Results for 'Christina Agvald-Ohman'

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  1.  26
    Huge Variation in Obtaining Ethical Permission for a Non-Interventional Observational Study in Europe.Dylan W. de Lange, Bertrand Guidet, Finn H. Andersen, Antonio Artigas, Guidio Bertolini, Rui Moreno, Steffen Christensen, Maurizio Cecconi, Christina Agvald-Ohman, Primoz Gradisek, Christian Jung, Brian J. Marsh, Sandra Oeyen, Bernardo Bollen Pinto, Wojciech Szczeklik, Ximena Watson, Tilemachos Zafeiridis & Hans Flaatten - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):39.
    Ethical approval must be obtained before medical research can start. We describe the differences in EA for an pseudonymous, non-interventional, observational European study. Sixteen European national coordinators of the international study on very old intensive care patients answered an online questionnaire concerning their experience getting EA. N = 8/16 of the NCs could apply at one single national ethical committee, while the others had to apply to various regional ECs and/or individual hospital institutional research boards. The time between applying for (...)
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  2.  3
    Are the Dead Taking Over Instagram? A Follow-Up to Öhman & Watson.Carl Öhman & David Watson - 2021 - In Josh Cowls & Jessica Morley (eds.), The 2020 Yearbook of the Digital Ethics Lab. Springer Verlag. pp. 5-21.
    In a previous article, we projected the future accumulation of profiles belonging to deceased users on Facebook. We concluded that a minimum of 1.4 billion users will pass away before 2100 if Facebook ceases to attract new users as of 2018. If the network continues expanding at current rates, on the other hand, this number will exceed 4.9 billion. Although these findings provided an important first step, one network alone remains insufficient to establish a quantitative foundation for further macro-level analysis (...)
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  3.  12
    Kritik an Christina von Brauns "Strategien des Verschwindelns".Christina Della Giustina - 1992 - Die Philosophin 3 (6):66-69.
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  4.  25
    Review: Christina von Braun: Versuch über den Schwindel. Religion, Schrift, Bild, Geschlecht.Christina von Braun - 2004 - Die Philosophin 15 (30):153-156.
  5.  39
    Christina von Braun: Versuch Über den Schwindel. Religion, Schrift, Bild, Geschlecht.Christina von Braun - 2004 - Die Philosophin 15 (30):153-156.
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  6.  13
    An Interview with Anna Christina Ribeiro.Anna Christina Ribeiro & Ethan Harris - 2021 - Washington University Review of Philosophy 1:89-93.
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  7.  30
    Kritik an Christina von Brauns "Strategien des Verschwindelns".Christina Della Giustina - 1992 - Die Philosophin 3 (6):66 - 69.
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  8.  10
    Kritik an Christina von Brauns "Strategien des Verschwindelns".Christina Della Giustina - 1992 - Die Philosophin 3 (6):66-69.
  9.  3
    Einleitung.Christina Brandt, Helmut Maier & Helmut Pulte - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (3):265-271.
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  10.  53
    Fears, Phobias and Preparedness: Toward an Evolved Module of Fear and Fear Learning.Arne Öhman & Susan Mineka - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (3):483-522.
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  11. Gabriel Ungureanu, Vasile Astărăstoae, Maria-Christina Ungureanu, Ortansa Stoica.Maria-Christina Ungureanu - 2008 - Romanian Journal of Bioethics 6 (2).
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  12.  50
    Emotion Drives Attention: Detecting the Snake in the Grass.Arne Öhman, Anders Flykt & Francisco Esteves - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):466.
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  13. Conscious and Unconscious Emotional Learning in the Human Amygdala.J. S. Morris, A. Ohman & Raymond J. Dolan - 1998 - Nature 393:467-470.
  14. In the Wake: On Blackness and Being.Christina Sharpe - unknown
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  15.  53
    Introducing the Pervert’s Dilemma: A Contribution to the Critique of Deepfake Pornography.Carl Öhman - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (2):133-140.
    Recent technological innovation has made video doctoring increasingly accessible. This has given rise to Deepfake Pornography, an emerging phenomenon in which Deep Learning algorithms are used to superimpose a person’s face onto a pornographic video. Although to most people, Deepfake Pornography is intuitively unethical, it seems difficult to justify this intuition without simultaneously condemning other actions that we do not ordinarily find morally objectionable, such as sexual fantasies. In the present article, I refer to this contradiction as the pervert’s dilemma. (...)
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  16. An Ethical Framework for the Digital Afterlife Industry.Carl Öhman & Luciano Floridi - 2018 - Nature Human Behavior 2 (5):318-320.
    The web is increasingly inhabited by the remains of its departed users, a phenomenon that has given rise to a burgeoning digital afterlife industry. This industry requires a framework for dealing with its ethical implications. We argue that the regulatory conventions guiding archaeological exhibitions could provide the basis for such a framework.
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  17. The Folk Conception of Knowledge.Christina Starmans & Ori Friedman - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):272-283.
    How do people decide which claims should be considered mere beliefs and which count as knowledge? Although little is known about how people attribute knowledge to others, philosophical debate about the nature of knowledge may provide a starting point. Traditionally, a belief that is both true and justified was thought to constitute knowledge. However, philosophers now agree that this account is inadequate, due largely to a class of counterexamples (termed ‘‘Gettier cases’’) in which a person’s justified belief is true, but (...)
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  18.  27
    Degrees of Givenness: On Saturation in Jean-Luc Marion.Christina M. Gschwandtner - 2014 - Indiana University Press.
    The philosophical work of Jean-Luc Marion has opened new ways of speaking about religious convictions and experiences. In this exploration of Marion’s philosophy and theology, Christina M. Gschwandtner presents a comprehensive and critical analysis of the ideas of saturated phenomena and the phenomenology of givenness. She claims that these phenomena do not always appear in the excessive mode that Marion describes and suggests instead that we consider degrees of saturation. Gschwandtner covers major themes in Marion’s work—the historical event, art, (...)
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  19. Philosophy and Film: Bridging Divides.Christina Rawls, Diana Neiva & Steven S. Gouveia (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge Press, Research on Aesthetics.
    This volume collects twenty original essays on the philosophy of film. It uniquely brings together scholars working across a range of philosophical traditions and academic disciplines to broaden and advance debates on film and philosophy. The book includes contributions from a number of prominent philosophers of film including Noël Carroll, Chris Falzon, Deborah Knight, Paisley Livingston, Robert Sinnerbrink, Malcolm Turvey, and Thomas Wartenberg. While the topics explored by the contributors are diverse, there are a number of thematic threads that connect (...)
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  20.  50
    The Political Economy of Death in the Age of Information: A Critical Approach to the Digital Afterlife Industry.Carl Öhman & Luciano Floridi - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):639-662.
    Online technologies enable vast amounts of data to outlive their producers online, thereby giving rise to a new, digital form of afterlife presence. Although researchers have begun investigating the nature of such presence, academic literature has until now failed to acknowledge the role of commercial interests in shaping it. The goal of this paper is to analyse what those interests are and what ethical consequences they may have. This goal is pursued in three steps. First, we introduce the concept of (...)
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  21.  2
    Postmodern Apologetics?: Arguments for God in Contemporary Philosophy.Christina M. Gschwandtner - 2022 - Fordham University Press.
    This book provides an introduction to the emerging field of continental philosophy of religion by treating the thought of its most important representatives, including its appropriations by several thinkers in the United States. Part I provides context by examining religious aspects of the thought of Martin Heidegger, Emmanuel Levinas, and Jacques Derrida. Christina Gschwandtner contends that, although the work of these thinkers is not apologetic in nature, it prepares the ground for the more religiously motivated work of more recent (...)
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  22.  16
    The Premise of Equipotentiality in Human Classical Conditioning: Conditioned Electrodermal Responses to Potentially Phobic Stimuli.Arne Ohman, Mats Fredrikson, Kenneth Hugdahl & Per-Arne Rimmo - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (4):313-337.
  23.  22
    Automatically Elicited Fear: Conditioned Skin Conductance Responses to Masked Facial Expressions.Francisco Esteves, Ulf Dimberg & Arne öhman - 1994 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (5):393-413.
  24.  25
    What is Phenomenology of Religion? : The Phenomenology of Religious Experience.Christina M. Gschwandtner - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (2):e12567.
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  25. Reasons and Factive Emotions.Christina Dietz - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (7):1681-1691.
    In this paper, I present and explore some ideas about how factive emotional states and factive perceptual states each relate to knowledge and reasons. This discussion will shed light on the so-called ‘perceptual model’ of the emotions.
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  26. On Microaggressions: Cumulative Harm and Individual Responsibility.Christina Friedlaender - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (1):5-21.
    Microaggressions are a new moral category that refers to the subtle yet harmful forms of discriminatory behavior experienced by members of oppressed groups. Such behavior often results from implicit bias, leaving individual perpetrators unaware of the harm they have caused. Moreover, microaggressions are often dismissed on the grounds that they do not constitute a real or morally significant harm. My goal is therefore to explain why microaggressions are morally significant and argue that we are responsible for their harms. I offer (...)
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  27.  1
    The identification game: deepfakes and the epistemic limits of identity.Carl Öhman - 2022 - Synthese 200 (4):1-19.
    The fast development of synthetic media, commonly known as deepfakes, has cast new light on an old problem, namely—to what extent do people have a moral claim to their likeness, including personally distinguishing features such as their voice or face? That people have at least some such claim seems uncontroversial. In fact, several jurisdictions already combat deepfakes by appealing to a “right to identity.” Yet, an individual’s disapproval of appearing in a piece of synthetic media is sensible only insofar as (...)
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  28.  78
    Unconscious Emotion: Evolutionary Perspectives, Psychophysiological Data and Neuropsychological Mechanisms.Arne Öhman, Anders Flykt & Daniel Lundqvist - 2000 - In Richard D. R. Lane, L. Nadel & G. L. Ahern (eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Series in Affective Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 296-327.
  29.  11
    Emotional Conditioning to Masked Stimuli: Expectancies for Aversive Outcomes Following Nonrecognized Fear-Relevant Stimuli.Arne Öhman & Joaquim J. F. Soares - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (1):69-82.
  30.  92
    Tacit Knowledge.Christina Graves, Jerrold J. Katz, Yuji Nishiyama, Scott Soames, Robert Stecker & Peter Tovey - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (11):318-330.
  31.  42
    Prudes, Perverts, and Tyrants: Plato's Gorgias and the Politics of Shame.Christina H. Tarnopolsky - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    In recent years, most political theorists have agreed that shame shouldn't play any role in democratic politics because it threatens the mutual respect necessary for participation and deliberation. But Christina Tarnopolsky argues that not every kind of shame hurts democracy. In fact, she makes a powerful case that there is a form of shame essential to any critical, moderate, and self-reflexive democratic practice. Through a careful study of Plato's Gorgias, Tarnopolsky shows that contemporary conceptions of shame are far too (...)
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  32.  51
    Functions of Positive Emotions: Gratitude as a Motivator of Self-Improvement and Positive Change.Christina N. Armenta, Megan M. Fritz & Sonja Lyubomirsky - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):183-190.
    Positive emotions are highly valued and frequently sought. Beyond just being pleasant, however, positive emotions may also lead to long-term benefits in important domains, including work, physical health, and interpersonal relationships. Research thus far has focused on the broader functions of positive emotions. According to the broaden-and-build theory, positive emotions expand people’s thought–action repertoires and allow them to build psychological, intellectual, and social resources. New evidence suggests that positive emotions—particularly gratitude—may also play a role in motivating individuals to engage in (...)
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  33.  47
    Prayer-Bots and Religious Worship on Twitter: A Call for a Wider Research Agenda.Carl Öhman, Robert Gorwa & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (2):331-338.
    The automation of online social life is an urgent issue for researchers and the public alike. However, one of the most significant uses of such technologies seems to have gone largely unnoticed by the research community: religion. Focusing on Islamic Prayer Apps, which automatically post prayers from its users’ accounts, we show that even one such service is already responsible for millions of tweets daily, constituting a significant portion of Arabic-language Twitter traffic. We argue that the fact that a phenomenon (...)
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  34. I See Dead People: Disembodied Souls and Aquinas’s ‘Two-Person’ Problem.Christina Van Dyke - 2014 - In Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy. pp. 25-45.
    Aquinas’s account of the human soul is the key to his theory of human nature. The soul’s nature as the substantial form of the human body appears at times to be in tension with its nature as immaterial intellect, however, and nowhere is this tension more evident than in Aquinas’s discussion of the ‘separated’ soul. In this paper I use the Biblical story of the rich man and Lazarus (which Aquinas took to involve actual separated souls) to highlight what I (...)
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  35.  61
    Debate: Clayton on Comprehensive Enrolment.Christina Cameron - 2012 - Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (3):341-352.
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  36.  10
    Who Stole Feminism?: How Women Have Betrayed Women.Christina Hoff Sommers - 1994 - Simon & Schuster.
    Reviewers of this book have praised Christina Hoff Sommer's well-reasoned argument against many feminists' reliance on misleading, politically motivated 'facts' about how women are victimised.
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  37.  30
    Expert or Esoteric? Philosophers Attribute Knowledge Differently Than All Other Academics.Christina Starmans & Ori Friedman - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (7).
    Academics across widely ranging disciplines all pursue knowledge, but they do so using vastly different methods. Do these academics therefore also have different ideas about when someone possesses knowledge? Recent experimental findings suggest that intuitions about when individuals have knowledge may vary across groups; in particular, the concept of knowledge espoused by the discipline of philosophy may not align with the concept held by laypeople. Across two studies, we investigate the concept of knowledge held by academics across seven disciplines (N (...)
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  38.  42
    Nothing Personal: What Psychologists Get Wrong About Identity.Christina Starmans & Paul Bloom - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (7):566-568.
  39.  28
    External Control of the Stream of Consciousness: Stimulus-Based Effects on Involuntary Thought Sequences.Christina Merrick, Melika Farnia, Tiffany K. Jantz, Adam Gazzaley & Ezequiel Morsella - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:217-225.
  40.  19
    Heterodox Economics, Social Ethics, and Inequalities.Christina McRorie - 2019 - Journal of Religious Ethics 47 (2):232-258.
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  41.  28
    Mathematical Fit: A Case Study.Manya Raman-Sundström & Lars-Daniel Öhman - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkw015.
    Mathematicians routinely pass judgements on mathematical proofs. A proof might be elegant, cumbersome, beautiful, or awkward. Perhaps the highest praise is that a proof is right, that is, that the proof fits the theorem in an optimal way. It is also common to judge that one proof fits better than another, or that a proof does not fit a theorem at all. This paper attempts to clarify the notion of mathematical fit. We suggest six criteria that distinguish proofs as being (...)
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  42.  15
    Finding the Face in a Crowd: Relationships Between Distractor Redundancy, Target Emotion, and Target Gender.Arne Öhman, Pernilla Juth & Daniel Lundqvist - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1216-1228.
  43.  14
    Christina Rossetti’s “Pros and Cons” Versus Middlemarch: Rhythm and Anti-Racism.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Christina Rossetti’s short fiction has been long-neglected, we are told. In this paper, I respond to her fiction “Pros and Cons,” which perhaps provides a clue regarding why there has been neglect: it leaves the impression of being an imitation of George Eliot, a mocking imitation even. I identify two differences between Rossetti and Eliot.
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  44.  38
    Perceptions of Conscience in Relation To Stress of Conscience.Christina Juthberg, Sture Eriksson, Astrid Norberg & Karin Sundin - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (3):329-343.
    Every day situations arising in health care contain ethical issues influencing care providers' conscience. How and to what extent conscience is influenced may differ according to how conscience is perceived. This study aimed to explore the relationship between perceptions of conscience and stress of conscience among care providers working in municipal housing for elderly people. A total of 166 care providers were approached, of which 146 (50 registered nurses and 96 nurses' aides/enrolled nurses) completed a questionnaire containing the Perceptions of (...)
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  45. Filial Morality.Christina Hoff Sommers - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (8):439-456.
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  46.  30
    Women and ‘the Philosophical Personality’: Evaluating Whether Gender Differences in the Cognitive Reflection Test Have Significance for Explaining the Gender Gap in Philosophy.Christina Easton - 2018 - Synthese 198 (1):139-167.
    The Cognitive Reflection Test is purported to test our inclination to overcome impulsive, intuitive thought with effortful, rational reflection. Research suggests that philosophers tend to perform better on this test than non-philosophers, and that men tend to perform better than women. Taken together, these findings could be interpreted as partially explaining the gender gap that exists in Philosophy: there are fewer women in Philosophy because women are less likely to possess the ideal ‘philosophical personality’. If this explanation for the gender (...)
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  47.  9
    History After Lacan.Christina Crosby & Teresa Brennan - 1996 - History and Theory 35 (2):217.
  48.  73
    Filial Morality.Christina Hoff Sommers - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (8):439.
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  49.  78
    Taking 'Know' for an Answer: A Reply to Nagel, San Juan, and Mar.Christina Starmans & Ori Friedman - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):662-665.
    Nagel, San Juan, and Mar report an experiment investigating lay attributions of knowledge, belief, and justification. They suggest that, in keeping with the expectations of philosophers, but contra recent empirical findings [Starmans, C. & Friedman, O. (2012). The folk conception of knowledge. Cognition, 124, 272–283], laypeople consistently deny knowledge in Gettier cases, regardless of whether the beliefs are based on ‘apparent’ or ‘authentic’ evidence. In this reply, we point out that Nagel et al. employed a questioning method that biased participants (...)
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  50.  2
    The War Against Boys: How Misguided Feminism is Harming Our Young Men.Christina Hoff Sommers - 2000
    It's a bad time to be a boy in America. As the century drew to a close, the defining event for American girls was the triumph of the U.S. women's soccer team. For boys, the symbolic event was the mass killing at Columbine High School. It would seem that boys in our society are greatly at risk. Yet the best-known studies and the academic experts say that it's girls who are suffering from a decline in self-esteem. It's girls, they say, (...)
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