Results for 'Charles Lodge'

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  1.  25
    Motivated Skepticism in the Evaluation of Political Beliefs (2006).Charles S. Taber & Milton Lodge - 2006 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (2):157-184.
    We propose a model of motivated skepticism that helps explain when and why citizens are biased information processors. Two experimental studies explore how citizens evaluate arguments about affirmative action and gun control, finding strong evidence of a prior attitude effect such that attitudinally congruent arguments are evaluated as stronger than attitudinally incongruent arguments. When reading pro and con arguments, participants (Ps) counterargue the contrary arguments and uncritically accept supporting arguments, evidence of a disconfirmation bias. We also find a confirmation bias—the (...)
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  2.  32
    Motivated Skepticism in the Evaluation of Political Beliefs (2006).Charles S. Taber & Milton Lodge - 2012 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (2):157-184.
    We propose a model of motivated skepticism that helps explain when and why citizens are biased information processors. Two experimental studies explore how citizens evaluate arguments about affirmative action and gun control, finding strong evidence of a prior attitude effect such that attitudinally congruent arguments are evaluated as stronger than attitudinally incongruent arguments. When reading pro and con arguments, participants (Ps) counterargue the contrary arguments and uncritically accept supporting arguments, evidence of a disconfirmation bias. We also find a confirmation bias—the (...)
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  3.  31
    The scope and generality of automatic affective biases in political thinking: Reply to the symposium.Charles S. Taber & Milton Lodge - 2012 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (2):247-268.
    Our response to this symposium on our 2006 paper centers on three questions. First, what motivations exist in the political wild, and do our experimental manipulations realistically capture them? We agree that strong accuracy motivations are likely (but not certain) to reduce biases, but we are not at all confident that the real world supplies stronger accuracy motivations than our subjects received. Second, how can we square our findings of stubbornly persistent beliefs and attitudes with the well-established literatures on framing (...)
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  4.  13
    The Scope and Generality of Automatic Affective Biases in Political Thinking: Reply to the Symposium.Charles S. Taber & Milton Lodge - 2012 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (2):247-268.
    Our response to this symposium on our 2006 paper centers on three questions. First, what motivations exist in the political wild, and do our experimental manipulations realistically capture them? We agree that strong accuracy motivations are likely (but not certain) to reduce biases, but we are not at all confident that the real world supplies stronger accuracy motivations than our subjects received. Second, how can we square our findings of stubbornly persistent beliefs and attitudes with the well-established literatures on framing (...)
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  5. "Sir Oliver Lodge and the Scientific World": A Rejoinder.Charles Mercier - 1917 - Hibbert Journal 16:325.
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  6. Sir Oliver Lodge and the scientific world.Charles Mercier - 1917 - Hibbert Journal 15:598-613.
     
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  7.  26
    The Post-modern reader.Charles Jencks (ed.) - 1992 - New York: St. Martin' Press.
    The Post-Modern Reader edited by Charles Jencks An Anthology of a World Movement Post-Modernism has been debated, attacked, and defended for a generation, but only in the last few years has it come into focus as a coherent way of thought embracing all areas of culture. This is the first anthology that presents the synthesising trend in all its diversity, a convergence in architecture and literature, film and cultural theory, sociology, feminism and theology, science and economics. It is however, (...)
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  8.  41
    The Middle Voice of Metaphysics.Charles E. Scott - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):743 - 764.
    THE TOPIC OF THIS PAPER is the end of metaphysics and the question of foundations. This issue is not phrased as an expression of conviction or hope, but as a question, or as several questions. Can metaphysics come to an end? What could its ending mean? Is its ending found in the questionableness of its foundations? If metaphysics came to its end, would there be no more metaphysics? Could it not end again, having already come to an end? Does the (...)
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  9.  29
    Of Two Lives One? Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud and the Question of Holism in Vitalist Medicine.Elizabeth A. Williams - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (4):593-613.
    ArgumentMontpellier vitalists upheld a medical perspective akin to modern “holism” in positing the functional unity of creatures imbued with life. While early vitalists focused on the human organism, Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud investigated digestion, growth, and other physiological processes that human beings shared with simpler organisms. Eschewing modern investigative methods, Grimaud promoted a medically-grounded “metaphysics.” His influential doctrine of the “two lives” broke with Montpellier holism, classifying some vital phenomena as “higher” and others as “lower” and attributing the “nobility” of the (...)
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  10.  14
    The Psychology of Closed and Open Mindedness, Rationality, and Democracy.Arie Kruglanski & Lauren Boyatzi - 2012 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (2):217-232.
    Charles Taber and Milton Lodge provide compelling evidence that people's minds may be closed to information that is inconsistent with their prior beliefs. This type of inconsistency has often been termed “irrational.” However, recent research suggests that being open or closed minded is not an unchanging variable but depends on one's goals, including one's need for closure, which vary from person to person and situation to situation. In this vein, as Taber and Lodge suggest, those who have (...)
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  11.  62
    The psychology of closed and open mindedness, rationality, and democracy.Arie W. Kruglanski & Lauren M. Boyatzi - 2012 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (2):217-232.
    Charles Taber and Milton Lodge provide compelling evidence that people's minds may be closed to information that is inconsistent with their prior beliefs. This type of inconsistency has often been termed ?irrational.? However, recent research suggests that being open or closed minded is not an unchanging variable but depends on one's goals, including one's need for closure, which vary from person to person and situation to situation. In this vein, as Taber and Lodge suggest, those who have (...)
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  12. Creative Love: Eros and Agape in Whitehead and Peirce.Brian G. Henning - 2015 - In Brian G. Henning, William T. Myers & Joseph David John (eds.), Thinking with Whitehead and the American Pragmatists: Experience and Reality. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. pp. 149-164.
    The kernel of this chapter has been lodged in my mind since I was a graduate student at Fordham. As I studied the work of Charles Sanders Peirce and Alfred North Whitehead I was continually struck by the numerous points of conver-gence between their respective projects. Unlike other pragmatists, both of these mathematically trained philosophers were interested in constructing a specula-tive philosophy that rejected the reductive, mechanistic accounts of nature. Instead, both Peirce and Whitehead described an emergent, evolutionary cos-mos (...)
     
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  13.  24
    Peirce’s Prejudices against Hispanics and the Ethical Scope of His Philosophy.Daniel G. Campos - 2014 - The Pluralist 9 (2):42-64.
    in two letters concerning the Spanish-American War of 1898, Charles Sanders Peirce openly expresses some egregious prejudices against several groups of people, including Hispanics—people of at least partly Spanish origin in the Iberian Peninsula or the Americas (L 254 and L 339; reprint, translation to Spanish, and commentary in Nubiola and Zalamea 76–811). In an undated letter to his cousin Henry Cabot Lodge, a Massachusetts politician, Peirce writes regarding the war: “I don’t believe the Spaniards will make a (...)
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  14.  5
    Argumentation and the Social Grounds of Knowledge.Charles Arthur Willard - 2009 - University Alabama Press.
    "As a distinctive philosophy, religious humanism emphasizes man's place in an unfathomed universe, reason as an instrument for discovering the truth, free inquiry as a condition for discerning meaning and purpose, and happiness as a fundamental value. "Man's uniqueness emerges partly from homo sapiens' capacity to employ symbols effectively. For this reason, Willard's provocative book is not a celebration of controversy but a sophisticated study exploring the grounds of man's knowledge. Drawing upon phenomenologists such as Alfred Schultz, psychologists such as (...)
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  15.  2
    De l'esprit des lois.Charles de Secondat Montesquieu & Gonzague Truc - 1927 - Paris,: Garnier frères. Edited by Gonzague Truc.
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  16.  21
    Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals?Charles R. McCarthy - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (3):293-302.
    In February 1993, Judge Charles R. Richey of the United States District Court issued a summary judgment in the case of Animal Legal Defense Fund, et al. v. The Secretary of Agriculture, et al. The decision, which was in favor of the Animal Legal Defense Fund, requires the U.S. Department of Agriculture to withdraw its current regulations governing exercise for dogs and the psychological well-being of nonhuman primates used for biomedical research and to issue new regulations containing only minimum, (...)
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  17.  25
    The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts.Charles H. Kahn - 1959 - Journal of Philosophy 56 (11):508-510.
  18.  2
    Of an Alien Homecoming: Reading Heidegger's "Hölderlin".Charles Bambach - 2022 - SUNY Press.
    Few themes resonate as powerfully in Heidegger as those connected to homecoming, homeland, and Heimat. This emphasis plays out most powerfully in Heidegger's reading of Hölderlin and his turn towards language, art, and poetizing as a way of thinking through the poet's relevance in the epoch of homelessness and the abandonment of the gods. As the first book-length study in English of the Heidegger-Hölderlin relation, Of an Alien Homecoming addresses the tension within Heidegger's work between his disastrous political commitments during (...)
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  19.  30
    Trust and rule.Charles Tilly - 2004 - Theory and Society 33 (1):1-30.
  20.  20
    Arational belief convergence.Charles Lassiter - 2019 - Synthese 198 (7):6329-6350.
    This model explores consensus among agents in a population in terms of two properties. The first is a probability of belief change. This value indicates how likely agents are to change their mind in interactions. The other is the size of the agents audience: the proportion of the population the agent has access to at any given time. In all instances, the agents converge on a single belief, although the agents are arational. I argue that this generates a skeptical hypothesis: (...)
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  21.  23
    John Dalton and the origin of the atomic theory: reassessing the influence of Bryan Higgins.Mark I. Grossman - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Science 50 (4):657-676.
    During the years 1814–1819, William Higgins, an Irish chemist who worked at the Dublin Society, claimed he had anticipated John Dalton in developing the atomic theory and insinuated that Dalton was a plagiarist. This essay focuses not on William Higgins, but on his uncle Bryan Higgins, a well-known chemist of his day, who had developed his own theories of caloric and chemical combination, similar in many respects to that of Dalton. New evidence is first introduced addressing Bryan's disappearance from the (...)
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  22. A Purpose for Everything: Religion in a Postmodern Worldview.Charles Birch, William Eakin & Jay B. Mcdaniel - 1990 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 13 (3):213-219.
     
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  23. John Duns Scotus on Matter.Charles Bolyard - 2009 - In Patricia Hanna (ed.), An Anthology of Philosophical Studies, Vol. 3. ATINER. pp. 7-16.
  24.  4
    Benedetto Croce jusquén 1911: trente ans de vie intellectuelle.Charles Boulay - 1981 - Genève: Droz.
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  25.  2
    Marx et les droits de l’homme.Charles Boyer - 2014 - L’Enseignement Philosophique 64 (3):54-59.
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  26.  2
    Pensée antique et science contemporaine.Pierre Charles - 2014 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    La science contemporaine nous amène à reconsidérer certains textes anciens. La mécanique quantique, tout particulièrement, utilise de nombreux concepts que l'on retrouve dans les philosophies de Pythagore, Héraclite; Platon, Aristote et Carnéade. Les théories modernes du langage et de la signification, la nature des nombres et des propositions logiques, nous offrent aussi l'opportunité d'une confrontation. L'auteur se plaît à mettre en regard la pensée contemporaine et la pensée antique avec l'espoir d'en voir jaillir quelque lueur.
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  27.  9
    Voltaire philosophe: regards croisés.Sébastien Charles & Stéphane Pujol (eds.) - 2017 - Ferney-Voltaire: Centre international d'étude du XVIIIe siècle.
    Voltaire historien de la philosophie. De l'Antiquité au Grand Siècle Renan Laruc, Porphyre de Tyr, héros voltairien; Marc-André Nadeau, Défense et critique de Montaigne dans les Lettres philosophiques; Véronique Le Ru, Voltaire, lecteur de Descartes; Gerhardt Stenger, Un philosophe peut en cacher un autre: Malebranche et Spinoza dans Tout en Dieu; Lorenzo Bianchi, Voltaire lecteur et critique de Bayle; Miguel Benitez, Locke, Voltaire et la matière pensante; Claire Fauvergue, Voltaire et l'idée d'automate. Voltaire et la philosophie des Lumières Debora Sicco, (...)
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  28.  3
    George Berkeley.Charles McCracken - 2002 - In Steven M. Nadler (ed.), A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 437–455.
    This chapter contains section titled: Life and Works Theory of Vision Abstract Ideas Matter Does Not Exist Spirits and Ideas Exist Physics Mathematics Language Berkeley's Later Philosophy Philosophical Legacy Author's Note.
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  29. Discussion: Ricoeur on Narrative.Charles Taylor & David Carr - 1991 - In David Wood (ed.), On Paul Ricoeur: Narrative and Interpretation. New York: Routledge. pp. 160--188.
     
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  30. Bronzino's allegory in the national gallery.Charles Hope - 1982 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 45 (1):239-243.
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  31.  13
    Opening Up Containment.Charles Mather & Ignace Schoot - 2022 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 47 (5):937-959.
    Our paper contributes to Science, Technology and Society scholarship on the practices and technologies of containment. We build on existing work in STS that has analyzed containment as a performative sociotechnical system that generates and sustains new realities, new systems, and new relationships. Our contribution draws from the problem of containment in salmon aquaculture. The stakes for containing salmon are very high. Farmed salmon escapes are environmentally damaging to ecosystems and wild salmon populations, and they put additional pressure on an (...)
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  32.  63
    The Passibility of God.Charles Taliaferro - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (2):217 - 224.
    John Dewey once said of philosophical problems that they are quite different from old soldiers. Not only do they never die, but they do not even fade away. Something similar might be said about the unfavourable Divine attributes of the 1950s and 60s, timelessness or eternity, necessary existence, foreknowledge of creaturely free choices, and immutability. All have contemporary defenders. Even the puzzling, traditional tenet that God is metaphysically simple now has formidable apologists. Perhaps the least popular of the traditional theistic (...)
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  33.  28
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau, moralist.Charles William Hendel - 1934 - London and New York,: Oxford university press.
  34.  34
    A note on Spinoza's ontology.Charles E. Jarrett - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (6):415 - 418.
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  35. The subject of liberation: Žižek, politics, psychoanalysis.Charles H. Wells - 2014 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    The book shares Žižek's central problem of how to revitalize the radical political left through theory. It initially follows the argument developed in The Ticklish Subject that contemporary leftist thought is divided by antagonism between a Marxist revolutionary politics founded on Enlightenment philosophy and a politics of identity founded on post-modern post-structuralism. How Žižek used Lacan's theory of character structures is examined here to describe this theoretical deadlock and explain how the dominant contemporary ideologies of liberal tolerant multiculturalism and reactionary (...)
     
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  36.  19
    L’esthétique-artistique transcende l’esthétique-sensible. Sur la phénoménologie de l’art de Henri Maldiney.Charles Bobant - 2022 - Philosophie 154 (3):82-93.
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  37.  12
    Pedagogies of Relationality through This Bridge Called My Back.Nicole Charles - 2022 - Feminist Studies 48 (1):176-188.
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  38. The Rights of Nature.Charles Frankel - 1976 - In Laurence Tribe, Corinne Schelling & John Voss (eds.), When Values Conflict: Essays on Environmental Analysis, Discourse, and Decision. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Co.. pp. 198.
  39.  14
    On recognizing nonhomeostatic behaviors.Charles L. Kutscher - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):108-109.
  40.  2
    Zur Ethik des Lesens.Charles Larmore - 2015 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 63 (3).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Jahrgang: 63 Heft: 3 Seiten: 427-447.
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  41.  4
    Ibsen, Chesterton and Shaw: A Misunderstanding All Around.Charles Leland - 1976 - The Chesterton Review 3 (1):35-42.
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  42. Ramon Llull: dues lectures.Charles H. Lohr & Louis Sala Molins - 1990 - Barcelona: Barcanova. Edited by Louis Sala Molins.
     
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  43.  18
    The new logic of Ramon Llull.Charles Lohr - 1992 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 18:23-35.
  44.  54
    Hebrew philosophy in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries: an overview.Charles H. Manekin - 1997 - In Daniel H. Frank & Oliver Leaman (eds.), History of Jewish Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 2--350.
  45.  10
    Medieval iewish philosophy in arabic.Charles Manekin - 2011 - In John Marenbon (ed.), The Oxford Handbook to Medieval Philosophy. Oxford Up. pp. 130.
  46. Probabilistic semantics for orthologic and quantum logic.Charles G. Morgan - 1983 - Logique Et Analyse 26 (103-104):323-339.
     
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  47.  3
    Patenting and Academic Research: Historical Case Studies.Charles Weiner - 1987 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 12 (1):50-62.
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  48. The polysemy of the secular.Charles Taylor - 2009 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (4):1143-1166.
    We think of "secularization" as a process that can occur anywhere . And we think of secularist regimes as options for any country, whether they are adopted or not. And certainly, these words crop up everywhere. But do they really mean the same thing? Are there not, rather, subtle differences, which can bedevil cross-cultural discussions of these matters? This paper explores the important historical polysemy found in the evolution of the term "secular.".
     
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  49.  4
    Off with Their Wigs!: Judicial Revolution in Modern Britain.Charles Banner & Alexander Deane - 2003 - Imprint Academic.
    On Thursday June 12th 2003, a press release concerning a Cabinet reshuffle declared as a footnote that the office of Lord Chancellor was to be abolished and that a new Supreme Court would replace the House of Lords as the highest court in the United Kingdom. In response to intense criticism of the Government for announcing these judicial reforms without holding any prior debate or consultation, Charles Banner and Alexander Deane have sought the views of several constitutional experts – (...)
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  50. Truth and Merit.Charles Travis - 2011 - In Martin Gustafsson & Richard Sorli (eds.), New Essays on the Philosophy of J.L. Austin. Oxford University Press.
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