Results for 'Chiara Certom��'

852 found
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  1.  32
    Pietro Aureoli, La conoscenza divina delle creature. Le Quaestiones 2 e 3 della Distinctio 35 dello Scriptum. Introduzione, testo latino e traduzione italiana a fronte a cura di Chiara Paladini.Chiara Paladini & Peter Auriol - 2020 - Roma RM, Italia: TabEdizioni.
    Le Quaestiones 2 («Se l’oggetto adeguato della conoscenza divina sia l’essenza di Dio o l’ente universale») e 3 («Se le creature secondo le loro proprie nature e le loro essenze siano vita in Dio e nel Verbo») della Distinctio 35 dello Scriptum di Pietro Aureoli sono importanti per la ricostruzione sia del pensiero del loro autore che della storia della dottrina delle idee divine nel Medioevo. Aureoli rifiuta il modello tradizionale di causalità esemplare, secondo cui Dio avrebbe creato il mondo (...)
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  2.  60
    A Philosophy of Political Myth.Chiara Bottici - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, originally published in 2007, Chiara Bottici argues for a philosophical understanding of political myth. Bottici demonstrates that myth is a process, one of continuous work on a basic narrative pattern that responds to a need for significance. Human beings need meaning in order to master the world they live in, but they also need significance in order to live in a world that is less indifferent to them. This is particularly true in the realm of politics. (...)
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  3.  33
    Summa doctrina et certa experientia. Studi su medicina e filosofia per Chiara Crisciani, edited by Gabriella Zuccolin, 2017. [REVIEW]Chiara Beneduce - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (3):281-284.
  4.  2
    Belief Now, True Belief Later.Chiara Caporuscio - 2022 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 3.
    Chris Letheby’s defence of psychedelic therapy hinges on the premise that psychedelic-facilitated insights about the self are in a better epistemic position than those about the external world. In this commentary, I argue that such a claim is not sufficiently defended. More precisely, I argue that one element is underexplored in Letheby’s otherwise compelling picture: namely, that unlike new beliefs about the external world, beliefs about oneself have the capacity to turn into self-fulfilling prophecies. Recognising the psychedelic experience and the (...)
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  5.  2
    Imagining Europe: Myth, Memory, and Identity.Chiara Bottici & Benoît Challand - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Imagining Europe, Chiara Bottici and Benoît Challand explore the formation of modern European identity. Europe has not always been there, although we have been imagining it for quite some time. Even after the birth of a polity called the European Union, the meaning of Europe remained a very much contested topic. What is Europe? What are its boundaries? Is there a specific European identity or is the EU just the name for a group of institutions? This book answers (...)
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  6.  6
    Between Conspiracy Beliefs, Ingroup Bias, and System Justification: How People Use Defense Strategies to Cope With the Threat of COVID-19.Chiara A. Jutzi, Robin Willardt, Petra C. Schmid & Eva Jonas - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  7.  5
    The Politics of Imagination.Chiara Bottici & Benoît Challand (eds.) - 2011 - Birkbeck Law Press.
    _The Politics of Imagination_ offers a multidisciplinary perspective on the contemporary relationship between politics and the imagination. What role does our capacity to form images play in politics? And can we define politics as a struggle for people’s imagination? As a result of the increasingly central place of the media in our lives, the political role of imagination has undergone a massive quantitative and a qualitative change. As such, there has been a revival of interest in the concept of imagination, (...)
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  8.  10
    A Revised Model of Uncertainty in Complex Healthcare Settings: A Scoping Review.Chiara Pomare, Kate Churruca, Louise A. Ellis, Janet C. Long & Jeffrey Braithwaite - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (2):176-182.
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  9.  32
    On Complicity and Compromise.Chiara Lepora - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on philosophy, law and political science, and on a wealth of practical experience delivering emergency medical services in conflict-ridden settings, Lepora and Goodin untangle the complexities surrounding compromise and complicity.
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  10.  59
    Whose Life to Save? Scarce Resources Allocation in the COVID-19 Outbreak.Chiara Mannelli - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):364-366.
    After initially emerging in China, the coronavirus outbreak has advanced rapidly. The World Health Organization has recently declared it a pandemic, with Europe becoming its new epicentre. Italy has so far been the most severely hit European country and demand for critical care in the northern region currently exceeds its supply. This raises significant ethical concerns, among which is the allocation of scarce resources. Professionals are considering the prioritisation of patients most likely to survive over those with remote chances, and (...)
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  11.  7
    The Privatized State.Chiara Cordelli - 2020 - Princeton University Press.
    Why government outsourcing of public powers is making us less free Many governmental functions today—from the management of prisons and welfare offices to warfare and financial regulation—are outsourced to private entities. Education and health care are funded in part through private philanthropy rather than taxation. Can a privatized government rule legitimately? The Privatized State argues that it cannot. In this boldly provocative book, Chiara Cordelli argues that privatization constitutes a regression to a precivil condition—what philosophers centuries ago called "a (...)
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  12.  1
    A History of the Mind and Mental Health in Classical Greek Medical Thought.Chiara Thumiger - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Hippocratic texts and other contemporary medical sources have often been overlooked in discussions of ancient psychology. They have been considered to be more mechanical and less detailed than poetic and philosophical representations, as well as later medical texts such as those of Galen. This book does justice to these early medical accounts by demonstrating their richness and sophistication, their many connections with other contemporary cultural products and the indebtedness of later medicine to their observations. In addition, it reads these (...)
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  13.  32
    Art, Beauty and Morality.Chiara Brozzo & Andy Hamilton - forthcoming - In Mark Hopwood & Silvia Panizza (eds.), The Murdochian Mind.
    In this chapter, we examine Iris Murdoch’s views about art. We highlight continuities and differences between her views on art and aesthetics, and those of Plato, Kant, and Freud. We argue that Murdoch’s views about art, though traditionally linked to Plato, are more compatible with Kant’s thought than has been acknowledged—though with his ethics rather than his aesthetics. Murdoch shows Plato’s influence in her idea that beauty is the good in a different guise. However, Murdoch shows a more Kantian than (...)
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  14.  96
    Robustness Analysis and Tractability in Modeling.Chiara Lisciandra - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (1):79-95.
    In the philosophy of science and epistemology literature, robustness analysis has become an umbrella term that refers to a variety of strategies. One of the main purposes of this paper is to argue that different strategies rely on different criteria for justifications. More specifically, I will claim that: i) robustness analysis differs from de-idealization even though the two concepts have often been conflated in the literature; ii) the comparison of different model frameworks requires different justifications than the comparison of models (...)
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  15. The Myth of the Clash of Civilizations.Chiara Bottici & Benoît Challand - 2010 - Routledge.
    While globalization unifies the world, divisions re-emerge within it in the form of a spectacular separation between Islam and the West. How can it be that Huntingtonâes contested idea of a clash of civilizations became such a powerful political myth through which so many people look at the world? Bottici and Challand disentangle such a process of myth-making both in the West and in Muslim majority countries, and call for a renewed critical attitude towards it. By analysing a process of (...)
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  16.  1
    Continuous Decentering—Sextus and Dōgen.Chiara Robbiano - 2022 - Journal of Buddhist Philosophy 4:165-182.
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  17.  15
    Multiple Models, One Explanation.Chiara Lisciandra & Johannes Korbmacher - 2021 - Journal of Economic Methodology 28 (2):186-206.
    We develop an account of how mutually inconsistent models of the same target system can provide coherent information about the system. Our account makes use of ideas from the debate surrounding rob...
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  18.  88
    Motor Intentions: How Intentions and Motor Representations Come Together.Chiara Brozzo - 2017 - Mind and Language 32 (2):231-256.
    What are the most detailed descriptions under which subjects intend to perform bodily actions? According to Pacherie, these descriptions may be found by looking into motor representations—action representations in the brain that determine the movements to be performed. Specifically, for any motor representation guiding an action, its subject has an M-intention representing that action in as much detail. I show that some M-intentions breach the constraints that intentions should meet. I then identify a set of intentions—motor intentions—that represent actions in (...)
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  19.  4
    Individual Complicity: The Tortured Patient.Chiara Lepora - 2013 - In Chiara Lepora & Robert Goodin (eds.), On complicity and compromise. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Medical complicity in torture is prohibited by international law and codes of professional ethics. But in the many countries in which torture is common, doctors frequently are expected to assist unethical acts that they are unable to prevent. Sometimes these doctors face a dilemma: they are asked to provide diagnoses or treatments that respond to genuine health needs but that also make further torture more likely or more effective. The duty to avoid complicity in torture then comes into conflict with (...)
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  20.  97
    On Compromise and Being Compromised.Chiara Lepora - 2012 - Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (1):1-22.
    Compromise arises in contexts where irreconcilable claims must nonetheless somehow be resolved. Ordinary people in everyday life, politicians and artists, doctors engaging in research, humanitarian workers providing aid in the midst of war – all of them will have faced situations where compromise appeared to be the only reasonable option, and yet will have felt that there was nevertheless something deeply wrong with it. The aim of this paper is to help make sense of that sentiment. The focus of this (...)
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  21.  2
    Kant's Recourse to the Domestic Anology in the Perpetual Peace.Chiara Bottici - 2005 - Jura Gentium 2:43-61.
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  22.  37
    Big Data Analytics, Infectious Diseases and Associated Ethical Impacts.Chiara Garattini, Jade Raffle, Dewi N. Aisyah, Felicity Sartain & Zisis Kozlakidis - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (1):69-85.
    The exponential accumulation, processing and accrual of big data in healthcare are only possible through an equally rapidly evolving field of big data analytics. The latter offers the capacity to rationalize, understand and use big data to serve many different purposes, from improved services modelling to prediction of treatment outcomes, to greater patient and disease stratification. In the area of infectious diseases, the application of big data analytics has introduced a number of changes in the information accumulation models. These are (...)
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  23.  1
    Confronting the Field: Tylor's Anahuac and Victorian Thought on Human Diversity.Chiara Lacroix - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences:095269512110695.
    Victorian anthropologists have been nicknamed ‘armchair anthropologists’. Yet some of them did set foot in the field. Edward Burnett Tylor's first published work, Anahuac, or Mexico and the Mexicans, Ancient and Modern, described his youthful travels in Mexico. Tylor's confrontation with the ‘field’ revealed significant in tensions between the different beliefs and attitudes that Tylor held towards Mexican society. Contrasts between the evidence of Mexico's history and the present-day society of the 1850s led Tylor to see both progress and degeneration (...)
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  24.  13
    Constraints on Statistical Learning Across Species.Chiara Santolin & Jenny R. Saffran - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (1):52-63.
  25.  14
    Evaluating the Effectiveness of Clinical Ethics Committees: A Systematic Review.Chiara Crico, Virginia Sanchini, Paolo Giovanni Casali & Gabriella Pravettoni - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (1):135-151.
    Clinical Ethics Committees, as distinct from Research Ethics Committees, were originally established with the aim of supporting healthcare professionals in managing controversial clinical ethical issues. However, it is still unclear whether they manage to accomplish this task and what is their impact on clinical practice. This systematic review aims to collect available assessments of CECs’ performance as reported in literature, in order to evaluate CECs’ effectiveness. We retrieved all literature published up to November 2019 in six databases, following PRISMA guidelines. (...)
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  26.  15
    Imaginal Politics: Images Beyond Imagination and the Imaginary.Chiara Bottici - 2014 - Columbia University Press.
    Offering a new, systematic understanding of the imaginal and its nexus with the political, Chiara Bottici brings fresh insight into the formation of political and power relationships and the paradox of a world rich in imagery yet seemingly ...
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  27.  19
    Newborns’ Face Recognition Over Changes in Viewpoint.Chiara Turati, Hermann Bulf & Francesca Simion - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1300-1321.
  28.  19
    Blind-Sight Vs. Degraded-Sight: Different Measures Tell a Different Story.Chiara Mazzi, Chiara Bagattini & Silvia Savazzi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  29.  3
    Path Learning in Individuals With Down Syndrome: The Floor Matrix Task and the Role of Individual Visuo-Spatial Measures.Chiara Meneghetti, Enrico Toffalini, Silvia Lanfranchi & Barbara Carretti - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  30. Disagreement Behind the Veil of Ignorance.Ryan Muldoon, Chiara Lisciandra, Mark Colyvan, Carlo Martini, Giacomo Sillari & Jan Sprenger - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 170 (3):377-394.
    In this paper we argue that there is a kind of moral disagreement that survives the Rawlsian veil of ignorance. While a veil of ignorance eliminates sources of disagreement stemming from self-interest, it does not do anything to eliminate deeper sources of disagreement. These disagreements not only persist, but transform their structure once behind the veil of ignorance. We consider formal frameworks for exploring these differences in structure between interested and disinterested disagreement, and argue that consensus models offer us a (...)
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  31. Temi E Prospettive Della Logica E Filosofia Della Scienza. Volume 2.Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara & Maria Clara Galavotti (eds.) - 1988 - CLUEB.
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  32. Temi E Prospettive Della Logica E Filosofia Della Scienza.Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara & Maria Clara Galavotti (eds.) - 1988 - CLUEB.
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  33.  11
    The Legislative Assembly and Representative Deliberation.Chiara Valentini - 2019 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 64 (1):105-123.
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  34.  22
    The Argumentative Relevance of Pictorial and Multimodal Metaphor in Advertising.Chiara Pollaroli & Andrea Rocci - 2015 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 4 (2):158-199.
    In this article we present an exploratory investigation of pictorial and multimodal metaphors appearing in print product advertisements; the aim is to ascertain their relevance for the arguments that the ads put forth. Departing from the working hypotheses that advertising is an argumentative activity type employing pictorial and multimodal metaphors, and that these are often examples of visual argumentation, we analyze a small corpus of print product ads by employing the theoretical frameworks offered by Blending Theory and the Argumentum Model (...)
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  35. The Tortured Patient: A Medical Dilemma.Chiara Lepora & Joseph Millum - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (3):38-47.
    Torture is unethical and usually counterproductive. It is prohibited by international and national laws. Yet it persists: according to Amnesty International, torture is widespread in more than a third of countries. Physicians and other medical professionals are frequently asked to assist with torture. -/- Medical complicity in torture, like other forms of involvement, is prohibited both by international law and by codes of professional ethics. However, when the victims of torture are also patients in need of treatment, doctors can find (...)
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  36.  29
    Working Memory Affects False Memory Production for Emotional Events.Chiara Mirandola, Enrico Toffalini, Alfonso Ciriello & Cesare Cornoldi - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (1):33-46.
  37.  29
    On Complicity and Compromise: A Précis.Chiara Lepora & Robert E. Goodin - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):269-269.
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  38.  22
    Extracellular Vesicles From Mesenchymal Stem Cells Exert Pleiotropic Effects on Amyloid‐Β, Inflammation, and Regeneration: A Spark of Hope for Alzheimer's Disease From Tiny Structures?Chiara A. Elia, Morris Losurdo, Maria L. Malosio & Silvia Coco - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (4):1800199.
    No cure yet exists for devastating Alzheimer's disease (AD), despite many years and humongous efforts to find efficacious pharmacological treatments. So far, neither designing drugs to disaggregate amyloid plaques nor tackling solely inflammation turned out to be decisive. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and, in particular, extracellular vesicles (EVs) originating from them could be proposed as an alternative, strategic approach to attack the pathology. Indeed, MSC‐EVs—owing to their ability to deliver lipids/proteins/enzymes/microRNAs endowed with anti‐inflammatory, amyloid‐β degrading, and neurotrophic activities—may be exploited (...)
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  39.  7
    Work and Organizational Psychology Looks at the Fourth Industrial Revolution: How to Support Workers and Organizations?Chiara Ghislieri, Monica Molino & Claudio G. Cortese - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  40. Becoming Being: On Parmenides' Transformative Philosophy.Chiara Robbiano - 2006 - Academia.
    This study offers a new interpretation of the poem of the founder of Western philosophy: Parmenides. It shows that there is more in his poem than the description of Being by means of negative adjectives such as ingenerated and immobile. His words ask his audience to question their habits, to modify their goals, to engage in new enterprises and to look with a critical eye at their previous attempts to get knowledge. It operates as a travel guide that leads the (...)
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  41. The Tacit Dimension of Expertise: Professional Vision at Work in Airport Security.Chiara Bassetti - 2021 - Discourse Studies 23 (5):597-615.
    Whereas “professional vision” has been mostly analyzed in apprenticeship and other settings where knowledge is made explicit or reflected upon, I focus on how expertise tacitly plays out in task-oriented interaction among practitioners. The paper considers orientation both to the coworker’s and one’s own expertise in the collaborative accomplishment of airport security work. I show how screeners recruit action from colleagues in largely underspecified ways, based on shared access to the visibility field and expected professional vision. Requesting is tacitly accomplished (...)
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  42.  3
    New Technologies Smart, or Harm Work-Family Boundaries Management? Gender Differences in Conflict and Enrichment Using the JD-R Theory.Chiara Ghislieri, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio G. Cortese & Lara Colombo - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  43.  21
    Early Local Activity in Temporal Areas Reflects Graded Content of Visual Perception.Chiara F. Tagliabue, Chiara Mazzi, Chiara Bagattini & Silvia Savazzi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  44.  9
    The Role of Psychology in Behavioral Economics: The Case of Social Preferences.Chiara Lisciandra - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 72:11-21.
  45.  6
    Editorial: Wayfinding and Navigation: Strengths and Weaknesses in Atypical and Clinical Populations.Chiara Meneghetti, Ineke Van Der Ham, Francesca Pazzaglia & Michel Denis - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  46.  26
    Quantum Physics, Topology, Formal Languages, Computation: A Categorical View as Homage to David Hilbert.Chiara Marletto & Mario Rasetti - 2014 - Perspectives on Science 22 (1):98-114.
    The role and presence of David Hilbert in Physics are most probably as relevant as they are in Mathematics. His fundamental contributions to functional analysis, in particular the introduction of the notion of infinite-dimensional space (now universally referred to as Hilbert space) became crucial in quantum mechanics as well as in several areas of classical physics; and his discovery of the action of the field equations, in parallel to and independently from Einstein's, had a tremendous impact in general relativity (Hilbert (...)
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  47.  4
    Dyadic Coping Across the Lifespan: A Comparison Between Younger and Middle-Aged Couples With Breast Cancer.Chiara Acquati & Karen Kayser - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  48.  6
    The Case of the Sārasaṅgaha: Reflections on the Reuse of Texts in Medieval Sinhalese Pāli Literature.Chiara Neri - 2015 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 43 (4-5):335-388.
    The Sārasaṅgaha is a Pāli text of XIIth–XIIIth century by the Sinhalese monk Siddhattha Thera. Its themes include the aspiration to become a Buddha, shrines, meditation, theories on rain, wind, gender and more. The main body consists of citations from the Nikāyas, the Jātakas, the Visuddhimagga and above all, from commentarial literature. By analysing the way the Sārasaṅgaha refers to and establishes a dialogue with the quoted works, this paper promotes a new assessment of the cultural and textual tendencies that (...)
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  49.  5
    Beyond Associations: Sensitivity to Structure in Pre-Schoolers’ Linguistic Predictions.Chiara Gambi, Martin J. Pickering & Hugh Rabagliati - 2016 - Cognition 157:340-351.
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  50.  30
    Between Psychoanalysis and Political Philosophy: Towards a Critical Theory of Political Myth.Chiara Bottici & Angela Kühner - 2012 - Critical Horizons 13 (1):94 - 112.
    This paper focuses on a specific aspect of political imaginaries: political myth. What are political myths? What role do they play within today commoditised political imaginaries? What are the conditions for setting up a critique of them? We will address these questions, by putting forward a theory of political myth which situates itself between psychoanalysis and political philosophy, in line with the tradition of critical theory that many still associate with the name of the Frankfurt School. We will first discuss (...)
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