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Cecilia Heyes [40]Cecilia M. Heyes [6]
  1. The Cultural Evolution of Cultural Evolution.Jonathan Birch & Cecilia Heyes - 2021 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 376:20200051.
    What makes fast, cumulative cultural evolution work? Where did it come from? Why is it the sole preserve of humans? We set out a self-assembly hypothesis: cultural evolution evolved culturally. We present an evolutionary account that shows this hypothesis to be coherent, plausible, and worthy of further investigation. It has the following steps: (0) in common with other animals, early hominins had significant capacity for social learning; (1) knowledge and skills learned by offspring from their parents began to spread because (...)
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  2. Where do mirror neurons come from.Cecilia Heyes - forthcoming - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.
    1. Properties of mirror neurons in monkeys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (...)
     
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  3.  37
    Mirror neurons: From origin to function.Richard Cook, Geoffrey Bird, Caroline Catmur, Clare Press & Cecilia Heyes - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):177-192.
    This article argues that mirror neurons originate in sensorimotor associative learning and therefore a new approach is needed to investigate their functions. Mirror neurons were discovered about 20 years ago in the monkey brain, and there is now evidence that they are also present in the human brain. The intriguing feature of many mirror neurons is that they fire not only when the animal is performing an action, such as grasping an object using a power grip, but also when the (...)
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  4. The intentionality of animal action.Cecilia Heyes & Anthony Dickinson - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):87–103.
  5.  94
    Précis of Cognitive Gadgets: The Cultural Evolution of Thinking.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42:1-57.
    Cognitive gadgets are distinctively human cognitive mechanisms – such as imitation, mind reading, and language – that have been shaped by cultural rather than genetic evolution. New gadgets emerge, not by genetic mutation, but by innovations in cognitive development; they are specialised cognitive mechanisms built by general cognitive mechanisms using information from the sociocultural environment. Innovations are passed on to subsequent generations, not by DNA replication, but through social learning: People with new cognitive mechanisms pass them on to others through (...)
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  6. Reflections on self-recognition in primates.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1994 - Animal Behaviour 47:909-19.
  7.  16
    Tradition and invention: The bifocal stance theory of cultural evolution.Robert Jagiello, Cecilia Heyes & Harvey Whitehouse - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e249.
    Cultural evolution depends on both innovation (the creation of new cultural variants by accident or design) and high-fidelity transmission (which preserves our accumulated knowledge and allows the storage of normative conventions). What is required is an overarching theory encompassing both dimensions, specifying the psychological motivations and mechanisms involved. The bifocal stance theory (BST) of cultural evolution proposes that the co-existence of innovative change and stable tradition results from our ability to adopt different motivational stances flexibly during social learning and transmission. (...)
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  8. Contrasting approaches to the legitimation of intentional language within comparative psychology.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1987 - Behaviorism 15 (1):41-50.
    Dennett, a philosopher, and Griffin, an ethologist, have recently presented influential arguments promoting the extended use of intentional language by students of animal behavior. This essay seeks to elucidate and to contrast the claims made by each of these authors, and to evaluate their proposals primarily from the perspective of a practicing comparative psychologist or ethologist. While Griffin regards intentional terms as explanatory, Dennett assigns them a descriptive function; the issue of animal consciousness is central to Griffin's program and only (...)
     
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  9.  13
    Imitation and culture: What gives?Cecilia Heyes - 2021 - Mind and Language 38 (1):42-63.
    What is the relationship between imitation and culture? This article charts how definitions of imitation have changed in the last century, distinguishes three senses of “culture” used by contemporary evolutionists (Culture1–Culture3), and summarises current disagreement about the relationship between imitation and culture. The disagreement arises from ambiguities in the distinction between imitation and emulation, and confusion between two explanatory projects—the anthropocentric project and the cultural selection project. I argue that imitation gives cultural evolution an inheritance mechanism for communicative and gestural (...)
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  10.  36
    Training social cognition: From imitation to Theory of Mind.Idalmis Santiesteban, Sarah White, Jennifer Cook, Sam J. Gilbert, Cecilia Heyes & Geoffrey Bird - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):228-235.
  11. Mnemicity - A cognitive gadget?Johannes B. Mahr, Penny van Bergen, John Sutton, Daniel L. Schacter & Cecilia Heyes - 2023 - Perspectives on Psychological Science 1 (1).
    Episodic representations can be entertained either as “remembered” or “imagined”—as outcomes of experience or as simulations of such experience. Here, we argue that this feature is the product of a dedicated cognitive function: the metacognitive capacity to determine the mnemicity of mental event simulations. We argue that mnemicity attribution should be distinguished from other metacognitive operations (such as reality monitoring) and propose that this attribution is a “cognitive gadget”—a distinctively human ability made possible by cultural learning. Cultural learning is a (...)
     
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  12.  29
    Cognition blindness and cognitive gadgets.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Responding to commentaries from psychologists, neuroscientists, philosophers, and anthropologists, I clarify a central purpose of Cognitive Gadgets – to overcome “cognition blindness” in research on human evolution. I defend this purpose against Brunerian, extended mind, and niche construction critiques of computationalism – that is, views prioritising meaning over information, or asserting that behaviour and objects can be intrinsic parts of a thinking process. I argue that empirical evidence from cognitive science is needed to locate distinctively human cognitive mechanisms on the (...)
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  13.  38
    What Can Imitation Do for Cooperation?Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press. pp. 313.
  14.  32
    Four routes of cognitive evolution.Cecilia Heyes - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (4):713-727.
  15.  58
    Is It What You Do, or When You Do It? The Roles of Contingency and Similarity in Pro‐Social Effects of Imitation.Caroline Catmur & Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (8):1541-1552.
    Being imitated has a wide range of pro-social effects, but it is not clear how these effects are mediated. Naturalistic studies of the effects of being imitated have not established whether pro-social outcomes are due to the similarity and/or the contingency between the movements performed by the actor and those of the imitator. Similarity is often assumed to be the active ingredient, but we hypothesized that contingency might also be important, as it produces positive affect in infants and can be (...)
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  16.  80
    Animal concepts: Content and discontent.Nick Chater & Cecilia Heyes - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):209-246.
  17.  26
    Knowing Ourselves Together: The Cultural Origins of Metacognition.Cecilia Heyes, Dan Bang, Nicholas Shea, Christopher D. Frith & Stephen M. Fleming - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (5):349-362.
    Metacognition – the ability to represent, monitor and control ongoing cognitive processes – helps us perform many tasks, both when acting alone and when working with others. While metacognition is adaptive, and found in other animals, we should not assume that all human forms of metacognition are gene-based adaptations. Instead, some forms may have a social origin, including the discrimination, interpretation, and broadcasting of metacognitive representations. There is evidence that each of these abilities depends on cultural learning and therefore that (...)
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  18.  29
    Testing cognitive gadgets.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (4):551-559.
    Cognitive Gadgets is a book about the cultural evolution of distinctively human cognitive mechanisms. Responding to commentators with different and broader interests, I argue that intelligent design has been more important in the formation of grist (technologies, practices and ideas) than of mills (cognitive mechanisms), and that embracing genetic accommodation would leave research on the origins of human cognition empirically unconstrained. I also underline the need to assess empirical methods; query the value of theories that merely accommodate existing data; and (...)
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  19.  46
    ‘Goals’ are not an integral component of imitation.Jane Leighton, Geoffrey Bird & Cecilia Heyes - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):423-435.
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  20. Metamemory as evidence of animal consciousness: The type that does the trick.Nicholas Shea & Cecilia Heyes - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):95-110.
    The question of whether non-human animals are conscious is of fundamental importance. There are already good reasons to think that many are, based on evolutionary continuity and other considerations. However, the hypothesis is notoriously resistant to direct empirical test. Numerous studies have shown behaviour in animals analogous to consciously-produced human behaviour. Fewer probe whether the same mechanisms are in use. One promising line of evidence about consciousness in other animals derives from experiments on metamemory. A study by Hampton (Proc Natl (...)
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  21.  35
    Is morality a gadget? Nature, nurture and culture in moral development.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4391-4414.
    Research on ‘moral learning’ examines the roles of domain-general processes, such as Bayesian inference and reinforcement learning, in the development of moral beliefs and values. Alert to the power of these processes, and equipped with both the analytic resources of philosophy and the empirical methods of psychology, ‘moral learners’ are ideally placed to discover the contributions of nature, nurture and culture to moral development. However, I argue that to achieve these objectives research on moral learning needs to overcome nativist bias, (...)
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  22.  46
    Beast machines? Questions of animal consciousness.Cecilia Heyes - 2008 - In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of consciousness. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 259--274.
  23. Human nature, natural pedagogy, and evolutionary causal essentialism.Cecilia Heyes - 2018 - In Elizabeth Hannon & Tim Lewens (eds.), Why We Disagree About Human Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
     
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  24.  20
    Selection Theory and Social Construction: The Evolutionary Naturalistic Epistemology of Donald T. Campbell.Cecilia Heyes & David L. Hull (eds.) - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Top scholars examine the work of Donald T. Campbell, one of the first to emphasize the social structure of science.
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  25.  49
    Are Automatic Imitation and Spatial Compatibility Mediated by Different Processes?Richard P. Cooper, Caroline Catmur & Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (4):605-630.
    Automatic imitation or “imitative compatibility” is thought to be mediated by the mirror neuron system and to be a laboratory model of the motor mimicry that occurs spontaneously in naturalistic social interaction. Imitative compatibility and spatial compatibility effects are known to depend on different stimulus dimensions—body movement topography and relative spatial position. However, it is not yet clear whether these two types of stimulus–response compatibility effect are mediated by the same or different cognitive processes. We present an interactive activation model (...)
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  26.  66
    Why anthropomorphize? Folk psychology and other stories.Linnda R. Caporael & Cecilia M. Heyes - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 59--73.
  27.  15
    Mirror neurons: Tests and testability.Caroline Catmur, Clare Press, Richard Cook, Geoffrey Bird & Cecilia Heyes - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):221-241.
    Commentators have tended to focus on the conceptual framework of our article, the contrast between genetic and associative accounts of mirror neurons, and to challenge it with additional possibilities rather than empirical data. This makes the empirically focused comments especially valuable. The mirror neuron debate is replete with ideas; what it needs now are system-level theories and careful experiments – tests and testability.
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  28.  24
    Are scientists agents in scientific change?Cecilia Heyes - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):194-199.
  29. Cognisance of consciousness in the study of animal knowledge.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1987 - In Werner Callebaut & R. Pinxten (eds.), Evolutionary Epistemology: A Multiparadigm Program. Reidel.
  30.  23
    The distant blast of Lloyd Morgan's Canon.Cecilia Heyes - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):256-257.
  31.  23
    Neither Shaken nor Stirred: Reply to Bertenthal and Scheutz.Richard P. Cooper, Caroline Catmur & Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (4):642-645.
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  32.  8
    Fearfulness: An important addition to the starter kit for distinctively human minds.Dominic M. Dwyer & Cecilia Heyes - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e62.
    Grossmann's impressive article indicates that – along with attentional biases, expansion of domain-general processes of learning and memory, and other temperamental tweaks – heightened fearfulness is part of the genetic starter kit for distinctively human minds. The learned matching account of emotional contagion explains how heightened fearfulness could have promoted the development of caring and cooperation in our species.
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  33.  37
    Splitting, lumping, and priming.Mark Gardner & Cecilia Heyes - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):690-691.
    Byrne & Russon's proposal that stimulus enhancement, emulation, and response facilitation should be lumped together as priming effects conceals important questions about nonimitative social learning, fails to forge a useful link between the social learning and cognitive psychological literatures, and leaves unexplained the most interesting feature of phenomena ascribed to.
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  34.  29
    A tribute to Donald T. Campbell.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):299-301.
  35. Beast machines? Questions of animal consciousness.Cecilia Heyes - 2008 - In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of consciousness. New York: Oxford University Press.
  36. Contrasting Approaches to the Legitimation of Intentional Language Within Comparative Psychology.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1987 - Behavior and Philosophy 15 (1):41.
  37. Evolutionaire kennistheorie.Cecilia Heyes - 1985 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 47 (2):357-360.
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  38.  47
    Folk psychology won't go away: Response to Allen and Bekoff.Cecilia Heyes & Anthony Dickinson - 1995 - Mind and Language 10 (4):329-332.
    Responding to Allen and Bekoff's (this issue) critique of Heyes and Dickinson's (1990) analysis of the intentionality of animal action, we reiterate that our approach does not assume that a hypothesis can be definitively falsified by the results of a single experiment, and argue that the evolutionary analysis favoured by Allen and Bekoff insulates intentional accounts of animal behaviour from rejection in the usual‘holistic’process of scientific evaluation. Specifically, we present data showing that the maintenance of behaviour on an omission schedule (...)
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  39. Grasping the difference: what apraxia can tell us about theories of imitation: Reply to Goldenberg.Cecilia Heyes & Marcel Brass - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):95-96.
     
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  40.  35
    Imitation as a conjunction.Cecilia Heyes - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):28-29.
    The conjunctive conception takes imitation to be a combination of observational learning and copying. In the target article, and elsewhere, this conception generates problems in (1) explaining the copying of intransitive actions, (2) elucidating the potential functions of imitation, and (3) recognising when the correspondence problem has been avoided rather than solved. Hurley's careful use of subpersonal and personal levels of explanation shows us how to tackle these and other questions about imitation.
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  41. With Commentary.Cecilia Heyes - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):194.
     
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  42.  14
    Who's the horse? A response to Corlett.Cecilia Heyes - 1991 - Social Epistemology 5 (2):127 – 134.
  43.  4
    Bifocal stance theory: An effort to broaden, extend, and clarify.Robert Jagiello, Cecilia Heyes & Harvey Whitehouse - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e275.
    The bifocal stance theory (BST) of cultural evolution has prompted a wide-ranging discussion with broadly three aims: to apply the theory to novel contexts; to extend the conceptual framework; to offer critical feedback on various aspects of the theory. We first discuss BST's relevance to the diverse range of topics which emerged from the commentaries, followed by a consideration of how our framework can be supplemented by and compared to other theories. Lastly, the criticisms that were raised by a subset (...)
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  44.  9
    Supra-personal cognitive control and metacognition.Nicholas Shea, Annika Boldt, Dan Bang, Nick Yeung, Cecilia Heyes & Chris D. Frith - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):186–193.
    The human mind is extraordinary in its ability not merely to respond to events as they unfold but also to adapt its own operation in pursuit of its agenda. This ‘cognitive control’ can be achieved through simple interactions among sensorimotor processes, and through interactions in which one sensorimotor process represents a property of another in an implicit, unconscious way. So why does the human mind also represent properties of cognitive processes in an explicit way, enabling us to think and say (...)
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  45.  84
    The swashbuckling anthropologist: Henrich on The Secret of Our Success. [REVIEW]Ellen Clarke & Cecilia Heyes - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (2):289-305.
    In The Secret of Our Success, Joseph Henrich claims that human beings are unique—different from all other animals—because we engage in cumulative cultural evolution. It is the technological and social products of cumulative cultural evolution, not the intrinsic rationality or ‘smartness’ of individual humans, that enable us to live in a huge range of different habitats, and to dominate most of the creatures who share those habitats with us. We are sympathetic to this general view, the latest expression of the (...)
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  46.  68
    Tim Lewens: 'Cultural Evolution'. [REVIEW]Cecilia Heyes - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1189-1193.