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  1. Knowledge by Narratives: On the Methodology of Stump’s Defence.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (3):155--165.
    Eleonore Stump claims in her book "Wandering in Darkness" that the problem of evil can be solved best by the help of narratives. This - so Stump - is due to the fact that narratives allow one to get a general view about relevant parts of the discussion of suffering. In this context she distinguishes the more detailed view of the discussion from a more general one by two different modes of cognition: the mode of gathering "knowledge that" and that (...)
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    Meta-Induction and the Wisdom of Crowds.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (2):367-382.
    In their paper on the influence of meta-induction to the wisdom of the crowd, Paul Thorn and Gerhard Schurz argue that adding meta-inductive methods to a group influences the group positively, whereas replacing independent methods of a group with meta-inductive ones may have a negative impact. The first fact is due to an improvement of average ability of a group, the second fact is due to an impairment of average diversity within a group by meta-induction. In this paper some critical (...)
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    Richard Dawkins Hauptargument Wissenschaftstheoretisch Betrachtet.Albert J. J. Anglberger, Christian J. Feldbacher & Stefan H. Gugerell - 2010 - In Albert J. J. Anglberger & Paul Weingartner (eds.), Neuer Atheismus Wissenschaftlich Betrachtet. Ontos. pp. 181-197.
    Dieser Sammelband hat zum Ziel, moderne atheistische Richtungen kritisch und wissenschaftlich zu betrachten. Mit diesen modernen atheistischen Richtungen ist vor allem der in Oxford unterrichtende Biologe und Religionskritiker Richard Dawkins verknüpft, bekennender Gegner von Kreationismus, Intelligent Design und Theologie, der schon 1976 mit der Veröffentlichung seines Buches "Der Gotteswahn" in der breiten Öffentlichkeit auf sich aufmerksam machte. Auch in jüngerer Vergangenheit, und zwar im Jahr 2006, war Dawkins mit seinem Buch (Dawkins 2006) an einem erneuten Aufflammen einer vor allem in (...)
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  4. Eine Reliabilistische Rechtfertigung des Wertes von Wissen Über Theorien.Albert J. J. Anglberger & Christian J. Feldbacher - 2011 - In Christoph Jäger & Winfried Löffler (eds.), Epistemology: Contexts, Values, Disagreement. Papers of the 34th International Ludwig Wittgenstein-Symposium in Kirchberg, 2011. The Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society. pp. 11--13.
    In this contribution the socalled Meno-Problem will be discussed. With respect to theories the problem is the following question: Why is it epistemologically more valuable to know a true theory than to simply believe it? A classical answer in reabilist accounts to this problem refers to the value of the operation which is used for gathering knowledge. But there is a gap in the argumentation as far as one is not allowed to derive from this assumption the conclusion that also (...)
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  5. Metaethische Bemerkungen zur religiösen Begründung der Moral.Albert J. J. Anglberger & Christian J. Feldbacher - 2014 - Erwägen - Wissen - Ethik / Deliberation - Knowledge - Ethics 25 (1):18--21.
    In this comment to Kehrer (2014) the relevance of atheistic argumentation in the domain of ethics as an important part of religion is sketched.
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  6. Ancient and Modern Ethics Combined.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2010 - Athens Dialogues E-Journal 1 (1).
    One challenge of societies in the 21st century is the conflict of norms between different cultures. In Ancient Greece, too, such conflicts arose, and great thinkers offered great solutions. In this contribution we will argue for the following: - Ancient ethical theories were not only individual ethical theories but also social ethical theories (II). - The ancient methods of scientific examinations are useful not only in classical sciences but also in ethics (III). - Accepting the result of (III) yields highly (...)
     
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    Analogies in Scientific Explanations: Concept Formation by Analogies in Cultural Evolutionary Theory.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2014 - In Henrique Jales Ribeiro (ed.), Systematic Approaches to Argument by Analogy. Springer. pp. 209--226.
    In philosophy of science concept formation and reduction is usually discussed with respect to definability. In the paper at hand this discussion is slightly expanded to an investigation of concept formation and reduction by analogies. It is argued that many kinds of such analogies bear some important features of partial contextual definitions. -/- With the help of a detailed investigation of the so-called gene-meme-analogy it is then demonstrated how the meme-concept is introduced via analogies into an expanded theory of (cultural) (...)
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  8.  29
    C. Ulises Moulines: Die Entwicklung der modernen Wissenschaftstheorie . Eine historische Einführung: Hamburg: LIT Verlag 2008, 210 pp, 17.90 €, ISBN-978-3-8258-8965-4.Christian J. Feldbacher & Stefan H. Gugerell - 2010 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 41 (2):405-409.
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    Democratized Morality. Formal Preliminaries to Contractualist Ethics.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):107-111.
    This paper discusses one of the advantages of applying formal methods in ethics. First, an approach from democratic morality—which is a special case of contractualist ethics that brings together theories of legal and moral philosophy—will be adopted, in order to argue for the non-trivial thesis that moral norms are increasingly democratically motivated. To accept this thesis also as a desired way of justifying ethical principles raises some issues, such as the problem of providing adequate principles for moral opinion pooling. Secondly, (...)
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  10. Intergenerationelle Gerechtigkeit Und Das Nicht-Identitäts-Problem.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2012 - In Martin G. Weiss & Hajo Greif (eds.), Ethics - Society - Politics. Papers of the 35th International Ludwig Wittgenstein-Symposium in Kirchberg, 2012. The Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society. pp. 72--74.
    One problem of intergenerational justice concerns the question whether the present generation bears moral responsibility for future generations and how to justify such a responsibility. A way of justification is to take a person-affecting view of ethics, according to which no action is morally bad per se, but only with respect to someone (e.g. with respect to future generations). Against a person-affecting view sometimes the so-called non-identity-problem is posed. This problem states that there are actions which - from a person-affecting (...)
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    Meta-Induction and the Wisdom of Crowds. Comment on Paul D. Thorn and Gerhard Schurz.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (2):367--382.
    In their paper on the influence of meta-induction to the wisdom of the crowd, Paul Thorn and Gerhard Schurz argue that adding meta-inductive methods to a group influences the group positively, whereas replacing independend methods of a group with meta-inductive ones may have a negative impact. The first fact is due to an improvement of average ability of a group, the second fact is due to an impairment of average diversity within a group by meta-induction. In this paper some critical (...)
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  12. Neue Technik und ad-hoc-Hypothesen vom wissenschaftstheoretischen Standpunkt.Christian J. Feldbacher - 2011 - In Suzana Alpsancar & Kai Denker (eds.), Tagungsband der Nachwuchstagungen für Junge Analytische Philosophie. Tectum. pp. 197--219.
    In diesem Beitrag werden einige wissenschaftstheoretische Thesen u.a. von Paul K. Feyerabend hinsichtlich ad-hoc-Hypothesen untersucht. Es wird dabei gezeigt, dass Feyerabends Empfehlungen dafür, ad-hoc-Hypothesen zu akzeptieren oder abzulehnen, vom Einfluss dieser Hypothesen auf die Entwicklung von Technik abhängen. In einem weiteren Schritt wird angedeutet, dass eine derartige Relativierung auch in gängigen Bestätigungstheorien nahegelegt wird, dass man also gängigen Bestätigungstheorien und Feyerabend zufolge ad-hoc-Hypothesen nur hinsichtlich ihres Einflusses auf die Technikentwicklung akzeptieren oder ablehnen sollte.
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  13. Papst Benedikt XVI. im europäischen Dialog.Christian J. Feldbacher, Gunter Graf, Irene Klissenbauer & Marina Teixeira - 2011 - In Clemens Sedmak & Stefan O. Horn (eds.), Die Seele Europas. Papst Benedikt XVI. und die europaische Identitat. Pustet. pp. 345--381.
    In diesem Beitrag wird das Verhalten des Papstes im europäischen Dialog der Religionen und Weltanschauungen kritisch erörtert. Am Anfang steht eine kurze Analyse der Sprache der Religionen bzw. Weltanschauungen, die in Anlehnung an Joseph Maria Bochenski durchgeführt ist. Es wird dabei die Auffassung vertreten, dass Religionen und manche Weltanschauungen Behauptungen über die Wirklichkeit aufstellen, Sprache in einer deskriptiv-kognitiven Funktion verwenden, dass ein solcher Sprachgebrauch eine epistemische Verpflichtung auf Bescheidenheit mit sich bringt und dass eine solche Verpflichtung wiederum eine Basis für (...)
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  14.  35
    Review: Cornelis Menke: Zum Methodologischen Wert von Vorhersagen . Paderborn: Mentis, 2009, 188 Pages. [REVIEW]Christian J. Feldbacher - 2013 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):53-64.