Results for 'Computational Linguistics'

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  1. A Computational Linguistics Perspective on the Anticipatory Drive.G. Neumann - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):26-28.
    Open peer commentary on the target article “How and Why the Brain Lays the Foundations for a Conscious Self” by Martin V. Butz. Excerpt: In this commentary to Martin V. Butz’s target article I am especially concerned with his remarks about language (§33, §§71–79, §91) and modularity (§32, §41, §48, §81, §§94–98). In that context, I would like to bring into discussion my own work on computational models of self-monitoring (cf. Neumann 1998, 2004). In this work I explore the (...)
     
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  2. Computational Linguistic Aspects of Grammatical Inference, 30-31 March.M. Van Zaanen & C. De la Higuera - 2009 - The Reasoner 3 (5):10-10.
  3.  6
    Computer Linguistics and Philosophical Interpretation.John Tomarchio - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 17:79-90.
    This paper reports a procedure which I employed with two computational research instruments, the Index Thomisticus and its companion St. Thomas CD-ROM, in order to research the Thomistic axiom, ‘whatever is received is received according to the mode of the receiver.’ My procedure extends to the lexicological methods developed by the pioneering creator of the Index, Roberto Busa, from single terms to a proposition. More importantly, the paper shows how the emerging results of the lexicological searches guided my formation (...)
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  4.  21
    Hebrew Computational Linguistics: A Bulletin for Formal, Computational, Applied Linguistics, and Modern Hebrew.Alan S. Kaye & Ora Scharzwald - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1):195.
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  5. Computational Linguistics Research-Corpus-Based Knowledge Acquisition-Web-Based Measurements of Intra-collocational Cohesion in Oxford Collocations Dictionary.Igor A. Bolshakov & Sofia N. Galicia-Haro - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 3878--93.
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  6. Computational Linguistics Meets Philosophy: A Latent Semantic Analy-sis of Giordano Bruno's Texts.Simonetta Bassi, Felice Dell'orletta, Daniele Esposito & Alessandro Lenci - 2006 - Rinascimento 46:631-647.
  7.  34
    Archaeology Through Computational Linguistics: Inscription Statistics Predict Excavation Sites of Indus Valley Artifacts.Gabriel L. Recchia & Max M. Louwerse - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):2065-2080.
    Computational techniques comparing co-occurrences of city names in texts allow the relative longitudes and latitudes of cities to be estimated algorithmically. However, these techniques have not been applied to estimate the provenance of artifacts with unknown origins. Here, we estimate the geographic origin of artifacts from the Indus Valley Civilization, applying methods commonly used in cognitive science to the Indus script. We show that these methods can accurately predict the relative locations of archeological sites on the basis of artifacts (...)
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  8.  5
    Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics Third International Conference, Lalc '98, Grenoble, France, December 14-16, 1998 : Selected Papers'.Michael Moortgat - 2001 - Springer Verlag.
    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Third International Conference on Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics, LACL'98, held in Grenoble, France, in December 1998. The 15 revised full papers presented together with one invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected during two rounds of refereeing from 33 submissions and 19 conference presentations. Among the topics covered are various types of grammars, categorical inference, automated reasoning, constraint handling, logical forms, dialogue semantics, unification, and proofs.
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  9.  87
    Group Theory and Computational Linguistics.Dymetman Marc - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (4):461-497.
    There is currently much interest in bringing together the tradition of categorial grammar, and especially the Lambek calculus, with the recent paradigm of linear logic to which it has strong ties. One active research area is designing non-commutative versions of linear logic (Abrusci, 1995; Retoré, 1993) which can be sensitive to word order while retaining the hypothetical reasoning capabilities of standard (commutative) linear logic (Dalrymple et al., 1995). Some connections between the Lambek calculus and computations in groups have long been (...)
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  10.  29
    Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics (LACL'01).Philippe de Groote, Glyn Morrill & Christian Retoré - 2001 - In P. Bouquet (ed.), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  11. Roland HAUSSER: Foundations of Computational Linguistics: Human-Computer Communication in Natural Language.Paul Gochet & Michel Kefer - forthcoming - Revue Internationale de Philosophie.
     
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  12.  4
    Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics Second International Conference, Lacl '97, Nancy, France, September 1997 : Selected Papers'.Alain Lecomte, Francois Lamarche & Guy Perrier - 1999 - Springer Verlag.
    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Second International Conference on Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics, LACL '97, held in Nancy, France in September 1997. The 10 revised full papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing. Also included are two comprehensive invited papers. Among the topics covered are type theory, various types of grammars, linear logic, parsing, type-directed natural language processing, proof-theoretic aspects, concatenation logics, and mathematical languages.
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  13.  98
    On the Importance of a Rich Embodiment in the Grounding of Concepts: Perspectives From Embodied Cognitive Science and Computational Linguistics.Serge Thill, Sebastian Padó & Tom Ziemke - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):545-558.
    The recent trend in cognitive robotics experiments on language learning, symbol grounding, and related issues necessarily entails a reduction of sensorimotor aspects from those provided by a human body to those that can be realized in machines, limiting robotic models of symbol grounding in this respect. Here, we argue that there is a need for modeling work in this domain to explicitly take into account the richer human embodiment even for concrete concepts that prima facie relate merely to simple actions, (...)
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  14. Speech and Language Processing: An Introduction to Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, and Speech Recognition.Dan Jurafsky & James H. Martin - 2000 - Prentice-Hall.
    The first of its kind to thoroughly cover language technology at all levels and with all modern technologies this book takes an empirical approach to the ...
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  15. Current approaches to punctuation in computational linguistics.Bilge Say & Varol Akman - 1997 - Computers and the Humanities 30:457-469.
    Some recent studies in computational linguistics have aimed to take advantage of various cues presented by punctuation marks. This short survey is intended to summarise these research efforts and additionally, to outline a current perspective for the usage and functions of punctuation marks. We conclude by presenting an information-based framework for punctuation, influenced by treatments of several related phenomena in computational linguistics.
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  16.  19
    How Understanding Shapes Reasoning: Experimental Argument Analysis with Methods from Psycholinguistics and Computational Linguistics.Eugen Fischer & Aurélie Herbelot - 2023 - In David Bordonaba-Plou (ed.), Experimental Philosophy of Language: Perspectives, Methods, and Prospects. Springer Verlag. pp. 241-262.
    Empirical insights into language processing have a philosophical relevance that extends well beyond philosophical questions about language. This chapter will discuss this wider relevance: We will consider how experimental philosophers can examine language processing in order to address questions in several different areas of philosophy. To do so, we will present the emerging research program of experimental argument analysis (EAA) that examines how automatic language processing shapes verbal reasoning – including philosophical arguments. The evidential strand of experimental philosophy uses mainly (...)
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  17.  25
    The Global Language of Human Rights: A Computational Linguistic Analysis.David S. Law - 2018 - The Law and Ethics of Human Rights 12 (1):111-150.
    Human rights discourse has been likened to a global lingua franca, and in more ways than one, the analogy seems apt. Human rights discourse is a language that is used by all yet belongs uniquely to no particular place. It crosses not only the borders between nation-states, but also the divide between national law and international law: it appears in national constitutions and international treaties alike. But is it possible to conceive of human rights as a global language or lingua (...)
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  18. Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (SUNY Buffalo).Janyce M. Wiebe & William J. Rapaport (eds.) - 1988 - Assoc for computational linguistics.
    Narrative passages told from a character's perspective convey the character's thoughts and perceptions. We present a discourse process that recognizes characters' thoughts and perceptions in third-person narrative. An effect of perspective on reference In narrative is addressed: references in passages told from the perspective of a character reflect the character's beliefs. An algorithm that uses the results of our discourse process to understand references with respect to an appropriate set of beliefs is presented.
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  19. Old men and women in glasses: A headache for computational linguists.Xiuming Huang - forthcoming - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
  20.  13
    Review of "Collected Papers of Martin Kay: A Half-Century of Computational Linguistics". [REVIEW]Seán Ó Nualláin - 2015 - Cosmos and History 11 (1):373-377.
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  21.  40
    Linguistic Knowledge and Unconscious Computations.Luigi Rizzi - 2016 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 7 (3):338-349.
    : The open-ended character of natural languages calls for the hypothesis that humans are endowed with a recursive procedure generating sentences which are hierarchically organized. Structural relations such as c-command, expressed on hierarchical sentential representations, determine all sorts of formal and interpretive properties of sentences. The relevant computational principles are well beyond the reach of conscious introspection, so that studying such properties requires the formulation of precise formal hypotheses, and empirically testing them. This article illustrates all these aspects of (...)
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  22.  70
    Put my galakmid Coin into the dispenser and kick it: Computational linguistics and theorem proving in a computer game. [REVIEW]Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil & Kristina Striegnitz - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):187-206.
    We combine state-of-the-art techniques from computational linguisticsand theorem proving to build an engine for playing text adventures,computer games with which the player interacts purely through naturallanguage. The system employs a parser for dependency grammar and ageneration system based on TAG, and has components for resolving andgenerating referring expressions. Most of these modules make heavy useof inferences offered by a modern theorem prover for descriptionlogic. Our game engine solves some problems inherent in classical textadventures, and is an interesting test case (...)
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  23.  43
    A Computational Model of Linguistic Humor in Puns.Justine T. Kao, Roger Levy & Noah D. Goodman - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (5):1270-1285.
    Humor plays an essential role in human interactions. Precisely what makes something funny, however, remains elusive. While research on natural language understanding has made significant advancements in recent years, there has been little direct integration of humor research with computational models of language understanding. In this paper, we propose two information-theoretic measures—ambiguity and distinctiveness—derived from a simple model of sentence processing. We test these measures on a set of puns and regular sentences and show that they correlate significantly with (...)
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  24. A computational approach to linguistic knowledge.Ian Gold & Sandy C. Boucher - 2002 - Language and Communication 1 (22):211-229.
    The rejection of behaviorism in the 1950s and 1960s led to the view, due mainly to Noam Chomsky, that language must be studied by looking at the mind and not just at behavior. It is an understatement to say that Chomskyan linguistics dominates the field. Despite being the overwhelming majority view, it has not gone unchallenged, and the challenges have focused on different aspects of the theory. What is almost universally accepted, however, is Chomsky’s view that understanding language demands (...)
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  25. Computational semantics—linguistics and processing.John Nerbonne - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Blackwell Reference. pp. 459--82.
     
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  26.  24
    The Computational Model of Linguistic Theory.Frank Nuessel - 1998 - Semiotics:128-139.
  27.  20
    Linguistics must be computational too.D. Terence Langendoen - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):470-471.
  28.  61
    How WM Load Influences Linguistic Processing in Adults: A Computational Model of Pronoun Interpretation in Discourse.Jacolien Rij, Hedderik Rijn & Petra Hendriks - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):564-580.
    This paper presents a study of the effect of working memory load on the interpretation of pronouns in different discourse contexts: stories with and without a topic shift. We discuss a computational model (in ACT-R, Anderson, 2007) to explain how referring expressions are acquired and used. On the basis of simulations of this model, it is predicted that WM constraints only affect adults' pronoun resolution in stories with a topic shift, but not in stories without a topic shift. This (...)
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  29.  5
    How can computer-based methods help researchers to investigate news values in large datasets? A corpus linguistic study of the construction of newsworthiness in the reporting on Hurricane Katrina.Helen Caple, Monika Bednarek & Amanda Potts - 2015 - Discourse and Communication 9 (2):149-172.
    This article uses a 36-million word corpus of news reporting on Hurricane Katrina in the United States to explore how computer-based methods can help researchers to investigate the construction of newsworthiness. It makes use of Bednarek and Caple’s discursive approach to the analysis of news values, and is both exploratory and evaluative in nature. One aim is to test and evaluate the integration of corpus techniques in applying discursive news values analysis. We employ and evaluate corpus techniques that have not (...)
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  30.  25
    How WM Load Influences Linguistic Processing in Adults: A Computational Model of Pronoun Interpretation in Discourse.Jacolien van Rij, Hedderik van Rijn & Petra Hendriks - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):564-580.
    This paper presents a study of the effect of working memory load on the interpretation of pronouns in different discourse contexts: stories with and without a topic shift. We discuss a computational model (in ACT‐R, Anderson, 2007) to explain how referring expressions are acquired and used. On the basis of simulations of this model, it is predicted that WM constraints only affect adults' pronoun resolution in stories with a topic shift, but not in stories without a topic shift. This (...)
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  31.  23
    The brain dynamics of linguistic computation.Elliot Murphy - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  32.  5
    Implicit offensiveness from linguistic and computational perspectives: A study of irony and sarcasm.Anna Bączkowska - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):353-383.
    The aim of this paper is to shed some light on the linguistic concept of implicit offensiveness. On the one hand, implicitness will be juxtaposed with indirectness as the two concepts are not conceived of here as synonymous. On the other hand, a typology of offensiveness (vs offensive language and vs offendedness) will be proposed, as well as the overarching term ‘covert meaning’ that will span figurative implicitness and non-figurative implicitness. The gradability of various forms of covert meaning and its (...)
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  33.  10
    Berwick and Weinberg on linguistics and computational psychology.Edward P. Stabler - 1984 - Cognition 17 (2):155-179.
  34.  12
    CLIBOC: Chinese Linguistics Bibliography on Computer.Paul L.-M. Serruys, William S.-Y. Wang & Anatole Lyovin - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (2):214.
  35.  3
    Computational models of referring: a study in cognitive science.Kees van Deemter - 2016 - London, England: The MIT Press.
    8.6 Issues Raised by the Algorithms Proposed.
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  36.  6
    Linguistic Issues in Language Technology Vol 9: Perspectives on Semantic Representations for Textual Inference (Volume 9).Cleo Condoravdi, Valeria Correa Vaz De Paiva & Annie Else Zaenen - 2013 - Stanford, CA, USA: MIT Press.
    Linguistic Issues in Language Technology (LiLT) is an open-access journal that focuses on the relationships between linguistic insights and language technology. In conjunction with machine learning and statistical techniques, deeper and more sophisticated models of language and speech are needed to make significant progress in both existing and newly emerging areas of computational language analysis. The vast quantity of electronically accessible natural language data (text and speech, annotated and unannotated, formal and informal) provides unprecedented opportunities for data-intensive analysis of (...)
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  37.  32
    Computational lexical semantics.Patrick Saint-Dizier & Evelyne Viegas (eds.) - 1995 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Lexical semantics has become a major research area within computational linguistics, drawing from psycholinguistics, knowledge representation, computer algorithms and architecture. Research programmes whose goal is the definition of large lexicons are asking what the appropriate representation structure is for different facets of lexical information. Among these facets, semantic information is probably the most complex and the least explored.Computational Lexical Semantics is one of the first volumes to provide models for the creation of various kinds of computerised lexicons (...)
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  38.  48
    Data barns, ambient intelligence and cloud computing: the tacit epistemology and linguistic representation of Big Data.Lisa Portmess & Sara Tower - 2015 - Ethics and Information Technology 17 (1):1-9.
    The explosion of data grows at a rate of roughly five trillion bits a second, giving rise to greater urgency in conceptualizing the infosphere and understanding its implications for knowledge and public policy. Philosophers of technology and information technologists alike who wrestle with ontological and epistemological questions of digital information tend to emphasize, as Floridi does, information as our new ecosystem and human beings as interconnected informational organisms, inforgs at home in ambient intelligence. But the linguistic and conceptual representations of (...)
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  39.  31
    Towards Computational Rhetoric.Floriana Grasso - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (3).
    The notions of argument and argumentation have become increasingly ubiquitous in Artificial Intelligence research, with various application and interpretations. Less attention has been, however, specifically devoted to rhetorical argument The work presented in this paper aims at bridging this gap, by proposing a framework for characterising rhetorical argumentation, based on Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca's New Rhetoric. The paper provides an overview of the state of the art of computational work based on, or dealing with, rhetorical aspects of argumentation, before presenting (...)
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  40.  10
    M-LAMAC: a model for linguistic assessment of mitigating and aggravating circumstances of criminal responsibility using computing with words.Carlos Rafael Rodríguez Rodríguez, Yarina Amoroso Fernández, Denis Sergeevich Zuev, Marieta Peña Abreu & Yeleny Zulueta Veliz - forthcoming - Artificial Intelligence and Law:1-43.
    The general mitigating and aggravating circumstances of criminal liability are elements attached to the crime that, when they occur, affect the punishment quantum. Cuban criminal legislation provides a catalog of such circumstances and some general conditions for their application. Such norms give judges broad discretion in assessing circumstances and adjusting punishment based on the intensity of those circumstances. In the interest of broad judicial discretion, the law does not establish specific ways for measuring circumstances’ intensity. This gives judges more freedom (...)
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  41.  10
    Sentence comprehension as a cognitive process: a computational approach.Shravan Vasishth - 2021 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Felix Engelmann.
    Sentence comprehension - the way we process and understand spoken and written language - is a central and important area of research within psycholinguistics. This book explores the contribution of computational linguistics to the field, showing how computational models of sentence processing can help scientists in their investigation of human cognitive processes. It presents the leading computational model of retrieval processes in sentence processing, the Lewis and Vasishth cue-based retrieval mode, and develops a principled methodology for (...)
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  42.  24
    Computational Investigations of Multiword Chunks in Language Learning.Stewart M. McCauley & Morten H. Christiansen - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):637-652.
    Second-language learners rarely arrive at native proficiency in a number of linguistic domains, including morphological and syntactic processing. Previous approaches to understanding the different outcomes of first- versus second-language learning have focused on cognitive and neural factors. In contrast, we explore the possibility that children and adults may rely on different linguistic units throughout the course of language learning, with specific focus on the granularity of those units. Following recent psycholinguistic evidence for the role of multiword chunks in online language (...)
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  43.  90
    Computably enumerable equivalence relations.Su Gao & Peter Gerdes - 2001 - Studia Logica 67 (1):27-59.
    We study computably enumerable equivalence relations (ceers) on N and unravel a rich structural theory for a strong notion of reducibility among ceers.
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  44.  13
    Direct Versus Indirect Causation as a Semantic Linguistic Universal: Using a Computational Model of English, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, and K'iche’ Mayan to Predict Grammaticality Judgments in Balinese.I. Nyoman Aryawibawa, Yana Qomariana, Ketut Artawa & Ben Ambridge - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (4):e12974.
    The aim of this study was to test the claim that languages universally employ morphosyntactic marking to differentiate events of more‐ versus less‐direct causation, preferring to mark them with less‐ and more‐ overt marking, respectively (e.g., Somebody broke the window vs. Somebody MADE the window break; *Somebody cried the boy vs. Somebody MADE the boy cry). To this end, we investigated whether a recent computational model which learns to predict speakers’ by‐verb relative preference for the two causatives in English, (...)
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  45.  4
    Linguistic modelling of scenarios: the means of paradigm change from the systemic view to systems science.Janos Korn - 2013 - Kibworth Beauchamp, Leicestershire: Matador.
    Linguistic Modelling of Scenarios proposes a paradigm change from the 'systemic VIEW' to 'systems SCIENCE', so as to extend the methodology of conventional science of physics into the domains hitherto beyond the reach of this kind of treatment. The book: I. Identifies the problematic issues in current approaches to the 'systemic or structural view' of parts of the world as opposed to the 'quantitative/qualitative views' of conventional science of physics and the arts whereby introducing the 'third culture'. II. Locates the (...)
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  46.  11
    Computational Approaches to Comics Analysis.Jochen Laubrock & Alexander Dunst - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (1):274-310.
    Comics are complex multimodal documents that make for intriguing materials to analyze with computer vision and computational linguistics. This review summarizes the growing developments in computational modeling which have been progressing to analyze visual narratives across their various substructures.
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  47. 'Tortured phrases' in post-publication peer review of materials, computer and engineering sciences reveal linguistic-related editing problems.Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva - 2022 - Publishing Research 1:6.
    A surge in post-publication activity related to editing, including by technical editors and copyeditors, is worthy of some discussion. One of these issues involves the issue of 'tortured phrases', which are bizarre terms and phrases in academic papers that replace standard English expressions or jargon. This phenomenon may reveal an attempt to avoid the detection of textual similarity or to masquerade plagiarism, and yet remain undetected by editors, peer reviewers and text editors. Potentially thousands of cases have already been discovered (...)
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  48.  28
    Reference and computation: an essay in applied philosophy of language.Amichai Kronfeld - 1990 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book deals with a major problem in the study of language: the problem of reference. The ease with which we refer to things in conversation is deceptive. Upon closer scrutiny, it turns out that we hardly ever tell each other explicitly what object we mean, although we expect our interlocutor to discern it. Amichai Kronfeld provides an answer to two questions associated with this: how do we successfully refer, and how can a computer be programmed to achieve this? Beginning (...)
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  49.  16
    Linguistic Markers of CEO Hubris.Vita Akstinaite, Graham Robinson & Eugene Sadler-Smith - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (4):687-705.
    This article explores the link between CEOs’ language and hubristic leadership. It is based on the precepts that leaders’ linguistic utterances provide insights into their personality and behaviours; hubris is associated with unethical and potentially destructive leadership behaviours; if it is possible to identify linguistic markers of CEO hubris then these could serve as early warnings sign and help to mitigate the associated risks. Using computational linguistics, we analysed spoken utterances from a sample of hubristic CEOs and compared (...)
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  50.  54
    Computation of Aristotle's and gergonne's syllogisms.S. N. Furs - 1987 - Studia Logica 46 (3):209 - 225.
    A connection between Aristotle's syllogistic and the calculus of relations is investigated. Aristotle's and Gergonne's syllogistics are considered as some algebraic structures. It is proved that Gergonne's syllogistic is isomorphic to closed elements algebra of a proper approximation relation algebra. This isomorphism permits to evaluate Gergonne's syllogisms and also Aristotle's syllogisms, laws of conversion and relations in the "square of oppositions" by means of regular computations with Boolean matrices.
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