Results for 'Claire Methven O���Brien'

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  1.  3
    National Action Plans on Business and Human Rights: an Experimentalist Governance Analysis.Claire Methven O’Brien, John Ferguson & Marisa McVey - forthcoming - Human Rights Review:1-29.
    National Action Plans on business and human rights are a growing phenomenon. Since 2011, 42 such plans have been adopted or are in-development worldwide. By comparison, only 39 general human rights action plans were published between 1993 and 2021. In parallel, NAPs have attracted growing scholarly interest. While some studies highlight their potential to advance national compliance with international norms, others criticise NAPs as cosmetic devices that states use to deflect attention from persisting abuses and needed regulation. In response to (...)
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  2.  35
    Climate Change, Ethics, and Human Security. Edited by Karen O'Brien, Asunción Lera ST. Clair and Berit Kristoffersen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010. [REVIEW]Victoria Davion - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (3):707-712.
  3.  40
    Video Tools for Teaching Ethics: Two Video Reviews by Sean O'Brien.Sean O'Brien - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (2):120 – 122.
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  4.  37
    Global Unions? Theory and Strategies of Organised Labour in the Global Political Economy, Edited by Jeffrey Harrod and Robert O'Brien.Mark O'Brien - 2006 - Historical Materialism 14 (2):229-239.
  5. Final Version: O'Brien, L. F. , 'Solipsism and Self-Reference', European Journal of Philosophy 4:175-194.Lucy O'Brien - manuscript
    In this paper I want to propose that we see solipsism as arising from certain problems we have about identifying ourselves as subjects in an objective world. The discussion will centre on Wittgenstein’s treatment of solipsism in his Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus. In that work Wittgenstein can be seen to express an unusually profound understanding of the problems faced in trying to give an account of how we, who are subjects, identify ourselves as objects in the world. We have in his (...)
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  6.  44
    The Role of Representation in Computation.Gerard O'Brien & Jon Opie - 2009 - Cognitive Processing 10 (1):53-62.
    Reformers urge that representation no longer earns its explanatory keep in cognitive science, and that it is time to discard this troublesome concept. In contrast, we hold that without representation cognitive science is utterly bereft of tools for explaining natural intelligence. In order to defend the latter position, we focus on the explanatory role of representation in computation. We examine how the methods of digital and analog computation are used to model a relatively simple target system, and show that representation (...)
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  7. The Disunity of Consciousness.Gerard O'Brien & Jonathan Opie - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (3):378-95.
    It is commonplace for both philosophers and cognitive scientists to express their allegiance to the "unity of consciousness". This is the claim that a subject’s phenomenal consciousness, at any one moment in time, is a single thing. This view has had a major influence on computational theories of consciousness. In particular, what we call single-track theories dominate the literature, theories which contend that our conscious experience is the result of a single consciousness-making process or mechanism in the brain. We argue (...)
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  8. Moran on Agency and Self-Knowledge.Lucy O'Brien - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):391-401.
  9. Action Explanation and its Presuppositions.Lilian O’Brien - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):123-146.
    In debates about rationalizing action explanation causalists assume that the psychological states that explain an intentional action have both causal and rational features. I scrutinize the presuppositions of those who seek and offer rationalizing action explanations. This scrutiny shows, I argue, that where rational features play an explanatory role in these contexts, causal features play only a presuppositional role. But causal features would have to play an explanatory role if rationalizing action explanation were a species of causal explanation. Consequently, we (...)
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  10. Self-Knowledge, Agency, and Force.Lucy O’Brien - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):580–601.
    My aim in this paper is to articulate further what may be called an agency theory of self-knowledge. Many theorists have stressed how important agency is to self- knowledge, and much work has been done drawing connections between the two notions.<sup>2</sup> However, it has not always been clear what _epistemic_ advantage agency gives us in this area and why it does so. I take it as a constraint on an adequate account of how a subject knows her own mental states (...)
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  11.  31
    A Border Dispute: The Place of Logic in Psychology. John Macnamara.David P. O'Brien - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):347-349.
  12.  99
    ‘Obsessive Thoughts and Inner Voices’.Lucy O'Brien - 2013 - Philosophical Issues 23 (1):93-108.
    My concern is this paper is to consider the nature of obsessive thoughts with the aim of getting a clearer idea about the extent to which they are rightly identified as passive or as active. The nature of obsessive thoughts is of independent interest, but my concern with the question is also rooted in a general concern to map the extent of mental activity, and to defend the importance and centrality of a view of self-knowledge that appeals to agency. I (...)
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  13.  10
    Moran on Agency and Self‐Knowledge.Lucy O'Brien - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):375-390.
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  14.  57
    Self-Knowledge, Agency and Force.Lucy O’Brien - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):580-601.
  15. Responses to O'Brien and Shoemaker.Richard Moran - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):402-19.
  16. Aapologia Pro Beata Maria Virgine: John Henry Newman's Defence of the Virgin Mary in Catholic Doctrine and Piety [Book Review].Odhran O'Brien - 2017 - The Australasian Catholic Record 94 (3):374.
    O'Brien, Odhran Review of: Aapologia pro Beata Maria Virgine: John Henry Newman's defence of the Virgin Mary in Catholic doctrine and piety, by Robert M. Andrews, Palo Alto, CA: Academica, 2017, pp. 164, hardback, US$76.95.
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  17.  99
    Self-Knowing Agents.Lucy O'Brien - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Lucy O'Brien argues that a satisfactory account of first-person reference and self-knowledge needs to concentrate on our nature as agents. Clearly written, with rigorous discussion of rival views, this book will be of interest to anyone working in the philosophy of mind and action.
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  18.  85
    Leaping Ahead of Heidegger: Subjectivity and Intersubjectivity in Being and Time.Mahon O’Brien - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (4):534-551.
    Heidegger?s accounts of Dasein?s dual nature as both individual and social in Being and Time have been a longstanding source of confusion and controversy in the literature. Many critics have been keen to identify contradictions between Heidegger?s positive account of the social nature of everyday Dasein and the putatively solipsistic account of authentic Dasein which comes later. This paper focuses on Heidegger?s brief attempts to sketch the outlines for the notion of something like authentic intersubjectivity. In doing so we will (...)
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  19. An Empirical Test of a Cross-National Model of Corporate Social Responsibility.Ali M. Quazi & Dennis O'Brien - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 25 (1):33-51.
    Most models of corporate social responsibility revolve around the controversy as to whether business is a single dimensional entity of profit maximization or a multi-dimensional entity serving greater societal interests. Furthermore, the models are mostly descriptive in nature and are based on the experiences of western countries. There has been little attempt to develop a model that accounts for corporate social responsibility in diverse environments with differing socio-cultural and market settings. In this paper an attempt has been made to fill (...)
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  20. Julian Tenison Woods: Lyricist and Missionary.Roderick O'Brien - 2018 - The Australasian Catholic Record 95 (1):83.
    O'Brien, Roderick Among the treasures at the Congregational Archives of the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart in North Sydney is a booklet, a hymnal: a collection of hymns and sacred songs attributed to Fr Julian Tenison Woods.1 The purpose of this short article is to introduce one of those hymns, and provide some information about poetry and songs in Woods's life and mission. I am grateful to the archivist for making this booklet available. Introducing this particular hymn, (...)
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  21.  16
    Improving Information and Best Practices for Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness.Daniel O’Brien, Clifford M. Rees, Ernest Abbott, Elisabeth Belmont, Amy Eiden, Patrick M. Libbey, Gilberto Chavez & Mary des Vignes-Kendrick - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (s1):64-67.
    This is one of four interrelated action agenda papers resulting from the National Summit on Public Health Legal Preparedness convened in June 2007 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and nineteen multi-disciplinary partner organizations. Each of the action agenda papers deals with one of the four core elements of public health legal preparedness: laws and legal authorities; competency in using those laws; coordination of law-based public health actions; and information. Options presented in this paper are for consideration by (...)
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  22.  26
    Embodiment and Estrangement: Results From a First-in-Human “Intelligent BCI” Trial.F. Gilbert, M. Cook, T. O’Brien & J. Illes - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):83-96.
    While new generations of implantable brain computer interface devices are being developed, evidence in the literature about their impact on the patient experience is lagging. In this article, we address this knowledge gap by analysing data from the first-in-human clinical trial to study patients with implanted BCI advisory devices. We explored perceptions of self-change across six patients who volunteered to be implanted with artificially intelligent BCI devices. We used qualitative methodological tools grounded in phenomenology to conduct in-depth, semi-structured interviews. Results (...)
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  23.  64
    Deviance and Causalism.Lilian O'Brien - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (2):175-196.
    Drawing on the problem of deviance, I present a novel line of argumentation against causal theories of action. The causalist faces a dilemma: either she adopts a simple account of the causal route between intention and outcome, at the cost of failing to rule out deviance cases, or she adopts a more sophisticated account, at the cost of ruling out cases of intentional action in which the causal route is merely unusual. Underlying this dilemma, I argue, is that the agent's (...)
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  24. Julian Tenison Woods and Virtue.Roderick O'Brien - 2013 - The Australasian Catholic Record 90 (4):433.
    O'Brien, Roderick When we held the Woods Centenary Seminar in 1989, the local Naracoorte Herald gave us excellent publicity. I recall sitting with the editor, Richard Peake, as he was briefed by the great Sr Margaret Press, assisted by Fr Kevin Horsell, the parish priest of Bordertown who brought his scientific background, and by me. The editor asked the question: 'If Mary MacKillop is to be canonised, why not Woods?'.
     
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  25.  53
    Exotic Invasions, Nativism, and Ecological Restoration: On the Persistence of a Contentious Debate.William O’Brien - 2006 - Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (1):63 – 77.
    Proponents of ecological restoration view the practice as a means of both repairing damage done to ecosystems by humans and creating an avenue to re-establish respectful and cooperative human-environment relationships. One debate affecting ecological restoration focuses on the place of 'exotic' species in restored ecosystems. Though popular, campaigns against exotics have been criticized for their troubling rhetorical parallels with nativism aimed at human immigrants. I point to some of the reasons why this critique of nativism persists, despite protests that no (...)
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  26.  22
    Improving Information and Best Practices for Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness.Daniel O’Brien, Clifford M. Rees, Ernest Abbott, Elisabeth Belmont, Amy Eiden, Patrick M. Libbey, Gilberto Chavez & Mary des Vignes-Kendrick - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (s1):64-67.
    This is one of four interrelated action agenda papers resulting from the National Summit on Public Health Legal Preparedness convened in June 2007 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and nineteen multi-disciplinary partner organizations. Each of the action agenda papers deals with one of the four core elements of public health legal preparedness: laws and legal authorities; competency in using those laws; coordination of law-based public health actions; and information. Options presented in this paper are for consideration by (...)
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  27.  89
    Cultural Niche Construction: An Introduction.Kevin N. Laland & Michael J. O’Brien - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):191-202.
    Niche construction is the process whereby organisms, through their activities and choices, modify their own and each other’s niches. By transforming natural-selection pressures, niche construction generates feedback in evolution at various different levels. Niche-constructing species play important ecological roles by creating habitats and resources used by other species and thereby affecting the flow of energy and matter through ecosystems—a process often referred to as “ecosystem engineering.” An important emphasis of niche construction theory is that acquired characters play an evolutionary role (...)
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  28.  51
    A Feminist Interpretation of Hume on Testimony.Dan O'Brien - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (3):632 - 652.
    Hume is usually taken to have an evidentialist account of testimonial belief: one is justified in believing what someone says if one has empincal evidence that they have been reliable in the past. This account is impartialist: such evidence is required no matter who the person is, or what refotions she may have to you. I, however, argue that Hume has another account of testimony, one grounded in sympathy. This account is partialist, in that empincal evidence is not required in (...)
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  29.  15
    Eye‐Tracking and Translation Memory Matches.O'Brien Sharon - 2007 - Perspectives 14 (3):185-205.
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  30.  13
    Hume on Education.Dan O'Brien - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (S1):619-642.
  31.  14
    The Effects of Closed-Loop Brain Implants on Autonomy and Deliberation: What Are the Risks of Being Kept in the Loop?Frederic Gilbert, Terence O’Brien & Mark Cook - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):316-325.
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  32. The Future of Humanity: Heidegger, Personhood and Technology.Mahon O'Brien - 2011 - Comparative Philosophy 2 (2):23-49.
    This paper argues that a number of entrenched posthumanist positions are seriously flawed as a result of their dependence on a technical interpretive approach that creates more problems than it solves. During the course of our discussion we consider in particular the question of personhood. After all, until we can determine what it means to be a person we cannot really discuss what it means to improve a person. What kinds of enhancements would even constitute improvements? This in turn leads (...)
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  33.  65
    Meaning and Mattering.Wendell O'Brien - 1996 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):339-360.
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  34.  19
    The Time of Revolution: Kairos and Chronos in Heidegger.Mahon O’Brien - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (1):144-148.
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  35. Platonic Love From Antiquity to the Renaissance.Carl Séan O'Brien & John Dillon (eds.) - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
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  36.  12
    Confidentiality and the Duties of Care.J. O'Brien - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (1):36-40.
    Doctors have an ethical and legal duty to respect patient confidentiality. We consider the basis for this duty, looking particularly at the meaning and value of autonomy in health care. Enabling patients to decide how information about them is disclosed is an important element in autonomy and helps patients engage as active partners in their care.Good quality data is, however, essential for research, education, public health monitoring, and for many other activities essential to provision of health care. We discuss whether (...)
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  37.  13
    Art, Empathy and the Divine.Dan O’Brien - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (3):412-423.
  38.  51
    Egalitarian Nonconsequentialism and the Levelling Down Objection.David O'Brien - 2019 - Ratio 32 (1):74-83.
  39.  97
    Minors and Refusal of Medical Treatment: A Critique of the Law Regarding the Current Lack of Meaningful Consent with Regards to Minors and Recommendations for Future Change.S. O'Brien - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (2):67-72.
    The autonomous right of competent adults to decide what happens to their own body and the corresponding right to consent to or refuse medical treatment are cornerstones of modern health care. For minors the situation is not so clear cut. Since the well-known case of Gillick, mature children under the age of 16 can agree to proposed medical treatment. However, those under the age of 18 do not enjoy any corresponding right to refuse medical treatment. Can this separation of the (...)
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  40.  16
    Collaborative Research= Collaborative Learning: A Field Trip to the National Archives and the Search for Solomon Asch.James P. O'Brien - 2004 - Inquiry (ERIC) 9 (1).
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  41.  60
    Revelation 5:1–14.Kevin John O'Brien - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (2):177-181.
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  42. Objects of Intention: A Hylomorphic Critique of the New Natural Law Theory.Matthew B. O’Brien & Robert C. Koons - 2012 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (4):655-703.
    The “New Natural Law” Theory (NNL) of Germain Grisez, John Finnis, Joseph Boyle, and their collaborators offers a distinctive account of intentional action, which underlies a moral theory that aims to justify many aspects of traditional morality and Catholic doctrine. -/- In fact, we show that the NNL is committed to premises that entail the permissibility of many actions that are irreconcilable with traditional morality and Catholic doctrine, such as elective abortions. These consequences follow principally from two aspects of the (...)
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  43. Mental Logic.Martin D. S. Braine & David P. O'brien - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (2):297-299.
  44.  7
    Preface.Mahon O’Brien - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (4):489-490.
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  45.  20
    A Theory of If: A Lexical Entry, Reasoning Program, and Pragmatic Principles.Martin D. Braine & David P. O'Brien - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):182-203.
  46.  32
    "Nazareth" Magazine Launched.Michael O'Brien - 1992 - The Chesterton Review 18 (1):145-145.
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  47.  40
    Lucy O'Brien, Self Knowing Agents. [REVIEW]Stephen Butterfill - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (3):413-415.
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  48.  22
    Responses to O’Brien and Shoemaker.Richard Moran - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):402-419.
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  49. Lucy O'Brien on The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics.C. Rovane - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):230-234.
  50.  5
    Colonial Emigration, Public Policy, and Tory Romanticism, 1783-1830.Karen O'Brien - 2009 - In Duncan Kelly (ed.), Lineages of Empire: The Historical Roots of British Imperial Thought. pp. 161.
    This chapter focuses on white colonial emigration and the settlement of the British and Irish following the loss of the first British Empire. In particular, it examines the British imaginative engagement with the figure of the colonial settler as a casualty of war, industrialization, and poverty, as well as an economic migrant who nevertheless appeared to signify the potential for the recuperation of British society in the future. The chapter is also concerned with the role of the Romantic writers and (...)
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