Results for 'Critical realism'

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  1.  3
    Critical Realism and Marxism.Andrew Brown, Steve Fleetwood, Michael Roberts & John Michael Roberts - 2002 - Psychology Press.
    Critical Realism and Marxism addresses controversial debates, revealing a potentially fruitful relationship; deepening our understanding of the social world and contibuting towards eliminating barbarism in contemporary capitalism.
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  2. Critical Realism: Essential Readings.Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.) - 1998 - Routledge.
    Since the publication of Roy Bhaskar's A Realist Theory of Science in 1975, critical realism has emerged as one of the most powerful new directions in the philosophy of science and social science, offering a real alternative to both positivism and postmodernism. This reader makes accessible in one volume key readings to stimulate debate about and within critical realism, including: the transcendental realist philosophy of science elaborated in A Realist Theory of Science ; Bhaskar's critical (...)
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  3.  64
    Critical Realism: The Difference in Makes.Justin Cruickshank (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    This book introduces social scientists to the difference that critical realism can make to theorizing and methodological problems within the contemporary social sciences. The chapters, which cover such topics as cultural studies, feminism, globalization, heterodox economics, education policy, the self, and the "underclass" debate, are arranged in four sections dealing with some of the major topics in contemporary social science: ethics, the consequences of the "linguistic turn", methodology and globalization.
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  4. Critical Realism: An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar's Philosophy.Andrew Collier - 1994 - Verso.
    This book expounds the transcendental realist theory of science and critical naturalist social philosophy that have been developed by Bhaskar and are used by many contemporary social scientists. It defends Bhaskar's view that the possibility and necessity of experiment show that reality is structured and stratified, his use of this idea to develop a non-reductive explanatory account of human sciences, and his notion that to explain social structures can sometimes be to criticize them. After a discussion of the uses (...)
  5.  7
    Critical Realism and Spirituality: Theism, Atheism, and Meta-Reality / Edited by Mervyn Hartwig and Jamie Morgan.Mervyn Hartwig & Jamie Morgan (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    The rise of neo-integrative worldviews : towards a rational spirituality for the coming planetary civilization -- Beyond fundamentalism : spiritual realism, spiritual literacy and education -- Realism, literature and spirituality -- Judgemental rationality and the equivalence of argument : realism about God, response to Morgan's critique -- Transcendence and God : reflections on critical realism, the "new atheism", and Christian theology -- Human sciences at the edge of panentheism : God and the limits of ontological (...)
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  6.  73
    Critical Realism, Post-Positivism and the Possibility of Knowledge.Ruth Groff - 2004 - Routledge.
    Groff defends 'realism about causality' through close discussions of Kant, Hilary Putnam, Brian Ellis and Charles Taylor, among others. In so doing she affirms critical realism, but with several important qualifications. In particular, she rejects the theory of truth advanced by Roy Bhaskar. She also attempts to both clarify and correct earlier critical realist attempts to apply realism about causality to the social sciences. By connecting issues in metaphysics and philosophy of science to the problem (...)
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  7. Critical Realism in Perspective - Remarks on a Neglected Current in Neo-Kantian Epistemology.Matthias Neuber - 2014 - In Maria Carla Galavotti, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzales, Stephan Hartmann, Thomas Uebel & Marcel Weber (eds.), The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective: New Directions in the Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 657-673.
    Critical realism is a frequently mentioned, but not very well-known, late nineteenth-/early twentieth-century philosophical tradition. Having its roots in Kantian epistemology, critical realism is best characterized as a revisionist approach toward the original Kantian doctrine. Its most outstanding thesis is the idea that Kantian things-in-themselves are knowable. This idea was—at least implicitly—suggested by thinkers such as Alois Riehl, Wilhelm Wundt, and Oswald Külpe. Interestingly enough, the philosophical position of the early Moritz Schlick stands in the (...) realist tradition as well. As will be outlined in the course of this paper, both Schlick’s magnum opus General Theory of Knowledge (1918) and his seminal Space and Time in Contemporary Physics (1917) are based on the assumption that the objects of science are relations and that relations have the status of Kantian things-in-themselves. By way of conclusion, I shall point out that this— more or less directly—leads to the current debate over ‘structural’ realism. (shrink)
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  8.  62
    Critical Realism in Economics: Development and Debate.Steve Fleetwood (ed.) - 1999 - Routledge.
    There is a growing perception among economists that their field is becoming increasingly irrelevant due to its disregard for reality. Critical realism addresses the failure of mainstream economics to explain economic reality and proposes an alternative approach. This book debates the relative strengths and weaknesses of critical realism, in the hopes of developing a more fruitful and relevant socio-economic ontology and methodology. With contributions from some of the leading authorities in economic philosophy, it includes the work (...)
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  9.  39
    A Critical Realist Perspective of Education.Brad Shipway - 2010 - Routledge.
    This book clearly and comprehensively explores the capability of critical realism to throw new light on educational theory.
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  10.  32
    Embodied Critical Realism.Kevin Schilbrack - 2014 - Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (1):167-179.
    Christian Smith's What Is a Person? provides an account of the person from the perceptive of critical realism. As a fellow critical realist, I support that philosophical position and in this response I seek to support it by connecting it to the embodied realism developed by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson. In order to bring the two forms of realism together, I critique both the relativism of embodied realism and the idea, found in Smith, (...)
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  11. Critical Realism and Methodological Pluralism in the Social Sciences.Jeroen Van Bouwel - 2003 - Philosophica 71:13-38.
    The question of whether Critical Realism has committed an "ontological fallacy" in revealing the "epistemic fallacy" in social scientific research is addressed. An overview of Critical Realism's treatment of the connection between epistemology & ontology, which culminated in the unveiling of the epistemic fallacy, is provided. Critical Realism's understanding of explanation as it applies to social scientific inquiry is then explored to determine whether such thought has committed the ontological fallacy. The presence of the (...)
     
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  12.  45
    Transcendence: Critical Realism and God.Margaret Scotford Archer - 2004 - Routledge.
    Atheism as a belief does not have to present intellectual credentials within academia. Yet to hold beliefs means giving reasons for doing so, ones which may be found wanting. Instead, atheism is the automatic default setting within the academic world. Conversely, religious belief confronts a double standard. Religious believers are not permitted to make truth claims but are instead forced to present their beliefs as part of one language game amongst many. Religious truth claims are expected to satisfy empiricist criteria (...)
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  13.  2
    Critical Realism, Environmental Learning and Social-Ecological Change.Leigh Price & Heila Lotz-Sistka (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    Southern Africa, where most of these book chapters originate, has been identified as one of regions of the world most at risk of the consequences of environmental degradation and climate change. At the same time, it is still seeking ways to overcome the century long ravages of colonial and apartheid impositions of structural and epistemic violence. Research deliberations and applied research case studies in environmental education and activism from this region provide an emerging contextualized engagement that is related to a (...)
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  14.  53
    Critical Realism, Sociology and Health Inequalities: Social Class as a Generative Mechanism and its Media of Enactment.Graham Scambler - 2001 - Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):35-42.
    . Critical Realism, Sociology and Health Inequalities: Social Class as a Generative Mechanism and its Media of Enactment. Alethia: Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 35-42.
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  15.  17
    Critical Realism as Philosophical Foundation for Interreligious Dialogue: Examining the Proposal of Bernard Lonergan.John R. Friday - 2012 - Philosophy and Theology 24 (1):113-135.
    This article provides a detailed examination of Bernard Lonergan’s nuanced understanding of experience and proposes his philosophical stance of critical realism as a foundation for interreligious dialogue. The article begins by acknowledging the existent tension between philosophers and theologians and suggests the problematic of interreligious dialogue as one field of possible collaboration. Critical realism is discussed in comparison to other, and indeed contrasting, positions, and is ultimately defended as the stance that provides correct answers to the (...)
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  16.  7
    Dialectical Critical Realism in Science and Theology: Quantum Physics and Karl Barth.R. H. McKenzie & B. Myers - 2008 - .
    In order to illuminate the similarities and differences between science and theology, we consider an epistemology and methodology for each that can be characterised as a dialectical critical realism. Our approach is deeply indebted to the work of the great Swiss theologian, Karl Barth. Key points are that the object under study determines the method to be used, the community of investigators and the nature of the possible knowledge to be gained; the necessity of a posteriori, rather than (...)
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  17. A Critical Realist Theory of Sport.Graham Scambler - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book argues that sport in the era of global or financialised capitalism has undergone a process of fracturing, which requires a re-assessment of longstanding and consensual accounts of traditional-to-modern sporting activity. Considering rival concepts of sport, it presents detailed, illustrative studies of various types of sporting or athletic activity - including soccer, cricket, rugby and track and field - to advance an alternative sociological understanding of sport rooted in the philosophies and theories of critical realism and (...) theory. As such, A Critical Realist Theory of Sport will appeal to scholars of sociology and social theory with interests in sport, research methods and critical realist thought. (shrink)
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  18.  9
    A Critical Realist Analysis of Consent to Surgery for Children, Human Nature and Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom.Priscilla Alderson, Katy Sutcliffe & Rosa Mendizabal - 2020 - Journal of Critical Realism 19 (2):159-178.
    Consent can only be voluntary, freely given and uncoerced. Can this legal adult standard also apply to children? High-risk surgery is seldom a wanted choice, but compared with the dangers of the un...
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  19.  37
    Critical Realism and Empirical Bioethics: A Methodological Exposition.Alex McKeown - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (3):191-211.
    This paper shows how critical realism can be used to integrate empirical data and philosophical analysis within ‘empirical bioethics’. The term empirical bioethics, whilst appearing oxymoronic, simply refers to an interdisciplinary approach to the resolution of practical ethical issues within the biological and life sciences, integrating social scientific, empirical data with philosophical analysis. It seeks to achieve a balanced form of ethical deliberation that is both logically rigorous and sensitive to context, to generate normative conclusions that are practically (...)
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  20.  46
    Critical Realism, Dialectics, and Qualitative Research Methods.John Michael Roberts - 2014 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):1-23.
    Critical realism has been an important advance in social science methodology because it develops a qualitative theory of causality which avoids some of the pitfalls of empiricist theories of causality. But while there has been ample work exploring the relationship between critical realism and qualitative research methods there has been noticeably less work exploring the relationship between dialectical critical realism and qualitative research methods. This seems strange especially since the founder of the philosophy of (...)
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  21.  65
    Critical Realism and the Limits to Critical Social Science.Andrew Sayer - 1997 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (4):473–488.
    The paper assesses the aims and arguments of critical social science and the reconstructions of it provided by critical realist philosophy. It argues that attempts to derive normative conclusions on the basis of explanatory critiques of social phenomena are flawed in several important respects. Accounts of critical social science standardly underestimate the problems of justifying critical standpoints and finding alternative social forms which generate fewer problems than those they replace, and hence lead to net improvement. By (...)
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  22.  57
    Critical Realism and the Process Account of Emergence.Stephen Pratten - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3):251-279.
    For advocates of critical realism emergence is a central theme. Critical realists typically ground their defence of the relative disciplinary autonomy of various sciences by arguing that emergent phenomena exist in a robust non-ontologically, non-causally reductionist sense. Despite the importance they attach to it critical realists have only recently begun to elaborate on emergence at length and systematically compare their own account with those developed by others. This paper clarifies what is distinctive about the critical (...)
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  23. Critical Realism: Studies in the Philosophy of Mind and Nature.George Dawes Hicks - 1938 - London: Macmillan.
  24. A Critical Realist Perspective on Aesthetic Value.Ian Verstegen - 2006 - Journal of Critical Realism 5 (2):323-343.
    _ Source: _Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 323 - 343 The following article attempts to bring critical realism to bear on the changing nature of aesthetic value. Beginning with the transitive-intransitive distinction, it is advised that we withhold judgment on the possibility of aesthetic judgment, lest we commit the epistemic fallacy. Without hoping to attain a form of aesthetic value absolutism, a strategy of ‘eliminative realism’ is introduced, which seeks to remove false causes of apparent judgmental relativism. (...)
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  25.  7
    Critical Realism: A Study of the Nature and Conditions of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Henry Wilkes Wright - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (8):218-221.
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  26.  14
    Critical Realism Redux: A Response to Josh Reeves.Paul Allen - 2020 - Zygon 55 (3):772-781.
    This article combines an appreciation of several themes in Josh Reeves's Against Methodology in Science and Religion: Recent Debates on Rationality and Theology while arguing in favor of critical realism. The author holds that critical realism manages to combine the objective truth reached through inference and especially cognitive acts of judgment as well as the various, contingent historical contexts that also define where science is practiced. Reeves advocates a historical perspective, but this article claims that in (...)
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  27. Critical Realism: A Philosophical Framework for the Study of Gender and Mental Health.Michael Bergin, John S. G. Wells & Sara Owen - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (3):169-179.
    Abstract This paper explores gender and mental health with particular reference to the emerging philosophical field of critical realism. This philosophy suggests a shared ontology and epistemology for the natural and social sciences. Until recently, most of the debate surrounding gender and mental health has been guided either implicitly or explicitly within a positivist or constructivist philosophy. With this in mind, key areas of critical realism are explored in relation to gender and mental health, and contrasted (...)
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  28. Critical Realism: Studies in the Philosophy of Mind and Nature.George Dawes Hicks - 1938 - London, England: Macmillan.
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  29.  26
    Using Critical Realism to Explain Indeterminacy in Role Behaviour Systematically.Darcy Luke & Stephen Bates - 2015 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (3):331-351.
    We demonstrate in this article how critical realism can be used to explain indeterminacy in role behaviour systematically. In so doing, we both rebut various criticisms of critical realism made recently by Kemp and Holmwood and attempt to illustrate the weaknesses and absences of approaches that concentrate unduly on the collection of expectations of actors concerning roles and the behaviour of incumbents. Within a framework that recognises that structure and agency are ontologically distinct but necessarily empirically (...)
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  30. Critical Realism and Ecological Economics: Counter-Intuitive Adversaries or Ostensible Soulmates?Lukáš Likavčan - 2016 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 38 (4):449-471.
    The paper questions the compatibility of critical realism with ecological economics. In particular, it is argued that there is radical dissonance between ontological presuppositions of ecological economics and critical realist perspective. The dissonance lies in the need of ecological economics to state strict causal regularities in socio-economic realm, given the environmental intuitions about the nature of economy and the role of materiality and non-human agency in persistence of economic systems. Using conceptual apparatus derived from Andrew Brown’s critique (...)
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  31.  31
    Critical Realism and Causality: Tracing the Aristotelian Legacy.Stephen Pratten - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (2):189-218.
    Rom Harré's generative account of causality has been drawn on heavily by advocates of critical realism. Yet Harré argues that critical realists often exaggerate the extent to which powerful causal explanations of social phenomena can be developed. Certain proponents of critical realism have responded to Harré's criticisms by suggesting that it is useful to consider the relevant issues in relation to the familiar Aristotelian classification of four causes. In this paper I contribute to this debate (...)
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  32. 13 Critical Realism and the Political Economy of the Euro.Philip Arestis, Andrew Brown & Malcolm Sawyer - 2003 - In Paul Downward (ed.), Applied Economics and the Critical Realist Critique. Routledge. pp. 233.
     
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  33. Critical Realism: A Philosophical Perspective for Case Study Research in Social Sciences.Mário Maciel Caldeira - 2000 - Episteme 2 (5-6):73-88.
  34. Critical Realism.Roy Wood Sellars - 1916 - New York: Russell & Russell.
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  35.  10
    Dictionary of Critical Realism.Mervyn Hartwig (ed.) - 2007 - Routledge.
    Dictionary of Critical Realism fills a vital gap in the literature. The dictionary seeks to redress the problem of accessibility by explaining all the main concepts and key developments. It has more than 500 entires on these themes, with contributions from many leading critical realists, and is thoroughly cross-referenced. However, this text does not stop at the elucidation of concepts. It incorporates surveys of critical realist work and prospects in more than fifty areas of study across (...)
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  36. Critical Realism, Critical Discourse Analysis, Concrete Research.Martin Jones - 2004 - In Jonathan Joseph & John M. Roberts (eds.), Realism, Discourse, and Deconstruction. Routledge. pp. 43--67.
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  37. Critical Realism: Post-Popper Realism for a Real World.David Corson - 1999 - In Joanna Swann & John Pratt (eds.), Improving Education: Realist Approaches to Method and Research. Cassell. pp. 67--76.
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  38. Critical Realism: Essential Readings.Tony Lawson & Alan Norrie - 1998 - In Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.), Critical Realism: Essential Readings. Routledge.
     
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  39.  14
    Critical Realism and the Althusserian Legacy.Brian O’ Boyle & Terrence McDonough - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2):143-164.
    This paper undertakes an historical re-evaluation of Louis Althusser's philosophical legacy for modern Marxism. While Althusser self-consciously sought to defend the scientific character of Marxism, many of his closest followers eventually exited the Marxian paradigm for a post-structural post-Marxism. We argue that this development was predominately rooted in a series of philosophical errors that proved fatal in a period of retreat for European socialism. There has always been, however, a second post-Althusserian legacy associated with the critical realist conception of (...)
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  40.  43
    Critical Realism and the Althusserian Legacy.Brian O’ Boyle & Terrence McDonough - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2):143-164.
    This paper undertakes an historical re-evaluation of Louis Althusser's philosophical legacy for modern Marxism. While Althusser self-consciously sought to defend the scientific character of Marxism, many of his closest followers eventually exited the Marxian paradigm for a post-structural post-Marxism. We argue that this development was predominately rooted in a series of philosophical errors that proved fatal in a period of retreat for European socialism. There has always been, however, a second post-Althusserian legacy associated with the critical realist conception of (...)
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  41. Critical Realism: Studies in the Philosophy of Mind and Nature.G. Dawes Hicks - 1938 - Philosophy 13 (51):345-348.
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  42. Critical Realism.Mervyn Hartwig - 2007 - In Dictionary of Critical Realism. Routledge.
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  43.  9
    Critical Realism: A Philosophical Framework for the Study of Gender and Mental Health.R. G. N. Rpn, John S. G. Wells Phd Msc Ba Rnt & R. N. T. Srn - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (3):169–179.
  44. Critical Realism.C. F. Delaney - 1999 - In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 194--195.
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  45.  1
    Maurice Mandelbaum and American Critical Realism.Ian Verstegen (ed.) - 2009 - Routledge.
    Many have wondered about the similarity in name of American critical realism and the movement of the same name begun by Roy Bhaskar. The figure of Maurice Mandelbaum complicates the relationship, not only due to his career bridging the two movements but also Mandelbaum's concern not only with traditional concerns of American critical realism (epistemology and philosophy of science) but the nature of society, the nature of social explanation, and naturalism. This volume reflects both on Mandelbaum's (...)
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  46. Critical Realism and Economics.Thomas A. Boiflan & Paschal F. O'Gorman - 1999 - In Steve Fleetwood (ed.), Critical Realism in Economics: Development and Debate. Routledge. pp. 137.
     
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  47. Critical Realism and Dialectic.Roy Bhaskar - 1998 - In Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.), Critical Realism: Essential Readings. Routledge. pp. 575--640.
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  48. 12 Critical Realism and Applied Work in Economic History.Brian Pinkstone - 2003 - In Paul Downward (ed.), Applied Economics and the Critical Realist Critique. Routledge. pp. 220.
     
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  49. Critical Realism and the Possibility of Knowledge.James Bissett Pratt - 1920 - In Durant Drake (ed.), Essays in Critical Realism. New York: Gordian Press.
     
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  50. Critical Realism and Realistic Metaphysics-Gnoseology and Metaethics in the Writings of Preti, Giulio and Moore, Ge.M. Pavesi - 1992 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 47 (4):721-742.
     
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