Results for 'Christianity'

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  1.  41
    Raiders of the lost spacetime.Christian Wüthrich - 2017 - In D. Lehmkuhl, G. Schiemann & E. Scholz (eds.), Towards a Theory of Spacetime Theories. Basal.
    Spacetime as we know and love it is lost in most approaches to quantum gravity. For many of these approaches, as inchoate and incomplete as they may be, one of the main challenges is to relate what they take to be the fundamental non-spatiotemporal structure of the world back to the classical spacetime of GR. The present essay investigates how spacetime is lost and how it may be regained in one major approach to quantum gravity, loop quantum gravity.
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  2. A quadrilemma for theories of consciousness.Christian List - forthcoming - The Philosophical Quarterly.
    In this paper, I argue that no theory of consciousness can simultaneously respect four initially plausible metaphysical claims – namely, ‘first-person realism’, ‘non-solipsism’, ‘non-fragmentation’, and ‘one world’ – but that any three of the four claims are mutually consistent. So, theories of consciousness face a ‘quadrilemma’. Since it will be hard to achieve a consensus on which of the four claims to retain and which to give up, we arrive at a landscape of competing theories, all of which have pros (...)
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  3.  14
    Making Sense of Tantric Buddhism: History, Semiology, and Transgression in the Indian Traditions.Christian K. Wedemeyer - 2012 - Columbia University Press.
    _Making Sense of Tantric Buddhism_ fundamentally rethinks the nature of the transgressive theories and practices of the Buddhist Tantric traditions, challenging the notion that the Tantras were "marginal" or primitive and situating them instead--both ideologically and institutionally--within larger trends in mainstream Buddhist and Indian culture. Critically surveying prior scholarship, Wedemeyer exposes the fallacies of attributing Tantric transgression to either the passions of lusty monks, primitive tribal rites, or slavish imitation of Saiva traditions. Through comparative analysis of modern historical narratives--that depict (...)
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  4.  8
    Making Sense of Tantric Buddhism: History, Semiology, and Transgression in the Indian Traditions.Christian K. Wedemeyer - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    _Making Sense of Tantric Buddhism_ fundamentally rethinks the nature of the transgressive theories and practices of the Buddhist Tantric traditions, challenging the notion that the Tantras were "marginal" or primitive and situating them instead -- both ideologically and institutionally -- within larger trends in mainstream Buddhist and Indian culture. Critically surveying prior scholarship, Wedemeyer exposes the fallacies of attributing Tantric transgression to either the passions of lusty monks, primitive tribal rites, or slavish imitation of Saiva traditions. Through comparative analysis of (...)
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  5. An epistemic free-riding problem?Christian List & Philip Pettit - 2004 - In Philip Catton & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Karl Popper: Critical Appraisals. Routledge. pp. 128-158.
    One of the hallmark themes of Karl Popper’s approach to the social sciences was the insistence that when social scientists are members of the society they study, then they are liable to affect that society. In particular, they are liable to affect it in such a way that the claims they make lose their validity. “The interaction between the scientist’s pronouncements and social life almost invariably creates situations in which we have not only to consider the truth of such pronouncements, (...)
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  6. Chinese Perspectives on Free Will.Christian Helmut Wenzel & Marchal Kai - 2017 - In Kevin Timpe, Meghan Griffith & Neil Levy (eds.), Routledge Companion to Free Will. New York: Routledge. pp. 374-388.
    The problem of free will as it is know in Western philosophical traditions is hardly known in China. Considering how central the problem is in the West, this is a remarkable fact. We try to explain this, and we offer insights into discussions within Chinese traditions that we think are related, not historically but regarding the issues discussed. Thus we introduce four central Chinese concepts, namely: (1) xīn 心 (heart, heart-mind), (2) xìng 性 (human nature, characteristic tendencies, inborn capacity), (3) (...)
     
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  7. Out of Nowhere: Spacetime from causality: causal set theory.Christian Wüthrich & Nick Huggett - manuscript
    This is a chapter of the planned monograph "Out of Nowhere: The Emergence of Spacetime in Quantum Theories of Gravity", co-authored by Nick Huggett and Christian Wüthrich and under contract with Oxford University Press. (More information at www<dot>beyondspacetime<dot>net.) This chapter introduces causal set theory and identifies and articulates a 'problem of space' in this theory.
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  8.  12
    Freiheit und Kontingenz: zur interdisziplinären Anthropologie menschlicher Freiheiten und Bindungen: Festschrift für Christian Walther.Christian Walther, Rainer Dieterich & Carsten Pfeiffer (eds.) - 1992 - Heidelberg: R. Asanger.
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  9. What is Ubuntu,? Different Interpretations among South Africans of African Descent.Christian Bn Gade - 2012 - South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):484-503.
  10. Patterns that impair discrimination of line orientation in human vision.Christian Wehrhahnlf, Wu Li & Gerald Westheimer - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 25--1053.
     
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  11.  4
    Was ist Naturphilosophie und was kann sie leisten?Christian Kummer (ed.) - 2009 - Freiburg im Breisgau: Karl Alber.
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  12.  10
    Nietzsche-Lexikon.Christian Niemeyer (ed.) - 2009 - Darmstadt: WBG, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  13.  16
    Religiöse Erfahrung in der Moderne: William James und die Folgen.Christian Thies (ed.) - 2009 - Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
    This anthology is based on a symposium in the series "Young Philosophy of Religion," jointly organized by the Catholic Academy in Berlin and the Research Institute for Philosophy Hanover. German text.
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  14.  8
    Acknowledgements.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter.
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  15.  8
    Abbreviations.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter.
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  16.  7
    8. Conclusion.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter. pp. 234-246.
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  17.  15
    9. List of Fragments.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter. pp. 247-250.
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  18.  4
    6. On the Nature of the Celestial Region: Books II and III.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter. pp. 147-186.
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  19.  11
    5. Philoponus' Rejection of Aether: Book I.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter. pp. 103-146.
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  20.  8
    7. The Celestial Body: Unchangeable but Corruptible.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter. pp. 187-233.
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  21.  11
    3. The Existence of Aether: De cáelo I 2.Christian Wildberg - 1988 - In John Philoponus‘ Criticism of Aristotle‘s Theory of Aether. De Gruyter. pp. 39-72.
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  22.  3
    Nouvelles pièces sur les erreurs prétendues de la philosophie de Mons. Wolf.Christian Wolff & Joachim Lange (eds.) - 1736 - New York: G. Olms.
    Mémoire de Mons. Lange contre cette philosophie -- Réponse préliminaire d'un auteur anonimeà ce mémoire -- Sommaire de la réponse de Mr. Wolf mȩme avec un avis au lecteur de l'histoire de ce nouveau différend.
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  23.  7
    Vernünfftige Gedancken von den Absichten der natürlichen Dinge.Christian Wolff - 1726 - New York: G. Olms. Edited by Hans Werner Arndt.
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  24.  16
    Opportunity and Preference Learning.Christian Schubert - 2015 - Economics and Philosophy 31 (2):275-295.
    Abstract:Robert Sugden has suggested a normative standard of freedom as ‘opportunity’ that is supposed to help realign normative economics – with its traditional rational choice orientation – with behavioural economics. While allowing preferences to be incoherent, he wants to maintain the anti-paternalist stance of orthodox welfare economics. His standard, though, presupposes that people respond to uncertainty about their own future preferences by dismissing any kind of self-constraint. We argue that the approach lacks psychological substance: Sugden's normative benchmark – the ‘responsible (...)
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  25.  12
    Kleine Kontroversschriften mit Joachim Lange und Johann Franz Budde.Christian Wolff, Jean Ecole, Joachim Lange & Joannes Franciscus Buddeus (eds.) - 1724 - New York: G. Olms.
    Des Herrn Doct. und Prof. Joachim Langens, oder, Der Theologischen Facultaet zu Halle Anmerckungen über des Herrn Hoff-Raths und Professor Christian Wolffens Metaphysicam ... nebst beygefügter Hr. Hoff-R. und Prof. Christian Wolffens gründlicher Antwort -- Herrn D. Joh. Francisci Buddei S.S. Theol. P.P.O. zu Jena Bedencken über die Wolffianische Philosophie, mit Anmerckungen erläutert von Christian Wolffen.
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  26.  4
    Über Friedrich Julius Stahl (1801-1862) [i.e. 1802-1861]: Recht, Staat, Kirche.Christian Wiegand - 1981 - Paderborn: F. Schöningh.
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  27.  7
    Christiani Wolfii Cogitationes rationales de viribus intellectus humani.Christian Wolff - 1740 - New York: G. Olms. Edited by Jean Ecole.
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  28.  6
    Christiani Wolfii Opuscula metaphysica.Christian Wolff - 1724 - New York: G. Olms. Edited by Jean Ecole & Christian Wolff.
    De differentia nexus rerum sapientis et fatalis necessitatis -- Monitum ad commentationem luculentam de differentia nexus rerum sapientis et fatalis necessitatis.
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  29.  4
    Christiani Wolfii Philosophia rationalis sive logica.Christian Wolff & Jean Ecole - 1746 - New York: G. Olms. Edited by Johann Nicolaus Frobesius.
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  30.  6
    Der vernünfftigen Gedancken von Gott, der Welt und der Seele des Menschen, auch allen Dingen überhaupt, anderer Theil, bestehend in ausführlichen Anmerckungen.Christian Wolff - 1740 - New York: G. Olms. Edited by Charles A. Corr.
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  31.  8
    Christiani Wolfii Opuscula metaphysica.Christian Wolff & Jean Ecole - 1724 - New York: G. Olms. Edited by Jean Ecole & Christian Wolff.
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  32.  2
    Ethik und Technik: Grundfragen, Meinungen, Kontroversen.Christian Walther - 1992 - New York: W. de Gruyter.
    Keine ausführliche Beschreibung für "Ethik und Technik" verfügbar.
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  33. 'God's Adventure with the World'and 'Sanctity of Life': Theological Speculations and Ethical Reflections in Jonas's Philosophy After Auschwitz.Christian Wiese - 2008 - In Hava Tirosh-Samuelson & Christian Wiese (eds.), The legacy of Hans Jonas: Judaism and the phenomenon of life. Boston: Brill. pp. 419--460.
     
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  34. Epistemic democracy: Generalizing the Condorcet jury theorem.Christian List & Robert E. Goodin - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):277–306.
    This paper generalises the classical Condorcet jury theorem from majority voting over two options to plurality voting over multiple options. The paper further discusses the debate between epistemic and procedural democracy and situates its formal results in that debate. The paper finally compares a number of different social choice procedures for many-option choices in terms of their epistemic merits. An appendix explores the implications of some of the present mathematical results for the question of how probable majority cycles (as in (...)
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  35.  27
    Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics.Tomasz Bigaj & Christian Wüthrich (eds.) - 2015 - Boston: Brill | Rodopi.
    The book _Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics_ offers various perspectives on the relation and mutual influence between modern physical theories and analytic metaphysics.
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  36.  17
    A Bayesian Solution to the Conflict of Narrowness and Precision in Direct Inference.Christian Wallmann - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (3):485-500.
    The conflict of narrowness and precision in direct inference occurs if a body of evidence contains estimates for frequencies in a certain reference class and less precise estimates for frequencies in a narrower reference class. To develop a solution to this conflict, I draw on ideas developed by Paul Thorn and John Pollock. First, I argue that Kyburg and Teng’s solution to the conflict of narrowness and precision leads to unreasonable direct inference probabilities. I then show that Thorn’s recent solution (...)
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  37.  9
    Feministische Ethik und christliche Sozialethik.Christian Spiess & Katja Winkler (eds.) - 2008 - Berlin: Lit.
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  38. Normative Practical Reasoning.Christian Piller - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):175 - 216.
    Practical reasoning is a process of reasoning that concludes in an intention. One example is reasoning from intending an end to intending what you believe is a necessary means: 'I will leave the next buoy to port; in order to do that I must tack; so I'll tack', where the first and third sentences express intentions and the second sentence a belief. This sort of practical reasoning is supported by a valid logical derivation, and therefore seems uncontrovertible. A more contentious (...)
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  39.  19
    Degradation in Probability Logic : When more Information Leads to Less Precise Conclusions.Christian Wallmann & Gernot Kleiter - unknown
    Probability logic studies the properties resulting from the probabilistic interpretation of logical argument forms. Typical examples are probabilistic Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens. Argument forms with two premises usually lead from precise probabilities of the premises to imprecise or interval probabilities of the conclusion. In the contribution, we study generalized inference forms having three or more premises. Recently, Gilio has shown that these generalized forms ``degrade'' -- more premises lead to more imprecise conclusions, i. e., to wider intervals. We distinguish (...)
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  40.  4
    Au détour du sens: Perspectives d'une philosophie herméneutique.Christian Berner - 2007 - Paris: Cerf.
    La philosophie rencontre l'herméneutique parce que la compréhension, dont l'élan habite le projet philosophique, est l'objet même de l'herméneutique. Or, celle-ci nous apprend que pour comprendre vraiment, l'homme ne peut pas ne pas interpréter, c'est-à-dire qu'il doit individuellement reconstruire le sens qui n'est que dans le détour de l'interprétation. Le sens n'est en effet que ce que l'on comprend, chacun devant, de ce fait, assumer la responsabilité de ce qu'il comprend. Après avoir situé et discuté les approches philosophiques contemporaines se (...)
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  41. 'Se rendre compte de ce qu'on voit.” A propos de La Jambe de Giacometti.Christian Berner - 2007 - In Jean-Claude Gens & Pierre Rodrigo (eds.), Puissances de l'image. Dijon: Editions universitaires de Dijon.
     
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  42.  2
    Keine Frage, keine Antwort.Christiane Nagel - 2024 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 66 (2):249-268.
    Zusammenfassung Wissenschaft ist geprägt durch Ausdifferenzierungs- und Pluralisierungsprozesse, wodurch konkrete Forschung in Ansatz und Reichweite immer fokussierter und partikularer wird. Eine solche Spezialisierung ist einerseits sehr wünschenswert, birgt aber gerade für den in Disziplinen agierenden Diskurs bzw. das System Wissenschaft gewisse Schwierigkeiten in sich. Mit dem Ruf nach mehr Interdisziplinarität versucht Wissenschaft und die auf sie angewiesene Gesellschaft zu reagieren. Interdisziplinarität braucht aber klare Disziplinarität. Vor diesem Hintergrund will dieser Beitrag ein Angebot machen, Disziplinen nicht über bestimmte Gegenstände, Methoden oder (...)
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  43. Judgement aggregation under constraints.Franz Dietrich & Christian List - 2008 - In Thomas A. Boylan & Ruvin Gekker (eds.), Economics, Rational Choice and Normative Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 111-123.
    In solving judgment aggregation problems, groups often face constraints. Many decision problems can be modelled in terms the acceptance or rejection of certain propositions in a language, and constraints as propositions that the decisions should be consistent with. For example, court judgments in breach-of-contract cases should be consistent with the constraint that action and obligation are necessary and sufficient for liability; judgments on how to rank several options in an order of preference with the constraint of transitivity; and judgments on (...)
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  44.  16
    Beware of too much Information.Christian Wallmann & Gernot Kleiter - unknown
  45.  13
    Exchangeability in Probability Logic.Christian Wallmann & Gernot Kleiter - unknown
    The paper investigates exchangeability in the context of probability logic. We study generalizations of basic inference rules and inferences involving cardinalities. We compare the results with those obtained in the case in which only identical probabilities are assumed.
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  46. Some remarks on the probability of cycles - Appendix 3 to 'Epistemic democracy: generalizing the Condorcet jury theorem'.Christian List - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):277-306.
    This item was published as 'Appendix 3: An Implication of the k-option Condorcet jury mechanism for the probability of cycles' in List and Goodin (2001) http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/705/. Standard results suggest that the probability of cycles should increase as the number of options increases and also as the number of individuals increases. These results are, however, premised on a so-called "impartial culture" assumption: any logically possible preference ordering is assumed to be as likely to be held by an individual as any other. (...)
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  47.  31
    Justice and Egalitarian Relations.Christian Schemmel - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    Why does equality matter, as a social and political value, and what does it require? Relational egalitarians argue that it does not require that people receive equal distributive shares of some good, but that they relate as equals. Christian Schemmel here provides the first comprehensive development of a liberal conception of relational equality, one which understands relations of non-domination and egalitarian norms of social status as stringent demands of social justice. He first argues that expressing respect for the freedom and (...)
  48. Film language: a semiotics of the cinema.Christian Metz - 1974 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    A pioneer in the field, Christian Metz applies insights of structural linguistics to the language of film. "The semiology of film . . . can be held to date from the publication in 1964 of the famous essay by Christian Metz, 'Le cinema: langue ou langage?'"--Geoffrey Nowell-Smith, Times Literary Supplement "Modern film theory begins with Metz."--Constance Penley, coeditor of Camera Obscura "Any consideration of semiology in relation to the particular field signifying practice of film passes inevitably through a reference to (...)
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  49.  29
    Four approaches to the reference class problem.Christian Wallmann & Jon Williamson - unknown
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  50.  2
    Earth Extremes: Nine Projects Made of Space and Time.Christian Waldvogel - 2010 - Verlag Scheidegger and Spiess.
    Christian Waldvogel's work in conceptual and visual art is about the Earth within the solar system and mankind within its world and new imaginations. Waldvogel uses mainly photography, various means of digital image-generation and processing and moving i.
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