Results for 'Catherine Nisbett Becker'

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  1.  28
    Professionals on the Peak.Catherine Nisbett Becker - 2009 - Science in Context 22 (3):487-507.
    ArgumentThe administration of mountain expeditions from the ground created special managerial problems. The Harvard College Observatory's Boyden Expeditions of 1887–1890 sent men and materiel to three sites: Pike's Peak, Colorado; Mount Wilson, California; and Chosica, Peru. Their goal was to test sites in order to find a suitable site for a permanent Boyden station to conduct astrophysical work in service of Harvard's preexisting projects. The logistical difficulties of living on the mountainside combined with the organizational difficulties of administrating a station (...)
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  2.  48
    Thick Concepts in Economics: The Case of Becker and Murphy’s Theory of Rational Addiction.Catherine Herfeld & Charles Djordjevic - 2021 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 51 (4):371-399.
    In this paper, we examine the viability of avoiding value judgments encoded in thick concepts when these concepts are used in economic theories. We focus on what implications the use of such thick concepts might have for the tenability of the fact/value dichotomy in economics. Thick concepts have an evaluative and a descriptive component. Our suggestion is that despite attempts to rid thick concepts of their evaluative component, economists are often not successful. We focus on the strategy of explication to (...)
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  3.  68
    The potentials and limitations of rational choice theory: an interview with Gary Becker.Catherine Herfeld - 2012 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):73.
  4.  6
    Shifting Stones, Shaping the Past: Sculpture from the Buddhist Stūpas of Andhra Pradesh. By Catherine Becker.Richard Davis - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (2).
    Shifting Stones, Shaping the Past: Sculpture from the Buddhist Stūpas of Andhra Pradesh. By Catherine Becker. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. xxiv + 321, 108 illustr. $35.
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  5.  60
    Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Psychological Review; Psychological Review 84 (3):231.
  6.  55
    Plato's philosophers: the coherence of the dialogues.Catherine H. Zuckert - 2009 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Introduction: Platonic dramatology -- The political and philosophical problems. Using pre-Socratic philosophy to support political reform: the Athenian stranger ; Plato's Parmenides: Parmenides' critique of Socrates and Plato's critique of Parmenides ; Becoming Socrates ; Socrates interrogates his contemporaries about the noble and good -- Paradigms of philosophy. Socrates' positive teaching ; Timaeus-Critias: completing or challenging Socratic political philosophy? ; Socratic practice -- The trial and death of Socrates. The limits of human intelligence ; The Eleatic challenge ; The trial (...)
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  7. Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment.Richard E. Nisbett & Lee Ross - 1980 - Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA: Prentice-Hall.
  8. Epicureanism at the origins of modernity.Catherine Wilson - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This landmark study examines the role played by the rediscovery of the writings of the ancient atomists, Epicurus and Lucretius, in the articulation of the major philosophical systems of the seventeenth century, and, more broadly, their influence on the evolution of natural science and moral and political philosophy. The target of sustained and trenchant philosophical criticism by Cicero, and of opprobrium by the Christian Fathers of the early Church, for its unflinching commitment to the absence of divine supervision and the (...)
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  9. Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (3):231-59.
    Reviews evidence which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive processes. Ss are sometimes unaware of the existence of a stimulus that importantly influenced a response, unaware of the existence of the response, and unaware that the stimulus has affected the response. It is proposed that when people attempt to report on their cognitive processes, that is, on the processes mediating the effects of a stimulus on a response, they do not do (...)
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  10.  12
    Mindware: tools for smart thinking.Richard E. Nisbett - 2015 - New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
    Thinking about thought -- Everything's an inference -- Out of context or the situation -- The rational unconscious -- The formerly dismal science -- Should you think like an economist? -- Spilt milk and free lunch -- Foiling foibles -- Coding, counting, correlation, and causality -- Odds and Ns -- Linked up -- Experiments -- Ignore the hippo -- Experiments natural and experiments proper -- Eekonomics -- Don't ask, can't tell -- Thinking, straight and curved -- Logic -- Dialecticism -- (...)
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  11.  21
    The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently... and why.Richard E. Nisbett - 2005 - Nicholas Brealey Publishing.
    An eminent psychologist boldly takes on the presumptions of evolutionary psychology in an engaging exploration of the divergent ways Eastern and Western societies see and understand the world.
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  12.  88
    Culture and systems of thought: Holistic versus analytic cognition.Richard E. Nisbett, Kaiping Peng, Incheol Choi & Ara Norenzayan - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (2):291-310.
    The authors find East Asians to be holistic, attending to the entire field and assigning causality to it, making relatively little use of categories and formal logic, and relying on "dialectical" reasoning, whereas Westerners, are more analytic, paying attention primarily to the object and the categories to which it belongs and using rules, including formal logic, to understand its behavior. The 2 types of cognitive processes are embedded in different naive metaphysical systems and tacit epistemologies. The authors speculate that the (...)
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  13. 'Compossibility, Expression, Accommodation'.Catherine Wilson - 2005 - In Donald Rutherford & J. A. Cover (eds.), Leibniz: nature and freedom. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 108--20.
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  14.  73
    The halo effect: Evidence for unconscious alteration of judgments.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35 (4):250-256.
    Staged 2 different videotaped interviews with the same individual—a college instructor who spoke English with a European accent. In one of the interviews the instructor was warm and friendly, in the other, cold and distant. 118 undergraduates were asked to evaluate the instructor. Ss who saw the warm instructor rated his appearance, mannerisms, and accent as appealing, whereas those who saw the cold instructor rated these attributes as irritating. Results indicate that global evaluations of a person can induce altered evaluations (...)
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  15. Culture and cognition.Richard E. Nisbett & Ara Norenzayan - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  16. The denial of death.Ernest Becker - 1973 - New York,: Free Press.
    Drawing from religion and the human sciences, particularly psychology after Freud, the author attempts to demonstrate that the fear of death is man's central ...
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  17.  46
    The use of statistical heuristics in everyday inductive reasoning.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Ziva Kunda - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (4):339-363.
  18.  51
    Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment.Christopher Cherniak, Richard Nisbett & Lee Ross - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):462.
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  19.  7
    Possibility, Plenitude, and the Optimal World: Rescher on Leibniz’s Cosmology.Catherine Wilson - 2008 - In Robert Almeder (ed.), Rescher Studies: A Collection of Essays on the Philosophical Work of Nicholas Rescher. De Gruyter. pp. 477-492.
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  20. Epistemology Modalized.Kelly Becker - 2007 - New York: Routledge.
    This book sets out first to explain how two fairly recent developments in philosophy, externalism and modalism, provide the basis for a promising account of knowledge, and then works through the different modalized epistemologies extant in the literature, assessing their strengths and weaknesses. Finally, the author proposes the theory that knowledge is reliably formed, sensitive true belief, and defends the theory against objections.
     
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  21. Rules for reasoning.Richard E. Nisbett (ed.) - 1993 - Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
    This book examines two questions: Do people make use of abstract rules such as logical and statistical rules when making inferences in everyday life? Can such abstract rules be changed by training? Contrary to the spirit of reductionist theories from behaviorism to connectionism, there is ample evidence that people do make use of abstract rules of inference -- including rules of logic, statistics, causal deduction, and cost-benefit analysis. Such rules, moreover, are easily alterable by instruction as it occurs in classrooms (...)
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  22.  53
    True Enough.Catherine Z. Elgin - 2017 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Science relies on models and idealizations that are known not to be true. Even so, science is epistemically reputable. To accommodate science, epistemology should focus on understanding rather than knowledge and should recognize that the understanding of a topic need not be factive. This requires reconfiguring the norms of epistemic acceptability. If epistemology has the resources to accommodate science, it will also have the resources to show that art too advances understanding.
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  23.  9
    Freges Erläuterung des Urteils.Wolfgang Becker - 1989 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (2):230-248.
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  24. Musikalischer Sinn: Beiträge zu einer Philosophie der Musik.Alexander Becker & Matthias Vogel (eds.) - 2007 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  25. Practical Plato.Catherine H. Zuckert - 2009 - In Stephen Salkever (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Political Thought. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  26. Tissue Economies: Blood, Organs, and Cell Lines in Late Capitalism.Catherine Waldby & Robert Mitchell - 2007 - Science and Society 71 (4):504-506.
     
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  27.  20
    The “Wonderful Properties of Glass”: Liebig’s Kaliapparat and the Practice of Chemistry in Glass.Catherine M. Jackson - 2015 - Isis 106 (1):43-69.
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  28.  44
    The birth and death of meaning.Ernest Becker - 1971 - New York,: Free Press.
    Chapter One THE MAN-APES A Lesson for Thomas Hobbes Probably the most exciting development in modern anthropology is the discovery of the australopithecines ...
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  29. Improving inductive inference.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Geoffrey T. Fong - 1982 - In Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.), Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  30.  28
    Verbal reports about causal influences on social judgments: Private access versus public theories.Richard E. Nisbett & Nancy Bellows - 1977 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35 (9):613-624.
    128 female Ss were asked to make 4 judgments about a young woman after reading her "job application portfolio." Five characteristics of the young woman were manipulated orthogonally. Ss were asked to report how each of the 5 manipulated factors had influenced each of their judgments. "Observer Ss," who had access only to very impoverished descriptions of each of the 5 factors, were asked to predict how each of the factors would influence each of the judgments. Results show that S (...)
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  31.  32
    Insomnia and the attribution process.Michael D. Storms & Richard E. Nisbett - 1970 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 16 (2):319-328.
    Gave 42 19-26 yr. old insomniac Ss placebo pills to take a few min. before going to bed. Some Ss were told that the pills would cause arousal, and others were told that the pills would reduce arousal. As predicted, arousal Ss got to sleep more quickly than they had on nights without the pills, presumably because they attributed their arousal to the pills rather than to their emotions, and as a consequence were less emotional. Also as predicted, relaxation Ss (...)
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  32.  10
    Escape from evil.Ernest Becker - 1975 - New York: Free Press.
    Examines men's efforts to escape from the fear of death by performing acts of human wickedness through socially-sanctioned institutions.
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  33.  48
    Culture and Change Blindness.Takahiko Masuda & Richard E. Nisbett - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (2):381-399.
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  34.  25
    Reasoning, Abstraction, and the Prejudices of ZOth-Century Psychology.R. E. Nisbett - 1993 - In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for reasoning. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
  35.  28
    Testing the bases of ethical decision‐making: a study of the New Zealand auditing profession.Catherine Gowthorpe, John Blake & Jack Dowds - 2002 - Business Ethics: A European Review 11 (2):143-156.
    This paper reports on a survey of auditors in New Zealand which investigates the nature of the moral judgements they make on a series of problems with ethical dimensions. The framework adopted for this purpose is developed from earlier work which identifies a range of ethical principles which may be involved in business ethical decision‐making. Auditors responded to a questionnaire which posed, firstly, several questions about the context of their ethical decision‐making, and secondly, a series of vignettes elaborating problematical dilemmas (...)
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  36. Mathematische Existenz. Untersuchungen zur Logik und Ontologie mathematischer Phänomene.Becker Oskar - 1927 - Jahrbuch für Philosophie Und Phänomenologische Forschung 8:661.
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  37. Justification and the psychology of human reasoning.Stephen P. Stich & Richard E. Nisbett - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (2):188-202.
    This essay grows out of the conviction that recent work by psychologists studying human reasoning has important implications for a broad range of philosophical issues. To illustrate our thesis we focus on Nelson Goodman's elegant and influential attempt to "dissolve" the problem of induction. In the first section of the paper we sketch Goodman's account of what it is for a rule of inference to be justified. We then marshal empirical evidence indicating that, on Goodman's account of justification, patently invalid (...)
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  38.  83
    Is counterfactual reliabilism compatible with higher-level knowledge?Kelly Becker - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (1):79–84.
    Jonathan Vogel has recently argued that counterfactual reliabilism cannot account for higher‐level knowledge that one's belief is true, or not false. His particular argument for this claim is straightforward and valid. Interestingly, there is a parallel argument, based on an alternative but plausible reinterpretation of the main premise in Vogel's argument, which squares CR with higher‐level knowledge both that one's belief is true and that one's belief is not false. I argue that, while Vogel's argument reveals the incompatibility of CR (...)
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  39.  22
    National Biobanks: Clinical Labor, Risk Production, and the Creation of Biovalue.Catherine Waldby & Robert Mitchell - 2010 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 35 (3):330-355.
    The development of genomics has dramatically expanded the scope of genetic research, and collections of genetic biosamples have proliferated in countries with active genomics research programs. In this essay, we consider a particular kind of collection, national biobanks. National biobanks are often presented by advocates as an economic ‘‘resource’’ that will be used by both basic researchers and academic biologists, as well as by pharmaceutical diagnostic and clinical genomics companies. Although national biobanks have been the subject of intense interest in (...)
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  40.  7
    The birth and death of meaning.Ernest Becker - 1971 - New York,: Free Press.
    Uses the disciplines of psychology, anthropology, sociology and psychiatry to explain what makes people act the way they do.
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  41.  6
    Confronting a controlling God: Christian humanism and the moral imagination.Catherine M. Wallace - 2016 - Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.
    Confronting fundamentalism: the dangerous God of "control and condemn" -- 1967: What the cake said -- God-talk 101: The art that is Christianity -- The Copernican turn of Christian humanism -- Quantum theology: the symbolic character of God-talk -- Theological weirdness (1): the symbolic claim that God is a person -- Poets as theologians: the moral imagination of Christian Humanist tradition -- Moses debates with a burning bush -- I AM v. I WILL BE: translation and the authority of theologians (...)
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  42.  44
    Reframing the Obesity Debate: McDonald's Role May Surprise You.Catherine Adams - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):154-157.
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  43. Die Rolle der euklidischen Geometrie in der Protophysik.Oskar Becker - 1964 - Philosophia Naturalis 8 (1/2):49-64.
     
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  44.  21
    [Omnibus Review].Howard S. Becker - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):94-95.
  45.  23
    Is Counterfactual Reliabilism Compatible with Higher‐Level Knowledge?Kelly Becker - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (1):79-84.
    Jonathan Vogel has recently argued that counterfactual reliabilism cannot account for higher‐level knowledge that one's belief is true, or not false. His particular argument for this claim is straightforward and valid. Interestingly, there is a parallel argument, based on an alternative but plausible reinterpretation of the main premise in Vogel's argument, which squares CR with higher‐level knowledge both that one's belief is true and that one's belief is not false. I argue that, while Vogel's argument reveals the incompatibility of CR (...)
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  46.  91
    Rationality and charity.Paul Thagard & Richard E. Nisbett - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (2):250-267.
    Quine and others have recommended principles of charity which discourage judgments of irrationality. Such principles have been proposed to govern translation, psychology, and economics. After comparing principles of charity of different degrees of severity, we argue that the stronger principles are likely to block understanding of human behavior and impede progress toward improving it. We support a moderate principle of charity which leaves room for empirically justified judgments of irrationality.
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  47.  21
    Hunger, obesity, and the ventromedial hypothalamus.Richard E. Nisbett - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (6):433-453.
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  48. ``Is Understanding Factive?".Catherine Z. Elgin - 2009 - In ``Is Understanding Factive?". Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 322--30.
  49.  40
    Introduction: first principles in science—their status and justification.Catherine Https://Orcidorg Herfeld & Milena Ivanova - 2020 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 14):3297-3308.
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  50. Social contract.Lawrence C. Becker - 1992 - In Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics. New York: Garland Publishing. pp. 2--1170.
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