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Clare Williams [15]Clarence G. Williams [1]Clarence M. Williams [1]
  1.  15
    Sociology of Low Expectations: Recalibration as Innovation Work in Biomedicine.Clare Williams, Gabrielle Samuel & John Gardner - 2015 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 40 (6):998-1021.
    Social scientists have drawn attention to the role of hype and optimistic visions of the future in providing momentum to biomedical innovation projects by encouraging innovation alliances. In this article, we show how less optimistic, uncertain, and modest visions of the future can also provide innovation projects with momentum. Scholars have highlighted the need for clinicians to carefully manage the expectations of their prospective patients. Using the example of a pioneering clinical team providing deep brain stimulation to children and young (...)
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  2.  70
    Examining Ethics in Practice: health service professionals' evaluations of in-hospital ethics seminars.Priscilla Alderson, Bobbie Farsides & Clare Williams - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (5):508-521.
    This article reviews practitioners’ evaluations of in-hospital ethics seminars. A qualitative study included 11 innovative in-hospital ethics seminars, preceded and followed by interviews with most participants. The settings were obstetric, neonatal and haematology units in a teaching hospital and a district general hospital in England. Fifty-six health service staff in obstetric, neonatal, haematology, and related community and management services participated; 12 attended two seminars, giving a total of 68 attendances and 59 follow-up evaluation interviews. The 11 seminars facilitated by an (...)
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  3.  31
    Responsible research and innovation: A manifesto for empirical ethics?John Gardner & Clare Williams - 2015 - Clinical Ethics 10 (1-2):5-12.
    In 2013 the Nuffield Council on Bioethics launched their report Novel Neurotechnologies: Intervening in the Brain. The report, which adopts the European Commission’s notion of Responsible Research and Innovation, puts forward a set of priorities to guide ethical research into, and the development of, new therapeutic neurotechnologies. In this paper, we critically engage with these priorities. We argue that the Nuffield Council’s priorities, and the Responsible Research and Innovation initiative as a whole, are laudable and should guide research and innovation (...)
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  4.  69
    Consenting futures: professional views on social, clinical and ethical aspects of information feedback to embryo donors in human embryonic stem cell research.Kathryn Ehrich, Clare Williams & Bobbie Farsides - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (2):77-85.
    This paper reports from an ongoing multidisciplinary, ethnographic study that is exploring the views, values and practices (the ethical frameworks) drawn on by professional staff in assisted conception units and stem cell laboratories in relation to embryo donation for research purposes, particularly human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research, in the UK. We focus here on the connection between possible incidental findings and the circumstances in which embryos are donated for hESC research, and report some of the uncertainties and dilemmas of (...)
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  5. Becoming a father/refusing fatherhood: an empirical bioethics approach to paternal responsibilities and rights.Jonathan Ives, Heather Draper, Helen Pattison & Clare Williams - 2008 - Clinical Ethics 3 (2):75-84.
    In this paper, we present the first stage of an empirical bioethics project exploring the moral sources of paternal responsibilities and rights. In doing so, we present both (1) data on men's normative constructions of fatherhood and (2) the first of a two-stage methodological approach to empirical bioethics. Using data gathered from 12 focus groups run with UK men who have had a variety of different fathering experiences (n = 50), we examine men's perspectives on how paternal responsibilities and rights (...)
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  6.  51
    Relative Values: Perspectives on a Neuroimaging Technology From Above and Within the Ethical Landscape.Gabrielle Samuel, Alan Cribb, John Owens & Clare Williams - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (3):407-418.
    In this paper we contribute to “sociology in bioethics” and help clarify the range of ways sociological work can contribute to ethics scholarship. We do this using a case study of an innovative neurotechnology, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and its use to attempt to diagnose and communicate with severely brain-injured patients. We compare empirical data from interviews with relatives of patients who have a severe brain injury with perspectives from mainstream bioethics scholars. We use the notion of an “ethical landscape” (...)
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  7.  7
    Simultaneous and successive discrimination in a single-unit hollow-square maze.Allen D. Calvin & Clarence M. Williams - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):47.
  8.  5
    Performing Risk & Ethics in Clinicians’ Accounts of Stem Cell Liver Therapies.Steven Wainwright, Mike Michael & Clare Williams - 2018 - In Hauke Riesch, Nathan Emmerich & Steven Wainwright (eds.), Philosophies and Sociologies of Bioethics: Crossing the Divides. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. pp. 149-169.
    In this paper we set out to explore the enactments of risk by clinicians involved in the development of stem cell therapy for liver disease. In the process, we contribute to a performative re-thinking of how ‘risk’ can be analytically treated in relation to health. The bulk of the paper, drawing on interview data, is concerned with how clinicians’ accounts about the risks entailed in their research-oriented work performatively ‘make’ clinicians themselves, but also various other ‘constituencies’ – notably, publics and (...)
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  9.  18
    The Embodiment of Vulnerability: A Case Study of the Life and Love of Leoš Janáček and his Opera The Makropulos Case.Steven P. Wainwright & Clare Williams - 2005 - Body and Society 11 (3):27-41.
    In this article we focus upon the embodiment of vulnerability as an area in which medicine, society and the humanities can be profitably conjoined. We illustrate our argument with two interrelated case studies of narratives of the embodiment of ageing and longevity. First, we draw upon Leoš Janáček’s opera The Makropulos Case (1926) as a locus for debates about human longevity. Second, we discuss 70-year-old Janáček’s decade of unrequited love for a woman 37 years younger than himself, through an examination (...)
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  10.  89
    Reflections on the ethics of translational research.Clare Williams - 2009 - Clinical Ethics 4 (2):55-56.
  11.  34
    Towards the applied: the construction of ethical positions in stem cell translational research. [REVIEW]Alan Cribb, Steven Wainwright, Clare Williams, Bobbie Farsides & Mike Michael - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):351-361.
    This paper aims to make an empirically informed analytical contribution to the development of a more socially embedded bioethics. Drawing upon 10 interviews with cutting edge stem cell researchers (5 scientists and 5 clinicians) it explores and illustrates the ways in which the role positions of translational researchers are shaped by the ‘normative structures’ of science and medicine respectively and in combination. The empirical data is used to illuminate three overlapping themes of ethical relevance: what matters in stem cell research, (...)
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  12.  3
    Reflections of the Dream: 1975-1994, Twenty Years Celebrating the Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Clarence G. Williams - 1996 - MIT Press (MA).
    Bringing together speeches given at the Institute's annual King Day convocation, this book celebrates two decades of commitment by MIT to honoring the memory and furthering the work of Martin Luther King, Jr. In reading these speeches, one catches in reflection twenty years of turmoil and change, some positive (including an increasing number of speakers drawn from the ranks of MIT's African-American alumni/ae) but much negative, in which Dr. King's dream has been a continuing beacon for action. Speakers have included (...)
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