Results for 'Cliff Dacso'

267 found
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  1.  66
    What Makes a Good Decision? Robust Satisficing as a Normative Standard of Rational Decision Making.Barry Schwartz, Yakov Ben-Haim & Cliff Dacso - 2011 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (2):209-227.
    Most decisions in life involve ambiguity, where probabilities can not be meaningfully specified, as much as they involve probabilistic uncertainty. In such conditions, the aspiration to utility maximization may be self-deceptive. We propose “robust satisficing” as an alternative to utility maximizing as the normative standard for rational decision making in such circumstances. Instead of seeking to maximize the expected value, or utility, of a decision outcome, robust satisficing aims to maximize the robustness to uncertainty of a satisfactory outcome. That is, (...)
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  2.  66
    From Being to Becoming Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences.Cliff Hooker - 1980
  3.  4
    Philosophy of Complex Systems (Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 10).Cliff Hooker (ed.) - 2011 - North Holland.
    The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and (...)
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  4.  37
    From Being to Becoming: Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences. Ilya Prigogine.Cliff Hooker - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (2):355-357.
  5. Semantic Analysis: A Practical Introduction.Cliff Goddard - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Semantic Analysis is a lively and clearly written introduction to the study of meaning in language and to the language-culture connection. Goddard covers traditional and contemporary issues and approaches with the relationship between semantics, conceptualization, and culture as a key theme. He also details a number of case studies that draw on a wide range of material from non-Indo-European languages, particularly Australian Aboriginal languages and Malay, on which the author is an authority.
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  6.  73
    Self-Directed Agents.Wayne David Christensen & Cliff A. Hooker - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (Supplement):19-52.
    Wayne D. Christensen and Cliff A. Hooker.
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  7.  3
    Contemporary Research in the Foundations and Philosophy of Quantum Theory: Proceedings of a Conference Held at the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.Cliff Hooker (ed.) - 1973 - Boston: D. Reidel.
    To mathematicians, mathematics is a happy game, to scientists a mere tool and to philosophers a Platonic mystery - or so the caricature runs. The caricature reflects the alleged 'cultural gap' between the disciplines a gap for which there too often has been, sadly, sound historical evidence. In many minds the lack of communication between philosophy and the exact disciplines is especially prominent. Yet in the past there was no separation - exact knowledge, covering both scientists and mathemati cians, was (...)
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  8.  63
    On the Import of Constraints in Complex Dynamical Systems.Cliff Hooker - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (4):757-780.
    Complexity arises from interaction dynamics, but its forms are co-determined by the operative constraints within which the dynamics are expressed. The basic interaction dynamics underlying complex systems is mostly well understood. The formation and operation of constraints is often not, and oftener under appreciated. The attempt to reduce constraints to basic interaction fails in key cases. The overall aim of this paper is to highlight the key role played by constraints in shaping the field of complex systems. Following an introduction (...)
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  9.  48
    When to Terminate a Charitable Trust?Cliff Landesman - 1995 - Analysis 55 (1):12 - 13.
    Altruistic maximizers face a frustrating dilemma when there is an infinite series of ever-better options, but no best choice.
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  10.  60
    Cliff-Edged Fitness Functions and the Persistence of Schizophrenia.Randolph M. Nesse - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):862-863.
    Strong recent selection for social cognition may well explain the persistence of genes that predispose to schizophrenia. The specific mechanism responsible may be a skewed fitness function in which selection pushes the mean for advantageous mental traits perilously close to a “fitness cliff” where the system fails catastrophically in some individuals.
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  11.  1
    John Sallis, Ed. 2017. Plato’s Statesman: Dialectic, Myth, and Politics. Albany: SUNY. 326pp. [REVIEW]Romeo Domdii Cliff - 2020 - Plato Journal 20:213-223.
    The collected volume Plato’s Statesman: Dialectic, Myth, and Politics presents some of the new interesting research being conducted on the Statesman. The volume is edited by John Sallis who is well known for his work in phenomenology, including writings on such authors as Jacques Derrida, Martin Heidegger, Friedrich Nietzsche and Immanuel Kant, and he has a continental approach to reading Plato. The new research on the Statesman will proceed by ways of the following three points in the collected volume. We (...)
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  12.  21
    Steep Cliff Arguments.David B. Suits - 1999 - Argumentation 13 (2):127-138.
    In recent philosophical debates a number of arguments have been used which have so much in common that it is useful to study them as having a similar structure. Many arguments – Searle's Chinese Room, for example – make use of thought experiments in which we are told a story or given a narrative context such that we feel we are in comfortable surroundings. A new notion is then introduced which clashes with our ordinary habits and associations. As a result, (...)
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  13.  30
    Interjections and Emotion (with Special Reference to "Surprise" and "Disgust").Cliff Goddard - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):53-63.
    “All languages have ‘emotive interjections’ ” —and yet emotion researchers have invested only a tiny research effort into interjections, as compared with the huge body of research into facial expressions and words for emotion categories. This article provides an overview of the functions, meanings, and cross-linguistic variability of interjections, concentrating on non-word-based ones such as Wow!, Yuck!, and Ugh! The aims are to introduce an area that will be unfamiliar to most readers, to illustrate how one leading linguistic approach deals (...)
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  14.  73
    Introduction to Philosophy of Complex Systems: A: Part A: Towards a Framework for Complex Systems.Cliff Hooker - unknown
    Every essay in this book is original, often highly original, and they will be of interest to practising scientists as much as they will be to philosophers of science — not least because many of the essays are by leading scientists who are currently creating the emerging new complex systems paradigm. This is no accident. The impact of complex systems on science is a recent, ongoing and profound revolution. But with a few honourable exceptions, it has largely been ignored by (...)
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  15.  44
    Rationality as Effective Organisation of Interaction and Its Naturalist Framework.Cliff Hooker - 2011 - Axiomathes 21 (1):99-172.
    The point of this paper is to provide a principled framework for a naturalistic, interactivist-constructivist model of rational capacity and a sketch of the model itself, indicating its merits. Being naturalistic, it takes its orientation from scientific understanding. In particular, it adopts the developing interactivist-constructivist understanding of the functional capacities of biological organisms as a useful naturalistic platform for constructing such higher order capacities as reason and cognition. Further, both the framework and model are marked by the finitude and fallibility (...)
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  16.  79
    Semantic Control Systems.Cliff Joslyn - 1995 - World Futures 45 (1):87-123.
  17.  21
    Excitability Properties of Motor Axons in Adults with Cerebral Palsy.Cliff S. Klein, Ping Zhou & Christina Marciniak - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  18.  17
    The Messiness of Ethics in Education.Johanna Cliffe & Carla Solvason - 2022 - Journal of Academic Ethics 20 (1):101-117.
    This article considers the multifaceted concept of ethics and how, despite being a familiar notion within education, it is still much contested within literature and professional practice. Drawing on postmodern, feminist and political literature, the authors explore conceptualisations of ethics and ethicality in relation to ethical identity, professionalism and practice. Applying philosophical and metaphorical tools, such as the rhizome and nomad, the authors suggest there is the potential to accommodate the multiple and often divergent facets of ethics, thereby engaging with (...)
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  19. The Pipe of Peace.Cliff Phillips - 1983 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 3 (1):21.
  20.  13
    Re-Modelling Scientific Change: Complex Systems Frames Innovative Problem Solving.Cliff Hooker - 2018 - Lato Sensu, Revue de la Société de Philosophie des Sciences 5 (1):4-12.
    Complex systems are used, studied and instantiated in science, with what con-sequences? To be clear and systematic in response it is necessary to distin-guish the consequences, for science, of science using and studying complex systems, for philosophy of science, of science using and studying complex systems, for philosophy of science, of philosophy of science modelling sci-ence as a complex system. Each of these is explored in turn, especially. While has been least studied, it will be shown how modelling science as (...)
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  21.  80
    Computational Neuroethology: A Provisional Manifesto.D. Cliff - 1990 - In Jean-Arcady Meyer & Stewart W. Wilson (eds.), From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior (Complex Adaptive Systems). Cambridge University Press.
  22.  1
    Language, Logic and Mathematics.Cliff W. Kilmister - 1967 - New York: Barnes & Noble.
  23.  24
    Conceptualising Reduction, Emergence and Self-Organisation in Complex Dynamical Systems.Cliff Hooker - unknown
    This chapter describes the application of reduction concepts in emergence and self organization of complex dynamical system. Condition-dependent laws compress and dynamical equation sets provide implicit compressed representations even when most of that information is not explicitly available without decompression. And, paradoxically, there is still the determined march of fundamental analytical dynamics expanding its compression reach toward a Theory of Everything—even while the more rapidly expanding domain of complex systems dynamics confronts its assumptions and its monolithicity. Nor does science fall (...)
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  24. Ethical Issues in the Release of Animals From Captivity.Cliff Stagoll & Kelly A. Waples - 1997 - BioScience 47 (2):115-119.
    For the general public, there is an intuitive appeal to an animal's living in the wild rather than in captivity. Rarely is it an appeal informed by careful scientific or ethical analysis, however. This paper discusses how animal release projects ought to be conducted, guided by the question, "what are the duties of humans toward animals that are to be released?" It studies the ethical responsibilities of caretakers, practical elements of a responsible release, and proper selection of candidate animals for (...)
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  25.  19
    Adverbs as Multipliers.Norman Cliff - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (1):27-44.
  26.  29
    Empiricism, Perception and Conceptual Change.Cliff A. Hooker - 1973 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (September):59-74.
    In recent times it has become fashionable to emphasize the role of conceptual change in the history of science. To judge from recent writers, every significant theoretical change in science is first and foremost a revolution in scientific concepts—a conceptual revolution. According to this view, every level of experience is affected by each fundamental theoretical change: physical theory, experimental practice and even perceptual experience. The Aristotelian patrician who watched the sun sink beneath the horizon not only had different beliefs about (...)
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  27.  6
    Review of Radner and Winokur (Ed.) Analyses of Theories and Methods of Physics and Psychology; Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. IV. [REVIEW]Cliff Hooker - 1972 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 1 (4):489-509.
  28.  15
    The “Social Emotions” of Malay (Bahasa Melayu).Cliff Goddard - 1996 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 24 (3):426-464.
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  29.  36
    A New Problem-Solving Paradigm for Philosophy of Science.Cliff Hooker - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (2):266-291.
    A decade ago in this journal Farrell and Hooker published a study of an important episode in the history of Psychology, the empirical investigation of ape linguistic capacity. What was different about this study was that it was undertaken from within the framework of a bio-cognitively motivated process for strategic problem solving, supported by an enriched conception of rationality. Upon examination, the process proved to stretch across roughly three decades of research and many participants, revealing a much richer conception of (...)
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  30. New Cloth For Old Tunics.Cliff Schimmels - 1974 - Journal of Thought 9 (3):191-94.
  31.  65
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Cliff Getty Mcmahon - 1996 - British Journal of Aesthetics 36 (1):415-417.
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  32. The Sign System in Chinese Landscape Paintings.Cliff G. McMahon - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (1):64-76.
  33.  2
    Semiotic and Physical Requirements on Emergent Autogenic System.Cliff Joslyn - 2021 - Biosemiotics 14 (3):665-667.
    In “How Molecules Became Signs”, Prof. Deacon outlines a plausible mechanism whereby biochemical systems could be understood to fulfill the conditions of being “alive” in the context of the two broad families of requirements, namely the energetics of metabolism and the informatics of coding. In so doing, he addresses head-on how to account for the origin and the action of coding in physical systems, and thereby the necessary and sufficient conditions for life. I review some of the relevant issues around (...)
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  34. Man's Will: The Intervening Variable in Moral Education.Cliff Schimmels & Gary Andres - 1977 - Journal of Thought 12 (1):9-13.
     
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  35.  37
    Science: Legendary, Academic – and Post-Academic? [REVIEW]Cliff Hooker - 2003 - Minerva 41 (1):71-81.
  36.  22
    Cases and Commentaries.Cliff Brown, Duane McCallister, Susan A. Siltanen, Arthur J. Kaul & Samuel L. Becker - 1986 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 1 (2):88 – 96.
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  37. Common Nonsense: 25 Fallacies About Life (and Their Solutions).Cliff Ermatinger - 2005 - Circle Press.
    Introduction -- Fallacy # 1, you can never be sure -- Fallacy # 2, "there is no truth" -- Fallacy # 3, there are no absolutes -- Fallacy # 4, there is only physical-experiential reality -- Fallacy # 5, philosophy is boring : I should know, I tried it once -- Fallacy # 6, God does not exist -- Fallacy # 7, isn't it a contradiction to say "God is good" when we see so much evil in the world, I (...)
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  38.  10
    The "Social Emotions" of Malay.Cliff Goddard - 1996 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 24 (3):426-464.
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  39. Marxism, Ideology and Literature.Cliff Slaughter - 1982 - Studies in Soviet Thought 24 (2):167-170.
     
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  40.  17
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Cliff Getty Mcmahon - 1994 - British Journal of Aesthetics 34 (3):415-417.
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  41.  40
    What Does It Take to Produce Interpretation? Informational, Peircean and Code-Semiotic Views on Biosemiotics.Søren Brier & Cliff Joslyn - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (1):143-159.
    This paper presents a critical analysis of code-semiotics, which we see as the latest attempt to create paradigmatic foundation for solving the question of the emergence of life and consciousness. We view code semiotics as a an attempt to revise the empirical scientific Darwinian paradigm, and to go beyond the complex systems, emergence, self-organization, and informational paradigms, and also the selfish gene theory of Dawkins and the Peircean pragmaticist semiotic theory built on the simultaneous types of evolution. As such it (...)
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  42. The Concept of the Ecstasies.Cliff Engle Wirt - 1983 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 14 (1):79-90.
  43.  15
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Cliff G. Mcmahon - 1998 - British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (1):415-417.
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  44.  54
    Reduction as Cognitive Strategy.Cliff A. Hooker - 2006 - In Brian L. Keeley (ed.), Paul Churchland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  45.  18
    Thinking Across Languages and Cultures: Six Dimensions of Variation.Cliff Goddard - 2003 - Cognitive Linguistics 14 (2-3).
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  46.  36
    The Information-Processing Approach to the Brain-Mind and its Philosophical Ramifications.Cliff A. Hooker - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 36 (September):1-15.
  47.  38
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Cliff Stagoll - 1997 - British Journal of Aesthetics 37 (3):290-291.
    A book review of Gilles Deleuze's "Negotiations.".
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  48.  13
    Comment: Lakoff on Metaphor – More Heat Than Light.Cliff Goddard - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (3):277-278.
    This comment questions the logic and evidence base of Lakoff’s account of metaphor, embodiment, and the so-called neural theory of language. It calls for proper attention to linguistic and cultural diversity and opposes biophysical reductionism.
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  49.  20
    Killing Time: The Strange Case of John McTaggart.Cliff Stagoll - 1998 - Philosophy Now 20:28-30.
    This article (reprinted in Philosophy Now's 'The Ultimate Guide to Metaphysics' in 2018) introduces J.M.E. McTaggart's famous arguments for the 'unreality' of time, and their implications.
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  50.  5
    The Janus Aesthetic of Duchamp.Cliff G. McMahon - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 26 (2):41.
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