Results for 'Claes Ohlsson'

181 found
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  1.  58
    The Framing of Corporate Social Responsibility and the Globalization of National Business Systems: A Longitudinal Case Study.Stefan Tengblad & Claes Ohlsson - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):653-669.
    The globalization movement in recent decades has meant rapid growth in trade, financial transactions, and cross-country ownership of economic assets. In this article, we examine how the globalization of national business systems has influenced the framing of corporate social responsibility (CSR). This is done using text analysis of CEO letters appearing in the annual reports of 15 major corporations in Sweden during a period of transformational change. The results show that the discourse about CSR in the annual reports has changed (...)
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  2.  27
    Corporate Social Responsibility: A Three Country Comparative Study of the Evolution of a Corporate Discourse Over Time.Claes Ohlsson, Stefan Tengblad, Frank G. de Bakker, Frank den Hond & Marie-France Turcotte - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:160-165.
    This paper reports on comparative research on how textual representations of issues related to corporate social responsibility (CSR) in corporate annual reports from Sweden, Canada and the Netherlands have changed over time. The results show a substantial increase on a number of topics that can be linked to the general CSR-discourse in the 2001 sample in comparison to the 1991 and 1981 samples. The rise in the CSR-discourse appears to be related to a drop in other discourses related to issues (...)
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  3.  36
    Thoughts Beyond Words: When Language Overshadows Insight.Jonathan W. Schooler, Stellan Ohlsson & Kevin Brooks - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (2):166.
  4.  25
    Toward a Macroevolutionary Theory of Human Evolution: The Social Protocell.Claes Andersson & Petter Törnberg - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):86-102.
    Despite remarkable empirical and methodological advances, our theoretical understanding of the evolutionary processes that made us human remains fragmented and contentious. Here, we make the radical proposition that the cultural communities within which Homo emerged may be understood as a novel exotic form of organism. The argument begins from a deep congruence between robust features of Pan community life cycles and protocell models of the origins of life. We argue that if a cultural tradition, meeting certain requirements, arises in the (...)
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  5.  4
    Toward a Macroevolutionary Theory of Human Evolution: The Social Protocell.Claes Andersson & Petter Törnberg - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):86-102.
    Despite remarkable empirical and methodological advances, our theoretical understanding of the evolutionary processes that made us human remains fragmented and contentious. Here, we make the radical proposition that the cultural communities within which Homo emerged may be understood as a novel exotic form of organism. The argument begins from a deep congruence between robust features of Pan community life cycles and protocell models of the origins of life. We argue that if a cultural tradition, meeting certain requirements, arises in the (...)
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  6.  28
    Victim and Society: Sharing Wrongs, but in Which Roles? [REVIEW]Claes Lernestedt - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):187-203.
    This paper discusses what kinds of conflicts arise when a crime has been committed, and with whom—and in which of their possible roles—the offender should be seen as having such conflicts. The possible roles of the victim are in focus, as is the constitutive role of the act of criminalizing a certain kind of behavior. It is argued that while in the tort conflict the victim should be seen as a party qua him- or herself in a ‘fuller’ sense (and (...)
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  7.  2
    Styles of Valuation: Algorithms and Agency in High-Throughput Bioscience.Claes-Fredrik Helgesson & Francis Lee - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (4):659-685.
    In science and technology studies today, there is a troubling tendency to portray actors in the biosciences as “cultural dopes” and technology as having monolithic qualities with predetermined outcomes. To remedy this analytical impasse, this article introduces the concept styles of valuation to analyze how actors struggle with valuing technology in practice. Empirically, this article examines how actors in a bioscientific laboratory struggle with valuing the properties and qualities of algorithms in a high-throughput setting and identifies the copresence of several (...)
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  8.  12
    Stellan Ohlsson: Deep Learning: How the Mind Overrides Experience.Carol L. Smith - 2012 - Science & Education 21 (9):1381-1392.
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  9.  94
    Sophisticated Selectionism as a General Theory of Knowledge.Claes Andersson - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):229-242.
    Human knowledge is a phenomenon whose roots extend from the cultural, through the neural and the biological and finally all the way down into the Precambrian “primordial soup.” The present paper reports an attempt at understanding this Greater System of Knowledge (GSK) as a hierarchical nested set of selection processes acting concurrently on several different scales of time and space. To this end, a general selection theory extending mainly from the work of Hull and Campbell is introduced. The perhaps most (...)
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  10.  34
    Claes Entzenberg: Metaphor as a Mode of Interpretation.R. A. Sharpe - 1999 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 11 (18).
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  11.  7
    Algorithms as Folding: Reframing the Analytical Focus.Robin Williams, Claes-Fredrik Helgesson, Lukas Engelmann, Jeffrey Christensen, Jess Bier & Francis Lee - 2019 - Big Data and Society 6 (2).
    This article proposes an analytical approach to algorithms that stresses operations of folding. The aim of this approach is to broaden the common analytical focus on algorithms as biased and opaque black boxes, and to instead highlight the many relations that algorithms are interwoven with. Our proposed approach thus highlights how algorithms fold heterogeneous things: data, methods and objects with multiple ethical and political effects. We exemplify the utility of our approach by proposing three specific operations of folding—proximation, universalisation and (...)
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  12.  40
    Holm Claes-Göran. Till fràgan om kvantifikationens uppkomst . Sju filosofiska studier tillägnade Anders Wedberg, mimeographed, Filosofiska studier utgivna av Filosofiska Institutionen vid Stockholms Universitet, no. 9, Stockholm 1963, pp. 4–8. [REVIEW]Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):605-605.
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  13. Moralization as a Link Between Idealism and Naturalism in the Ethical Discourse.Claes Gustafsson - 1994 - In Alan Lewis & Karl Erik Wärneryd (eds.), Ethics and Economic Affairs. Routledge. pp. 115.
     
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  14.  28
    Metaphorically Speaking. [REVIEW]Claes Entzenberg - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):523-526.
  15.  23
    Infants' Emerging Ability to Represent Occluded Object Motion.Kerstin Rosander & Claes von Hofsten - 2004 - Cognition 91 (1):1-22.
  16.  24
    A Brief Appraisal of the Sadvitiyaprayoga.Claes Oetke - 2013 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 41 (1):43-55.
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  17.  98
    Reasoning Processes in Propositional Logic.Claes Strannegård, Simon Ulfsbäcker, David Hedqvist & Tommy Gärling - 2010 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (3):283-314.
    We conducted a computer-based psychological experiment in which a random mix of 40 tautologies and 40 non-tautologies were presented to the participants, who were asked to determine which ones of the formulas were tautologies. The participants were eight university students in computer science who had received tuition in propositional logic. The formulas appeared one by one, a time-limit of 45 s applied to each formula and no aids were allowed. For each formula we recorded the proportion of the participants who (...)
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  18.  30
    The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.Claes Hägg - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):71 - 76.
    In July 1976 the OECD adopted voluntary guidelines for multinational enterprises. These guidelines deal, among other things, with transfer pricing and other transactions between companies which belong to the same multinational enterprise. The purpose of the present article is to analyze the OECD Guidelines from the point of view of business ethics. It is shown that inherent in the guidelines is a conflict between different goals. In the latter part of the article it is shown how this conflict could be (...)
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  19. Filosofi Med Barn Reflektioner Över Ett Försök På Lågstadiet.Bo Malmhester & Ragnar Ohlsson - 1999
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  20.  5
    Ethical, Legal, and Political Problems Affecting Epidemiology in European Countries.Claes-Göran Westrin - 1993 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 15 (3):6.
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  21.  62
    Realism and Relativism in Modern Physics.Claes Åberg - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):41 - 61.
    The standpoint of realism has been widely used to argue in favour of, or against, particular physical theories. An analysis is made of the adequacy of such arguments, taking an argument by Einstein as a starting point.Some reflexions are given on relativism and invariance. Invariances can be seen as generators of both regularity and paradox in physics.
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  22.  17
    Complex Declarative Learning.Michelene Th Chi & Stellan Ohlsson - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press.
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  23.  4
    Review: Claes-Goran Holm, On the Question of the Rise of Quantification Theory. [REVIEW]Dagfinn Follesdal - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):605-605.
  24.  37
    Generic Extensions and Elementary Embeddings.Claes Åberg - 1975 - Theoria 41 (2):96-104.
  25.  22
    The Ethics of Capital Punishment. A Philosophical Investigation of Evil and Its Consequences, by Matthew H. Kramer. [REVIEW]Claes Lernestedt - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):361-366.
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  26. Morals Based on Needs.Ragnar Ohlsson - 1995 - Upa.
    The concept of "need" has been analyzed by numerous modern philosophers. While they usually view need as a necessary condition for avoiding harm, Morals Based on Needs gives "basic needs" a clarifying new definition in terms of "necessary and sufficient condition for an acceptable life". Ohlsson investigates the connections between needs and moral norms creating a new foundation for ethics.
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  27.  20
    Neuromonitoring for Awareness During Surgery.Claes Lennmarken & Rolf Sandin - 2004 - Lancet 363 (9423).
  28.  62
    Inverse Ontomimetic Simulation: A Window on Complex Systems.Claes Andersson - unknown
    The present paper introduces "ontomimetic simulation" and argues that this class of models has enabled the investigation of hypotheses about complex systems in new ways that have epistemological relevance. Ontomimetic simulation can be differentiated from other types of modeling by its reliance on causal similarity in addition to representation. Phenomena are modeled not directly but via mimesis of the ontology (i.e. the "underlying physics", microlevel etc.) of systems and a subsequent animation of the resulting model ontology as a dynamical system. (...)
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  29.  7
    A Proof System for Modeling Reasoning Processes in Propositional Logic.Claes Strannegård - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (5).
  30.  90
    An Action Perspective on Motor Development.Claes von Hofsten - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):266-272.
  31.  34
    Relativity Phenomena in Set Theory.Claes Åberg - 1974 - Synthese 27 (1-2):189 - 198.
  32.  13
    Learning From Performance Errors.Stellan Ohlsson - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):241-262.
  33.  1
    Art From Death Originated.Claes Entzenberg - 2013 - Art and Theory Publishing.
    Every artwork is the first and last of its kind. Nothing happens the same way twice. But if this is the case, then what limits can we impose on our understanding of the historical development of art? The poles in our conceptual schema of the development of art are analogous to human life, which is placed between two poles of non-existence. This schema is used in our understanding of art, interpretation, and metaphor. Being a complex part in the intersection between (...)
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  34. Perspectives on Aesthetics, Art and Culture.Claes Entzenberg & S. Säätela (eds.) - 2005 - Thales.
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  35.  5
    The Production of Seriousness: The Metaphysics of Economic Reason.Claes Gustafsson - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This bookis about the roots of managerial rationality. A theoretical base, founded on the concept of 'memetics' is developed in order to explain human thinking and human reason as products of cultural evolution. Cultural change and development are explained by simple, value-driven memetic mechanisms like 'ritualization' and 'extremization'.
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  36. Cum Grano Salis Essays Dedicated to Dick A. R. Haglund.Claes Åberg - 1989
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  37.  60
    Book Review. Metaphorically Speaking Patti D. Nogales. [REVIEW]Claes Entzenberg - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):523-526.
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  38.  32
    Just Price and Equal Opportunity.Claes Hägg - 1983 - Journal of Business Ethics 2 (4):269-272.
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate if just price could be given a precise and relevant definition. First, the historical background is sketched. Then a definition is formulated which is based on a gradual interpretation of possibility. The meaning of the definition is, that the buyer and the seller are given equal opportunity of reaching a justified standard of living.
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  39.  10
    Civic Meaningfulness.Erik Claes - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (2):347-372.
    This paper starts from qualitative research on volunteering and citizenship, with a special focus on volunteering within a setting of restorative justice and mediation. In a first stage, the author reconstructs two models of meaningfulness as hermeneutical lenses to better understand how volunteers see their engagement and experiences as a source of meaningfulness. The paper argues that a biographical model of meaningfulness is in need of a complementary approach to meaningfulness, which focuses on transformational experiences with a strong existential depth. (...)
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  40.  57
    Reasoning About Truth in First-Order Logic.Claes Strannegård, Fredrik Engström, Abdul Rahim Nizamani & Lance Rips - 2013 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (1):115-137.
    First, we describe a psychological experiment in which the participants were asked to determine whether sentences of first-order logic were true or false in finite graphs. Second, we define two proof systems for reasoning about truth and falsity in first-order logic. These proof systems feature explicit models of cognitive resources such as declarative memory, procedural memory, working memory, and sensory memory. Third, we describe a computer program that is used to find the smallest proofs in the aforementioned proof systems when (...)
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  41.  29
    Discussion Deconstruction, Criminalisation and the Criminal Law: A Reply to Pavlich’s ‘The Lore of Criminal Accusation’.Erik Claes - 2007 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):99-105.
  42.  10
    Metabletica or a Psychology of History.Jacques Claes - forthcoming - Humanitas.
  43.  16
    The Art to End All Arts.Claes Entzenberg - 2013 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 23 (46).
    The death of art has been a notion used in connection with the development and progress of art. This view of the development of art, the movement from one position to another, can go on forever. From another view, we see art as part of a narration, which makes the death of art absolute and final, even though art is still produced. In our time, the American philosopher A. C. Danto uses Hegel’s developmental view on history to explain pictorial Western (...)
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  44.  9
    Developing of the Future: Scaffolded Darwinism in Societal Evolution.Claes Andersson, Anton Törnberg & Petter Törnberg - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):417-418.
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  45.  34
    Interpretability Over Peano Arithmetic.Claes Strannegård - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1407-1425.
    We investigate the modal logic of interpretability over Peano arithmetic. Our main result is a compactness theorem that extends the arithmetical completeness theorem for the interpretability logic ILM ω . This extension concerns recursively enumerable sets of formulas of interpretability logic (rather than single formulas). As corollaries we obtain a uniform arithmetical completeness theorem for the interpretability logic ILM and a partial answer to a question of Orey from 1961. After some simplifications, we also obtain Shavrukov's embedding theorem for Magari (...)
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  46.  13
    Metaphor, Interpretation, and Contextualization.Claes Entzenberg - 1996 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 31 (1):21-38.
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  47.  6
    Lack of Existing Guidelines for a Large Group of Patients in Sweden: A National Survey Across the Acute Surgical Care Delivery Chain.Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Claes Juhlin & Eva Jangland - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (1):89-95.
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  48. Recension av Ragnar Ohlsson: Meningen med livet. [REVIEW]Gunnar Björnsson - 1999 - Filosofisk Tidskrift 2:58–59.
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  49. Character & Culture: Essays on East and West.Irving Babbitt & Claes G. Ryn - 1995 - Transaction Publishers.
    Character and Culture by Irving Babbitt is the latest volume in the Library of Conservative Thought. Babbitt was the leader of the twentieth-century intellectual and cultural movement called American Humanism or the New Humanism. More than half a century after his death his intellectual staying power remains undiminished. The qualities that marked Irving Babbitt as a thinker and cultural critic of the first rank are richly represented in "Character and Culture. "First published togetherin 1940, "these essays span his scholarly career (...)
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  50.  21
    Dealing with Feelings: Positive and Negative Discrete Emotions as Mediators of News Framing Effects.Claes H. de Vreese, Andreas R. T. Schuck & Sophie Lecheler - 2013 - Communications 38 (2):189-209.
    The underlying psychological processes that enable framing effects are often described as cognitive. Yet, recent studies suggest that framing effects may also be mediated by emotional response. The role of specific emotions in mediating the framing effect process, however, has yet to be fully empirically investigated. In an experimental survey design, this study tests two positive and two negative emotions as mediators of framing effects. Our results show that while anger and enthusiasm mediate a framing effect, contentment and fear do (...)
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