131 found
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  1. Beyond Selflessness: Reading Nietzsche’s Genealogy.Christopher Janaway - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Nietzsche's aims and targets -- Reading Nietzsche's preface -- Naturalism and genealogy -- Selflessness : the struggle with Schopenhauer -- Nietzsche and Paul Rée on the origins of moral feelings -- Good and evil : affect, artistry, and revaluation -- Free will, autonomy, and the sovereign individual -- Guilt, bad conscience, and self-punishment -- Will to power in the Genealogy -- Nietzsche's illustration of the art of exegesis -- Disinterestedness and objectivity -- Perspectival knowing and the affects -- The ascetic (...)
  2. Nietzsche on Free Will, Autonomy and the Sovereign Individual.Ken Gemes & Christopher Janaway - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):321-357.
    [Ken Gemes] In some texts Nietzsche vehemently denies the possibility of free will; in others he seems to positively countenance its existence. This paper distinguishes two different notions of free will. Agency free will is intrinsically tied to the question of agency, what constitutes an action as opposed to a mere doing. Deserts free will is intrinsically tied to the question of desert, of who does and does not merit punishment and reward. It is shown that we can render Nietzsche's (...)
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  3. Self and world in Schopenhauer's philosophy.Christopher Janaway - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Janaway provides a detailed and critical account of Schopenhauer's central philosophical achievement: his account of the self and its relation to the world of objects. The author's approach to this theme is historical, yet is designed to show the philosophical interest of such an approach. He explores in unusual depth Schopenhauer's often ambivalent relation to Kant, and highlights the influence of Schopenhauer's view of self and world on Wittgenstein and Nietzsche, as well as tracing the many points of contact between (...)
  4. Attitudes to suffering: Parfit and Nietzsche.Christopher Janaway - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (1-2):66-95.
    In On What Matters, Derek Parfit argues that Nietzsche does not disagree with central normative beliefs that ‘we’ hold. Such disagreement would threaten Parfit’s claim that normative beliefs are known by intuition. However, Nietzsche defends a conception of well-being that challenges Parfit’s normative claim that suffering is bad in itself for the sufferer. Nietzsche recognizes the phenomenon of ‘growth through suffering’ as essential to well-being. Hence, removal of all suffering would lead to diminished well-being. Parfit claims that if Nietzsche understood (...)
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  5. Nietzsche on morality, drives and human greatness.Christopher Janaway - 2012 - In Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 183-201.
    Authored item in a collection of original research papers, arising out of the University of Southampton's AHRC-funded research project 'Nietzsche and Modern Moral Philosophy'.
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  6. Images of excellence: Plato's critique of the arts.Christopher Janaway - 1995 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This original new book argues for a reassessment of Plato's challenge to the arts. Plato was the first great figure in Western philosophy to assess the value of the arts; he argued in the Republic that traditionally accepted forms of poetry, drama, and music are unsound. While this view has been widely rejected, Janaway argues that Plato's hostile case is a more coherent and profound challenge to the arts than has sometimes been supposed. Denying that Plato advocates "good art" in (...)
  7.  29
    Nietzsche on free will, autonomy and the sovereign individual.Ken Gemes & Christopher Janaway - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):339-357.
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  8.  98
    Nietzsche, Naturalism & Normativity.Simon Robertson & Christopher Janaway (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    This volume comprises ten original essays on Nietzsche, one of the western canon's most controversial ethical thinkers. An international team of experts clarify Nietzsche's own views, both critical and positive, ethical and meta-ethical, and connect his philosophical concerns to contemporary debates in and about ethics, normativity, and value.
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  9.  61
    The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer.Christopher Janaway (ed.) - 1999 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Arthur Schopenhauer is something of a maverick figure in the history of philosophy. He produced a unique theory of the world and human existence based upon his notion of will. This collection analyses the related but distinct components of will from the point of view of epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, aesthetics, ethics, and the philosophy of psychoanalysis. This volume explores Schopenhauer's philosophy of death, his relationship to the philosophy of Kant, his use of ideas drawn from both Buddhism and (...)
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  10.  61
    On the Very Idea of "Justifying Suffering".Christopher Janaway - 2017 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 48 (2):152-170.
    Many commentators have said that Nietzsche is concerned, either in all or in some parts of his career, with providing a kind of ‘theodicy,’ or with justifying or finding meaning in suffering. In this article, I examine these notions, questioning whether terms such as ‘theodicy’ or ‘justifying suffering’ are helpful in getting Nietzsche’s views into focus, and exploring some unclarities concerning the way in which such terms themselves are understood. I conclude that, while Nietzsche’s later position is continuous with the (...)
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  11. Schopenhauer.Christopher Janaway - 1997 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 9:189-191.
     
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  12. Schopenhauer.Christopher Janaway - 1995 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 9:189-191.
     
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  13. The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer.Christopher Janaway - 2002 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 23:96-97.
     
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  14.  77
    Worse than the best possible pessimism? Olga Plümacher's critique of Schopenhauer.Christopher Janaway - 2021 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (2):211-230.
    Olga Plümacher (1839–1895) published a book entitled Der Pessimismus in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart in 1884. It was an influential book: Nietzsche owned a copy, and there are clear cases where he borrowed phraseology from Plümacher. Plümacher specifies philosophical pessimism as comprising two propositions: ‘The sum of displeasure outweighs the sum of pleasure’ and ‘Consequently the non-being of the world would be better than its being’. Plümacher cites Schopenhauer as the first proponent of this position, and Eduard von Hartmann as the (...)
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  15. Images of Excellence: Plato's Critique of the Arts.Christopher Janaway - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):533-536.
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  16. Images of Excellence. Plato's Critique of the Arts.Christopher Janaway - 1999 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 189 (4):509-510.
     
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  17. What’s So Good about Negation of the Will?: Schopenhauer and the Problem of the Summum Bonum.Christopher Janaway - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4):649-669.
    The final part of Schopenhauer’s argument in The World as Will and Representation concerns “affirmation and negation of the will”. He argues, with a fervor that borders on the religious, that “negation of the will” is a condition of unique value, the only state that enables “true salvation, redemption from life and from suffering”. Some commentators have asserted without qualification that this condition is his “highest good.” However, Schopenhauer in fact claims that there cannot be a highest good, because 'good' (...)
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  18. Beauty is false, truth ugly: Nietzsche on art and life.Christopher Janaway - 2014 - In Daneil Came (ed.), Nietzsche on Art and Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Against the claim that Nietzsche’s early and late views on confronting the truth about human existence differ widely, this article argues that in The Birth of Tragedy tragic art is affirmative of life and not limited to beautifying illusion, while later works still contain the idea that artistic production of beauty is a falsification necessary to make existence bearable for us. Nietzsche did not start with the view that art’s value lies in sheer illusion, nor end with the view that (...)
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  19.  61
    Schopenhauer: a very short introduction.Christopher Janaway - 2002 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Schopenhauer is considered to be the most readable of German philosophers. This book gives a succinct explanation of his metaphysical system, concentrating on the original aspects of his thought, which inspired many artists and thinkers including Nietzsche, Wagner, Freud, and Wittgenstein. Schopenhauer's central notion is that of the will--a blind, irrational force that he uses to interpret both the human mind and the whole of nature. Seeing human behavior as that of a natural organism governed by the will to life, (...)
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  20. Schopenhauer's Pessimism.Christopher Janaway - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:47-63.
    This series of lectures was originally scheduled to include a talk on Schopenhauer by Patrick Gardiner. Sadly, Patrick died during the summer, and I was asked to stand in. Patrick must, I am sure, have been glad to see this series of talks on German Philosophy being put on by the Royal Institute, and he, probably more than anyone on the list, deserves to have been a part of it. Patrick Gardiner taught and wrote with unfailing integrity and quiet refinement (...)
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  21.  24
    Who – or what – says yes to life?Christopher Janaway - 2022 - In Daniel Came (ed.), Nietzsche on Morality and the Affirmation of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Nietzsche is concerned with what he calls ‘affirmation of life’, or ‘saying Yes to life’. This article examines attitudes or processes that Nietzsche describes as ‘affirmation’ or ‘Yes-saying’ (Bejahung, Jasagen). Nietzsche often speaks of something other than an individual as the locus of affirmation. Surveying Nietzsche’s uses from the period of Daybreak onwards, we find Bejahung, Jasagen and cognates with a variety of grammatical subjects, referring to human individuals, cultural products and practices such as art forms and value-systems, and sub-personal (...)
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  22.  53
    Schopenhauer: The World as Will and Representation: Volume 2.Arthur Schopenhauer, Alistair Welchman, Judith Norman & Christopher Janaway (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    The purpose of the Cambridge Edition of the Works of Schopenhauer is to offer translations of the best modern German editions of Schopenhauer's work in a uniform format for Schopenhauer scholars, together with philosophical introductions and full editorial apparatus. The World as Will and Representation contains Schopenhauer's entire philosophy, ranging through epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of mind and action, aesthetics and philosophy of art, to ethics, the meaning of life and the philosophy of religion. This second volume was added to the (...)
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  23. Willing and Nothingness: Schopenhauer as Nietzsche’s Educator.Christopher Janaway (ed.) - 1998 - New York: Clarendon Press.
    This new collection enriches our understanding of Nietzsche's philosophy by examining his relationship with Schopenhauer. Eight leading scholars contribute specially written essays in which Nietzsche's changing conceptions of pessimism, tragedy, art, morality, truth, knowledge, religion, atheism, determinism, the will, and the self are revealed as responses to the work of the thinker he called his "great teacher.".
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  24.  30
    Autonomy, affect, and the self in Nietzsche's project of genealogy.Christopher Janaway - 2009 - In Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.), Nietzsche on freedom and autonomy. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 51-68.
    Nietzsche is well known for stating that there is 'only a perspectival "knowing"'. What has been less remarked is the extent to which he thereby stands in radical opposition to a common philosophical position concerning the relationship between knowledge and the affects. This article argues that in Genealogy III: 12 Nietzsche makes the following two claims: (1) That it is impossible for there to be any knowing that is free of all affects, and (2) That multiplying different affects always improves (...)
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  25.  67
    Knowing about surprises: A supposed antinomy revisited.Christopher Janaway - 1989 - Mind 98 (391):391-409.
    A given event may be a surprise to you, even if you know that it is going to occur. It may be a surprise to you, even if you know that it is going to occur and be a surprise to you. But what is not possible is that you should know a finite list of possible times at which it may possibly occur, and know that it will be a surprise to you. The article argues that this is sufficient (...)
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  26.  17
    Knowledge and Tranquility: Schopenhauer on the value of art.Christopher Janaway - 1996 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), Schopenhauer, Philosophy and the Arts. Cambridge University Press. pp. 39--61.
    The article argues that Schopenhauer seeks to defend art against Plato's critique, but that he does so by adopting two distinct strategies that to some extent conflect: a 'cognitivist strategy' according to which art provides the most objective knowledge of reality, and an 'aesthetic experience' strategy, in which there is a peculiarly aesthetic state of mind which gives our pleasure in art a value of its own. The truly unifying notion in Schopenhauer's aesthetic theory is that of tranquil, will-less contemplation, (...)
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  27. Schopenhauer on the aimlessness of the will.Christopher Janaway - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (2):331-347.
    Schopenhauer asserts that ‘the will, which is objectified in human life as it is in every appearance, is a striving without aim and without end’. The article rejects some recent readings of this claim, and offers the following positive interpretation: however many specific aims of my specific desires I manage to attain, none is a final aim, in the sense that none terminates my ‘willing as a whole’, none turns me into a non-willing being. To understand Schopenhauer’s claim we must (...)
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  28.  7
    The Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics.Christopher Janaway (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Arthur Schopenhauer's The Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics consists of two groundbreaking essays: 'On the Freedom of the Will' and 'On the Basis of Morals'. The essays make original contributions to ethics and display Schopenhauer's erudition, prose-style and flair for philosophical controversy, as well as philosophical views that contrast sharply with the positions of both Kant and Nietzsche. Written accessibly, they do not presuppose the intricate metaphysics which Schopenhauer constructs elsewhere. This is the first English translation of these works to (...)
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  29.  86
    Kant's aesthetics and the `empty cognitive stock'.Christopher Janaway - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):459-476.
    It is sometimes assumed that Kant’s claim that a judgement of taste is grounded in a pleasure ‘without concepts’ leaves little room for any credible account of critical judgements of art. I argue that even Kant’s conception of free (as opposed to dependent) beauty can provide the framework for an analysis of aesthetic judgements about art works. It is a matter of understanding what roles for concepts Kant prohibits in his analysis of pure judgements of taste: conceptual cognition must be (...)
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  30. Self and World in Schopenhauers Philosophy.Christopher Janaway - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (2):421-422.
     
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  31.  7
    Will and nature.Christopher Janaway - 1999 - In The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 138--170.
    The chapter examines aspects of Schopenhauer's central concept of will: the role of will in relation to action and to sexual drive, the argument that the individual has no freedom of will, the notion of the will or 'will to life' as the 'inner nature' of the individual, and the notion that the will is the thing in itself.
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  32.  28
    More Modesty, Less Charity.Christopher Janaway - 2018 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 49 (2):240-245.
    This essay is one of ten contributions to a special editorial feature in The Journal of Nietzsche Studies 49.2, in which authors were invited to address the following questions: What is the future of Nietzsche studies? What are the most pressing questions its scholars should address? What texts and issues demand our urgent attention? And as we turn to these issues, what methodological and interpretive principles should guide us? The editorship hopes this collection will provide a starting point for discussions (...)
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  33.  64
    Nietzsche on Free Will, Autonomy and the Sovereign Individual.Christopher Janaway - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):339-357.
    [Ken Gemes] In some texts Nietzsche vehemently denies the possibility of free will; in others he seems to positively countenance its existence. This paper distinguishes two different notions of free will. Agency free will is intrinsically tied to the question of agency, what constitutes an action as opposed to a mere doing. Deserts free will is intrinsically tied to the question of desert, of who does and does not merit punishment and reward. It is shown that we can render Nietzsche's (...)
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  34.  23
    Images of Excellence.Christopher Janaway & R. B. Rutherford - 1997 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 55 (4):435-439.
  35.  26
    Naturalism and genealogy.Christopher Janaway - 2006-01-01 - In Keith Ansell Pearson (ed.), A Companion to Nietzsche. Blackwell. pp. 337-52.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Methodological Naturalism Nietzsche's Antagonists in the Genealogy Rée and Selflessness Real History Rhetorical Method and the Affects Perils of Present Concepts: Causa fiendi and False Unity Conclusion.
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  36. Necessity, Responsibility and Character: Schopenhauer on Freedom of the Will.Christopher Janaway - 2012 - Kantian Review 17 (3):431-457.
    This paper gives an account of the argument of Schopenhauer's essay On the Freedom of the Human Will, drawing also on his other works. Schopenhauer argues that all human actions are causally necessitated, as are all other events in empirical nature, hence there is no freedom in the sense of liberum arbitrium indifferentiae. However, our sense of responsibility or agency (being the ) is nonetheless unshakeable. To account for this Schopenhauer invokes the Kantian distinction between empirical and intelligible characters. The (...)
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  37. Craft and Fineness in Plato's Ion'.Christopher Janaway - 1992 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 10:1-23.
     
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  38. The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer.Christopher Janaway - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (3):596-598.
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  39. Willing and Nothingness: Schopenhauer as Nietzsche's Educator.Christopher Janaway - 1999 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 61 (4):802-805.
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  40. Arts and crafts in Plato and Collingwood.Christopher Janaway - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (1):45-54.
    R.G. Collingwood argues that what is properly called 'art' shares none of the features of craft. This article looks critically at his attribution to Plato of the sharply contrasting view that poetry is simply a craft. There is an important sense in which poetry is not a craft (techne) for Plato. Moreover, Plato's views are much closer to Collingwood's own than Collingwood appreciates.
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  41.  70
    Nietzsche's Psychology as a Refinement of Plato's.Christopher Janaway - 2014 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 45 (1):12-21.
    In their recent book The Soul of Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil, Maudemarie Clark and David Dudrick claim that Nietzsche takes Plato’s theory of the soul to be ‘a hypothesis, which his own psychology is an attempt to refine’. This essay accepts that claim, but argues for a more streamlined account of the relation between Nietzsche and Plato than Clark and Dudrick give. There is no justification for their suggestion that Nietzsche diagnoses an ‘atomistic need’ as responsible for what he (...)
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  42.  52
    Self and Style: Life as Literature Revisited.Christopher Janaway - 2014 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 45 (2):103-117.
    ABSTRACT This article reappraises some aspects of Alexander Nehamas's Nietzsche: Life as Literature. It recognizes as strengths of the book Nehamas's emphasis on Nietzsche's mode of writing and his idea that unified selfhood is an exceptional state that is achieved rather than given. However, it takes issue with the claim that Nietzsche holds a superessentialist view of the self. That view is not clearly supported by textual evidence, does not follow from Nietzsche's regarding the self as simply a sequence of (...)
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  43.  24
    Schopenhauer's philosophy of value.Christopher Janaway & Alex Neill - 2009 - In Alex Neill & Christopher Janaway (eds.), Better Consciousness: Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Value. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Editor's contribution to the edited volume, Better Consciousness: Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Value, which reassesses Schopenhauer's aesthetics and ethics and their contemporary relevance.
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  44.  63
    No‐self and compassion: Nietzsche and Buddhism.Christopher Janaway - 2023 - European Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):950-966.
    The article examines two claims made by Antoine Panaïoti: (1) That both Nietzsche and Buddhists denounce the self as a misleading fiction. (2) That Buddhist compassion is close to a “compassion of strength” that Nietzsche approves. This article agrees with (1) and disagrees with (2). The descriptive metaphysical commitments of Nietzsche and Buddhism are subordinate to their divergent normative projects. Both reject a single, enduring, and independent self; but where Mahāyāna Buddhism advocates care or compassion toward all sentient beings, Nietzsche (...)
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  45.  15
    Schopenhauer as Nietzsche's Educator.Christopher Janaway - 1998 - In Willing and Nothingness: Schopenhauer as Nietzsche's Educator. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 13–36.
    The essay draws attention to some of the different uses made of Schopenhauer throughout Nietzsche's writings. Different roles for Schopenhauer coexist at all stages of Nietzsche's writing. He functions as an exemplar for European culture, but at the same time Nietzsche can find serious fault with his philosophical doctrines, as he does in early unpublished notes. In later writings Schopenhauer is assigned the role of Nietzsche's antipode, but even then Schopenhauer is paid the compliment of being Nietzsche's great and only (...)
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  46.  5
    History of Philosophy: The Analytical Ideal.Christopher Janaway & Peter Alexander - 1988 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 62 (1):169-208.
  47.  11
    Two Kinds Of Artistic Duplication.Christopher Janaway - 1997 - British Journal of Aesthetics 37 (1):1-14.
    In this paper I juxtapose two well-known thought-experiments concerning duplicate art works, and point out that they appear to have directly conflicting results. I then make a proposal as to how to reconcile the two cases. The two cases are Borges' story of Pierre Menard, in which a text coinciding exactly with Cervantes' Don Quixote is nonetheless a distinct work from it, and Nelson Goodman's claim that a musical work cannot be forged, because anything complying with a work's notation is (...)
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  48.  13
    Responses to Commentators.Christopher Janaway - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):132-151.
    This article has its origin in a symposium on Christopher Janaway's 2007 book, Beyond Selflessness: Reading Nietzsche's Genealogy. It comprises responses by the author to articles by the commentators Daniel Came, Ken Gemes, P.J.E. Kail, and Stephen Mulhall.
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  49. Die Schönheit ist falsch, die Wahrheit hässlich: Nietzsche über die Kunst und das Leben.Christopher Janaway - 2011 - In Lore Hühn & Philipp Schwab (eds.), Die Philosophie des Tragischen: Schopenhauer - Schelling - Nietzsche. De Gruyter. pp. 531-552.
    Against the claim that Nietzsche’s early and late views on confronting the truth about human existence differ widely, this article argues that in The Birth of Tragedy tragic art is affirmative of life and not limited to beautifying illusion, while later works still contain the idea that artistic production of beauty is a falsification necessary to make existence bearable for us. Nietzsche did not start with the view that art’s value lies in sheer illusion, nor end with the view that (...)
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  50. Guilt, bad conscience, and self-punishment in Nietzsche's Genealogy.Christopher Janaway - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and morality. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 138--54.
    The article provides a commentary on the Second Treatise of Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morality, entitled '"Guilt, "Bad Conscience," and Related Matters'. The Treatise's central train of thought is that having a bad conscience or feeling guilty is a way in which we satisfy a fundamental need to inflict cruelty. This is achieved by turning the exercise of cruelty inwards, upon the self rather than others, and by interpreting such a cruelty as a legitimate form of punishment of oneself.
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