Results for 'Christian B��scher'

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  1. Moral Character: An Empirical Theory.Christian B. Miller - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    The goal of this book is to develop a new framework for thinking about what moral character looks like today. My central claim will be that most people have moral character traits, but at the same time they do not have either the traditional  ...
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  2.  74
    Should Christians Be Worried About Situationist Claims in Psychology and Philosophy?Christian B. Miller - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (1):48-73.
    The situationist movement in psychology and, more recently, in philosophy has been associated with a number of striking claims, including that most people do not have the moral virtues and vices, that any ethical theory which is wedded to such character traits is empirically inadequate, and that much of our behavior is causally influenced, to significant degrees, by psychological influences about which we are often unaware. Yet Christian philosophers have had virtually nothing to say about situationist claims. The goal (...)
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  3. Character and Moral Psychology.Christian B. Miller - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This book first reviews Miller's theory of Mixed Traits, as developed in his 2013 book Moral Character: An Empirical Theory. It then engages extensively with situations, the CAPS model in social psychology, and the Big Five Model in personality psychology. It ends by taking up implications for his view in meta-ethics (a modified error theory) and normative ethics (a challenge for virtue ethics).
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  4.  26
    The Character Gap: How Good Are We?Christian B. Miller - 2017 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    We like to think of ourselves, our friends, and our families as decent people. We may not be saints, but we are still honest, relatively kind, and mostly trustworthy. Miller argues here that we are badly mistaken in thinking this. Hundreds of recent studies in psychology tell a different story: that we all have serious character flaws that prevent us from being as good as we think we are - and that we do not even recognize that these flaws exist. (...)
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  5.  4
    Moral Psychology.Christian B. Miller - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element provides an overview of some of the central issues in contemporary moral psychology. It explores what moral psychology is, whether we are always motivated by self-interest, what good character looks like and whether anyone has it, whether moral judgments always motivate us to act, whether what motivates action is always a desire of some kind, and what the role is of reasoning and deliberation in moral judgment and action. This Element is aimed at a general audience including undergraduate (...)
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  6.  89
    Generosity: A Preliminary Account of a Surprisingly Neglected Virtue.Christian B. Miller - 2018 - Metaphilosophy 49 (3):216-245.
    There have only been three articles in mainstream philosophy journals going back at least to the 1970s on generosity. In this paper, I hope to draw attention to this neglected virtue. By building on what work has already been done, and trying to advance that discussion along several different dimensions, I hope that others will take a closer look at this important and surprisingly complex virtue. More specifically, I formulate three important necessary conditions for what is involved in possessing the (...)
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  7. Empathy, Social Psychology, and Global Helping Traits.Christian B. Miller - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 142 (2):247-275.
    The central virtue at issue in recent philosophical discussions of the empirical adequacy of virtue ethics has been the virtue of compassion. Opponents of virtue ethics such as Gilbert Harman and John Doris argue that experimental results from social psychology concerning helping behavior are best explained not by appealing to so-called ‘global’ character traits like compassion, but rather by appealing to external situational forces or, at best, to highly individualized ‘local’ character traits. In response, a number of philosophers have argued (...)
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  8.  4
    A Discourse on African Philosophy: A New Perspective on Ubuntu and Transitional Justice in South Africa.Christian B. N. Gade - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    This book explores the influence of ubuntu on South Africa’s post-apartheid transitional justice mechanism, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and—in contrast to ethnophilosophy—takes differences, historical developments, and social contexts seriously.
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  9.  7
    Integrity, Honesty, and Truth Seeking.Christian B. Miller & Ryan West (eds.) - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    Integrity, honesty, and truth seeking are important virtues that most people care about and want to see promoted in society. Yet surprisingly, there has been relatively little work among scholars today aimed at helping us better understand this cluster of virtues related to truth. This volume incorporates the insights and perspectives of experts working in a variety of disciplines, including philosophy, law, communication and rhetorical studies, theology, psychology, history, and education. For each virtue, there is a conceptual chapter, an application (...)
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  10.  80
    Motivation and the Virtue of Honesty: Some Conceptual Requirements and Empirical Results.Christian B. Miller - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (2):355-371.
    The virtue of honesty has been stunningly neglected in contemporary philosophy, with only two papers appearing in the last 40 years. The first half of this paper is a conceptual exploration of one aspect of the virtue, namely the honest person’s motivational profile. I argue that egoistic motives for telling the truth or not cheating are incompatible with honest motivation. At the same time, there is no one specific motive that is required for a person to be motivated in a (...)
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  11. Rorty and Moral Relativism.Christian B. Miller - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):354–374.
    Critics of Rorty’s views on truth, objectivity, and value often take them to imply some form of untenable relativism.1 While it would be worthwhile to investigate whether Rorty is in fact committed to what might be called global relativism, or relativism in most if not all domains of investigation, for our purposes in this paper we must proceed more selectively. By focusing on Rorty’s view of moral objectivity, we can hopefully shed some new light on the now stale charge of (...)
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  12.  76
    On Kristjánsson on Aristotelian Character Education.Christian B. Miller - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (4):490-501.
    I pursue three of the many lines of thought that were raised in my mind by Kristjánsson’s engaging book. In the first section, I try to get clearer on what exactly Aristotelian character education (ACE) is, and suggest areas where I hope the view is developed in more detail. In the second and longest section, I draw some lessons from social psychology about the pervasive role of what I call ‘Surprising Dispositions,’ and invite Kristjánsson to take up the difficult challenge (...)
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  13.  73
    Character and Situationism: New Directions.Christian B. Miller - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (3):459-471.
    The early work by Gilbert Harman and John Doris on character and situationism has fostered a vast literature over the past 15 years. Yet despite all this work, there are many important issues which remain largely unexplored. The goal of this paper is to briefly outline eight promising research directions: neglected moral virtues, neglected non-moral virtues, virtue assessment and measurement, replication, non-Aristotelian virtue ethics, positive accounts of character trait possession, prescriptive situationism, and virtue cultivation.
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  14.  77
    Assessing Two Competing Approaches to the Psychology of Moral Judgments.Christian B. Miller - 2016 - Philosophical Explorations 19 (1):28-47.
    This paper brings together the social intuitionist view of the psychology of moral judgments developed by Jonathan Haidt, and the recent morphological rationalist position of Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons. I will end up suggesting that Horgan and Timmons have offered us a more plausible account of the psychology of moral judgment formation. But the view is not without its own difficulties. Indeed, one of them might prove to be quite serious, as it could support a form of skepticism about (...)
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  15.  13
    Brady on Suffering and Virtue.Christian B. Miller - 2021 - Journal of Value Inquiry 55 (4):583-591.
  16.  23
    Christian B. Miller, Moral Character: An Empirical Theory. Reviewed By.Daniel Putman - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (4):217-219.
    Christian Miller's book makes extensive use of the data on human behavior and motivation from psychological studies in the last 50-60 years and applies that information to the analysis of character. The book begins with helping behavior and the analysis is then generalized to other character traits. Miller argues that an analysis of human character as having Mixed Character Traits is superior to the analysis of character using the traditional virtues. The review highlights the great value of combining the (...)
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  17.  51
    Honesty and Dishonesty: Unpacking Two Character Traits Neglected by Philosophers.Christian B. Miller - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):343-362.
    There has been almost nothing written in philosophy on honesty in the past fifty years. This paper contributes one piece to a larger project of trying to change this unfortunate state of affairs. In section one, I outline an original account of the behavioural component of honesty as involving being disposed to not intentionally distort the facts as the person sees them. Section two turns to the vice of deficiency, namely dishonesty, which I suggest is the only vice corresponding to (...)
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  18. Review: Christian B. Miller, Character and Moral Psychology. [REVIEW]Lorraine L. Besser - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):521-525.
     
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  19.  61
    How Little We Know About Character.Christian B. Miller - 2018 - The Philosophers' Magazine 80:58-63.
    These are early days in the philosophical study of character. We know very little about what most peoples’ character looks like. Important virtues are surprisingly neglected. There are almost no strategies advanced by philosophers today for improving character. We have a long way to go.
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  20.  17
    The International Influence of the Carlsberg Laboratory on Protein Chemistry.Christian B. Anfinsen - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (3 Pt 2):S87 - 9.
  21.  6
    McPherson on Virtue and Meaning.Christian B. Miller - 2021 - Res Philosophica 98 (4):641-647.
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  22. Review: Christian B. Miller, Character and Moral Psychology. [REVIEW]Review by: Lorraine L. Besser - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):521-525.
     
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  23.  21
    Replies to Nancy E. Snow and Jennifer Cole Wright.Christian B. Miller - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Research 44:225-235.
    I reply to the excellent commentaries by Nancy Snow and Jennifer Cole Wright on my book, The Character Gap: How Good Are We? Topics discussed include the criteria of virtue, kinds of virtuous motives, vicious motivation and behavior, continence and incontinence, the possibility of widespread vice, and a recent meta-analysis of helping behavior.
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  24.  7
    Rorty and Moral Relativism.Christian B. Miller - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):354-374.
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  25.  10
    Mark Murphy. God’s Own Ethics: Norms of Divine Agency & the Argument From Evil.Christian B. Miller - 2020 - Journal of Analytic Theology 8 (1):726-729.
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  26.  12
    Some Complexities of Categorizing Character Traits.Christian B. Miller - 2019 - In Elisa Grimi, John Haldane, Maria Margarita Mauri Alvarez, Michael Wladika, Marco Damonte, Michael Slote, Randall Curren, Christian B. Miller, Liezl Zyl, Christopher D. Owens, Scott J. Roniger, Michele Mangini, Nancy Snow & Christopher Toner (eds.), Virtue Ethics: Retrospect and Prospect. Springer. pp. 81-98.
    With the explosion of interest in virtue and virtue ethics, one set of issues that has been comparatively neglected is how to categorize moral character traits. This paper distinguishes three approaches—what I call the Stoic, personality psychology, and Aristotelian—and critically assesses each of them. The Stoic approaches denies that virtues come in degrees. There is perfect virtue or nothing at all. The personality psychology approach denies that virtues have thresholds. So everyone has all the virtues to some degree or other. (...)
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  27.  7
    Miller, Christian B. Character and Moral Psychology.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 269. $55.00.Lorraine L. Besser - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):521-525.
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  28.  17
    Introduction to Symposium on New Work on Character.Christian B. Miller - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (6):621-622.
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  29.  14
    When Brain Computer Interfaces Move From Research to Commercial Use.Christian B. J. Hansen - 2015 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (3):356-360.
    This paper will explore how ethical concerns change when brain computer interfaces move from a research setting into a commercial setting. This paper will argue that the transition from research to commercial settings might change the intentions for the artefact and will explore hypothesis of what this change might affect. This paper will discuss how possible intentions for brain computer interfaces in commercial settings will have an impact on the products developed and what consequences this might have for individuals and (...)
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  30.  8
    Précis of The Character Gap.Christian B. Miller - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Research 44:197-200.
    To provide some background for the commentaries by Nancy Snow and Jennifer Cole Wright, I summarize the main ideas from the three parts of my book, The Character Gap: How Good Are We?
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  31.  2
    Accountability, Autonomy, and Motivation.Christian B. Miller - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 29 (1):61-63.
    John peteet, charlotte witvliet, and c. stephen evans are to be commended for drawing our attention to the relatively neglected virtue of accountability, and for making the case that it is an important virtue to cultivate in general and specifically within the context of psychiatry. I find little to object to in their discussion, and so my comments here will be more of an invitation for them to address in greater detail two important issues: the relationship between accountability and autonomy, (...)
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  32.  8
    Introduction.Christian B. Miller - 2008 - Ethics 118 (3):385-387.
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  33.  17
    More Than Child's Play.Christian B. Keller - 1998 - Semiotics:13-21.
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  34.  5
    “Half-Trust” and Enmity in Ikland, Northern Uganda.Christian B. N. Gade, Rane Willerslev & Lotte Meinert - 2015 - Common Knowledge 21 (3):406-419.
    This article questions whether enmity is always bad and trust always good. In the borderlands between Ikland in northern Uganda and Turkanaland in Kenya, sometimes violent enmity combines with friendly barter relations between the Ik, a subsistence agricultural people that also hunts, and their goat-and-cattle herding neighbors, the Turkana and Dodoth peoples. “Half-trust,” as some of the Ik call it, works to prevent the escalation of conflict. While the Ugandan groups have been disarmed by their government, the Kenyan Turkana, armed (...)
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  35.  2
    L’Identité Et la Fonction de Jean le Témoin.Christian-B. Amphoux - 2017 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 101 (1):31.
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  36. 45 Patterns of Innovation and Protection Activities Within Service Companies.Christiane B. Hipp, Cornelius Herstatt, Jürgen Sandau, Philipp Spethmann, Stefan H. Thomke, Christoph Stockstrom, Frank Tietze, Akio Nagahira, David Probert & Rajnish Tiwari - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
     
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  37.  2
    More Than Child's Play: War Toys in The Modern World.Christian B. Keller - 1999 - Semiotics 23:13.
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  38.  9
    Virtue Epistemology and Developmental Psychology.Alan Wilson & Christian B. Miller - 2018 - In Heather Battaly (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Virtue Epistemology. New York: Routledge. pp. 483-495.
    Virtue theorists have recently been focusing on the important question of how virtues are developed, and doing so in a way that is informed by empirical research from psychology. However, almost all of this recent work has dealt exclusively with the moral virtues. In this paper, we present three empirically-informed accounts of how virtues can be developed, and we assess the merits of these accounts when applied specifically to intellectual (or epistemic) virtues.
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  39.  5
    Book Review: Christian B. Miller, The Character Gap: How Good Are We? [REVIEW]James Woodward - 2020 - Studies in Christian Ethics 33 (1):128-130.
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  40.  22
    Introduction to ‘New Developments in the Theology of Character’.Angela Knobel & Christian B. Miller - 2017 - Studies in Christian Ethics 30 (3):260-261.
    This introduction describes the origins and rationale behind the papers that comprise this special issue of Studies in Christian Ethics. These papers represent several recent contributions to scholarship on the theology of character.
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  41.  5
    The Character Gap by Christian B. Miller. [REVIEW]Massimo Pigliucci - 2020 - Philosophy Now 138:46-47.
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  42.  3
    Character and Moral Psychology CHRISTIAN B. MILLER Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014; 288 Pp.; $55.00. [REVIEW]Sophia Vasalou - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (4):795-796.
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  43.  22
    Virtue Ethics: Retrospect and Prospect.Elisa Grimi, Margarita Mauri Alvarez, Randall Curren, Marco Damonte, John Haldane, Michele Mangini, Christian B. Miller, Christopher D. Owens, Scott J. Roniger, Michael Slote, Nancy E. Snow, Christopher Toner, Liezl van Zyl & Michael Wladika (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    The rise of the phenomenon of virtue ethics in recent years has increased at a rapid pace. Such an explosion carries with it a number of great possibilities, as well as risks. This volume has been written to contribute a multi-faceted perspective to the current conversation about virtue. Among many other thought-provoking questions, the collection addresses the following: What are the virtues, and how are they enumerated? What are the internal problems among ethicists, and what are the objections and replies (...)
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  44.  6
    Introduction: A Caveat on Caveats.Jeffrey M. Perl, Christian B. N. Gade, Rane Willerslev, Lotte Meinert, Beverly Haviland, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, Daniel Grausam, Daniel McKay & Michiko Urita - 2015 - Common Knowledge 21 (3):399-405.
    In this introduction to part 4 of the Common Knowledge symposium “Peace by Other Means,” the journal's editor assesses the argument made by Peace, the spokesperson of Erasmus in his Querela Pacis, that the desire to impute and avenge wrongs against oneself is insatiable and at the root of both individual and social enmities. He notes that, in a symposium about how to resolve and prevent enmity, most contributions have to date expressed caveats about how justice and truth must take (...)
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  45.  10
    The Effects of Averaging Subjective Probability Estimates Between and Within Judges.Dan Ariely, Wing Tung Au, Randall H. Bender, David V. Budescu, Christiane B. Dietz, Hongbin Gu, Thomas S. Wallsten & Gal Zauberman - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (2):130-147.
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  46.  9
    Edmund B. Wilson's the Cell and Cell Theory Between 1896 and 1925. Drö & Ariane Scher - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3-4):357-389.
  47. What Should We Agree on About the Repugnant Conclusion?Stephane Zuber, Nikhil Venkatesh, Torbjörn Tännsjö, Christian Tarsney, H. Orri Stefánsson, Katie Steele, Dean Spears, Jeff Sebo, Marcus Pivato, Toby Ord, Yew-Kwang Ng, Michal Masny, William MacAskill, Nicholas Lawson, Kevin Kuruc, Michelle Hutchinson, Johan E. Gustafsson, Hilary Greaves, Lisa Forsberg, Marc Fleurbaey, Diane Coffey, Susumu Cato, Clinton Castro, Tim Campbell, Mark Budolfson, John Broome, Alexander Berger, Nick Beckstead & Geir B. Asheim - 2021 - Utilitas 33 (4):379-383.
    The Repugnant Conclusion served an important purpose in catalyzing and inspiring the pioneering stage of population ethics research. We believe, however, that the Repugnant Conclusion now receives too much focus. Avoiding the Repugnant Conclusion should no longer be the central goal driving population ethics research, despite its importance to the fundamental accomplishments of the existing literature.
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  48.  39
    David B. Barrett . World Christian Encyclopaedia: A Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World A.D. 1900–2000. Pp. 1010. £55. [REVIEW]P. B. Clarke - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (3):510-511.
  49.  22
    Moral Character: An Empirical Theory By Christian B. MillerCharacter and Moral Psychology By Christian B. Miller.Nancy E. Schauber - 2015 - Analysis 75 (1):172-175.
  50.  14
    The Character Gap: How Good Are We?, by Christian B. Miller. [REVIEW]Rebecca Stangl - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):140-144.
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