Results for 'D. A. Lungina'

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  1. Russia's Acquaintance with Kierkegaard.D. A. Lungina - 2005 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (4):50-70.
  2. Self and Community in a Changing World.D. A. Masolo - 2010 - Indiana University Press.
    Revisiting African philosophy’s classic questions, D. A. Masolo advances understandings of what it means to be human—whether of African or other origin. Masolo reframes indigenous knowledge as diversity: How are we to understand the place and structure of consciousness? How does the everyday color the world we know? Where are the boundaries between self and other, universal and particular, and individual and community? From here, he takes a dramatic turn toward Africa’s current political situation and considers why individual rights and (...)
     
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  3.  80
    On a Three-Valued Logical Calculus and its Application to the Analysis of the Paradoxes of the Classical Extended Functional Calculus.D. A. Bochvar & Merrie Bergmann - 1981 - History and Philosophy of Logic 2 (1-2):87-112.
    A three-valued propositional logic is presented, within which the three values are read as ?true?, ?false? and ?nonsense?. A three-valued extended functional calculus, unrestricted by the theory of types, is then developed. Within the latter system, Bochvar analyzes the Russell paradox and the Grelling-Weyl paradox, formally demonstrating the meaninglessness of both.
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  4.  48
    Manichaean Responses to Zoroastrianism. *: D. A. SCOTT.D. A. Scott - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (4):435-457.
    Justice will once take the place which the Magians are keeping now, for it is they who lord it over the world.
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  5.  58
    Constructing the Death Elephant: A Synthetic Paradigm Shift for the Definition, Criteria, and Tests for Death.D. A. Shewmon - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):256-298.
    In debates about criteria for human death, several camps have emerged, the main two focusing on either loss of the "organism as a whole" (the mainstream view) or loss of consciousness or "personhood." Controversies also rage over the proper definition of "irreversible" in criteria for death. The situation is reminiscent of the proverbial blind men palpating an elephant; each describes the creature according to the part he can touch. Similarly, each camp grasps some aspect of the complex reality of death. (...)
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  6.  27
    Hume and Intrinsic Value: D. A. Lloyd Thomas.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1990 - Philosophy 65 (254):419-437.
    In this essay an ‘objective’ account of intrinsic value is proposed and partly defended. It is claimed that a kind of value exists which is, or may reasonably be supposed to be, a property of certain objects. The presence of such value is not to be wholly accounted for as the ‘projection’ of certain human feelings elicited by the object thought to be of value, nor by the object's meeting certain operative human conventions prescribing what is to be admired, nor (...)
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  7.  13
    The Ones in Darkness: D. A. Lloyd Thomas.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1979 - Philosophy 54 (209):361-376.
    If the world were wholly just, the following inductive definition would exhaustively cover the subject of justice in holdings. 1. A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in acquisition is entitled to that holding. 2. A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in transfer, from someone else entitled to the holding, is entitled to the holding. 3. No one is entitled to a holding except by applications of i (...)
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  8.  92
    African Philosophy in Search of Identity.D. A. Masolo - 1994 - Edinburgh University Press.
    " -- Africa Today "The excellence of this book lies in the wealth of perspectives that it brings to the discussion on what constitutes philosophy, rationality, ...
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  9. Lexical Semantics.D. A. Cruse - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are (...)
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  10.  8
    A Physiological Control Theory of Food Intake in the Rat: Mark 1.D. A. Booth & F. M. Toates - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (6):442-444.
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  11.  36
    Protogeometric Pottery. By V. R. d'A. Desborough. Pp. Xvi + 330, with 38 Plates and 1 Map. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952. 105s. [REVIEW]Sylvia Benton & V. R. D'A. Desborough - 1956 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 76:124-124.
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  12.  37
    Validating a Standardised Test Battery for Synesthesia: Does the Synesthesia Battery Reliably Detect Synesthesia?D. A. Carmichael, M. P. Down, R. C. Shillcock, D. M. Eagleman & J. Simner - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:375-385.
  13.  67
    Evidentiality.A. I͡U Aĭkhenvalʹd - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    In some languages every statement must contain a specification of the type of evidence on which it is based: for example, whether the speaker saw it, or heard it, or inferred it from indirect evidence, or learnt it from someone else. This grammatical reference to information source is called 'evidentiality', and is one of the least described grammatical categories. Evidentiality systems differ in how complex they are: some distinguish just two terms (eyewitness and noneyewitness, or reported and everything else), while (...)
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  14.  30
    Rights, Consequences, and Mill on Liberty1: D. A. Lloyd Thomas.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:167-180.
    Mill says that the object of his essay On Liberty is to defend a certain principle, which I will call the ‘liberty principle’, and will take to say the following: ‘It is permissible, in principle, for the state or society to control the actions of individuals “only in respect to those actions of each, which concern the interest of other people”’. The liberty principle is a prescription of intermediate generality. Mill intends it to support more specific political prescriptions, such as (...)
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  15.  30
    Internal Cohen Extensions.D. A. Martin & R. M. Solovay - 1970 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 2 (2):143-178.
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  16.  81
    Germ-Line Genetic Engineering: A Critical Look at Magisterial Catholic Teaching.D. A. Jones - 2012 - Christian Bioethics 18 (2):126-144.
    This article is written from within the Catholic, and more particularly the Augustinian/Thomist tradition of moral theology. It analyses the response of the Catholic Magisterium to the prospect of germline-genetic engineering (GGE). This is a very new issue and the Church has little definitive teaching on it. The statements of Popes and Vatican congregations or commissions have not settled the key questions. An analysis of theological themes drawn from secular writers points beyond pragmatic safety considerations toward intrinsic ethical limits to (...)
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  17.  15
    A Temporal Ratio Model of Memory.Gordon D. A. Brown, Ian Neath & Nick Chater - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (3):539-576.
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  18.  20
    Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics. A Commentary by the Late H. H. Joachim. Edited by D. A. Rees. Pp. Vi + 304. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1951. 25s. [REVIEW]D. J. Allan & D. A. Rees - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:158-158.
  19. Realism and Conventionalism in Einstein's Philosophy of Science: The Einstein-Schlick Correspondence.D. A. Howard - 1984 - Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):616.
  20.  49
    Decision Analysis as a Basis for Medical Decision Making: The Tree of Hippocrates.D. A. Zarin & S. G. Pauker - 1984 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (2):181-214.
    Physicians have developed a number of implicit and explicit approaches to complex medical decisions. Decision analysis is an explicit, quantitative method of clinical decision making that involves the separation of the probabilities of events from their relative values, or utilities. Its use can help physicians make difficult choices in a manner that promotes true patient participation. Decision analysis also provides a framework for the incorporation of data from multiple sources and for the assessment of the impact of uncertain data on (...)
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  21.  97
    Boltzmann and Gibbs: An Attempted Reconciliation.D. A. Lavis - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (2):245-273.
  22.  22
    The Concept of Representation.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (75):186-187.
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  23.  32
    Consciousness in Congenitally Decorticate Children: Developmental Vegetative State as Self-Fulfilling Prophecy.D. A. Shewmon, G. L. Holmes & P. A. Byrne - 1999 - Dev Med Child Neurol 41:364-374.
  24.  14
    Can Sense Be Made of Spinal Interneuron Circuits?D. A. McCrea - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):633-643.
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  25.  36
    The Quartercentenary Model of D-N Explanation.D. A. Thorpe - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (2):188-195.
  26.  60
    Personality, Parasites, Political Attitudes, and Cooperation: A Model of How Infection Prevalence Influences Openness and Social Group Formation.Gordon D. A. Brown, Corey L. Fincher & Lukasz Walasek - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):98-117.
    What is the origin of individual differences in ideology and personality? According to the parasite stress hypothesis, the structure of a society and the values of individuals within it are both influenced by the prevalence of infectious disease within the society's geographical region. High levels of infection threat are associated with more ethnocentric and collectivist social structures and greater adherence to social norms, as well as with socially conservative political ideology and less open but more conscientious personalities. Here we use (...)
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  27. D. F. Pears on `is Existence a Predicate?'.D. A. Griffiths - 1975 - Mind 84 (335):431-435.
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  28.  91
    The Role of Primordial Emotions in the Evolutionary Origin of Consciousness.D. A. Denton, M. J. McKinley, M. Farrell & G. F. Egan - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):500-514.
    Primordial emotions are the subjective element of the instincts which are the genetically programmed behaviour patterns which contrive homeostasis. They include thirst, hunger for air, hunger for food, pain and hunger for specific minerals etc.There are two constituents of a primordial emotion—the specific sensation which when severe may be imperious, and the compelling intention for gratification by a consummatory act. They may dominate the stream of consciousness, and can have plenipotentiary power over behaviour.It is hypothesized that early in animal evolution (...)
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  29.  12
    Brouwer's Philosophy of Mathematics: Review of L. E. J. Brouwer (A. Heyting and H. Freudenthal Eds.), Collected Works[REVIEW]D. A. Gillies - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (1):105 - 126.
  30. Decision by Sampling.Nick Chater & Gordon D. A. Brown - unknown
    We present a theory of decision by sampling (DbS) in which, in contrast with traditional models, there are no underlying psychoeconomic scales. Instead, we assume that an attribute’s subjective value is constructed from a series of binary, ordinal comparisons to a sample of attribute values drawn from memory and is its rank within the sample. We assume that the sample reflects both the immediate distribution of attribute values from the current decision’s context and also the background, real-world distribution of attribute (...)
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  31.  8
    Observations on Helical Dislocations in Crystals of Silver Chloride.D. A. Jones & J. W. Mitchell - 1958 - Philosophical Magazine 3 (25):1-7.
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  32.  31
    Δι' Λων.D. A. Rees - 1950 - The Classical Review 64 (3-4):95-.
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  33.  21
    Contrast From Stacking Faults and Partial Dislocations in the Field-Ion Microscope.D. A. Smith, M. A. Fortes, A. Kelly & B. Ralph - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (149):1065-1077.
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  34. Free Will in a Mechanistic Universe? An Extension.D. A. Evans & P. T. Landsberg - 1972 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (4):336-343.
  35.  1
    Generalization Learning Techniques for Automating the Learning of Heuristics.D. A. Waterman - 1970 - Artificial Intelligence 1 (1-2):121-170.
  36. Multistable Phenomena: Changing Views in Perception.N. K. Logothetis D. A. Leopold - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3:254-264.
    Traditional explanations of multistable visual phenomena (e.g. ambiguous figures, perceptual rivalry) suggest that the basis for spontaneous reversals in perception lies in antagonistic connectivity within the visual system. In this review, we suggest an alternative, albeit speculative. explanation for visual multistability - that spontaneous alternations reflect responses to active, programmed events initiated by brain areas that integrate sensory and non-sensory information to coordinate a diversity of behaviors. Much evidence suggests that perceptual reversals are themselves more closely related to the expression (...)
     
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  37.  14
    The Origins of Rhetoric in Ancient Greece. [REVIEW]D. A. Russell & T. Cole - 1992 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 112 (3):185-186.
  38.  38
    Sallust's Jugurtha - A. D. Leeman: Aufbau und Absicht von Sallusts Bellum Jugurthinum. Pp. 33. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Mij., 1957. Paper, fl. 2. [REVIEW]D. A. Malcolm - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (02):140-142.
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  39. Phenomenal Similarity and the Perceptual Moment Hypothesis.D. A. Allport - 1968 - British Journal of Psychology 59:395-406.
  40. Meaning in Language: An Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics.D. A. Cruse - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    A comprehensive introduction to the ways in which meaning is conveyed in language. Alan Cruse covers semantic matters, but also deals with topics that are usually considered to fall under pragmatics. A major aim is to highlight the richness and subtlety of meaning phenomena, rather than to expound any particular theory. Rich in examples and exercises, Meaning in Language provides an invaluable descriptive approach to this area of linguistics for undergraduates and postgraduates alike.
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  41. Operationalism.D. A. Gillies - 1972 - Synthese 25 (1-2):1 - 24.
  42.  50
    End-of-Life Decisions in Medical Practice: A Survey of Doctors in Victoria (Australia).D. A. Neil, C. A. J. Coady, J. Thompson & H. Kuhse - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (12):721-725.
    Objectives: To discover the current state of opinion and practice among doctors in Victoria, Australia, regarding end-of-life decisions and the legalisation of voluntary euthanasia. Longitudinal comparison with similar 1987 and 1993 studies.Design and participants: Cross-sectional postal survey of doctors in Victoria.Results: 53% of doctors in Victoria support the legalisation of voluntary euthanasia. Of doctors who have experienced requests from patients to hasten death, 35% have administered drugs with the intention of hastening death. There is substantial disagreement among doctors concerning the (...)
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  43.  18
    Axiomatizable Theories with Few Axiomatizable Extensions.D. A. Martin & M. B. Pour-El - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):205-209.
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  44.  37
    Responsible Leadership in Organizational Crises: An Analysis of the Effects of Public Perceptions of Selected SA Business Organizations' Reputations. [REVIEW]D. A. L. Coldwell, T. Joosub & E. Papageorgiou - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (2):133-144.
    ‘The loss of a stable state’ (Schon 1973 ) in organizational transformation can both be regarded as lamentable and inevitable. Transformation causes disruption and invasions of comfort zones to those affected by it, but it is nevertheless inevitable. The article maintains that while the loss of a stable state is inevitable in the stream of change confronting organizations today, points of stability and methods of dealing with instability are attainable through responsible management. The article postulates that steps taken by responsible (...)
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  45.  4
    Wittgenstein and Justice.D. A. Lloyd Thomas - 1974 - Philosophical Quarterly 24 (94):76-77.
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  46. On the Consistency of a Three-Valued Logical Calculus.D. A. Bochvar - 1984 - Topoi 3 (1):3-12.
    [This résumé was published in English in Matematicheskii Sbornik along with the article.]The present paper contains an investigation of a three-valued logical calculus (the system) previously described by the author [Recueil Mathématique 4 (46), 2 (1938)].
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  47.  14
    Re-Charting Global Ethics.D. A. Masolo - 2014 - Journal of Global Ethics 10 (1):38-44.
    Migrations driven by ethnic, religious, and other forms of social conflict have been common in the past quarter-century, and have in Africa led many to seek refuge and to expect hospitality abroad. This leads to a concern for pluralist ethics, for many receiving refuge abroad expect that they will be able to live by their thoughts and beliefs, creating enclaves of cultural difference. But difference exists in all communities: cultural homogeneity does not exist except in the conservative imagination. Nevertheless, a (...)
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  48.  6
    Iteration Trees.D. A. Martin & J. R. Steel - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):545-546.
  49.  19
    Claude Berguerand, Le Duel d'Othon de Grandson : Mort d'Un Chevalier-Poète Vaudois À la Fin du Moyen 'Ge. Lausanne: Section d'Histoire, Université de Lausanne, 2008. Paper. Pp. V, 238; 2 Color Figures, 4 Color Illustrations, and 4 Tables. [REVIEW]D'A. J. D. Boulton - 2010 - Speculum 85 (4):933-934.
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  50. Rethinking Communities in a Global Context.D. A. Masolo - 1999 - African Philosophy 12 (1):51-68.
     
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