Results for 'Charles R. Gowen'

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  1.  45
    Integrating business ethics into a graduate program.Charles R. Gowen, Nessim Hanna, Larry W. Jacobs, David E. Keys & Donald E. Weiss - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):671 - 679.
    Five faculty members in the College of Business at Northern Illinois University received a grant from the James S. Kemper Foundation to integrate ethics into the graduate business curriculum. This was the second phase of a comprehensive program to integrate ethics into the business curriculum. Each faculty member taught a required course in the MBA program. The faculty members represented each of the five functional departments in the College of Business.This paper describes the ethics content, materials, and approaches that were (...)
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  2.  11
    Integrating business ethics into a graduate program.Charles R. Gowen Iii, Nessim Hanna, Larry W. Jacobs, David E. Keys & Donald E. Weiss - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):671-679.
  3.  24
    Political Theory and International Relations.Charles R. Beitz - 1979 - Princeton University Press.
    In this revised edition of his 1979 classic Political Theory and International Relations, Charles Beitz rejects two highly influential conceptions of international theory as empirically inaccurate and theoretically misleading. In one, international relations is a Hobbesian state of nature in which moral judgments are entirely inappropriate, and in the other, states are analogous to persons in domestic society in having rights of autonomy that insulate them from external moral assessment and political interference. Beitz postulates that a theory of international (...)
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  4.  14
    Political Equality: An Essay in Democratic Theory.Charles R. Beitz - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
    The description for this book, Political Equality: An Essay in Democratic Theory, will be forthcoming.
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  5.  8
    Just Price in the Markets: A History.Charles R. Geisst - 2023 - Yale University Press.
    _A concise history of “just price,” from Aristotle to the present day_ The question of what constitutes a fair price has been at the center of market interactions since the time of Aristotle. Should a seller sell to the highest bidder, or is there some other standard, such as a morally defined price, to be applied? Charles R. Geisst traces the ways that philosophers, religious leaders, and economists have sought to answer that question, from antiquity through the modern era. (...)
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  6. The Epistemic Duty to Seek More Evidence.Richard J. Hall & Charles R. Johnson - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (2):129 - 139.
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  7.  39
    Political Theory and International Relations.Charles R. Beitz - 1979 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Charles Beitz rejects two highly influential conceptions of international theory as empirically inaccurate and theoretically misleading. In one, international relations is a Hobbesian state of nature in which moral judgments are entirely inappropriate, and in the other, states are analogous to persons in domestic society in having rights of autonomy that insulate them from external moral assessment and political interference. Beitz postulates that a theory of international politics should include a revised principle of state autonomy based on the justice (...)
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  8. The Idea of Human Rights.Charles R. Beitz - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Human rights have become one of the most important moral concepts in global political life over the last 60 years. Charles Beitz, one of the world's leading philosophers, offers a compelling new examination of the idea of a human right.
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  9. Nihilism, Nietzsche and the Doppelganger Problem.Charles R. Pigden - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (5):441-456.
    Nihilism, Nietzsche and the Doppelganger Problem Was Nietzsche a nihilist? Yes, because, like J. L. Mackie, he was an error-theorist about morality, including the elitist morality to which he himself subscribed. But he was variously a diagnostician, an opponent and a survivor of certain other kinds of nihilism. Schacht argues that Nietzsche cannot have been an error theorist, since meta-ethical nihilism is inconsistent with the moral commitment that Nietzsche displayed. Schacht’s exegetical argument parallels the substantive argument (advocated in recent years (...)
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  10.  11
    Heidegger, Dilthey, and the Crisis of Historicism.Charles R. Bambach - 1995 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    The collapse of historicism was not merely the demise of an academic tradition but signified a shift in the understanding of hermeneutics and metaphysics. Whereas earlier books have explored the rise and dominance of historicism within academic history, this is the first to trace its collapse and to show how it was shaped by larger philosophical and scientific concerns. Charles R. Bambach's lucid account of the demise of historicism within the context of German metaphysics provides a rich new perspective (...)
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  11. Rawls's law of peoples.Charles R. Beitz - 2000 - Ethics 110 (4):669-696.
  12.  19
    Selection, inspection, and naming in visual search.Charles R. Snyder - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):428.
  13. Political Equality: An Essay in Democratic Theory.Charles R. Beitz - 1989 - Princeton University Press.
  14. Logic and the autonomy of ethics.Charles R. Pigden - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (2):127 – 151.
    My first paper on the Is/Ought issue. The young Arthur Prior endorsed the Autonomy of Ethics, in the form of Hume’s No-Ought-From-Is (NOFI) but the later Prior developed a seemingly devastating counter-argument. I defend Prior's earlier logical thesis (albeit in a modified form) against his later self. However it is important to distinguish between three versions of the Autonomy of Ethics: Ontological, Semantic and Ontological. Ontological Autonomy is the thesis that moral judgments, to be true, must answer to a realm (...)
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  15.  59
    Conflicting Varieties of Realism: Causal Powers and the Problems of Social Structure.Charles R. Varela & Rom Harré - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (3):313-325.
    Proponents of the view that social structures are ontologically distinct from the people in whose actions they are immanent have assumed that structures can stand in causal relations to individual practices. Were causality to be no more than Humean concomitance correlations between structure and practices would be unproblematic. But two prominent advocates of the ontological account of structures, Bhaskar and Giddens, have also espoused a powers theory of causality. According to that theory causation is brought about by the activity of (...)
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  16. Cosmopolitan ideals and national sentiment.Charles R. Beitz - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (10):591-600.
  17. Cosmopolitanism and Global Justice.Charles R. Beitz - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):11-27.
    Philosophical attention to problems about global justice is flourishing in a way it has not in any time in memory. This paper considers some reasons for the rise of interest in the subject and reflects on some dilemmas about the meaning of the idea of the cosmopolitan in reasoning about social institutions, concentrating on the two principal dimensions of global justice, the economic and the political.
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  18. Justice and international relations.Charles R. Beitz - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (4):360-389.
  19.  23
    Where meanings arise and how: Building on Shannon's foundations.Charles R. Gallistel - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (3):390-401.
    Information theory provides a quantitative conceptual framework for understanding the flow of information from the world into and through brains. It focuses our attention on the sets of possible messages a brain's anatomy and physiology enable it to receive. The meanings of the messages arise from the inferences licensed by the brain's processing of them. Different meanings arise at different levels because different representations of the input license different inferences.
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  20. Human Dignity in the Theory of Human Rights: Nothing But a Phrase?Charles R. Beitz - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 41 (3):259-290.
  21. Geach on `good'.Charles R. Pigden - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (159):129-154.
    In his celebrated 'Good and Evil' (l956) Professor Geach argues as against the non-naturalists that ‘good’ is attributive and that the predicative 'good', as used by Moore, is senseless.. 'Good' when properly used is attributive. 'There is no such thing as being just good or bad, [that is, no predicative 'good'] there is only being a good or bad so and so'. On the other hand, Geach insists, as against non-cognitivists, that good-judgments are entirely 'descriptive'. By a consideration of what (...)
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  22.  22
    Are Conspiracy Theorists Epistemically Vicious?Charles R. Pigden - 2016 - In Kasper Lippert‐Rasmussen, Kimberley Brownlee & David Coady (eds.), A Companion to Applied Philosophy. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 120–132.
    Are conspiracy theorists epistemically vicious? That is the conventional wisdom. It has distinguished supporters, including Quassim Cassam, Cass Sunstein and Adrian Vermeule. For me, a trait is an epistemic virtue if leads to the discovery of salient truths and the avoidance of pernicious falsehoods, and an epistemic vice the contrary. As such epistemic virtues and vices are role‐relative, context‐relative and end‐relative. I argue that that it is not necessarily or even usually vicious to be a conspiracy theorist, even if we (...)
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  23. Ought-implies-can: Erasmus Luther and R.m. Hare.Charles R. Pigden - 1990 - Sophia 29 (1):2-30.
    l. There is an antinomy in Hare's thought between Ought-Implies-Can and No-Indicatives-from-Imperatives. It cannot be resolved by drawing a distinction between implication and entailment. 2. Luther resolved this antinomy in the l6th century, but to understand his solution, we need to understand his problem. He thought the necessity of Divine foreknowledge removed contingency from human acts, thus making it impossible for sinners to do otherwise than sin. 3. Erasmus objected (on behalf of Free Will) that this violates Ought-Implies-Can which he (...)
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  24. Does Global Inequality Matter?Charles R. Beitz - 2001 - Metaphilosophy 32 (1-2):95-112.
    Global economic and political inequalities are in most respects greater today than they have been for decades. From one point of view inequality is a bad thing simply because it involves a deviation from equality, which is thought to have value for its own sake. But it is controversial whether this position can be defended, and if it can, whether the egalitarian ideal on which the defense may depend applies at the global level as in individual societies. Setting aside directly (...)
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  25.  5
    Patronizing the Public: American Philanthropy's Transformation of Culture, Communication, and the Humanities.Charles R. Acland, Jeffrey Brison, Gisela Cramer, Julia L. Foulkes, Johannes C. Gall, Anna McCarthy, Manon Niquette, Theresa Richardson, Haidee Wasson & Marion Wrenn (eds.) - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    Patronizing the Public is the first detailed and comprehensive examination of how American philanthropy has transformed culture, communication, and the humanities. Drawing on an impressive range of archival and secondary sources, the chapters in the volume shed light on philanthropic foundations have shaped numerous fields, including film, television, radio, journalism, drama, local history, museums, as well as art and the humanities in general.
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  26. The Moral Standing of States Revisited.Charles R. Beitz - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (4):325-347.
    "The Moral Standing of States" is the title of an essay Michael Walzer wrote in response to four critics of the theory of nonintervention defended in "Just and Unjust Wars." It states a theme to which he has returned in subsequent work. Beitz offers four sets of comments.
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  27.  14
    Heidegger's roots: Nietzsche, national socialism and the Greeks.Charles R. Bambach - 2003 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    The myth of the homeland -- The Nietzschean self-assertion of the German University -- The geo-politics of Heidegger's Mitteleuropa -- Heidegger's Greeks and the myth of autochthony -- Heidegger's "Nietzsche".
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  28. Actual Causation by Probabilistic Active Paths.Charles R. Twardy & Kevin B. Korb - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):900-913.
    We present a probabilistic extension to active path analyses of token causation (Halpern & Pearl 2001, forthcoming; Hitchcock 2001). The extension uses the generalized notion of intervention presented in (Korb et al. 2004): we allow an intervention to set any probability distribution over the intervention variables, not just a single value. The resulting account can handle a wide range of examples. We do not claim the account is complete --- only that it fills an obvious gap in previous active-path approaches. (...)
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  29. Conspiracy Theories, Deplorables, and Defectibility: A Reply to Patrick Stokes.Charles R. Pigden - 2018 - In Matthew R. X. Dentith (ed.), Taking Conspiracy Theories Seriously. Rowman & Littlefield International. pp. 203-215.
    Patrick Stokes has argued that although many conspiracy theories are true, we should reject the policy of particularism (that is, the policy of investigating conspiracy theories if they are plausible and believing them if that is what the evidence suggests) and should instead adopt a policy of principled skepticism, subjecting conspiracy theories – or at least the kinds of theories that are generally derided as such – to much higher epistemic standards than their non-conspiratorial rivals, and believing them only if (...)
     
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  30.  23
    Beyond ‘Native V. Alien’: Critiques of the Native/alien Paradigm in the Anthropocene, and Their Implications.Charles R. Warren - 2023 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 26 (2):287-317.
    Classifying species as ‘native’ or ‘alien’ carries prescriptive force in the valuation and management of ‘nature’. But the classification itself and its application are contested, raising philosophical and geographical questions about place, space, rights, identity and belonging. This paper discusses leading critiques of the native/alien paradigm, including its conceptual fluidity, dichotomous rigidity and ethical difficulties, as well as the incendiary charge of xenophobia. It argues that valorizing ‘native nature’ as inherently the ‘best nature’ is not only obsolete but impracticable in (...)
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  31. Identifying Goodness.Charles R. Pigden - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):93 - 109.
    The paper reconstructs Moore's Open Question Argument (OQA) and discusses its rise and fall. There are three basic objections to the OQA: Geach's point, that Moore presupposes that ?good? is a predicative adjective (whereas it is in fact attributive); Lewy's point, that it leads straight to the Paradox of Analysis; and Durrant's point that even if 'good' is not synonymous with any naturalistic predicate, goodness might be synthetically identical with a naturalistic property. As against Geach, I argue that 'good' has (...)
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  32.  60
    Confidentiality: The Protection of Personal Data in Epidemiological and Clinical Research Trials.Charles R. McCarthy & Joan P. Porter - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):238-241.
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  33.  15
    Confidentiality: The Protection of Personal Data in Epidemiological and Clinical Research Trials.Charles R. McCarthy & Joan P. Porter - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):238-241.
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  34.  18
    Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals?Charles R. McCarthy - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (3):293-302.
    In February 1993, Judge Charles R. Richey of the United States District Court issued a summary judgment in the case of Animal Legal Defense Fund, et al. v. The Secretary of Agriculture, et al. The decision, which was in favor of the Animal Legal Defense Fund, requires the U.S. Department of Agriculture to withdraw its current regulations governing exercise for dogs and the psychological well-being of nonhuman primates used for biomedical research and to issue new regulations containing only minimum, (...)
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  35.  5
    The approximate number system represents magnitude and precision.Charles R. Gallistel - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Numbers are symbols manipulated in accord with the axioms of arithmetic. They sometimes represent discrete and continuous quantities, but they are often simply names. Brains, including insect brains, represent the rational numbers with a fixed-point data type, consisting of a significand and an exponent, thereby conveying both magnitude and precision.
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  36. A criterion of probabilistic causation.Charles R. Twardy & Kevin B. Korb - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (3):241-262.
    The investigation of probabilistic causality has been plagued by a variety of misconceptions and misunderstandings. One has been the thought that the aim of the probabilistic account of causality is the reduction of causal claims to probabilistic claims. Nancy Cartwright (1979) has clearly rebutted that idea. Another ill-conceived idea continues to haunt the debate, namely the idea that contextual unanimity can do the work of objective homogeneity. It cannot. We argue that only objective homogeneity in combination with a causal interpretation (...)
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  37.  6
    Update on Waiving Informed Consent in Emergency Research.Charles R. McCarthy - 1995 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (4):385-386.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Update on Waiving Informed Consent in Emergency ResearchCharles R. McCarthyMadam: The closing statement of my article on Waiving Informed Consent in Emergency Research published in the June 1995 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal was: "No doubt we shall hear more of this issue."Indeed, we have heard much more on this issue. (1) In May 1995, after my article had already gone to press, the Food and (...)
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  38.  91
    How Is Partisan Gerrymandering Unfair?Charles R. Beitz - 2018 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 46 (3):323-358.
  39.  17
    To Be or Not to Be: Waiving Informed Consent in Emergency Research.Charles R. McCarthy - 1995 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (2):155-162.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:To Be or Not to Be:Waiving Informed Consent in Emergency ResearchCharles R. McCarthy (bio)The requirements for prior, legally authorized informed consent constitute a necessary condition for recruiting subjects into biomedical or behavioral research. However, informed consent requirements pose a serious problem for most research conducted in emergency care settings. For this reason, the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) regulations governing investigational devices and the Department of Health and Human (...)
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  40.  5
    When OPRR Comes Calling: Enforcing Federal Research Regulations.Charles R. Mccarthy - 1995 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (1):51-55.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:When OPRR Comes Calling:Enforcing Federal Research RegulationsCharles R. Mccarthy (bio)In an update following this article, Ruth Macklin responds to the revelation that the controversial Hall-Stillman embryo-splitting experiment at George Washington University was conducted—contrary to federal regulations—without prior institutional review board (IRB) review. This revelation altered Dr. Macklin's view of the ethical status of the research. Undoubtedly such revelations also raise general questions for administrators and researchers in many institutions, (...)
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  41.  8
    A Secret Prepossession.Charles R. McCabe - 1975 - Renascence 28 (1):3-14.
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  42. All You Wanted to Know.Charles R. McCarthy - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):3-3.
     
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  43.  7
    Bioethics inside the beltway: A new look at animal-to-human organ transplantation.Charles R. McCarthy - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (2).
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  44. Compliance amd noncompliance with federal regulations for the protection of human subjects.Charles R. McCarthy - 1983 - In Brock K. Kilbourne & Maria T. Kilbourne (eds.), The Dark Side of Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Pacific Division. pp. 1--101.
     
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  45.  5
    Changes in the Office for Protection from Research Risks.Charles R. McCarthy - 1990 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 12 (2):11.
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  46.  3
    Conducting the Employee Selection Interview.Charles R. McConnell - 2008 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 10 (2):48-56.
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  47.  1
    Regulatory Aspects of the Distinction between Research and Medical Practice.Charles R. McCarthy - 1984 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 6 (3):7.
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  48.  47
    Marriage, Morals and Medical Ethics.Charles R. McKenney - 1952 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 27 (4):607-608.
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  49. .Michael I. Posner & Charles R. Snyder - 2004 - Psychology Press.
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  50.  61
    Internal and external.Charles R. Beitz - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):225-238.
    James's Fairness in Trade seeks to offer an account of fair trade that is “internal” to an existing practice he describes as “mutual market reliance.” This paper distinguishes several senses of the distinction between “internal” and “external” that occur in the book and asks how, in its various senses, the distinction shapes and influences judgments about the fairness of the practice.
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