Results for 'Communism'

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  1. Communism and the Incentive to Share in Science.Remco Heesen - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (4):698-716.
    The communist norm requires that scientists widely share the results of their work. Where did this norm come from, and how does it persist? Michael Strevens provides a partial answer to these questions by showing that scientists should be willing to sign a social contract that mandates sharing. However, he also argues that it is not in an individual credit-maximizing scientist's interest to follow this norm. I argue against Strevens that individual scientists can rationally conform to the communist norm, even (...)
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  2. Communist Conventions for Deductive Reasoning.Sinan Dogramaci - 2015 - Noûs 49 (4):776-799.
    In section 1, I develop epistemic communism, my view of the function of epistemically evaluative terms such as ‘rational’. The function is to support the coordination of our belief-forming rules, which in turn supports the reliable acquisition of beliefs through testimony. This view is motivated by the existence of valid inferences that we hesitate to call rational. I defend the view against the worry that it fails to account for a function of evaluations within first-personal deliberation. In the rest (...)
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  3. The Communist Manifesto.Karl Marx - unknown - Yale University Press.
    Marx and Engels's Communist Manifesto has become one of the world’s most influential political tracts since its original 1848 publication. Part of the Rethinking the Western Tradition series, this edition of the Manifesto features an extensive introduction by Jeffrey C. Isaac, and essays by Vladimir Tismaneanu, Steven Lukes, Saskia Sassen, and Stephen Eric Bronner, each well known for their writing on questions central to the Manifesto and the history of Marxism. These essays address the Manifesto's historical background, its impact on (...)
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  4. Communist Manifesto.Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels - 2002 [1848] - Penguin Classics.
    Originally published on the eve of the 1848 European revolutions, The Communist Manifesto is a condensed and incisive account of the worldview Marx and Engels developed during their hectic intellectual and political collaboration. Formulating the principles of dialectical materialism, they believed that labor creates wealth, hence capitalism is exploitive and antithetical to freedom. -/- This new edition includes an extensive introduction by Gareth Stedman Jones, Britain's leading expert on Marx and Marxism, providing a complete course for students of The Communist (...)
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  5.  2
    Communist Study: Education for the Commons.Derek R. Ford - 2022 - Lexington Books.
    Traversing the fields of pedagogy, philosophy, and political theory, this book develops a marxist theory of education that will be useful for academics and activists alike. The second edition includes two additional chapters as well as a new preface and revisions throughout.
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  6.  10
    Hermeneutic Communism: From Heidegger to Marx.Gianni Vattimo & Santiago Zabala - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    Paralleling Vattimo and Zabala's well-known work on the weakening of religion, Hermeneutic Communism realizes the fully transformational, politically effective potential of Marxist thought.
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  7. Communist Ethics and Chinese Tradition.David S. Nivison - 1954 - Cambridge: Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
     
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  8. Communism as Eudaimonia.Sabeen Ahmed - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Social Values 1 (2):31-48.
    Karl Marx states in Capital that “man, if not as Aristotle thought a political animal, is at all events a social animal” (Marx, 1992, 444). That Marx draws from Aristotle’s work has been long-recognized, but one could argue that Marx’s very conception of man—what he calls “species-being”—is a derivative of Aristotle’s theory of the good life. This article explores the Aristotelian underpinnings of Marx’s political philosophy and argues that Marx’s theory of species-being and human emancipation supervenes upon Aristotle’s theory of (...)
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  9.  2
    Hermeneutic Communism: From Heidegger to Marx.Gianni Vattimo & Santiago Zabala - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Having lost much of its political clout and theoretical power, communism no longer represents an appealing alternative to capitalism. In its original Marxist formulation, communism promised an ideal of development, but only through a logic of war, and while a number of reformist governments still promote this ideology, their legitimacy has steadily declined since the fall of the Berlin wall. Separating communism from its metaphysical foundations, which include an abiding faith in the immutable laws of history and (...)
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  10.  6
    Communist Becomings.Sergio Fiedler - 2022 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 19:411-432.
    More than 30 years after the fall of the soviet block and because of the social and political crisis that have occurred in various places of the world in recent years, there have been important political and academic debates about the meaning of the concept of communism. The current article attempts to contribute theoretically to this discussion by highlighting the different becomings within which communism can be understood in the actual context. Among those are the performative importance of (...)
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  11.  64
    Communism, Universalism and Disinterestedness: Re-Examining Contemporary Support Among Academics for Merton’s Scientific Norms. [REVIEW]Bruce Macfarlane & Ming Cheng - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1):67-78.
    This paper re-examines the relevance of three academic norms to contemporary academic life – communism, universalism and disinterestedness – based on the work of Robert Merton. The results of a web-based survey elicited responses to a series of value statements and were analysed using the weighted average method and through cross-tabulation. Results indicate strong support for communism as an academic norm defined in relation to sharing research results and teaching materials as opposed to protecting intellectual copyright and withholding (...)
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  12.  18
    All Communists Go to Heaven: The Construction of a Marxist Kingdom of God on Earth.Reid Thomas Funston - 2017 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 11 (2).
    Since its birth in the mid-nineteenth century, Marxism has had a contentious relationship with religion and Christianity. From the Marxist critique of religion as the “opium of the people” to the secularism of the Soviet Union to the Catholic Church’s “Decree Against Communism, ” the two schools of thought have widely been considered incompatible. Despite this tension, many of the critiques leveled by both sides do not attack the real substance of their opponents’ ideas. As such, this paper sets (...)
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  13.  4
    Communism and Philosophy: Contemporary Dogmas and Revisions of Marxism.Maurice Campbell Cornforth - 1980 - Lawrence & Wishart.
  14.  26
    Communists, Anarchists, and Suckers: A Reply to Spafford on ‘Conditional Exchange’.Callum Zavos MacRae - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-9.
    In a recent paper in JVI, ‘An Anarchist Interpretation of Marx’s “Ability to Needs” Principle,’ Spafford has argued that: (i) the communist and anarchist traditions share an objection to a particular kind of exchange (which he calls quid pro quo exchange); (ii) the anarchist objection to quid pro quo exchange can be understood as opposition to conditional exchange; (iii) consequently, the objection motivates an opposition to conditional exchange as such (i.e. a commitment to unconditional exchange); and (iv) we can construct (...)
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  15. The Communist Manifesto New Interpretations.Mark Cowling, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels & Terrell Carver - 1998
     
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  16.  8
    The Communist Manifesto: A Weapon of Mass Destruction or A Tool for Tomorrow?Cody Ritter - 2022 - Constellations 13 (1&2).
    The term communism has long since been seen as largely derogatory, and the system it represents, a failure. Yet where do these notions of communism come from and are they reflective of the original ideals laid out by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels? This paper will look at some of the divergences from Marx’ and Engels’ original intent to the form communism took in eastern Europe’s state-socialism. The analysis remains limited in scope with the intent of offering (...)
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  17. Communist Morality.N. V. Bychkova, Rostislav Aleksandrovich Lavrov & V. A. Li͡ubisheva (eds.) - 1962 - Moscow: Progress Publishers.
     
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  18.  1
    Communist Becomings.Sergio Fiedler - 2022 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 19:411-432.
    More than 30 years after the fall of the soviet block and because of the social and political crisis that have occurred in various places of the world in recent years, there have been important political and academic debates about the meaning of the concept of communism. The current article attempts to contribute theoretically to this discussion by highlighting the different becomings within which communism can be understood in the actual context. Among those are the performative importance of (...)
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  19. Communism and the Reality of Moral Law.James D. Bales - 1969 - Nutley, N.J., Craig Press.
     
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  20. Chinese Communism Vs. Confucianism (1966-1974): An Historical and Critical Study.Te-Sheng Meng - 1980 - Free Men Magazine.
  21.  1
    Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics.James Kern Feibleman - 1937 - American Mathematical Society.
  22.  4
    Post-Communist Institution-Building and Media Control.Natalya Ryabinska - 2020 - Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal 7:73-100.
    This study uses an interdisciplinary perspective to shed light on Ukraine’s continuous problems with media independence, which to date have not allowed Ukraine to become a country with a truly free media: since Ukraine’s independence in 1991 its media have consistently remained only “partly free.” The approach proposed in the paper combines theoretical tools of post-communist media studies with advancements in political science research in regime change and state-building to explore the continuities and changes in the institutional environment for the (...)
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  23.  2
    Communism and Human Values.Maurice Campbell Cornforth - 1972 - New York: International Publishers.
  24.  2
    Communism, Fascism, or Democracy?Eduard Heimann - 1938 - American Mathematical Society.
  25.  38
    Post-Communist Consumer Ethics: The Case of Romania.Jamal A. Al-Khatib, Christopher J. Robertson & Dana-Nicoleta Lascu - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (1):81-95.
    In this paper we theorize that cognitive ethical orientations play an influential role in the beliefs of consumers when faced with different ranges of moral dilemmas. We examine this proposition in transitional Eastern Europe and results from a sample of 210 Romanian consumers suggest that Romanians are faced with a moral situation where low levels of Machiavellianism and high levels of idealism appear to relate to a higher ethical concern about passively benefiting at the expense of others.
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  26.  15
    The Communist Manifesto.Jeffrey C. Isaac (ed.) - 2012 - Yale University Press.
    Marx and Engels's _Communist Manifesto_ has become one of the world’s most influential political tracts since its original 1848 publication. Part of the Rethinking the Western Tradition series, this edition of the _Manifesto_ features an extensive introduction by Jeffrey C. Isaac, and essays by Vladimir Tismaneanu, Steven Lukes, Saskia Sassen, and Stephen Eric Bronner, each well known for their writing on questions central to the _Manifesto_ and the history of Marxism. These essays address the _Manifesto_'s historical background, its impact on (...)
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  27.  24
    Communism Today: A Comradely Response to Left Univeralism, Africacentric Essays. [REVIEW]Robert Collins - 2019 - Journal of the African Literature Association 13 (2):263-266.
  28.  44
    Cities of the Gods: Communist Utopias in Greek Thought.Doyne Dawson - 1992 - Oup Usa.
    Cities of the Gods is a historical study of the theory of Utopian communism in ancient Greek thought, identifying and assessing its several currents. The author looks at the reason for the decline of the Utopian traditions after c. 150 BC and suggests that the main factor was the Roman conquest of the Greek world, which produced a more conservative intellectual climate. He concludes by looking at the evidence for the survival of utopian traditions, particularly their influence on early (...)
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  29. Communism: Why It is and How It Works. [REVIEW]J. B. R. & T. P. Neil - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):807-807.
    It is an interesting fact of our time that some of the best studies of communism and Marxism have been written by Catholic scholars. This book, based on a series of television programs in St. Louis aims at presenting an historical and theoretical understanding of the emergence of Marxism and the development of Communism. Written for the intelligent lay reader as an introduction to a complex subject, the treatment is lucid and balanced.—R. J. B.
     
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  30.  10
    Marx, Communism, and Basic Income.Jan Kandiyali - 2022 - Social Theory and Practice 48 (4):647-664.
    Should Marxists support universal basic income, i.e., a regular cash income paid to all without a means test or work requirement? This paper considers one important argument that they should, namely that UBI would be instrumentally effective in helping to bring about communism. It argues that previous answers to this question have paid insufficient attention to a logically prior question: what is Marx’s account of communism? In reply, it distinguishes two different accounts: a left-libertarian version that associates (...) with the freedom to live and work how one wants, and a perfectionist version that associates communism with the overcoming of alienated labour and self-realisation in work. It argues that UBI would make steps towards the left-libertarian account but not the perfectionist account. Ultimately, then, the question “should Marxists support basic income?” is shown to partly depend on which account of communism Marxists want to bring about. (shrink)
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  31.  2
    Post-Communist Modernization, Transition Studies, and Diversity in Europe.Paul Blokker - 2005 - European Journal of Social Theory 8 (4):503-525.
    The majority of studies of post-communism – habitually grouped under the heading of 'transitology' – understand the transition ultimately as a political and cultural convergence of the ex-communist societies with Western Europe. Even those critical approaches that regard the post-communist transition as a relatively unique phenomenon tend to conflate normative prescriptions with empirical descriptions and to move within an overall framework of what Michael Kennedy has aptly called 'transition culture'. This article argues instead that the transition's nature can only (...)
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  32.  4
    Hermeneutical Communism or rather Hermeneutics Emergent?: Introductory notes.Gerardo Oviedo - 2016 - Estudios de Filosofía Práctica E Historia de Las Ideas 18:59-68.
    En el artículo se plantea una primera aproximación a las motivaciones básicas del proyecto teórico que denomino "Hermenéutica Emergente". Se sugiere la importancia de mediar, inicialmente, aspectos antropológicos de la "moral de la emergencia" de Arturo Roig con la "hermenéutica analógica" de Mauricio Beuchot, en un diálogo filosófico Sur-Sur. Asimismo, se plantea el interés en entablar un diálogo filosófico Norte-Sur con el reciente "comunismo hermenéutico" de Gianni Vattimo. Un primer objetivo central de la "Hermenéutica Emergente" es contribuir a la renovación (...)
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  33.  49
    Libertarian Communism: Marx, Engels and the Political Economy of Freedom.Tom Bunyard - 2011 - Historical Materialism 19 (3):205-212.
    Book-review of Ernesto Screpanti’s Libertarian Communism: Marx, Engels and the Political Economy of Freedom. In this book, Ernesto Screpanti questions the nature and status of freedom within both Marx’s thought and possible forms of communist organisation. By way of an argument which contends that communism should be understood as a theory of freedom, he extracts a deliberately individualistic version of communism from Marx’s work, and proceeds to develop this into a series of recommendations for practical-organisational forms. These (...)
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  34.  12
    The Communist Manifestoes: Media of Marxism and Bolshevik Contagion in America.James Farr - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):85-105.
    The Communist Manifesto—rhetorical masterpiece of proletarian revolution—was published 69 years before the Bolshevik Revolution and had a complex reception history that implicated America and Russia in the long interval between. But once the Revolution shook the world, the Manifesto became indissolubly tied to it, forged together as constitutive moments of some supratemporal revolutionary dynamic. Its subsequent and further reception in America bore the marks of Bolshevik contagion, negatively in many quarters, positively in the early American communist movement. As various communist (...)
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  35. Complications: Communism and the Dilemmas of Democracy.Julian Bourg (ed.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Claude Lefort challenges the belief that the death of communism was a victory for liberal democracy and provides a new understanding of the rise and fall of the Soviet Union and the communist phenomenon.
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  36. Communism and the Ironic Value of Property in Italian Neo-Realist Cinema.John R. Hamilton - 2006 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (4):61-69.
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  37.  23
    Hermeneutic Communism: From Heidegger to Marx.Michael Laurence - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (7):948-949.
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  38.  4
    The Communist Millennium: The Soviet View. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):809-809.
    In the corpus of Marxist and Communist theory, there exists no complete analysis of what the future society will look like. Marx, himself, was skeptical about the possibility of providing such an analysis. Nevertheless, most Marxist theoreticians have alluded to this future society and have indicated some of its general characteristics. Analyzing the relevant writings of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Bukharin and Stalin, the author attempts to present a description of the communist future society according to Communist doctrine. A brief (...)
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  39. A Philosophy for Communism: Rethinking Althusser.Panagiotis Sotiris - 2020 - Boston: Brill.
    In A Philosophy for Communism: Rethinking Althusser Panagiotis Sotiris attempts a reading of the work of the French philosopher centered upon his deeply political conception of philosophy. Althusser's endeavour is presented as a quest for a new practice of philosophy that would enable a new practice of politics for communism, in opposition to idealism and teleology. The central point is that in his trajectory from the crucial interventions of the 1960s to the texts on aleatory materialism, Althusser remained (...)
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  40.  5
    Communism: The Shadows of a Utopia.Edward Kanterian - 2014 - Baltic Worlds 7 (4):4-11.
    Twenty-five years ago, communism, the political system dominant in Eastern Europe, collapsed. Two years later, in 1991, the Soviet Union was dissolved. The People’s Republic of China remained the sole communist power, but throughout the 1990s its anti-capitalist party line was watered down through the introduction of market-oriented reforms. Today, only one country can be said to be truly communist: North Korea. Communism, in the 1980s a mighty geopolitical force holding half of Europe and roughly one third of (...)
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  41.  8
    Complications: Communism and the Dilemmas of Democracy.Claude Lefort & Dick Howard - 2007 - Columbia University Press.
    Al-Jazeera and other satellite television stations have transformed Arab politics over the last decade.
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  42. The Idea of Communism.Costas Douzinas & Slavoj Žižek (eds.) - 2010 - Verso.
    Responding to Alain Badiou’s ‘communist hypothesis’, the leading political philosophers of the Left convened in London in 2009 to take part in a landmark conference to discuss the perpetual, persistent notion that, in a truly emancipated society, all things should be owned in common. This volume brings together their discussions on the philosophical and political import of the communist idea, highlighting both its continuing significance and the need to reconfigure the concept within a world marked by havoc and crisis.
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  43.  13
    Communism's Posthumous Trial.Ronald Aronson - 2003 - History and Theory 42 (2):222–245.
    The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression by Stéphane Courtois The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century by François Furet The Burden of Responsibility: Blum, Camus, Aron, and the French Twentieth Century by Tony Judt Le Siècle des communismes by Michel Dreyfus.
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  44. The Communist Millennium: The Soviet View.T. Denno - 1964
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  45. Communism For Critical Critics? The German Ideology and the Problem of Technology.Terrell Carver - 1988 - History of Political Thought 9 (1):129-36.
  46.  36
    Communism and the Fall of Man : The Social Theories of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley.Timothy Kenyon - unknown
    The thesis examines the thought of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley, emphasizing the concern of both theorists with the prevailing moral depravity of human nature attributable to the Fall of Man, and their proposals for the amendment of men's conduct by institutional means, especially by the establishment of a communist society. The thesis opens with a conceptual exploration of 'utopianism' and 'millenarianism' before discussing the particular forms of these concepts employed by More and Winstanley. The introductory section also includes an (...)
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  47. Communist China's Economic Growth and Foreign Trade: Implications for U.S. Policy.Alexander Eckstein, Dwight H. Perkins, Kang Chao, Kenneth R. Walker, Isabel Crook & David Crook - 1967 - Science and Society 31 (3):342-354.
     
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  48. Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society. A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics.James Feibleman - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (48):502-503.
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  49. Communist and Co-Operative Colonies. By J. O. Hertzler. [REVIEW]C. Gide - 1930 - International Journal of Ethics 41:371.
     
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  50.  1
    Review: Communism's Posthumous Trial. [REVIEW]Ronald Aronson - 2003 - History and Theory 42 (2):222-245.
    The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression by Stéphane Courtois The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century by François Furet The Burden of Responsibility: Blum, Camus, Aron, and the French Twentieth Century by Tony Judt Le Siècle des communismes by Michel Dreyfus.
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