15 found
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  1.  8
    Gendered Organizations in the New Economy.Kristine Kilanski, Chandra Muller & Christine L. Williams - 2012 - Gender and Society 26 (4):549-573.
    Gender scholars draw on the “theory of gendered organizations” to explain persistent gender inequality in the workplace. This theory argues that gender inequality is built into work organizations in which jobs are characterized by long-term security, standardized career ladders and job descriptions, and management controlled evaluations. Over the past few decades, this basic organizational logic has been transformed. In the so-called new economy, work is increasingly characterized by job insecurity, teamwork, career maps, and networking. Using a case study of geoscientists (...)
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  2.  16
    The Glass Escalator, Revisited: Gender Inequality in Neoliberal Times, SWS Feminist Lecturer.Christine L. Williams - 2013 - Gender and Society 27 (5):609-629.
    When women work in male-dominated professions, they encounter a “glass ceiling” that prevents their ascension into the top jobs. Twenty years ago, I introduced the concept of the “glass escalator,” my term for the advantages that men receive in the so-called women’s professions, including the assumption that they are better suited than women for leadership positions. In this article, I revisit my original analysis and identify two major limitations of the concept: it fails to adequately address intersectionality; in particular, it (...)
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  3.  17
    MAKEUP AT WORK: Negotiating Appearance Rules in the Workplace.Christine L. Williams & Kirsten Dellinger - 1997 - Gender and Society 11 (2):151-177.
    This study seeks to understand women's use of makeup in the workplace. The authors analyze 20 in-depth interviews with a diverse group of women who work in a variety of settings to examine the appearance rules that women confront at work and how these rules reproduce assumptions about sexuality and gender. The authors found that appropriate makeup use is strongly associated with assumptions about health, heterosexuality, and credibility in the workplace. They describe how these norms shape women's personal choices to (...)
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  4.  7
    Boundary Lines: Labeling Sexual Harassment in Restaurants.Christine L. Williams & Patti A. Giuffre - 1994 - Gender and Society 8 (3):378-401.
    Research has shown that a majority of employed women experience sexual harassment and suffer negative repercussions because of it; yet only a minority of these women label their experiences “sexual harassment.” To investigate how people identify sexual harassment, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 waitpeople in restaurants in Austin, Texas. Most respondents worked in highly sexualized work environments. Respondents labeled sexual advances as sexual harassment only in four specific contexts: when perpetrated by someone who exploited their powerful position for personal (...)
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  5.  5
    Not Just Bodies: Strategies for Desexualizing the Physical Examination of Patients.Christine L. Williams & Patti A. Giuffre - 2000 - Gender and Society 14 (3):457-482.
    Health care professionals use strategies during the physical examination to stay in control of their feelings, the behaviors of their patients, and to avoid allegations of sexual misconduct. To investigate how health care practitioners desexualize physical exams, the authors conducted 70 in-depth interviews with physicians and nurses. Three desexualizing strategies were general ones, used by both male and female health care providers, and were employed regardless of the characteristics of the patients: engaging in conversation and nonsexual joking, meeting the patient (...)
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  6. Self, Social Structure, and Beliefs: Explorations in Sociology.Jeffrey C. Alexander, Gary T. Marx & Christine L. Williams - 2004 - Univ of California Press.
    This is an exploration of the creative work done by leading sociologists who were inspired by the scholarship of Neil Smelser.
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  7.  1
    Response to Baxter and Wright.Christine L. Williams & Dana M. Britton - 2000 - Gender and Society 14 (6):804-808.
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  8.  2
    The Importance of Researcher's Gender in the in-Depth Interview:: Evidence From Two Case Studies of Male Nurses.E. Joel Heikes & Christine L. Williams - 1993 - Gender and Society 7 (2):280-291.
    Sociologists who use in-depth interview methods have become sensitized to the ways that race-ethnicity and class can form barriers to rapport with respondents, but the question of gender has been largely unexamined. This article compares data from two independently conducted in-depth interview studies of male nurses: one by a female researcher and one by a male researcher. Observed differences in how the men in the samples framed their responses to questions in the two studies are discussed. It is argued that (...)
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  9. Book Review: Assembling Women: The Feminization of Global Manufacturing. By Teri L. Caraway. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007, 208 Pp., $57.95 (Cloth), $18.95 (Paper). Transnational Tortillas: Race, Gender, and Shop-Floor Politics in Mexico and the United States. By Carolina Bank-Muñoz. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2008, 202 Pp., $49.95 (Cloth), $18.95. [REVIEW]Christine L. Williams - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (2):285-288.
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  10. Book Review: Inventing Equal Opportunity. By Frank Dobbin. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009, 310 Pp., $35.00. [REVIEW]Christine L. Williams - 2010 - Gender and Society 24 (4):546-548.
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  11. Sexual Harassment and Sadomasochism.Christine L. Williams - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (2):99-117.
    : Although many women experience harmful behaviors that fit the legal definition of sexual harassment, very few ever label their experiences as such. I explore how psychological ambivalence expressed as sadomasochism may account for some of this gap. Following Lynn Chancer, I argue that certain structural circumstances characteristic of highly stratified bureaucratic organizations may promote these psychological responses. After discussing two illustrations of this dynamic, I draw out the implications for sexual harassment theory and policy.
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  12.  9
    Sexual Harassment and Sadomasochism.Christine L. Williams - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (2):99-117.
    Although many women experience harmful behaviors that fit the legal definition of sexual harassment, very few ever label their experiences as such. I explore how psychological ambivalence expressed as sadomasochism may account for some of this gap. Following Lynn Chancer, I argue that certain structural circumstances characteristic of highly stratified bureaucratic organizations may promote these psychological responses. After discussing two illustrations of this dynamic, I draw out the implications for sexual harassment theory and policy.
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  13.  2
    Class Questions, Feminist Answers. By Joan Acker. Lanham, MA: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006, 219 Pp., $24.94 (Paper), $70.00. [REVIEW]Christine L. Williams - 2007 - Gender and Society 21 (2):302-304.
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  14.  2
    Book Review: The Tolls of Uncertainty: How Privilege and the Guilt Gap Shape Unemployment in America by Sarah Damaske. [REVIEW]Christine L. Williams - 2021 - Gender and Society 35 (6):995-997.
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  15.  1
    Adopting Change: Birth Mothers in Maternity Homes Today.Christine L. Williams & Christine E. Edwards - 2000 - Gender and Society 14 (1):160-183.
    This article explores the reasons some pregnant women enter maternity homes with the plan to place their babies for adoption. The authors discuss changes in maternity homes over the twentieth century and report on findings from a survey of currently licensed homes in Texas. Next, the authors discuss the findings from fieldwork and in-depth interviews with residents of two maternity homes. They identify three major reasons why birth mothers enter maternity homes: the desire to escape abusive or stressful family lives, (...)
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