Results for 'Cynthia A. Thompson'

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  1.  12
    A Generative Model for Semantic Role Labeling.Cynthia A. Thompson, Roger Levy & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    Determining the semantic role of sentence constituents is a key task in determining sentence meanings lying behind a veneer of variant syntactic expression. We present a model of natural language generation from semantics using the FrameNet semantic role and frame ontology. We train the model using the FrameNet corpus and apply it to the task of automatic semantic role and frame identification, producing results competitive with previous work (about 70% role labeling accuracy). Unlike previous models used for this task, our (...)
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  2. Thematic Integration Impairments in Primary Progressive Aphasia: Evidence From Eye-Tracking.Matthew Walenski, Jennifer E. Mack, M. Marsel Mesulam & Cynthia K. Thompson - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Primary progressive aphasia is a degenerative disease affecting language while leaving other cognitive facilities relatively unscathed. The agrammatic subtype of PPA is characterized by agrammatic language production with impaired comprehension of noncanonical filler-gap syntactic structures, such as object-relatives [e.g., The sandwich that the girl ate was tasty], in which the filler is displaced from the object position within the relative clause to a position preceding both the verb and the agent and is replaced by a gap linked with the filler. (...)
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  3.  11
    Respecting human dignity: Contract versus capabilities.Cynthia A. Stark - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
    There appears to be a tension between two commitments in liberalism. The first is that citizens, as rational agents possessing dignity, are owed a justification for principles of justice. The second is that members of society who do not meet the requirements of rational agency are owed justice. These notions conflict because the first commitment is often expressed through the device of the social contract, which seems to confine the scope of justice to rational agents. So, contractarianism seems to ignore (...)
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  4. How to Include the Severely Disabled in a Contractarian Theory of Justice.Cynthia A. Stark - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (2):127-145.
    This paper argues that, with modification, Rawls's social contract theory can produce principles of distributive justice applying to the severely disabled. It is a response to critics who claim that Rawls's assumption that the parties in the original position represent fully cooperating citizens excludes the disabled from the social contract. I propose that this idealizing assumption should be dropped at the constitutional stage of the contract where the parties decide on a social minimum. Knowing that they might not be fully (...)
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  5. The Rationality of Valuing Oneself: A Critique of Kant on Self-Respect.Cynthia A. Stark - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (1):65-82.
    Kant claims that persons have a perfect duty to respect themselves. I argue, first, that Kant’s argument for the duty of self-respect commits him to an implausible view of the nature of self-respect: he must hold that failures of self-respect are either deliberate or matter of self-deception. I argue, second, that this problem cannot be solved by understanding failures of self-respect as failures of rationality because such a view is incompatible with human psychology. Surely it is not irrational for people, (...)
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  6. But is It Art?: An Introduction to Art Theory.Cynthia A. Freeland - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    From Andy Warhol's Brillo boxes to provocative dung-splattered madonnas, in today's art world many strange, even shocking, things are put on display. This often leads exasperated viewers to exclaim--is this really art? In this invaluable primer on aesthetics, Freeland explains why innovation and controversy are so highly valued in art, weaving together philosophy and art theory with many engrossing examples. Writing clearly and perceptively, she explores the cultural meanings of art in different contexts, and highlights the continuities of tradition that (...)
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  7.  72
    Pornography, Verbal Acts, and Viewpoint Discrimination.Cynthia A. Stark - 1998 - Public Affairs Quarterly 12 (4):429-445.
    Catharine MacKinnon argues that pornography is action, rather than speech. She argues further that the speech/action distinction is what delineates the scope of the First Amendment. It follows, she thinks, that pornography does not fall within the scope of the First Amendment. I argue that the legal distinction between speech and action on which MacKinnon relies is unstable and therefore cannot determine which utterances fall within the scope of the First Amendment. Indeed, attempting to sort utterances by means of the (...)
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  8. Gaslighting, Misogyny, and Psychological Oppression.Cynthia A. Stark - 2019 - The Monist 102 (2):221-235.
    This paper develops a notion of manipulative gaslighting, which is designed to capture something not captured by epistemic gaslighting, namely the intent to undermine women by denying their testimony about harms done to them by men. Manipulative gaslighting, I propose, consists in getting someone to doubt her testimony by challenging its credibility using two tactics: “sidestepping” and “displacing”. I explain how manipulative gaslighting is distinct from reasonable disagreement, with which it is sometimes confused. I also argue for three further claims: (...)
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  9. Scientific Explanation and Empirical Data in Aristotle's "Meteorology".Cynthia A. Freeland - 1990 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 8:67.
  10. Neural correlates of consciousness and the matching-content doctrine.A. Noë & E. Thompson - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
  11. Feminist Interpretations of Aristotle.Cynthia A. Freeland - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (198):112-114.
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  12.  4
    Philosophy and Film.Cynthia A. Freeland & Thomas E. Wartenberg (eds.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    _Philosophy and Film_ moves from broad theoretical reflections on film as a medium to concrete examinations of individual films.
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  13. Feminist frameworks for horror films.Cynthia A. Freeland - 1996 - In David Bordwell Noel Carroll (ed.), Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 195--218.
  14. 19 Economic marginalia.Cynthia A. Wood - 2003 - In Drucilla K. Barker & Edith Kuiper (eds.), Toward a Feminist Philosophy of Economics. Routledge. pp. 304.
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  15. E. A. Thompson, Saint Germanus of Auxerre and the End of Roman Britain. (Studies in Celtic History, 6.) Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 1984. Pp. x, 127. £19.50. [REVIEW]Walter Goffart - 1986 - Speculum 61 (1):213-214.
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  16.  48
    A New Question about Color.Cynthia A. Freeland - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 75 (3):231-248.
    Philosophers of art have advanced our understanding of the role of color in realistic representation in painting. This article addresses a new question about how color functions expressively in art. I sketch some ways to answer this question, using examples of paintings by Mark Rothko and light art installation works by James Turrell and Olafur Eliasson.
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  17. Is analytic philosophy the cure for film theory?Cynthia A. Freeland, Thomas E. Wartenberg, Richard Allen, Murray Smith, Noël Carroll & Oxford Clarendon - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (3):416-440.
  18.  22
    Moral Virtues and Human Powers.Cynthia A. Freeland - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):3 - 22.
    MORAL virtues, as described in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, bear certain important similarities to such human capacities as knowledge of medicine or artistic skill, as described in the Metaphysics. First, all of these qualities must be developed from inborn capacities, such as the senses. Whereas people are born with the capacities of vision and touch, they must acquire the abilities to use geometrical theorems, build houses, or act courageously. Second, both sorts of qualities--skills or knowledge on the one hand, virtue on (...)
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  19. Hypothetical Consent and Justification.Cynthia A. Stark - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (6):313.
    Hypothetical contracts have been said to be not worth the paper they are not written on. This paper defends hypothetical consent theories of justice, such as Rawls's, against the view that they lack justificatory power. I argue that while hypothetical consent cannot generate political obligation, it can generate political legitimacy.
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  20.  10
    Essays on Aristotle's Ethics.Cynthia A. Freeland - 1983 - Noûs 17 (4):701-706.
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  21. Contractarianism and Cooperation.Cynthia A. Stark - 2009 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (1):73-99.
    Because contractarians see justice as mutual advantage, they hold that justice can be rationally grounded only when each can expect to gain from it. John Rawls seems to avoid this feature of contractarianism by fashioning the parties to the contract as Kantian agents whose personhood grounds their claims to justice. But Rawls also endorses the Humean idea that justice applies only if people are equal in ability. It would seem to follow from this idea that dependent persons (such as the (...)
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  22.  10
    The Efficacy of Regulation as a Function of Psychological Fit: Reexamining the Hard Law/soft Law Continuum.Cynthia A. Williams & Deborah E. Rupp - 2011 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 12 (2):581-602.
    Much of the legal literature discusses regulation and regulatory forms with a seemingly implicit assumption that "those to be influenced" are inherently self-interested and thus motivated to comply with legal structures only when there are sufficient external incentives to do so. This view of the person is inconsistent with recent perspectives in the field of psychology. A law and morality perspective, coupled with insights from the field of psychology, asserts that influence, compliance, and motivation are far more complex than this (...)
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  23. Respecting Human Dignity: Contract versus Capabilities.Cynthia A. Stark - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):366-381.
    There appears to be a tension between two commitments in liberalism. The first is that citizens, as rational agents possessing dignity, are owed a justification for principles of justice. The second is that members of society who do not meet the requirements of rational agency are owed justice. These notions conflict because the first commitment is often expressed through the device of the social contract, which seems to confine the scope of justice to rational agents. So, contractarianism seems to ignore (...)
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  24. Horror and natural evil in The plague.Cynthia A. Freeland - 2023 - In Peg Brand Weiser (ed.), Camus's the Plague: Philosophical Perspectives.
     
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  25. Horror and reality: The slasher's blood lust.Cynthia A. Freeland - 2003 - In Steven Jay Schneider & Daniel Shaw (eds.), Dark Thoughts: Philosophic Reflections on Cinematic Horror. Scarecrow Press.
     
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  26. Decision procedures, standards of rightness and impartiality.Cynthia A. Stark - 1997 - Noûs 31 (4):478-495.
    I argue that partialist critics of deontological theories make a mistake similar to one made by critics of utilitarianism: they fail to distinguish between a theory’s decision procedure and its standard of rightness. That is, they take these deontological theories to be offering a method for moral deliberation when they are in fact offering justificatory arguments for moral principles. And while deontologists, like utilitarians do incorporate impartiality into their justifications for basic principles, many do not require that agents utilize impartial (...)
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  27.  13
    A Theoretical and Empirical Dialogue Between the Lewinian and Phenomenological Approaches To Psychological Research.Cynthia A. Frankel - 1979 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 10 (1):81-114.
  28. Share the Fantasy.Cynthia A. Freeland - 2011 - In Jessica Wolfendale & Jeanette Kennett (eds.), Fashion - Philosophy for Everyone: Thinking with Style. Blackwell. pp. 70--87.
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  29. Is Pornography an Action?: The Causal vs. the Conceptual View of Pornography's Harm.Cynthia A. Stark - 1997 - Social Theory and Practice 23 (2):277-306.
    According to Catharine MacKinnon, pornography itself subordinates women by ranking women as inferior to men and legitimating acts of violence and discrimination against us. As such, pornography is directly implicated in women's diminished moral and civil status. It follows that pornography is not a form of speech, but rather an action, and so does not deserve first amendment protection. I argue that MacKinnon does not adequately support her claim that pornography is an action but instead shows that it is harmful (...)
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  30.  14
    Modeling the neural substrates of associative learning and memory: A computational approach.Mark A. Gluck & Richard F. Thompson - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):176-191.
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  31. Art and Moral Knowledge.Cynthia A. Freeland - 1997 - Philosophical Topics 25 (1):11-36.
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  32. Deborah E. Rupp Cynthia A. Williams.Ruth V. Aguilera - 2010 - In Marshall Schminke (ed.), Managerial Ethics: Managing the Psychology of Morality. Routledge. pp. 69.
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  33.  28
    Aristotle’s Theory of the Will.Cynthia A. Freeland & Anthony Kenny - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):159.
  34. Burdon, RH (2003) The Suffering Gene: Environmental Threats to Our Health, Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. Cochrane, Willard W.(2003) The Curse of American Agricultural Abundance: A Sustainable Solution, Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press. Dobson, Andrew (2003) Citizenship and the Environment, Oxford: Oxford University. [REVIEW]George A. Feldhamer, Bruce Carlyle Thompson, Joseph A. Chapman, Christine E. Gudorf, James E. Huchingson, M. Jacobs, B. Dinaham, Virginia D. Nazarea & M. Nestle - 2004 - Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (1-2):120.
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  35.  13
    Liberalism, Neutrality, and the Gendered Division of Labor. Gina Schouten. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.Cynthia A. Stark - forthcoming - Hypatia:1-5.
  36. Why Luck Egalitarianism Fails in Condemning Oppression.Cynthia A. Stark - 2020 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 6 (4).
    Luck egalitarianism has been criticized for condoning some cases of oppression and condemning others for the wrong reason—namely, that the victims were not responsible for their oppression. Oppression is unjust, however, the criticism says, regardless of whether victims are responsible for it, simply because it is contrary to the equal moral standing of persons. I argue that four luck egalitarian responses to this critique are inadequate. Two address only the first part of the objection and do so in a way (...)
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  37. Political Liberalism and Male Supremacy.Cynthia A. Stark - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (5):873-880.
    In Equal Citizenship and Public Reason, Watson and Hartley dispute the claim that Rawls’s doctrine of political liberalism must tolerate gender hierarchy because it counts conservative and orthodox religions as reasonable comprehensive doctrines. I argue that their defense in fact contains two arguments, both of which fail. The first, which I call the “Deliberative Equality Argument”, fails because it does not establish conclusively that political liberalism’s demand for equal citizenship forbids social practices of domination, as the authors contend. The second, (...)
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  38.  17
    Comments on Mohan Matthen's ‘The Pleasure of Art’.Cynthia A. Freeland - 2017 - Australasian Philosophical Review 1 (1):29-39.
    ABSTRACTThis paper examines Mohan Matthen's account of aesthetic pleasure. The first part explores implications of Matthen's notion of ‘fit’ between features of art objects and our pleasurable contemplation of them. Through historical comparisons with Plato and Dewey, I challenge his claim not to be offering a theory of aesthetic norms. The second part of my paper sketches how Matthen might address two important problems of contemporary aesthetics: the first concerning interpretation, and the second concerning genres of art that evoke negative (...)
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  39.  27
    Evaluating Art.Cynthia A. Freeland - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):486.
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  40.  83
    Luck, Nature and Institutions.Cynthia A. Stark - 2021 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 8 (2):235-260.
    In addition to having an institutional site or scope, a theory of distributive justice might also have an institutional ‘reach’ or currency. It has the first when it applies to only social phenomena. It has the second when it distributes only socially produced goods. One objection to luck egalitarianism is that it has absurd implications. In response, Tan has defended a luck egalitarian account that has a strictly institutional reach. I argue, first, that Tan’s view contains two fatal ambiguities and, (...)
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  41.  20
    Cynthia A. Needham;, Richard Canning. Global Disease Eradication: The Race for the Last Child. 204 pp., bibl., index. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology Press, 2003. $39.95. [REVIEW]William Muraskin - 2004 - Isis 95 (4):748-749.
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  42.  13
    An Open Letter to Physicians Who Have Patients with Chronic Nonmalignant Pain.Cynthia A. Snyder - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (3):204-205.
    “It was the best of times. It was the worst of times.” Charles Dickens easily could have been describing our time and the dilemma in which victims of nonmalignant chronic pain find themselves.I am a forty-six-year-old registered nurse who specializes in oncology care and education. I am also a patient who suffers from chronic nonmalignant pain, and this malady has been the most frightening, the most humiliating, and the most difficult ordeal of my life.The morning of February 1983 severed my (...)
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  43.  23
    Content analysis of requests for religious exemptions from a mandatory influenza vaccination program for healthcare personnel.Armand H. Antommaria & Cynthia A. Prows - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):389-391.
    Objective Having failed to achieve adequate influenza vaccination rates among employees through voluntary programmes, healthcare organisations have adopted mandatory ones. Some programmes permit religious exemptions, but little is known about who requests religious objections or why. Methods Content analysis of applications for religious exemptions from influenza vaccination at a free-standing children’s hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA during the 2014–2015 influenza season. Results Twelve of 15 260 employees submitted applications requesting religious exemptions. Requestors included both clinical and non-clinical employees. All requestors (...)
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  44.  18
    The Participation and Motivations of Grant Peer Reviewers: A Comprehensive Survey.Stephen A. Gallo, Lisa A. Thompson, Karen B. Schmaling & Scott R. Glisson - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):761-782.
    Scientific peer reviewers play an integral role in the grant selection process, yet very little has been reported on the levels of participation or the motivations of scientists to take part in peer review. The American Institute of Biological Sciences developed a comprehensive peer review survey that examined the motivations and levels of participation of grant reviewers. The survey was disseminated to 13,091 scientists in AIBS’s proprietary database. Of the 874 respondents, 76% indicated they had reviewed grant applications in the (...)
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  45. Abstraction and Justification in Moral Theory.Cynthia A. Stark - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (4):825-833.
    Ethicists of care have objected to traditional moral philosophy's reliance upon abstract universal principles. They claim that the use of abstraction renders traditional theories incapable of capturing morally relevant, particular features of situations. I argue that this objection sometimes conflates two different levels of moral thinking: the level of justification and the level of deliberation. Specifically, I claim that abstraction or attention to context at the level of justification does not entail, as some critics seem to think, a commitment to (...)
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  46.  61
    Aristotelian actions.Cynthia A. Freeland - 1985 - Noûs 19 (3):397-414.
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  47.  8
    An Open Letter to Physicians Who Have Patients with Chronic Nonmalignant Pain.Cynthia A. Snyder - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (3):204-205.
    “It was the best of times. It was the worst of times.” Charles Dickens easily could have been describing our time and the dilemma in which victims of nonmalignant chronic pain find themselves.I am a forty-six-year-old registered nurse who specializes in oncology care and education. I am also a patient who suffers from chronic nonmalignant pain, and this malady has been the most frightening, the most humiliating, and the most difficult ordeal of my life.The morning of February 1983 severed my (...)
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  48. Luck, Opportunity and Disability.Cynthia A. Stark - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (3):383-402.
    This paper argues that luck egalitarianism, especially in the guise of equality of opportunity for welfare, is in tension with the ideal of fair equality of opportunity in three ways. First, equal opportunity for welfare is compatible with a caste system in employment that is inconsistent with open competition for positions. Second, luck egalitarianism does not support hiring on the basis of qualifications. Third, amending luck egalitarianism to repair this problem requires abandoning fair access to qualifications. Insofar as luck egalitarianism (...)
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  49.  20
    Film Theory and Philosophy. [REVIEW]Cynthia A. Freeland, Richard Allen & Murray Smith - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):144-7.
    This substantial book presents essays by nineteen authors exploring intersections between film theory and philosophy on topics of representation, authorship, ideology, aesthetics, and emotion. The editors explain that film studies has reached a crisis of method after a growth period founded on structural linguistics, psychoanalysis, and Continental philosophy. They wish to alter this foundation and “give momentum to work in an analytic vein”, which requires them to correct the misconception of analytic philosophy in film studies as narrow and conservative, a (...)
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  50.  17
    Cynthia: A Companion to the Text of Propertius by S. J. Heyworth.Luigi Galasso - 2015 - American Journal of Philology 136 (1):169-173.
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