Results for 'Cognitive psychology. '

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  1. Applied cognitive psychology and the "strong replacement" of epistemology by normative psychology.Carole J. Lee - 2008 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (1):55-75.
    is normative in the sense that it aims to make recommendations for improving human judgment; it aims to have a practical impact on morally and politically significant human decisions and actions; and it studies normative, rational judgment qua rational judgment. These nonstandard ways of understanding ACP as normative collectively suggest a new interpretation of the strong replacement thesis that does not call for replacing normative epistemic concepts, relations, and inquiries with descriptive, causal ones. Rather, it calls for recognizing that the (...)
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  2. Cognitive psychology, entrapment, and the philosophy of mind.Alan Gauld - 1989 - In The Case for Dualism. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
     
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  3.  7
    Cognitive psychology in the Middle Ages.Simon Kemp - 1996 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
    This book summarizes the ideas about cognitive psychology expressed in the writings of medieval Europeans. Up until the 13th century, Christians who wrote about cognitive psychology, foremost of whom was St. Augustine, did so in the Neoplatonic tradition. The translation of the works of Aristotle and some of the works of Arab scholars into Latin during the 12th and 13th centuries brought a high level of sophistication to the theories. The author touches upon the works of Augustine, Averro^Des, (...)
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  4.  13
    Cognitive psychology.John R. Anderson - 1984 - Artificial Intelligence 23 (1):1-11.
  5. Questions Posed by Teleology for Cognitive Psychology; Introduction and Comments.Is Dialectical Cognition Good Enough To - 1987 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 8 (2):179-184.
  6.  46
    Cognitive psychology: A phenomenological critique.Frederick J. Wertz - 1993 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 13 (1):2-24.
    Reviews the general orientation of cognitive psychology, some contemporary difficulties and problems noted by cognitive psychologists, and apparent commonalities between phenomenological and cognitive psychologies. It is argued that the problems of cognitive psychology are inevitable consequences of its natural scientific orientation, which is far more traditional than it is revolutionary. A phenomenologically based, human science approach to psychology is offered as a solution of fundamental disciplinary problems. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  7. The cognitive psychological reality of image schemas and their transformations.Raymond W. Gibbs & Herbert L. Colston - 1995 - Cognitive Linguistics 6 (4):347-378.
  8.  28
    Cognitive psychology meets psychometric theory: On the relation between process models for decision making and latent variable models for individual differences.Han L. J. van der Maas, Dylan Molenaar, Gunter Maris, Rogier A. Kievit & Denny Borsboom - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):339-356.
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  9.  83
    Note on reductionism in cognitive psychology: Reification of cognitive processes into mind, mind-brain equivalence, and brain-computer analogy.Joseph M. Notterman - 2000 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):116-121.
    This note brings together three phenomena leading to a tendency toward reductionism in cognitive psychology. They are the reification of cognitive processes into an entity called mind; the identification of the mind with the brain; and the congruence by analogy of the brain with the digital computer. Also indicated is the need to continue studying the effects upon behavior of variables other than brain function. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  10.  40
    Cognitive Psychology and the Understanding of Perception.Frederick J. Wertz - 1987 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 18 (1-2):103-142.
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  11.  10
    Linguistics, cognitive psychology, and the Now-or-Never bottleneck.Ansgar D. Endress & Roni Katzir - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  12. Cognitive psychology and conceptual change: Implications for teaching science.Thomas J. Shuell - 1987 - Science Education 71 (2):239-250.
  13.  22
    Redefining cognitive psychology.John Jonides & Patricia Reuter-Lorenz - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):363-364.
    Posner & Raichle illustrate how neuroimaging blends profitably with neuropsychology and electrophysiology to advance cognitive theory. Recognizing that there are limitations to each of these techniques, we nonetheless argue that their confluence has fundamentally changed the way cognitive psychologists think about problems of the mind.
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  14.  16
    Can Cognitive Psychology Offer a Meaningful Account of Meaningful Human Action?Richard Willams - 1987 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 8 (2).
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  15.  22
    Systematizing cognitive psychology.Marcel Kinsbourne - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):567-567.
  16.  32
    Does Cognitive Psychology Imply Pluralism About the Self?Christopher Register - 2024 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 15 (1):219-236.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently argued that our concepts of ‘person’ or ‘self’ are plural. Some have argued that we should also adopt a corresponding pluralism about the metaphysics of the self. The aim of this paper is twofold. First, I sketch and motivate an approach to personal identity that supports the inference from facts about how we think about the self to facts about the nature of the self. On the proposed view, the self-concept partly determines the nature of (...)
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  17.  22
    Can Cognitive Psychology Account for Metacognitive Functions of Mind?Brent Slife - 1987 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 8 (2).
  18. The reductionist ideal in cognitive psychology.Richard Montgomery - 1990 - Synthese 85 (November):279-314.
    I offer support for the view that physicalist theories of cognition don't reduce to neurophysiological theories. On my view, the mind-brain relationship is to be explained in terms of evolutionary forces, some of which tug in the direction of a reductionistic mind-brain relationship, and some of which which tug in the opposite direction. This theory of forces makes possible an anti-reductionist account of the cognitive mind-brain relationship which avoids psychophysical anomalism. This theory thus also responds to the complaint which (...)
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  19.  24
    Discovery in Cognitive Psychology: New Tools Inspire New Theories.Gerd Gigerenzer - 1992 - Science in Context 5 (2):329-350.
    The ArgumentScientific tools—measurement and calculation instruments, techniques of inference—straddle the line between the context of discovery and the context of justification. In discovery, new scientific tools suggest new theoretical metaphors and concepts; and in justification, these tool-derived theoretical metaphors and concepts are morelikely to be accepted by the scientific community if the tools are already entrenched in scientific practice.Techniques of statistical inference and hypothesis testing entered American psychology first as tools in the 1940s and 1950s and then as cognitive (...)
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  20.  15
    The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Psychology.Daniel Reisberg (ed.) - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    This handbook is an essential, comprehensive resource for students and academics interested in topics in cognitive psychology, including perceptual issues, attention, memory, knowledge representation, language, emotional influences, judgment, problem solving, and the study of individual differences in cognition.
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  21. The computational metaphor and cognitive psychology.Gerard Casey - unknown
    The past three decades have witnessed a remarkable growth of research interest in the mind. This trend has been acclaimed as the ‘cognitive revolution’ in psychology. At the heart of this revolution lies the claim that the mind is a computational system. The purpose of this paper is both to elucidate this claim and to evaluate its implications for cognitive psychology. The nature and scope of cognitive psychology and cognitive science are outlined, the principal assumptions underlying (...)
     
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  22.  29
    The Cognitive Psychology of Depression: Introduction to the Special Issue.Ian H. Gotlib, Howard S. Kurtzman & Mary C. Blehar - 1997 - Cognition and Emotion 11 (5-6):497-500.
  23.  7
    Clinical phenomenology and cognitive psychology.David Fewtrell - 1995 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Kieron Philip O'Connor.
    Cognitive therapies are often biased in their assessment of clinical problems by their emphasis on the role of verbally-mediated thought in shaping our emotions, and in stressing the influence of thought upon feeling. Alternatively, a more phenomenological appraisal of psychological dysfunction suggests that emotion and thinking are complementary processes which influence each other. Cognitive psychology developed out of information-processing models, whereas phenomenological psychology is rooted in a philosophical perspective which avoids the assumptions of positivist methodology. But, despite their (...)
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  24.  3
    Clinical Phenomenology and Cognitive Psychology.David Fewtrell & Kieron O'Connor - 1995 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Kieron Philip O'Connor.
    Cognitive therapies are often biased in their assessment of clinical problems by their emphasis on the role of verbally-mediated thought in shaping our emotions, and in stressing the influence of thought upon feeling. Alternatively, a more phenomenological appraisal of psychological dysfunction suggests that emotion and thinking are complementary processes which influence each other. Cognitive psychology developed out of information-processing models, whereas phenomenological psychology is rooted in a philosophical perspective which avoids the assumptions of positivist methodology. But, despite their (...)
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  25.  32
    Cognitive Psychology.Rudolf Allers - 1940 - New Scholasticism 14 (1):76-78.
  26.  60
    Cognitive psychology and hermeneutics: Two approaches to meaning and mental disorder.Guy Widdershoven - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (4):245-253.
  27.  45
    Longing for tomorrow: phenomenology, cognitive psychology, and the methodological bases of exploring time experience in depression.Federica Cavaletti & Katrin Heimann - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (2):271-289.
    The subjective experience of time in depression has been described to be altered in complex ways, with sensations of particular slowness, delay or stillness being the most often named articulations. However, the attempts to provide empirical evidence to the phenomenon of “time slowing down in depression” have resulted in inconsistent findings. In consequence, the overall claim that depressive time somehow differs from ordinary time has often been discarded as unfounded. The article argues against such conclusion, contending that the described ambiguity (...)
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  28. Does cognitive psychology rest on a mistake?John Heil - 1981 - Mind 90 (February):321-42.
  29. Problems with the cognitive psychological modeling of dreaming.Mark Blagrove - 1996 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (2):99-134.
    It is frequently assumed that dreaming can be likened to such waking cognitive activities as imagination, analogical reasoning, and creativity, and that these models can then be used to explain instances of problem solving during dreams. This paper emphasizes instead the lack of reflexivity and intentionality within dreams, which undermines their characterization as analogs of the waking world, and opposes claims that dreams can complement and aid waking world problem solving. The importance of reflexivity in imagination, in analogical reasoning (...)
     
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  30.  19
    Hume and Induction: Merely Cognitive Psychology?Georges Dicker - 2023 - Hume Studies 48 (1):79-116.
    Abstract:The purpose of Hume’s argument about induction, contra “literalist” interpretations that see it merely as psychology, is to show that induction cannot be justified. Hume maintains that the only way to justify induction would be to demonstrate or to produce a good inductive argument for the uniformity principle (UP). His most famous point is that any attempt to justify UP inductively would be circular. One may retort that no inductive argument can be circular, for a circular argument must be deductively (...)
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  31. Cognitive psychology and Locke's contribution to the formation of modern philosophy.J. Moural - 2005 - Filosoficky Casopis 53 (1).
     
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  32.  9
    Cognitive psychology.Andrew Ortony - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):112-112.
  33.  16
    Beyond Cognition: Psychological and Social Transformations in People Living with Dementia and Relevance for Decision-Making Capacity and Opportunity.John Noel Viaña, Fran McInerney & Henry Brodaty - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):101-104.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 101-104.
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  34.  45
    The neglect of the environment by cognitive psychology.Philip T. Dunwoody - 2006 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 26 (1-2):139-153.
    In 1955, Egon Brunswik presented a paper in which he argued that neglect of the environment and over emphasis of the organism was the major downfall of cognitive psychology. His critiques have largely been ignored and research is discussed that demonstrates the same organismic- asymmetry Brunswik detailed in 1955. This research is discussed in attribution terms since experimental psychologists make behavioral attributions. This organismic-asymmetry has resulted in a body of research that is guilty of the fundamental attribution error. Brunswik's (...)
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  35.  40
    Cognitive psychology's representation of behaviorism.A. W. Logue - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):381-382.
  36.  58
    Cognitive psychology and the rejection of Brentano.John Macnamara - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (2):117–137.
  37.  11
    Cognitive psychology and hermeneutics: Two irreconcilable approaches?John McMillan - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (4):255-258.
  38.  6
    Cognitive psychology.K. Prazdny - 1980 - Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):110-112.
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  39.  9
    Social and Cognitive Psychology Theories in Understanding COVID-19 as the Pandemic of Blame.Ayoub Bouguettaya, Clare E. C. Walsh & Victoria Team - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    When faced with adverse circumstances, there may be a tendency for individuals, agencies, and governments to search for a target to assign blame. Our focus will be on the novel coronavirus outbreak, where racial groups, political parties, countries, and minorities have been blamed for spreading, producing or creating the virus. Blame—here defined as attributing causality, responsibility, intent, or foresight to someone/something for a fault or wrong—has already begun to damage modern society and medical practice in the context of the COVID-19 (...)
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  40. Cognitive psychology and the transcendental theory of knowledge.Maria Villela-Petit - 1999 - In Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology: Issues in Contemporary Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Stanford University Press. pp. 508--524.
  41.  26
    Cognitive psychology's ambiguities: Some suggested remedies.J. P. Guilford - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (1):48-59.
  42.  9
    Cognitive Psychology, Phenomenology, and "The Creative Tension of Voices".Fred Evans - 1991 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (2):105 - 127.
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  43. Cognitive psychology,“Taylorism”, and the manufacture of unemployment.John Shotter - 1987 - In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology In Question. New York: St Martin's Press. pp. 44--54.
  44. Does Cognitive Psychology Imply Pluralism About the Self?Christopher Register - 2023 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology (1):1-18.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently argued that our concepts of ‘person’ or ‘self’ are plural. Some have argued that we should also adopt a corresponding pluralism about the metaphysics of the self. The aim of this paper is twofold. First, I sketch and motivate an approach to personal identity that supports the inference from facts about how we think about the self to facts about the nature of the self. On the proposed view, the self-concept partly determines the nature of (...)
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  45.  16
    Epistemological requirements for a cognitive psychology of real people.John Campion - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):18-19.
    Pothos's analysis is difficult to relate to real human mental processes. He tackles four quite different areas of psychology and adduces evidence from a large number of paradigms. Yet despite this very large scope, he employs a single, simplistic descriptive framework. An epistemological analysis, supported by illustrations from real world decision-making, shows that this steers us away from, rather than towards, an understanding of real human cognitive processes.
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  46.  26
    Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-Out Rhymes.David C. Rubin - 1995 - Oxford University Press USA.
    "Dr. Rubin has brought cognitive psychology into a wholly unprecedented dialogue with studies in oral tradition. The result is a truly new perspective on memory and the processes of oral tradition." --John Miles Foley, University of Missouri.
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  47.  9
    Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-Out Rhymes.David C. Rubin - 1995 - Oxford University Press USA.
    "Dr. Rubin has brought cognitive psychology into a wholly unprecedented dialogue with studies in oral tradition. The result is a truly new perspective on memory and the processes of oral tradition." --John Miles Foley, University of Missouri.
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  48.  46
    Cognitive Psychology. [REVIEW]Joseph F. Kubis - 1940 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 15 (2):359-359.
  49. Methodological solipsism considered as a research strategy in cognitive psychology.Jerry A. Fodor - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):63-73.
    The paper explores the distinction between two doctrines, both of which inform theory construction in much of modern cognitive psychology: the representational theory of mind and the computational theory of mind. According to the former, propositional attitudes are to be construed as relations that organisms bear to mental representations. According to the latter, mental processes have access only to formal (nonsemantic) properties of the mental representations over which they are defined.The following claims are defended: (1) That the traditional dispute (...)
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  50.  12
    Cognitive Psychology in the Middle Ages by Simon Kemp. [REVIEW]Robert Pasnau - 1997 - Isis 88:703-704.
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