen, N.D. Great Britain, British Museum , by A. H. Smith. Fascicule 1. London, 1925. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1925 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 45 (2):285-286.
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  39.  5
    La Syrie a l'Epoque des Mamelouks d'Apres les Auteurs ArabesMaurice Gaudefroy-Demombynes.D. B. Macdonald - 1924 - Isis 6 (4):561-563.
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  40.  6
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Belgique, Fasc. 2 = Bruxelles, Musées Royaux d'Art Et d'Histoire , Fasc. 2. By F. Mayence and V. Verhoogen. Pp. 45; 50 Plates. Brussels: Musées Royaux, 1937. 26 Belgas. [REVIEW]D. B. J. - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):149-150.
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  41.  28
    Authorship Policies of Bioethics Journals.D. B. Resnik & Z. Master - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (7):424-428.
    Inappropriate authorship is a common problem in biomedical research and may be becoming one in bioethics, due to the increase in multiple authorship. This paper investigates the authorship policies of bioethics journals to determine whether they provide adequate guidance for researchers who submit articles for publication, which can help deter inappropriate authorship. It was found that 63.3% of bioethics journals provide no guidance on authorship; 36.7% provide guidance on which contributions merit authorship, 23.3% provide guidance on which contributions do not (...)
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  42.  78
    Susan Schneider's Proposed Tests for AI Consciousness: Promising but Flawed.D. B. Udell & Eric Schwitzgebel - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (5-6):121-144.
    Susan Schneider (2019) has proposed two new tests for consciousness in AI (artificial intelligence) systems, the AI Consciousness Test and the Chip Test. On their face, the two tests seem to have the virtue of proving satisfactory to a wide range of consciousness theorists holding divergent theoretical positions, rather than narrowly relying on the truth of any particular theory of consciousness. Unfortunately, both tests are undermined in having an ‘audience problem’: Those theorists with the kind of architectural worries that motivate (...)
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  43.  3
    Organicity of the Phenomenon of Culture as an Explication of Vitality.D. B. Svyrydenko, O. D. Yatsenko & O. V. Prudnikova - 2019 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 16:7-23.
    Purpose. The aim of the article is to clarify the content of the concept of culture as an explication of vitality within the philosophy of life and its further modifications in current problems of contemporary. The analysis performed standing from the point, that contrasting of nature and culture is irrelevant, since culture does not contradict natural determinants and patterns, but rather qualitatively alters them. So, are justified the idea of culture as a phenomenon that exist accordingly and in proportion to (...)
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  44.  26
    Enhanced Dimension-Specific Visual Working Memory in Grapheme-Color Synesthesia.D. B. Terhune, O. A. Wudarczyk, P. Kochuparampil & R. C. Kadosh - 2013 - Cognition 129 (1):123-137.
  45.  12
    Caravan Cities. By M. Rostovtzeff. Translated by D. And T. Talbot Rice. Pp. Xiv + 232; 25 Plates, 5 Maps and Plans. Oxford: Clarendon Press, and London: H. Milford, 1932. 15s. [REVIEW]D. B. R. - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53 (1):125-126.
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  46. Shame as a Tool for Persuasion in Plato's Gorgias: Plato.Gorgias.D. B. Futter - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):451-461.
    In gorgias, socrates stands accused of argumentative "foul play" involving manipulation by shame. Polus says that Socrates wins the fight with Gorgias by shaming him into the admission that "a rhetorician knows what is right . . . and would teach this to his pupils" . And later, when Polus himself has been "tied up" and "muzzled" , Callicles says that he was refuted only because he was ashamed to reveal his true convictions . These allegations, if justified, directly undermine (...)
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  47.  9
    Property and Punishment in the Eighteenth Century: Beccaria and His Critics.D. B. Young - 1986 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 31 (1):121-135.
  48. Critical Psychiatry: The Limits of Madness.D. B. Double (ed.) - 2006 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Psychiatry is increasingly dominated by the reductionist claim that mental illness is caused by neurobiological abnormalities such as chemical imbalances in the brain. Critical psychiatry does not believe that this is the whole story and proposes a more ethical foundation for practice. This book describes an original framework for renewing mental health services in alliance with people with mental health problems. It is an advance over the polarization created by the "anti-psychiatry" of the past.
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  49.  69
    Obituary.D. B. Sharma - 1987 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 15 (2):111-114.
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  50.  20
    Re-Consenting Human Subjects: Ethical, Legal and Practical Issues.D. B. Resnik - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (11):656-657.
    Informed consent is one of the foundational ethical and legal requirements of research with human subjects. The Nuremberg Code, the Helsinki Declaration, the Belmont Report, the Common Rule and many other laws and codes require that research subjects make a voluntary, informed choice to participate in research.12345 Informed consent is based on the moral principle of respect for autonomy, which holds that rational individuals have a right to make decisions and take actions that reflect their values and preferences. 6 Whereas (...)
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