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Chang Liu [49]Chang Hong Liu [8]Changcheng Liu [4]Changlin Liu [4]
Changchun Liu [3]Chang-Yuan Liu [2]Changqiu Liu [2]Changsheng Liu [2]

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Chang Liu
NanJing University
Chang Liu
Shanghai JiaoTong University
  1. Slurs and register: A case study in meaning pluralism.Justina Diaz-Legaspe, Chang Liu & Robert J. Stainton - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (2):156-182.
    Most theories of slurs fall into one of two families: those which understand slurring terms to involve special descriptive/informational content (however conveyed), and those which understand them to encode special emotive/expressive content. Our view is that both offer essential insights, but that part of what sets slurs apart is use-theoretic content. In particular, we urge that slurring words belong at the intersection of a number of categories in a sociolinguistic register taxonomy, one that usually includes [+slang] and [+vulgar] and always (...)
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  2. Slurs as Illocutionary Force Indicators.Chang Liu - 2020 - Philosophia 49 (3):1051-1065.
    Slurs are derogatory words and they are used to derogate certain groups. Theories of slurs must explain why they are derogatory words, as well as other features like independence and descriptive ineffability. This paper proposes an illocutionary force indicator theory of slurs: they are derogatory terms because their use is to perform the illocutionary act of derogation, which is a declarative illocutionary act to enforce norms against the target. For instance, calling a Chinese person “chink” is an act of derogation (...)
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  3.  54
    The roles of the temporal lobe in creative insight: an integrated review.Wangbing Shen, Yuan Yuan, Chang Liu & Jing Luo - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (4):321-375.
    Recent studies have revealed that the temporal lobe, a cortical region thought to be in charge of episodic and semantic memory, is involved in creative insight. This work examines the contributions of discrete temporal regions to insight. Activity in the medial temporal regions is indicative of novelty recognition and detection, which is necessary for the formation of novel associations and the “Aha!” experience. The fusiform gyrus mainly affects the formation of gestalt-like representation and perspective taking. The anterior and posterior middle (...)
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  4. Toward a Theory of Offense: Should You Feel Offended?Chang Liu - 2021 - Philosophy 96 (4):625-649.
    The feeling of being offended, as a moral emotion, plays a key role in issues such as slurs, the offense principle, ethics of humor, etc. However, no adequate theory of offense has been developed in the literature, and it remains unclear what questions such a theory should answer. This paper attempts to fill the gap by performing two tasks. The first task is to clarify and summarize the questions of offense into two kinds, the descriptive questions (e.g., what features differentiate (...)
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  5. Approximation, idealization, and laws of nature.Chang Liu - 1999 - Synthese 118 (2):229-256.
    Traditional theories construe approximate truth or truthlikeness as a measure of closeness to facts, singular facts, and idealization as an act of either assuming zero of otherwise very small differences from facts or imagining ideal conditions under which scientific laws are either approximately true or will be so when the conditions are relaxed. I first explain the serious but not insurmountable difficulties for the theories of approximation, and then argue that more serious and perhaps insurmountable difficulties for the theory of (...)
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  6. Slurs and the Type-Token Distinction of Their Derogatory Force.Chang Liu - 2019 - Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio 13 (2):63-72.
    Slurs are derogatory, and theories of slurs aim at explaining their “derogatory force”. This paper draws a distinction between the type derogatory force and the token derogatory force of slurs. To explain the type derogatory force is to explain why a slur is a derogatory word. By contrast, to explain the token derogatory force is to explain why an utterance of a slur is derogatory. This distinction will be defended by examples in which the type and the token derogatory force (...)
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  7. The Derogatory Force and the Offensiveness of Slurs.Chang Liu - 2021 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 28 (3):626–649.
    Slurs are both derogatory and offensive, and they are said to exhibit “derogatory force” and “offensiveness.” Almost all theories of slurs, except the truth-conditional content theory and the invocational content theory, conflate these two features and use “derogatory force” and “offensiveness” interchangeably. This paper defends and explains the distinction between slurs’ derogatory force and offensiveness by fulfilling three goals. First, it distinguishes between slurs’ being derogatory and their being offensive with four arguments. For instance, ‘Monday’, a slur in the Bostonian (...)
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  8.  30
    Prinzipien und Grundlagen der Wahrnehmungsauffassung bei Husserl.Chang Liu - 2019 - Husserl Studies 35 (2):149-176.
    “Apprehension” is a key term in Husserl’s phenomenology of perceptual consciousness. However, its modes of operation have not yet been closely analyzed. Apprehension has its own principles and foundations. According to Husserl, the principles of apprehension are 1) contiguity, 2) equality and 3) similarity, and each of them expresses a specific kind of qualitative connection between the apprehension-content and the apprehension-sense. When a content presents a sense through equality or similarity, this sense can be regarded as a “projection” from the (...)
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  9.  11
    Beyond Social Exchange: Career Adaptability Linking Work Stressors and Counterproductive Work Behavior.Kun Yu, Chang Liu & Yuhui Li - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  10.  19
    Adult Attachment Orientations and Social Networking Site Addiction: The Mediating Effects of Online Social Support and the Fear of Missing Out.Chang Liu & Jian-Ling Ma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  11.  14
    Remembering faces with emotional expressions.Chang Hong Liu, Wenfeng Chen & James Ward - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  12.  24
    The Influence of Event Valence and Emotional States on the Metaphorical Comprehension of Time.Weiqi Zheng, Ye Liu, Chang Hong Liu, Yu-Hsin Chen, Qian Cui & Xiaolan Fu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  13.  31
    Categorical perception of lexical tones in mandarin-speaking congenital amusics.Wan-Ting Huang, Chang Liu, Qi Dong & Yun Nan - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  14.  37
    Anticipating intentional actions: The effect of eye gaze direction on the judgment of head rotation.Matthew Hudson, Chang Hong Liu & Tjeerd Jellema - 2009 - Cognition 112 (3):423-434.
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  15.  6
    Intelligent Design of Tennis Player Training Schedule Based on Big Data of Complexity.Haiye Qiu, Chang Liu & Xiaomin Zhang - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-11.
    Tennis players have more physical training content, and the training items are complex. For athletes, training programs that adapt to their individual characteristics should be formulated according to their physical characteristics. The current development of big data has brought about changes in thinking, management, and business models. The combination of complex systems and big data can also make breakthroughs in the sports field. Based on this, this article proposes a tennis player training schedule intelligent formulation system based on complex system (...)
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  16.  13
    Abusive Supervision, Affective Commitment, Customer Orientation, and Proactive Customer Service Performance: Evidence From Hotel Employees in China.Dexia Zang, Chang Liu & Yan Jiao - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Abusive supervision is quite common in the service industry. Employees’ proactive customer service performance is essential for the long-term development of service enterprises. This study enriches the antecedents of proactive customer service performance from a new theoretical perspective by incorporating the analysis of abusive supervision into the theoretical framework and fills the research gap between customer orientation and proactive customer service performance. Based on Affective Events Theory and Social Cognitive Theory, this study established the structure equation model between abusive supervision (...)
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  17.  9
    Damage Detection of Refractory Based on Principle Component Analysis and Gaussian Mixture Model.Changming Liu, Zhigang di ZhouWang, Dan Yang & Gangbing Song - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-9.
    Acoustic emission technique is a common approach to identify the damage of the refractories; however, there is a complex problem since there are as many as fifteen involved parameters, which calls for effective data processing and classification algorithms to reduce the level of complexity. In this paper, experiments involving three-point bending tests of refractories were conducted and AE signals were collected. A new data processing method of merging the similar parameters in the description of the damage and reducing the dimension (...)
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  18.  54
    Derogatory Words and Speech Acts: An Illocutionary Force Indicator Theory of Slurs.Chang Liu - 2019 - Dissertation, University of Western Ontario
    Slurs are derogatory words; they seem to express contempt and hatred toward marginalized groups. They are used to insult and derogate their victims. Moreover, slurs give rise to philosophical questions. In virtue of what is the word “chink,” unlike “Chinese,” a derogatory word? Does “chink” refer to the same group as “Chinese”? If “chink” is a derogatory word, how is it possible to use it in a non-derogatory way (e.g., by Chinese comedians or between Chinese friends)? Many theories of slurs (...)
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  19.  4
    Perceptual Advantage of Animal Facial Attractiveness: Evidence From b-CFS and Binocular Rivalry.Junchen Shang, Zhihui Liu, Hong Yang, Chengyu Wang, Lingya Zheng, Wenfeng Chen & Chang Hong Liu - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  20.  27
    Husserl, representationalism, and the theory of phenomenal intentionality.Chang Liu - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    Representationalism is a philosophical position which reduces all phenomenal conscious states to intentional states. However, starting from the phenomenal consciousness, the phenomenal intentionality theory provides an explanation of all sorts of intentionality. Against Michael Shim's interpretation, I argue that, although Hussserl's phenomenology is certainly considered as an antipode of strong representationalism, Husserl does not stand in opposition the weak representationalists, because Husserl maintains an essential connection between the senses of noemata and the hyletic data. In addition, Husserl's phenomenology is also (...)
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  21.  11
    Adult Attachment Style, Emotion Regulation, and Social Networking Sites Addiction.Chang Liu & Jian-Ling Ma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  22.  34
    Self-Construal Priming Modulates Ensemble Perception of Multiple-Face Identities.Shenli Peng, Ling Zhang, Runzhou Xu, Chang Hong Liu, Wenfeng Chen & Ping Hu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  23. Digital literacy and subjective happiness of low-income groups: Evidence from rural China.Jie Wang, Chang Liu & Zhijian Cai - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:1045187.
    Improvements of the happiness of the rural population are an essential sign of the effectiveness of relative poverty governance. In the context of today’s digital economy, assessing the relationship between digital literacy and the subjective happiness of rural low-income groups is of great practicality. Based on data from China Family Panel Studies, the effect of digital literacy on the subjective well-being of rural low-income groups was empirically tested. A significant happiness effect of digital literacy on rural low-income groups was found. (...)
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  24.  22
    Eidetic Variation as a Source of Metaphysical Knowledge.Chang Liu - 2023 - Res Philosophica 100 (3):329-356.
    In neo-Aristotelian accounts, the task of metaphysics is to explore the space of metaphysical possibilities, and our knowledge of metaphysical possibilities is ultimately grounded on our knowledge concerning the essence of entities. Eidetic variation, as established by Husserlian phenomenology, is a method of identifying a specific pattern of phenomenological givenness that is constitutive of the identity and condition of existence of a kind of entities. Thus, Husserlian phenomenology provides us with a method to acquire knowledge concerning the general essence of (...)
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  25.  60
    Der absolute Fluss und die temporale Auffassung: Ein Rekonstruktionsversuch zur Husserlschen Phänomenologie des Zeitbewusstseins.Chang Liu - 2022 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 2022 (3):457–492.
    Husserl's Absolute-Flow-Model (AFM) represents an approach to a coherent phenomenological description of time-consciousness. Within the AFM framework the streaming of every real moment in the flow of time-consciousness is necessarily concomitant with some retentional or protentional modifications of time-consciousness modes. These modifications of consciousness, i.e. all retentions and protentions, are characterized here as "temporal apprehension." By means of this distinctive function of time-consciousness, all constituents of one and the same consciousness phase are assigned an intentional sense as their temporal index, (...)
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  26.  19
    Regulating Anger under Stress via Cognitive Reappraisal and Sadness.Jun Zhan, Xiaofei Wu, Jin Fan, Jianyou Guo, Jianshe Zhou, Jun Ren, Chang Liu & Jing Luo - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  27.  32
    Anomalous Monism and Mental Causation: A Husserlian Reflection.Chang Liu - 2023 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 54 (1):30-55.
    Drawing on material from Husserlian phenomenology, we can reconstruct a realist version of anomalous monism (rAM). According to such a view, mental events are identical to some physical events because they simultaneously exemplify mental and physical properties. rAM would have to confront the charge of epiphenomenalism because Husserl rejects psychophysical causal interaction. And as a form of nonreductive physicalism, rAM also faces the challenge of Kim’s supervenience argument and explanatory exclusion. Utilizing Husserl’s conception of mental motivation and contemporary elaborations of (...)
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  28.  21
    Parents’ Relative Socioeconomic Status and Paternal Involvement in Chinese Families: The Mediating Role of Coparenting.Chang Liu, Xinchun Wu & Shengqi Zou - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  29.  27
    Facial expression at retrieval affects recognition of facial identity.Wenfeng Chen, Chang Hong Liu, Huiyun Li, Ke Tong, Naixin Ren & Xiaolan Fu - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  30.  19
    Husserl’s Dual Aspect Framework of Mind and the Rejection of Common Ground Mentality.Chang Liu - 2023 - Husserl Studies 39 (1):1-24.
    As two defining properties of mental phenomena, consciousness and intentionality have some deep connections. These connections may be either grounded by a more fundamental mental property, or governed by some bridge laws, or accepted as a brute unexplainable fact. This paper argues, on the one hand, that we do not have justifications for believing in the existence of a new fundamental mental property, although we have motivations for making an inference to such a new mental property. On the other hand, (...)
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  31.  7
    Complex Service Process Optimization Based on Service Touchpoint Association and the Design Structure Matrix.Zhonghang Bai, Chang Liu, Huihui Sun & Man Ding - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-19.
    Service process optimization is conducive to the innovation of enterprise services, but the poor logic design of multiple touchpoints can easily lead to problems in the service process, such as scattered layouts and repeated paths. Aiming at the promotion of service innovation and user experience, this paper takes the optimization of a single service touchpoint as the prerequisite and proposes a service process optimization method based on service touchpoint association and the design structure matrix. The association of service touchpoints is (...)
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  32. Alexandre pouget, Jean-Christophe ducom, Jeffrey torri and Daphne bavelier (university of rochester) multisensory spatial representations in eye-centered coordinates for reaching, b1–b11.David Carmel, Shlomo Bentin, Chang Hong Liu, Avi Chaudhuri, David A. Lagnado & David R. Shanks - 2002 - Cognition 83:323-325.
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  33.  5
    Identifying and Predicting Autism Spectrum Disorder Based on Multi-Site Structural MRI With Machine Learning.YuMei Duan, WeiDong Zhao, Cheng Luo, XiaoJu Liu, Hong Jiang, YiQian Tang, Chang Liu & DeZhong Yao - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Although emerging evidence has implicated structural/functional abnormalities of patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder, definitive neuroimaging markers remain obscured due to inconsistent or incompatible findings, especially for structural imaging. Furthermore, brain differences defined by statistical analysis are difficult to implement individual prediction. The present study has employed the machine learning techniques under the unified framework in neuroimaging to identify the neuroimaging markers of patients with ASD and distinguish them from typically developing controls. To enhance the interpretability of the machine learning model, (...)
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  34.  17
    Second Language Experience Facilitates Sentence Recognition in Temporally-Modulated Noise for Non-native Listeners.Jingjing Guan, Xuetong Cao & Chang Liu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Non-native listeners deal with adverse listening conditions in their daily life much harder than native listeners. However, previous work in our laboratories found that native Chinese listeners with native English exposure may improve the use of temporal fluctuations of noise for English vowel identification. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Chinese listeners can generalize the use of temporal cues for the English sentence recognition in noise. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers sentence recognition in quiet condition, stationary (...)
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  35.  9
    A genre-based approach in the secondary school English writing class: Voices from student-teachers in the teaching practicum.Chang Liu & Meihua Chen - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    While the genre-based approach has assumed increasing prominence in discussions of writing pedagogy for diverse classrooms, little is known about how secondary school student-teachers understand and adopt genre pedagogies in the English as a foreign language writing class. Based on the data from semi-structured interviews and teaching materials, this study examined Chinese EFL student-teachers’ knowledge and use of genre-based writing instruction during the teaching practicum and explored the challenges they encountered in enacting it. The findings demonstrated that teacher informants showed (...)
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  36.  13
    Ageing in China: Trends, Challenges and Opportunities.Chang Liu, Shuai Zhou & Xue Bai - 2021 - In Helaine Selin (ed.), Aging Across Cultures: Growing Old in the Non-Western World. Springer Verlag. pp. 137-152.
    As the world’s most populous country, China is experiencing unprecedented magnitude and speed of population ageing since it entered the ageing society two decades ago. The rapid population ageing- driven by decreasing fertility rate and prolonged life expectancy- has profound impacts on economic development and poses significant challenges for formal and informal care provision. Although the Chinese government has implemented a series of progressive policy reforms on pension, healthcare, and long-term care systems, the capacity gaps regarding the coverage, adequacy, affordability, (...)
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  37.  3
    Conservation of Reactive Stabilization Strategies in the Presence of Step Length Asymmetries During Walking.Chang Liu, Lucas De Macedo & James M. Finley - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  38.  2
    Cultural Typology of Variety and Task Satisfactory: The Moderation Role of Collaboration.Chang Liu - 2023 - In Olga Chistyakova & Iana Roumbal (eds.), Proceedings of The 7th International Conference on Contemporary Education, Social Sciences and Humanities (Philosophy of Being Human as the Core of Interdisciplinary Research) (ICCESSH 2022). Atlantis Press SARL. pp. 140-147.
    This study concentrates on an investigation on how the variable of collaboration moderates the relationship between cultural typology of variety and work outcome in the cross-cultural work settings. The author predicts that collaboration will have impact on the relationship between variety of cultural character of gender egalitarian and task satisfactory. The empirical study conducted in the multinational companies located in China supported the assumptions. The result shows that by using the moderator of collaboration, gender variable is no longer the cultural (...)
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  39.  7
    Evaluation Model of Low-Carbon Circular Economy Coupling Development in Forest Area Based on Radial Basis Neural Network.Chang Liu - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-12.
    In this paper, we study the radial neural network algorithm for low-carbon circular economy in forest area, design a coupled development evaluation model, study its algorithmic ideas operation mode and the update formula obtained by standard algorithm, and finally optimize the RBF neural network by particle swarm algorithm. After an in-depth analysis of the particle swarm algorithm, an improved particle swarm algorithm is proposed to improve the search accuracy and capability of the algorithm by nonlinearly adjusting the inertia weights and (...)
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  40.  12
    Face recognition is robust with incongruent image resolution: Relationship to security video images.Chang Hong Liu, Helge Seetzen, A. Mike Buton & Avi Chaudhuri - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (1):33.
  41.  13
    12 h Abstinence-Induced ERP Changes in Young Smokers: Electrophysiological Evidence From a Go/NoGo Study.Chang Liu, Fang Dong, Yangding Li, Yan Ren, Dongdong Xie, Xianfu Wang, Ting Xue, Ming Zhang, Guoyin Ren, Karen M. von Deneen, Kai Yuan & Dahua Yu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42.  4
    Intergenerational relationship quality, sense of loneliness, and attitude toward later life among aging Chinese adults in Hong Kong.Chang Liu, Shuai Zhou & Xue Bai - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    A positive attitude toward later life is crucial for wellbeing among older adults. Maintaining a healthy relationship with adult children can help reduce older parents’ sense of loneliness and nurture a positive life attitude. This study aimed to investigate the associations between multidimensional intergenerational relationship quality and attitudes toward later life among aging Chinese adults in Hong Kong and examine the mediating effects of a sense of loneliness. Representative survey data were collected from 801 participants with at least one adult (...)
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  43.  32
    Les narcissiques et les mobs : deux styles extrêmes parmi les internautes chinois.Chang Liu - 2009 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 55 (3):47-54.
    Comme ses voisins, la Chine connaît depuis une quinzaine d'années une forte croissance des TIC. En même temps qu'elles ont favorisé la circulation de l'information et la liberté d'expression, elles ont contribué aux troubles de la personnalité chez les internautes chinois. On peut diviser ces derniers en introvertis et extravertis, correspondant éventuellement à la théorie lacanienne du stade du miroir. Dans un contexte où la tradition du collectivisme domine, les raisons de ce désordre sont analysées. Sans esprit de responsabilité ni (...)
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  44.  7
    Les narcissiques et Les mobs: Deux styLes extrêmes parmi Les internautes chinois : Société civile et internet en chine et asie orientale.Chang Liu - 2009 - Hermes 55:47.
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  45. The Turning of the "Sound of the Tang at Its Peak": Aesthetic Appreciation Turn.Chang Liu - 1997 - Nankai University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 1:66-74.
    Literature is a reflection of a certain era of social life, in particular in the creative process of the natural landscape and cultural environment, and through the writer's aesthetic and its profound impact. Sui and Tang dynasties ago, China has experienced 300 years of confrontation between north and south during the regime of political division and military confrontation, the literature in the isolated north and south of the closed state, the two sides to strengthen and develop their aesthetic characteristics of (...)
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  46. Xin jun tong gou: Zhongguo gu dai zheng zhi si xiang shi de yi zhong yuan xing fan chou fen xi.Chang Liu - 2009 - Tianjin Shi: Nan kai da xue chu ban she.
  47. Zhongguo gu dai zhu shu si xiang yan jiu.Chang Liu - 2021 - Nanchang Shi: Bai hua zhou wen yi chu ban she.
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  48.  7
    Dissociating Sensorimotor Recovery and Compensation During Exoskeleton Training Following Stroke.Nadir Nibras, Chang Liu, Denis Mottet, Chunji Wang, David Reinkensmeyer, Olivier Remy-Neris, Isabelle Laffont & Nicolas Schweighofer - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    The quality of arm movements typically improves in the sub-acute phase of stroke affecting the upper extremity. Here, we used whole arm kinematic analysis during reaching movements to distinguish whether these improvements are due to true recovery or to compensation. Fifty-three participants with post-acute stroke performed ∼80 reaching movement tests during 4 weeks of training with the ArmeoSpring exoskeleton. All participants showed improvements in end-effector performance, as measured by movement smoothness. Four ArmeoSpring angles, shoulder horizontal rotation, shoulder elevation, elbow rotation, (...)
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  49.  9
    Introduction.Eric Sautede, Olivier Arifon & Chang Liu - 2009 - Hermes 55.
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  50.  12
    Introduction.Eric Sautede, Olivier Arifon & Chang Liu - 2009 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 55 (3):9-14.
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