Results for 'D. B. Krupp'

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  1. Nepotistic patterns of violent psychopathy: evidence for adaptation?D. B. Krupp, L. A. Sewall, M. L. Lalumière, C. Sheriff & G. T. Harris - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3:1-8.
    Psychopaths routinely disregard social norms by engaging in selfish, antisocial, often violent behavior. Commonly characterized as mentally disordered, recent evidence suggests that psychopaths are executing a well-functioning, if unscrupulous strategy that historically increased reproductive success at the expense of others. Natural selection ought to have favored strategies that spared close kin from harm, however, because actions affecting the fitness of genetic relatives contribute to an individual’s inclusive fitness. Conversely, there is evidence that mental disorders can disrupt psychological mechanisms designed to (...)
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  2.  8
    The importance of being explicit.Martin Daly & D. B. Krupp - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40:e83.
    Van Lange et al. propose that climate affects violence via its effects on life history. That much is reasonable (and not novel), but their theory lacks causal specificity. Their foundational claim of an association between heat and violence is not well documented, and several findings that the authors themselves cite seem inconsistent with their model, rather than supportive.
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  3. Susan Schneider's Proposed Tests for AI Consciousness: Promising but Flawed.D. B. Udell & Eric Schwitzgebel - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (5-6):121-144.
    Susan Schneider (2019) has proposed two new tests for consciousness in AI (artificial intelligence) systems, the AI Consciousness Test and the Chip Test. On their face, the two tests seem to have the virtue of proving satisfactory to a wide range of consciousness theorists holding divergent theoretical positions, rather than narrowly relying on the truth of any particular theory of consciousness. Unfortunately, both tests are undermined in having an ‘audience problem’: Those theorists with the kind of architectural worries that motivate (...)
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  4.  48
    A Pluralistic Account of Intellectual Property.D. B. Resnik - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):319-335.
    This essay reviews six different approaches to intellectual property. It and argues that none of these accounts provide an adequate justification of intellectual property laws and policies because (1) there are many different types of intellectual property, and (2) a variety of incommensurable values play a role in the justification of intellectual property. The best approach to intellectual property is to assess and balance competing moral values in light of the particular facts and circumstances.
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  5. Responsibility for health: personal, social, and environmental.D. B. Resnik - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):444-445.
    Most of the discussion in bioethics and health policy concerning social responsibility for health has focused on society’s obligation to provide access to healthcare. While ensuring access to healthcare is an important social responsibility, societies can promote health in many other ways, such as through sanitation, pollution control, food and drug safety, health education, disease surveillance, urban planning and occupational health. Greater attention should be paid to strategies for health promotion other than access to healthcare, such as environmental and public (...)
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  6.  41
    Eliminating the daily life risks standard from the definition of minimal risk.D. B. Resnik - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):35-38.
    The phrase “minimal risk,” as defined in the United States’ federal research regulations, is ambiguous and poorly defined. This article argues that most of the ambiguity that one finds in the phrase stems from the “daily life risks” standard in the definition of minimal risk. In this article, the author argues that the daily life risks standard should be dropped and that “minimal risk” should be defined as simply “the probability and magnitude of the harm or discomfort anticipated in research (...)
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  7.  49
    Authorship policies of bioethics journals.D. B. Resnik & Z. Master - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (7):424-428.
    Inappropriate authorship is a common problem in biomedical research and may be becoming one in bioethics, due to the increase in multiple authorship. This paper investigates the authorship policies of bioethics journals to determine whether they provide adequate guidance for researchers who submit articles for publication, which can help deter inappropriate authorship. It was found that 63.3% of bioethics journals provide no guidance on authorship; 36.7% provide guidance on which contributions merit authorship, 23.3% provide guidance on which contributions do not (...)
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  8.  31
    Ὦ φλτατ'.D. B. Gregor - 1957 - The Classical Review 7 (01):14-15.
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  9.  50
    The influence of efficient atomic packing on the constitution of metallic glasses.D. B. Miracle, W. S. Sanders & O. N. Senkov - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (20):2409-2428.
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  10.  38
    Re-consenting human subjects: ethical, legal and practical issues.D. B. Resnik - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (11):656-657.
    Informed consent is one of the foundational ethical and legal requirements of research with human subjects. The Nuremberg Code, the Helsinki Declaration, the Belmont Report, the Common Rule and many other laws and codes require that research subjects make a voluntary, informed choice to participate in research.12345 Informed consent is based on the moral principle of respect for autonomy, which holds that rational individuals have a right to make decisions and take actions that reflect their values and preferences. 6 Whereas (...)
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  11.  47
    Eclecticism and Adolf Meyer's functional understanding of mental illness.D. B. Double - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 356-358.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Eclecticism and Adolf Meyer’s Functional Understanding of Mental IllnessD. B. Double (bio)KeywordsAdolf Meyer, eclecticism, functionalism, biopsychosocial modelGhaemi’s Commentary and Meyer’s ‘Eclecticism’I am not against humanism. How could anyone be against the humanistic wisdom rooted in the worthy writings of Socrates, Hippocrates, Shakespeare, Cervantes, Osler, and the others listed by Nassir Ghaemi? Psychiatry should recognize the dignity and value of all people. The problem is that it may not always (...)
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  12. Shame as a Tool for Persuasion in Plato's Gorgias.D. B. Futter - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):451-461.
    In Gorgias, Socrates stands accused of argumentative "foul play" involving manipulation by shame. Polus says that Socrates wins the fight with Gorgias by shaming him into the admission that "a rhetorician knows what is right . . . and would teach this to his pupils" . And later, when Polus himself has been "tied up" and "muzzled" , Callicles says that he was refuted only because he was ashamed to reveal his true convictions. These allegations, if justified, directly undermine Socrates' (...)
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  13.  38
    Teaching, learning and thirdness.D. B. Gowin - 1961 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 1 (3):87-113.
  14. Is the precautionary principle unscientific?B. D. - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):329-344.
    The precautionary principle holds that we should not allow scientific uncertainty to prevent us from taking precautionary measures in response to potential threats that are irreversible and potentially disastrous. Critics of the principle claim that it deters progress and development, is excessively risk-aversive and is unscientific. This paper argues that the principle can be scientific provided that (1) the threats addressed by the principle are plausible threats, and (2) the precautionary measures adopted are reasonable. The paper also argues that one (...)
     
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  15.  30
    The Dove's Neckring about Love and LoversAbū Muḥammad `Alī ibn Ḥazim al Andalusī D. K. Pétrof A. R. Nykl.D. B. Macdonald - 1932 - Isis 17 (2):430-431.
  16.  24
    Critical psychiatry: the limits of madness.D. B. Double (ed.) - 2006 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Psychiatry is increasingly dominated by the reductionist claim that mental illness is caused by neurobiological abnormalities such as chemical imbalances in the brain. Critical psychiatry does not believe that this is the whole story and proposes a more ethical foundation for practice. This book describes an original framework for renewing mental health services in alliance with people with mental health problems. It is an advance over the polarization created by the "anti-psychiatry" of the past.
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  17. A Multicenter Weighted Lottery to Equitably Allocate Scarce COVID-19 Therapeutics.D. B. White, E. K. McCreary, C. H. Chang, M. Schmidhofer, J. R. Bariola, N. N. Jonassaint, Parag A. Pathak, G. Persad, R. D. Truog, T. Sonmez & M. Utku Unver - 2022 - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 206 (4):503–506.
    Shortages of new therapeutics to treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have forced clinicians, public health officials, and health systems to grapple with difficult questions about how to fairly allocate potentially life-saving treatments when there are not enough for all patients in need (1). Shortages have occurred with remdesivir, tocilizumab, monoclonal antibodies, and the oral antiviral Paxlovid (2) -/- Ensuring equitable allocation is especially important in light of the disproportionate burden experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic by disadvantaged groups, including Black, Hispanic/Latino and (...)
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  18. The magic jewel of intuition: the tri-basic method of cognizing the self.D. B. Gangolli - 1986 - Holenarasipur: Adhyatma Prakasha Karyalaya. Edited by Satchidanandendra Saraswati.
    Can the totality of consciousness be found within the waking state? Can human consciousness be understood in its entirety by only considering the contents presented to us in the waking state? Why is the waking state so privileged? -/- This treatise from Indian author D.B. Gangolli presents the tri-basic method or the method of the three states of consciousness as the principle device or strategy employed in the science of Advaita Vedanta for arriving at knowledge and understanding of Ultimate Reality (...)
     
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  19. Attention, consciousness, sleep, and wakefulness.D. B. Lindsley - 1960 - In H. W. Magoun & V. Hall (eds.), Handbook of Physiology. Section I: Neurophysiology. American Physiological Society.
  20.  18
    The Pentamerone. Giambattista Basile, Benedetto Croce, N. M. Penzer.D. B. Macdonald - 1934 - Isis 20 (2):464-467.
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  21. Love and Justice, Selections from the Shorter Writings of Reinhold Niebuhr.D. B. Robertson - 1957
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  22. Clark and Sellars on spatial experience.D. B. Meehan - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S71 - S71.
  23. The commodification of human reproductive materials.D. B. Resnik - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (6):388-393.
    This essay develops a framework for thinking about the moral basis for the commodification of human reproductive materials. It argues that selling and buying gametes and genes is morally acceptable although there should not be a market for zygotes, embryos, or genomes. Also a market in gametes and genes should be regulated in order to address concerns about the adverse social consequences of commodification.
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  24.  37
    The structure and dynamics of scientific theories: a hierarchical Bayesian perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘para- digms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher-level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea (...)
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  25.  19
    Organicity of the phenomenon of culture as an explication of vitality.D. B. Svyrydenko, O. D. Yatsenko & O. V. Prudnikova - 2019 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 16:7-23.
    Purpose. The aim of the article is to clarify the content of the concept of culture as an explication of vitality within the philosophy of life and its further modifications in current problems of contemporary. The analysis performed standing from the point, that contrasting of nature and culture is irrelevant, since culture does not contradict natural determinants and patterns, but rather qualitatively alters them. So, are justified the idea of culture as a phenomenon that exist accordingly and in proportion to (...)
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  26.  39
    The psychology of conscience.D. B. Klein - 1930 - International Journal of Ethics 40 (2):246-262.
  27.  5
    The District of Columbia Amends its Health-Care Decisions Act: Bioethics Committees in the Arena of Public Policy.D. B. Mishkin & G. Povar - 2005 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 16 (4):292-298.
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  28.  17
    On Pindar, Nem. II. 14.D. B. Monro - 1892 - The Classical Review 6 (1-2):3-4.
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  29.  20
    On the Fragment of Proclus' Abstract of the Epic Cycle Contained in the Codex Venetus of the Iliad.D. B. Monro - 1883 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 4:305-334.
  30.  18
    The Place and Time of Homer.D. B. Monro - 1905 - The Classical Review 19 (05):239-241.
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  31.  32
    Building a philosophy of education.D. B. Gowin - 1961 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 2 (1):39-51.
  32.  16
    Note on "The Meanings of the Philosophers by al-Ghazzālī".D. B. Macdonald - 1937 - Isis 27 (1):9-10.
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  33.  13
    The Meanings of the Philosophers by al-Ghazzālī.D. B. Macdonald - 1936 - Isis 25 (1):9-15.
  34.  17
    The Psychology of Conscience.D. B. Klein - 1929 - International Journal of Ethics 40 (2):246.
  35.  31
    Le Pelerinage a la Mekke; Etude d'histoire religieuse. Annales du Musee Guimet. Maurice Gaudefroy-Demonbynes.D. B. Macdonald - 1926 - Isis 8 (1):209-210.
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  36.  65
    On Constructing the Disorder of Hysteria.D. B. Allison & M. S. Roberts - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (3):239-259.
    The concept of hysteria is traced from Hippocrates, where it was thought to be caused by a wandering uterus, through Galen and up to Freud. Throughout the history of medicine from the early Greeks up to the end of the nineteenth century, the definition and diagnosis of hysteria had a function similar to that found in the persecution of witchcraft: it sought to eradicate the outbursts of nonconforming and emotionally threatening conduct of women. At the beginning of the twentieth century, (...)
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  37.  10
    Grundzüge des islamischen Rechts. Gotthelf Bergsträsser, Joseph Schacht.D. B. MacDonald - 1936 - Isis 26 (1):203-203.
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  38. Reformed Logic, a System Based on Berkeley's Philosophy.D. B. Maclachlan - 1892
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  39.  32
    Edit, cut and paste in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor gene family ofDrosophila melanogaster.D. B. Sattelle, A. K. Jones, B. M. Sattelle, K. Matsuda, R. Reenan & P. C. Biggin - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (4):366-376.
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  40.  21
    The cosmic field tensor in bimetric general relativity.D. B. Kerrighan - 1985 - Foundations of Physics 15 (3):379-386.
    We construct all cosmic field tensors which are symmetric rank-two tensor concomitants of a metric and a background metric and which have zero divergence when the background metric satisfies the generalized De Donder condition. The resulting background cosmic field represents an Einstein space-time.
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  41. 1 Complexity of Computational Problems.D. B. Shmoys & E. Tardos - forthcoming - Complexity.
  42.  40
    Punishing failed attempts less severely than successes.D. B. Hershenov - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):479-489.
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  43.  9
    George P. Conger 1884-1960.D. B. Terrell - 1960 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 34:94 - 95.
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  44.  27
    Teaching, learning and thirdness revisited.D. B. Gowin - 1962 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 2 (3):287-298.
  45.  41
    Sophocles Electra 610–11.D. B. Gregor - 1950 - The Classical Review 64 (3-4):87-88.
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  46.  33
    The Aorist in μ Clauses (C.R. lxvii, 1953, p. 2).D. B. Gregor - 1954 - The Classical Review 4 (02):97-.
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  47.  25
    Point counterpoint: The emergence of fancy and imagination in coleridge.D. B. Lang - 1958 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 16 (3):384-397.
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  48.  27
    Continuous Re-Creation and Atomic Time in Muslim Scholastic Theology.D. B. Macdonald - 1927 - Isis 9 (2):326-344.
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  49.  33
    Homosexual relationships: a contribution to discussion.D. B. Forrester - 1980 - Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (1):43-44.
  50.  4
    The essential Ādi Shankara.D. B. Gangolli - 1991 - Bangalore: Adhyatma Prakasha Karyalaya.
    On the vedantic philosophy of Śaṅkaracarya.
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