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Constantine Sandis
University of Hertfordshire
  1. Verbal Reports and ‘Real’ Reasons: Confabulation and Conflation.Constantine Sandis - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):267-280.
    This paper examines the relation between the various forces which underlie human action and verbal reports about our reasons for acting as we did. I maintain that much of the psychological literature on confabulations rests on a dangerous conflation of the reasons for which people act with a variety of distinct motivational factors. In particular, I argue that subjects frequently give correct answers to questions about the considerations they acted upon while remaining largely unaware of why they take themselves to (...)
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  2. Analytic Philosophy has a Language Problem.Filippo Contesi, Louise R. Chapman & Constantine Sandis - 2022 - Institute of Art and Ideas News.
    Some time ago, the philosopher Luciano Floridi suggested that Western philosophy, and the mainstream contemporary approach to it traditionally called ‘analytic philosophy’, is in dire need of a reboot. The concern was that the discipline might be in a period of decadence. Analytic philosophy would be benefited by greater internationalization, wider and more transparent decision-making, and the reduction (as much as possible) of conflicts of interest as well as of its current habit of hiring and providing publication opportunities on the (...)
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  3.  49
    Reasons and Causes: Causalism and Non-causalism in the Philosophy of Action.Giuseppina D'Oro & Constantine Sandis (eds.) - 2013 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Are the reasons for which we act the causes of our actions? In the nine essays collected here (including a major historical overview by the editors), experts in the field re-evaluate the history and current state of the reasons/causes debate.
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  4. The Experimental Turn and Ordinary Language.Constantine Sandis - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):181-96.
  5. Introduction : Hegel and contemporary philosophy of action.Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis - 2010 - In Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis (eds.), Hegel on Action. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The aim of this book is to provide an in-depth account of Hegel’s writings on human action as they relate to contemporary concerns in the hope that it will encourage fruitful dialogue between Hegel scholars and those working in the philosophy of action. During the past two decades, preliminary steps towards such a dialogue were taken, but many paths remain uncharted. The book thus serves as both a summative document of past interaction and a promissory note of things to come. (...)
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  6.  55
    Virtue Ethics and Particularism.Constantine Sandis - 2021 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 95 (1):205-232.
    Moral particularism is often conceived as the view that there are no moral principles. However, its most fêted accounts focus almost exclusively on rules regarding actions and their features. Such action-centred particularism is, I argue, compatible with generalism at the level of character traits. The resulting view is a form of particularist virtue ethics. This endorses directives of the form ‘Be X’ but rejects any implication that the relevant X-ness must therefore always count in favour of an action.
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  7. The things we do and why we do them.Constantine Sandis - 2012 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The Things We Do and Why We Do Them argues against the common assumption that there is a kind of thing called "action" which all reason-giving explanation of action are geared towards. Sandis explains why all theories concerned with the form which any such explanation must take fail from the outset, and shows how various debates on the nature of so-called motivating reasons only arise because the participants all share a number of mistaken views which follow from the basic assumption (...)
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  8. New essays on the explanation of action.Constantine Sandis (ed.) - 2009 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    A solid cast of contributors present the first collection of essays on the Philosophy of Action.
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  9.  42
    Extending Hinge Epistemology.Constantine Sandis & Danièle Moyal-Sharrock (eds.) - 2022 - Anthem Press.
    Hinge Epistemology is rapidly becoming one of the most exciting areas of epistemology and Wittgenstein studies. In connecting these two fields it brings a revived energy to both, opening them up to fresh developments. The essays in this volume extend the subject in terms of both depth and breadth. They present new voices and challenges within hinge epistemology. They explore new applications and directions of hinge epistemology, particularly as it relates to the philosophy of mind, society, ethics, and the history (...)
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  10. A Companion to the Philosophy of Action.Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.) - 2010 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    A Companion to the Philosophy of Action offers a comprehensive overview of the issues and problems central to the philosophy of action. The first volume to survey the entire field of philosophy of action (the central issues and processes relating to human actions). Brings together specially commissioned chapters from international experts. Discusses a range of ideas and doctrines, including rationality, free will and determinism, virtuous action, criminal responsibility, Attribution Theory, and rational agency in evolutionary perspective. Individual chapters also cover prominent (...)
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  11.  20
    Philosophy of Action: An Anthology.Jonathan Dancy & Constantine Sandis (eds.) - 2015 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Philosophy of Action: An Anthology_ is an authoritative collection of key work by top scholars, arranged thematically and accompanied by expert introductions written by the editors. This unique collection brings together a selection of the most influential essays from the 1960s to the present day. An invaluable collection that brings together a selection of the most important classic and contemporary articles in philosophy of action, from the 1960’s to the present day No other broad-ranging and detailed coverage of this (...)
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  12.  11
    Basic Actions and Individuation.Constantine Sandis - 2010 - In Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 10–17.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Basic Actions Action Individuation References Further reading.
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  13. Unconscious Bias or Deliberate Gatekeeping?Louise Chapman, Filippo Contesi & Constantine Sandis - 2021 - The Philosophers' Magazine (95):9-11.
    Philosophy has a language problem. A recent study by Schwitzgebel, Huang, Higgins and Gonzalez-Cabrera (2018) found that, in a sample of papers published in elite journals, 97% of citations were to work originally written in English. 73% of this same sample didn’t cite any paper that had been originally written in a language other than English. Finally, a staggering 96% of elite journal editorial boards are primarily affiliated with an Anglophone university. This is consistent with earlier data suggesting that journal (...)
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  14. Can Action Explanations Ever Be Non-Factive?Constantine Sandis - 2013 - In David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.), Thinking About Reasons: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Dancy. Oxford University Press. pp. 29.
  15.  58
    The Doing and the Deed: Action in Normative Ethics.Constantine Sandis - 2017 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80:105-126.
    This essay is motivated by the thought that the things we do are to be distinguished from our acts of doing them. I defend a particular way of drawing this distinction before proceeding to demonstrate its relevance for normative ethics. Central to my argument is the conviction that certain ongoing debates in ethical theory begin to dissolve once we disambiguate the two concepts of action in question. If this is right, then the study of action should be accorded a far (...)
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  16.  20
    The Man Who Mistook his Handlung for a Tat: Hegel on Oedipus and Other Tragic Thebans.Constantine Sandis - 2010 - Hegel Bulletin 31 (2):35-60.
    Throughout his work Hegel distinguishes between the notion of an act from the standpoint of the agent and that of all other standpoints. He terms the formerHandlung and the latterTat. This distinction should not be confused with the contemporary one between action andmerebodily movement. For one, bothHandlungandTatare aspects of conduct that results from the will,viz. Tun. Moreover, Hegel's taxonomy is motivated purely by concerns relating to modes of perception. So whereas theorists such as Donald Davidson assert thatallactions are events that (...)
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  17. From Anticausalism to Causalism and Back.Giuseppina D'Oro & Constantine Sandis - 2013 - In Giuseppina D'Oro & Constantine Sandis (eds.), Reasons and Causes: Causalism and Anticausalism in the Philosophy of Action. Palgrave. pp. 7-48.
     
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  18.  41
    Making Ourselves Understood: Wittgenstein and Moral Epistemology.Constantine Sandis - 2019 - Wittgenstein-Studien 10 (1):241-259.
    Wittgenstein teaches us that, contrary to current philosophical and scientific trends, the understanding of others is not to be achieved through some kind of emotional tool providing an access-pass to otherwise hidden ‘mental contents’. This insight goes against the popular grain of empathy as a form of informational ‘mindreading’, founded upon John Locke’s assumption that understanding another is a matter of obtaining and decoding the stored in their mind. We would do best to replace this radically distorted account of what (...)
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  19.  21
    No Picnic: Cavell on Rule‐Descriptions.Constantine Sandis - 2021 - Philosophical Investigations 44 (3):295-317.
    In his first paper, ‘Must We Mean What We Say?’, Stanley Cavell defended the methods of ordinary language philosophy against various charges made by his senior colleague, Benson Mates, under the influence of the empirical semantics of Arne Naess.1 Cavell’s argument hinges on the claim that native speakers are a source of evidence for 'what is said' in language and, accordingly, need not base their claims about ordinary language upon evidence. In what follows, I maintain that this defence against empirical (...)
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  20.  43
    Philosophy of Action from Suarez to Anscombe.Constantine Sandis - 2018 - Philosophical Explorations 21 (1):1-2.
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  21. The objects of action explanation.Constantine Sandis - 2012 - Ratio 25 (3):326-344.
    This paper distinguishes between various different conceptions of behaviour and action before exploring an accompanying variety of distinct things that ‘action explanation’ may plausibly amount to viz. different objectives of action explanation. I argue that a large majority of philosophers are guilty of conflating many of these, consequently offering inadequate accounts of the relation between actions and our reasons for performing them. The paper ends with the suggestion that we would do well to opt for a pluralistic understanding of action (...)
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  22.  7
    Filosofia moral moderna abans i després d’Anscombe.Constantine Sandis - 2020 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 64:39.
  23.  29
    Reasoning to action.Constantine Sandis - 2020 - Philosophical Explorations 23 (2):180-186.
    Volume 23, Issue 2, June 2020, Page 180-186.
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  24. One Fell Swoop.Constantine Sandis - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 9 (3):372-392.
    _ Source: _Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 372 - 392 In this essay I revisit some anti-causalist arguments relating to reason-giving explanations of action put forth by numerous philosophers writing in the late ‘50s and early ‘60s in what Donald Davidson dismissively described as a ‘neo-Wittgensteinian current of small red books’. While chiefly remembered for subscribing to what has come to be called the ‘logical connection’ argument, the positions defended across these volumes are in fact as diverse as they are (...)
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  25.  23
    Modern Moral Philosophy Before and After Anscombe.Constantine Sandis - forthcoming - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía.
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  26. A Just Medium: Empathy and Detachment in Historical Understanding.Constantine Sandis - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (2):179-200.
    This paper explores the role of empathy and detachment in historical explanation by comparing Collingwood and Hume's philosophies of history to Brecht and Stanislavki's theories of theatre. I argue that Collingwood's notion of re-enactment shares much more with Hume and Brecht than it does with Stanislavski. This enables a just medium between rationalistic and empathetic accounts of historical understanding, as recently put forth by Mark Bevir and Karsten Stueber respectively.
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  27.  22
    Hegel on Purpose.Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis - 2019 - Hegel Bulletin 40 (3):444-463.
    In this paper we propose a new interpretation of Hegel's views on action and responsibility, defending it against its most plausible exegetical competitors.1Any exposition of Hegel will face both terminological and substantive challenges, and so we place, from the outset, some interpretative constraints. The paper divides into two parts. In part one, we point out that Hegel makes a number of distinctions which any sensible account of responsibility should indeed make. Our aim here is to show that Hegel at least (...)
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  28.  8
    The Philosophy of Modern Song.Constantine Sandis - forthcoming - British Journal of Aesthetics.
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  29. Symposium. The Apology Ritual.Christopher Bennett, Edgar Maraguat, J. M. Pérez Bermejo, Antony Duff, J. L. Martí, Sergi Rosell & Constantine Sandis - 2012 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 31 (2).
    Symposium on Christopher Bennet's The Apology Ritual. A Philosophical Theory of Punishment [Cambridge University Press, 2008].
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  30.  45
    Kant and Hegel on purposive action.Arto Laitinen, Erasmus Mayr & Constantine Sandis - 2018 - Philosophical Explorations 21 (1):90-107.
    This essay discusses Kant and Hegel’s philosophies of action and the place of action within the general structure of their practical philosophy. We begin by briefly noting a few things that both unite and distinguish the two philosophers. In the sections that follow, we consider these and their corollaries in more detail. In so doing, we map their differences against those suggested by more standard readings that treat their accounts of action as less central to their practical philosophy. Section 2 (...)
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  31. Action, reason, and the passions.Constantine Sandis - 2012 - In Alan Bailey & Dan O'Brien (eds.), The Continuum Companion to Hume. Continuum. pp. 199--213.
     
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  32.  16
    Hegel on action.Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis (eds.) - 2010 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This volume focuses on Hegel's philosophy of action in connection to current concerns. Including key papers by Charles Taylor, Alasdair MacIntyre, and John McDowell, as well as eleven especially commissioned contributions by leading scholars in the field, it aims to readdress the dialogue between Hegel and contemporary philosophy of action. Topics include: the nature of action, reasons and causes; explanation and justification of action; social and narrative aspects of agency; the inner and the outer; the relation between intention, planning, and (...)
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  33. Introduction : Hegel and contemporary philosophy of action.Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis - 2010 - In Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis (eds.), Hegel on action. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  34. “Music to the Ears of Weaklings”: Moral Hydraulics and the Unseating of Desire.Louise Rebecca Chapman & Constantine Sandis - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):71-112.
    Psychological eudaimonism is the view that we are constituted by a desire to avoid the harmful. This entails that coming to see a prospective or actual object of pursuit as harmful to us will unseat our positive evaluative belief about that object. There is more than one way that such an 'unseating' of desire may be caused on an intellectualist picture. This paper arbitrates between two readings of Socrates' 'attack on laziness' in the Meno, with the aim of constructing a (...)
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  35. In Defence of Four Socratic Doctrines.Constantine Sandis - 2008 - Think 6 (17-18):85-98.
  36.  52
    He buttered the toast while baking a fresh loaf.Constantine Sandis - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  37. Hume and the Debate on 'Motivating Reasons'.Constantine Sandis - 2009 - In Charles Pigden (ed.), Hume on Motivation and Virtue. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This paper argues for a novel interpretation of Hume's account of motivation, according to which beliefs can (alone) motivate action though not by standing as reasons which normatively favour it. It si then suggested that a number of contemporary debates about concerning the nature of reasons for action could benefit from such an approach.
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  38. When Did the Killing Occur?Constantine Sandis - 2006 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 37:179-186.
  39. Philosophy for younger people: A polemic.Constantine Sandis - 2004 - Philosophical Pathways.
    Recent years have seen a high increase in the teaching of Philosophy in schools. Programs such as Pathways Schools in Australia International Society for Philosophers, since 2003), 'Philosophy in Schools' in the UK (Royal Institute of Philosophy, since 1999), and 'Philosophy for Children' in the USA, Australia, and the UK (International Council for Philosophical Inquiry since 1985 & Society for Advancing Philosophical Enquiry and Reflection in Education since 1993) are spreading around the world. Within a decade of its introduction Philosophy (...)
     
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  40. Hume’s Scepticism and Realism: His Two Profound Arguments Against the Senses in An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.Constantine Sandis - 2009 - Hume Studies 35 (1-2):240-242.
  41. Contextualist vs. analytic history of philosophy: A study in socrates: Sandis contextualist vs. analytic history.Constantine Sandis - 2009 - Think 8 (22):101-105.
    I here respond to James Warren and John Shand's replies to my paper ‘In Defence of Four Socratic Doctrines’ by questioning the supremacy of contextualist history of philosophy over the so-called ‘analytic’ approach.
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  42.  12
    Wittgenstein on Causation and Induction.Constantine Sandis & Chon Tejedor - 2016 - In Hans‐Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 576–586.
    Wittgenstein's earlier treatment of causation and induction remains thought‐provoking and relevant to contemporary debates in the philosophy of science. Wittgenstein's approach to causation and induction in the Tractatus emerges in the context of two separate, but related discussions. A negative discussion that aims to expose a particular understanding of natural necessity as nonsensical, and a more positive discussion concerning the role played by laws in the natural sciences. In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein suggests that internal relations hold between propositions by virtue (...)
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  43. Alasdair MacIntyre, Ethics of Politics: Selected Essays (Vol. 2) Reviewed by.Constantine Sandis - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28 (1):49-51.
     
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  44. The silver rule of acting under uncertainty.Constantine Sandis & Nassim N. Taleb - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 66:84-88.
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  45. Stephen Mulhall, Philosophical Myths of the Fall Reviewed by.Constantine Sandis - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (1):60-62.
     
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  46. Anthony SR Manstead, Nico Frijda, and Agneta Fischer, eds., Feelings and Emotions: The Amsterdam Symposium Reviewed by.Constantine Sandis - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (2):123-125.
     
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  47. Julian Baggini, Philosophy: Key Themes Reviewed by.Constantine Sandis - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (6):373-375.
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  48. Dretske on the Causation of Behavior.Constantine Sandis - 2008 - Behavior and Philosophy 36:71-86.
    In two recent articles and an earlier book Fred Dretske appeals to a distinction between triggering and structuring causes with the aim of establishing that psychological explanations of behavior differ from non-psychological ones. He concludes that intentional human behavior is triggered by electro-chemical events but structured by representational facts. In this paper I argue that while this underrated causalist position is considerably more persuasive than the standard causalist alternative, Dretske’s account fails to provide us with a coherent analysis of intentional (...)
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  49. “If Some People Looked Like Elephants and Others Like Cats”: Wittgenstein on Understanding Others and Forms of Life.Constantine Sandis - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:131-153.
    This essay introduces a tension between the public Wittgenstein’s optimism about knowledge of other minds and the private Wittgenstein’s pessimism about understanding others. There are three related reasons which render the tension unproblematic. First, the barriers he sought to destroy were metaphysical ones, whereas those he struggled to overcome were psychological. Second, Wittgenstein’s official view is chiefly about knowledge while the unofficial one is about understanding. Last, Wittgenstein’s official remarks on understanding themselves fall into two distinct categories that don’t match (...)
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  50. Nietzsche’s Dance With Zarathustra.Constantine Sandis - 2012 - Philosophy Now 93:13-15.
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