Results for 'D. A. Medler'

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  1.  14
    Using Extra Output Learning to Insert a Symbolic Theory Into a Connectionist Network.M. R. W. Dawson, D. A. Medler, D. B. McCaughan, L. Willson & M. Carbonaro - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (2):171-201.
    This paper examines whether a classical model could be translated into a PDP network using a standard connectionist training technique called extra output learning. In Study 1, standard machine learning techniques were used to create a decision tree that could be used to classify 8124 different mushrooms as being edible or poisonous on the basis of 21 different Features (Schlimmer, 1987). In Study 2, extra output learning was used to insert this decision tree into a PDP network being trained on (...)
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  2.  48
    Manichaean Responses to Zoroastrianism. *: D. A. SCOTT.D. A. Scott - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (4):435-457.
    Justice will once take the place which the Magians are keeping now, for it is they who lord it over the world.
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  3.  27
    Hume and Intrinsic Value: D. A. Lloyd Thomas.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1990 - Philosophy 65 (254):419-437.
    In this essay an ‘objective’ account of intrinsic value is proposed and partly defended. It is claimed that a kind of value exists which is, or may reasonably be supposed to be, a property of certain objects. The presence of such value is not to be wholly accounted for as the ‘projection’ of certain human feelings elicited by the object thought to be of value, nor by the object's meeting certain operative human conventions prescribing what is to be admired, nor (...)
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  4.  13
    The Ones in Darkness: D. A. Lloyd Thomas.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1979 - Philosophy 54 (209):361-376.
    If the world were wholly just, the following inductive definition would exhaustively cover the subject of justice in holdings. 1. A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in acquisition is entitled to that holding. 2. A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in transfer, from someone else entitled to the holding, is entitled to the holding. 3. No one is entitled to a holding except by applications of i (...)
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  5.  31
    Rights, Consequences, and Mill on Liberty1: D. A. Lloyd Thomas.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:167-180.
    Mill says that the object of his essay On Liberty is to defend a certain principle, which I will call the ‘liberty principle’, and will take to say the following: ‘It is permissible, in principle, for the state or society to control the actions of individuals “only in respect to those actions of each, which concern the interest of other people”’. The liberty principle is a prescription of intermediate generality. Mill intends it to support more specific political prescriptions, such as (...)
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  6.  69
    Evidentiality.A. I͡U Aĭkhenvalʹd - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    In some languages every statement must contain a specification of the type of evidence on which it is based: for example, whether the speaker saw it, or heard it, or inferred it from indirect evidence, or learnt it from someone else. This grammatical reference to information source is called 'evidentiality', and is one of the least described grammatical categories. Evidentiality systems differ in how complex they are: some distinguish just two terms (eyewitness and noneyewitness, or reported and everything else), while (...)
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  7.  9
    Self and Community in a Changing World.D. A. Masolo - 2010 - Indiana University Press.
    Revisiting African philosophy’s classic questions, D. A. Masolo advances understandings of what it means to be human—whether of African or other origin. Masolo reframes indigenous knowledge as diversity: How are we to understand the place and structure of consciousness? How does the everyday color the world we know? Where are the boundaries between self and other, universal and particular, and individual and community? From here, he takes a dramatic turn toward Africa’s current political situation and considers why individual rights and (...)
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  8.  98
    Blame: Its Nature and Norms.D. Justin Coates & Neal A. Tognazzini (eds.) - 2013 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    One mark of interpersonal relationships is a tendency to blame. But what precise evaluations and responses constitute blame? Is it most centrally a judgment, or is it an emotion, or something else? Does blame express a demand, or embody a protest, or does it simply mark an impaired relationship? What accounts for its force or sting, and how similar is it to punishment?The essays in this volume explore answers to these questions about the nature of blame, but they also explore (...)
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  9.  58
    Constructing the Death Elephant: A Synthetic Paradigm Shift for the Definition, Criteria, and Tests for Death.D. A. Shewmon - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):256-298.
    In debates about criteria for human death, several camps have emerged, the main two focusing on either loss of the "organism as a whole" (the mainstream view) or loss of consciousness or "personhood." Controversies also rage over the proper definition of "irreversible" in criteria for death. The situation is reminiscent of the proverbial blind men palpating an elephant; each describes the creature according to the part he can touch. Similarly, each camp grasps some aspect of the complex reality of death. (...)
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  10.  20
    Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics. A Commentary by the Late H. H. Joachim. Edited by D. A. Rees. Pp. Vi + 304. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1951. 25s. [REVIEW]D. J. Allan & D. A. Rees - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:158-158.
  11.  82
    On a Three-Valued Logical Calculus and its Application to the Analysis of the Paradoxes of the Classical Extended Functional Calculus.D. A. Bochvar & Merrie Bergmann - 1981 - History and Philosophy of Logic 2 (1-2):87-112.
    A three-valued propositional logic is presented, within which the three values are read as ?true?, ?false? and ?nonsense?. A three-valued extended functional calculus, unrestricted by the theory of types, is then developed. Within the latter system, Bochvar analyzes the Russell paradox and the Grelling-Weyl paradox, formally demonstrating the meaninglessness of both.
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  12.  50
    Jonathan Barnes, Malcolm Schofield, Richard Sorabji: Articles on Aristotle, 4. Psychology and Aesthetics. Pp. Xii + 212; 1 Photogravure. London: Duckworth, 1979. £12. [REVIEW]D. A. Rees - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (1):99-100.
  13. D. F. Pears on `is Existence a Predicate?'.D. A. Griffiths - 1975 - Mind 84 (335):431-435.
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  14.  32
    Articles on Aristotle, 4. Psychology and Aesthetics. [REVIEW]D. A. Rees - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (1):99-100.
  15.  25
    Gundissalinus’ De Anima and the Problem of Substantial Form.D. A. Callus - 1939 - New Scholasticism 13 (4):338-355.
  16. Lexical Semantics.D. A. Cruse - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are (...)
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  17.  9
    A Physiological Control Theory of Food Intake in the Rat: Mark 1.D. A. Booth & F. M. Toates - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (6):442-444.
    Signals to the brain from the flows of energy around the body, varied primarily by declining amounts of food energy in the stomach, can explain the pattern of meals in the laboratory rat, the differences between dark and light phases, and the development of obesity ion the rat wioth VMH lesions but normal sating.
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  18.  50
    Decision Analysis as a Basis for Medical Decision Making: The Tree of Hippocrates.D. A. Zarin & S. G. Pauker - 1984 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (2):181-214.
    Physicians have developed a number of implicit and explicit approaches to complex medical decisions. Decision analysis is an explicit, quantitative method of clinical decision making that involves the separation of the probabilities of events from their relative values, or utilities. Its use can help physicians make difficult choices in a manner that promotes true patient participation. Decision analysis also provides a framework for the incorporation of data from multiple sources and for the assessment of the impact of uncertain data on (...)
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  19.  37
    Protogeometric Pottery. By V. R. d'A. Desborough. Pp. Xvi + 330, with 38 Plates and 1 Map. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952. 105s. [REVIEW]Sylvia Benton & V. R. D'A. Desborough - 1956 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 76:124-124.
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  20.  38
    Sallust's Jugurtha - A. D. Leeman: Aufbau und Absicht von Sallusts Bellum Jugurthinum. Pp. 33. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Mij., 1957. Paper, fl. 2. [REVIEW]D. A. Malcolm - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (02):140-142.
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  21.  39
    The Quartercentenary Model of D–N Explanation.D. A. Thorpe - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (2):188-195.
    This paper presents a new formal model for D–N explanation that gives intuitive criteria of acceptability, avoids the known trivializations, and links explanation with confirmation theory. Although set in the twenty-five year tradition of attempts to formalize D–N explanation, it proposes a new direction for the model that is to be distinguished from the syntactical and informational approaches by its introduction of restrictions which derive from the use which the D–N model can have in hypothesis testing. This model, illustrating the (...)
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  22.  37
    Validating a Standardised Test Battery for Synesthesia: Does the Synesthesia Battery Reliably Detect Synesthesia?D. A. Carmichael, M. P. Down, R. C. Shillcock, D. M. Eagleman & J. Simner - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:375-385.
  23. Avtonomii͡a Religioznogo Soznanii͡a: Teorii͡a, Metodologii͡a, Praktika.D. A. Zaevskiĭ - 2004 - Armavirskiĭ Gos. Pedagogicheskiĭ Universitet.
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  24.  19
    Claude Berguerand, Le Duel d'Othon de Grandson : Mort d'Un Chevalier-Poète Vaudois À la Fin du Moyen 'Ge. Lausanne: Section d'Histoire, Université de Lausanne, 2008. Paper. Pp. V, 238; 2 Color Figures, 4 Color Illustrations, and 4 Tables. [REVIEW]D'A. J. D. Boulton - 2010 - Speculum 85 (4):933-934.
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  25.  33
    D. A. Jackson: East Greek Influence on Attic Vases. (Hellenic Society Supplementary Paper XIII.) Pp. Xi + 86; 33 Illustrations. London: The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, 1976. Paper, £2. [REVIEW]D. C. Kurtz - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (2):376-376.
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  26. Conscious and Unconscious Cognition: A Computational Metaphor for the Mechanism of Attention and Integration.D. A. Allport - 1979 - In L. Nilsson (ed.), Perspectives on Memory Research. pp. 61--89.
  27.  32
    Consciousness in Congenitally Decorticate Children: Developmental Vegetative State as Self-Fulfilling Prophecy.D. A. Shewmon, G. L. Holmes & P. A. Byrne - 1999 - Dev Med Child Neurol 41:364-374.
  28.  30
    Internal Cohen Extensions.D. A. Martin & R. M. Solovay - 1970 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 2 (2):143-178.
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  29.  14
    Congress Thera and the Aegean World. 3. Proceedings of the Third International Congress, Santorini, 3–9 September 1989. Ed. D. A. Hardy and A. C. Renfrew, Iii Chronology. London: Thera Foundation, 1990. Pp. 242, Numerous Illus. Price Not Stated. [REVIEW]R. L. N. Barber, Congress, D. A. Hardy & A. C. Renfrew - 1992 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 112:212-213.
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  30.  15
    A Temporal Ratio Model of Memory.Gordon D. A. Brown, Ian Neath & Nick Chater - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (3):539-576.
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  31.  81
    Germ-Line Genetic Engineering: A Critical Look at Magisterial Catholic Teaching.D. A. Jones - 2012 - Christian Bioethics 18 (2):126-144.
    This article is written from within the Catholic, and more particularly the Augustinian/Thomist tradition of moral theology. It analyses the response of the Catholic Magisterium to the prospect of germline-genetic engineering (GGE). This is a very new issue and the Church has little definitive teaching on it. The statements of Popes and Vatican congregations or commissions have not settled the key questions. An analysis of theological themes drawn from secular writers points beyond pragmatic safety considerations toward intrinsic ethical limits to (...)
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  32.  94
    African Philosophy in Search of Identity.D. A. Masolo - 1994 - Edinburgh University Press.
    " -- Africa Today "The excellence of this book lies in the wealth of perspectives that it brings to the discussion on what constitutes philosophy, rationality, ...
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  33. Realism and Conventionalism in Einstein's Philosophy of Science: The Einstein-Schlick Correspondence.D. A. Howard - 1984 - Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):616.
  34.  23
    The Concept of Representation.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (75):186-187.
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  35.  99
    Boltzmann and Gibbs: An Attempted Reconciliation.D. A. Lavis - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (2):245-273.
  36.  25
    Athens National Archaeological Museum. The Mycenaean World: Five Centuries of Early Greek Culture 1600–1100 BC. By K. Demakopoulou and Others. Trans. M. E. Caskey and D. A. Hardy. Athens: Ministry of Culture—National Hellenic Committee—ICOM, 1988. Pp. 277, Numerous Col. Illus. . 3000 Dr. [REVIEW]O. T. P. K. Dickinson, Athens, K. Demakopoulou, M. E. Caskey & D. A. Hardy - 1990 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 110:259-260.
  37.  14
    Can Sense Be Made of Spinal Interneuron Circuits?D. A. McCrea - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):633-643.
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  38.  32
    A Theorem on Absolute Indiscernibles.D. A. Anapolitanos - 1978 - Studia Logica 37 (3):291 - 295.
  39.  21
    Contrast From Stacking Faults and Partial Dislocations in the Field-Ion Microscope.D. A. Smith, M. A. Fortes, A. Kelly & B. Ralph - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (149):1065-1077.
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  40.  12
    Brouwer's Philosophy of Mathematics: Review of L. E. J. Brouwer (A. Heyting and H. Freudenthal Eds.), Collected Works[REVIEW]D. A. Gillies - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (1):105 - 126.
  41. Abrey, CA, 163 Adite, A., 367 Aguirre, WE, 403 Amaro, R., 189.D. A. Arrington, R. Barbieri, T. P. Bassista, G. Baumgartner, E. Bellafronte da Silva, M. A. Benavides, J. Ben-David, M. G. Bennett, A. Bhat & A. Bialetzki - 2005 - In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press. pp. 263.
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  42. Joly. - L'homme et l'animal. [REVIEW]D. A. D. A. - 1877 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 4:215.
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  43. JOHNSON, W. E.: An Impression.D. A. D. A. - 1932 - Mind 41:136.
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  44.  39
    A Commentary On The Nicomachean Ethics. [REVIEW]D. A. Russell - 1953 - The Classical Review 3 (1):20-22.
  45.  51
    Aristotle's Philosophy D. J. Allan: The Philosophy of Aristotle. Pp. 220. London: Oxford University Press, 1952. Cloth, 6s. Net. [REVIEW]D. A. Rees - 1954 - The Classical Review 4 (3-4):244-247.
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  46.  45
    A Note on Hare's Analysis of "Good".D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1963 - Mind 72 (288):562-567.
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  47. Free Will in a Mechanistic Universe? An Extension.D. A. Evans & P. T. Landsberg - 1972 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (4):336-343.
  48.  57
    A New Text of Diogenes Laertius H. S. Long: Diogenis Laertii Vitae Philosophorum. (Oxford Classical Texts.) 2 Vols. Pp. Xx+Xvi+597. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964. Cloth, 35s. Net Each. [REVIEW]D. A. Russell - 1965 - The Classical Review 15 (02):174-176.
  49.  3
    A Research Ethics Framework for the Clinical Translation of Healthcare Machine Learning.Melissa D. McCradden, James A. Anderson, Elizabeth A. Stephenson, Erik Drysdale, Lauren Erdman, Anna Goldenberg & Randi Zlotnik Shaul - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (5):8-22.
    The application of artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies in healthcare have immense potential to improve the care of patients. While there are some emerging practices surro...
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  50.  92
    The Role of Primordial Emotions in the Evolutionary Origin of Consciousness.D. A. Denton, M. J. McKinley, M. Farrell & G. F. Egan - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):500-514.
    Primordial emotions are the subjective element of the instincts which are the genetically programmed behaviour patterns which contrive homeostasis. They include thirst, hunger for air, hunger for food, pain and hunger for specific minerals etc.There are two constituents of a primordial emotion—the specific sensation which when severe may be imperious, and the compelling intention for gratification by a consummatory act. They may dominate the stream of consciousness, and can have plenipotentiary power over behaviour.It is hypothesized that early in animal evolution (...)
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