Results for 'Cartesianism'

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  1. Concept Cartesianism, Concept Pragmatism, and Frege Cases.Bradley Rives - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 144 (2):211-238.
    This paper concerns the dialectal role of Frege Cases in the debate between Concept Cartesians and Concept Pragmatists. I take as a starting point Christopher Peacocke’s argument that, unlike Cartesianism, his ‘Fregean’ Pragmatism can account for facts about the rationality and epistemic status of certain judgments. I argue that since this argument presupposes that the rationality of thoughts turn on their content, it is thus question-begging against Cartesians, who claim that issues about rationality turn on the form, not the (...)
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  2.  32
    Radical Cartesianism: The French Reception of Descartes.Tad M. Schmaltz - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a book-length study of two of Descartes's most innovative successors, Robert Desgabets and Pierre-Sylvain Regis, and of their highly original contributions to Cartesianism. The focus of the book is an analysis of radical doctrines in the work of these thinkers that derive from arguments in Descartes: on the creation of eternal truths, on the intentionality of ideas, and on the soul-body union. As well as relating their work to that of fellow Cartesians such as Malebranche and Arnauld, (...)
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  3.  45
    Beyond Cartesianism: Body-Perception and the Immediacy of Empathy.Joona Taipale - 2015 - Continental Philosophy Review 48 (2):161-178.
    The current debates dealing with empathy, social cognition, and the problem of other minds widely accept the assumption that, whereas we can directly perceive the other’s body, certain additional mental operations are needed in order to access the contents of the other’s mind. Body-perception has, in other words, been understood as something that merely mediates our experience of other minds and requires no philosophical analysis in itself. The available accounts have accordingly seen their main task as pinpointing the operations and (...)
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  4. Cartesianism and its Feminist Promise and Limits: The Case of Mary Astell.Karen Detlefsen - forthcoming - In Catherine Wilson & Stephen Gaukroger (eds.), Descartes and Cartesianism: Essays in Honour of Desmond Clarke. Oxford University Press.
    In this paper, I consider Mary Astell's contributions to the history of feminism, noting her grounding in and departure from Cartesianism and its relation to women.
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  5.  34
    Cartesianism’ Redux or Situated Knowledges.Don Ihde - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (4):369-372.
    Postphenomenology, in a complementary role with other science studies disciplines, remains within the trajectory of those theories which reject early modern epistemology and metaphysics, including rejection of ‘subject’–‘object’ distinctions, and holds, instead, to an inter-relational, co-constitutive ontology. Here the critiques which sometimes echo vestiges of such early modern epistemology are counter-challenged.
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  6. The Cartesianism of Desgabets and Arnauld and the Problem of the Eternal Truths.Emmanuel Faye - 2005 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 2:193-209.
     
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  7.  51
    Anti-Cartesianism and Anti-Brentanism: The Problem of Anti-Representationalist Intentionalism.Jean-Michel Roy - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (S1):90-125.
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  8.  64
    Cartesianism and Feminism. What Reason Has Forgotten; Reasons for Forgetting.Celia Amorós, Ana Uriarte & Linda López McAlister - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (1):147-163.
    This paper recovers and pays homage to the arguments in support of the equality of the sexes developed by the Seventeenth Century Cartesian philosopher François Poullain de la Barre (1647-1723).
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  9.  64
    The Cartesianism of Phenomenology.Steven Crowell - 2002 - Continental Philosophy Review 35 (4):433-454.
  10. Neo-Cartesianism and the Problem of Animal Suffering.Michael Murray - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):169-190.
    The existence and extent of animal suffering provides grounds for a serious evidential challenge to theism. In the wake of the Darwinian revolution, this strain of natural atheology has taken on substantially greater significance. In this essay we argue that there are at least four neo-Cartesian views on the nature of animal minds which would serve to deflect this evidential challenge.
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  11. Cartesianism and the Kinematics of Mechanisms: Or, How to Find Fixed Reference Frames in a Cartesian Space-Time.Edward Slowik - 1998 - Noûs 32 (3):364-385.
    In De gravitatione, Newton contends that Descartes' physics is fundamentally untenable since the "fixed" spatial landmarks required to ground the concept of inertial motion cannot be secured in the constantly changing Cartesian plenum. Likewise, it is has often been alleged that the collision rules in Descartes' Principles of Philosophy undermine the "relational" view of space and motion advanced in this text. This paper attempts to meet these challenges by investigating the theory of connected gears (or "kinematics of mechanisms") for a (...)
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  12. Cartesianism, the Embodied Mind, and the Future of Cognitive Research.Philippe Gagnon - 2015 - In Dirk Evers, Michael Fuller, Anne Runehov & Knut-Willy Sæther (eds.), Do Emotions Shape the World? Biennial Yearbook of the European Society for the Study of Science and Theology 2015-2016. Martin-Luther-Universität. pp. 225-244.
    In his oft-cited book Descartes' Error, Antonio Damasio claims that Descartes is responsible for having stifled the development of modern neurobiological science, in particular as regards the objective study of the physical and physiological bases for emotive and socially-conditioned cognition. Most of Damasio’s book would stand without reference to Descartes, so it is intriguing to ask why he launched this attack. What seems to fuel such claims is a desire for a more holistic understanding of the mind, the brain and (...)
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  13.  46
    Cartesianism and Port-Royal.Steven Nadler - 1988 - The Monist 71 (4):573-584.
    Contrary to what appears to be popular belief, Port-Royal was not a bastion of cartesianism. In fact, Of all the port-Royalists of the seventeenth century, Only arnauld can be considered a cartesian in any interesting sense. Most of the others associated with the order were hostile to the new philosophy and actively campaigned against it, Believing it to pose a threat to piety and "true" religion. This can be seen by examining the writings of de sacy, Du vaucel, And (...)
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  14.  66
    Neo-Cartesianism and the Problem of Animal Suffering.Glenn Ross - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):169-190.
  15. Cartesianism and Intersubjectivity in Paranormal Activity and the Philosophy of Mind.Steve Jones - 2017 - Film-Philosophy 21 (1):1-19.
    Over the last century within the philosophy of mind, the intersubjective model of self has gained traction as a viable alternative to the oft-criticised Cartesian solipsistic paradigm. These two models are presented as incompatible inasmuch as Cartesians perceive other minds as “a problem” for the self, while intersubjectivists insist that sociality is foundational to selfhood. This essay uses the Paranormal Activity series (2007–2015) to explore this philosophical debate. It is argued that these films simultaneously evoke Cartesian premises (via found-footage camerawork), (...)
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  16.  34
    The Radical Cartesianism of Robert Desgabets and the Scholastic Heritage.Han Thomas Adriaenssen - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):46-68.
    Robert Desgabets has been described as a ‘radical Cartesian’. Drawing conclusions from Descartes's thought that Descartes himself had failed to see, Desgabets treated Cartesianism as a work in progress that awaited further enrichment and development. But, as scholars have recognized, Desgabets's writings also betray a significant indebtedness to scholastic tradition. In presenting his philosophy, Desgabets often appeals to traditional notions, breathing new life into scholastic concepts and ideas. This paper investigates what we are to make of the scholastic vestiges (...)
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  17.  4
    Of Cartesianism and Spiritual Exercises.Matteo J. Stettler & Matthew Sharpe - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):471-489.
    This article challenges the recurrent critique that Pierre Hadot’s identification of ancient philosophy with the practice of spiritual exercises introduces a non- or irrational dimension into metaphilosophy. The occasion to do this is provided by Kerem Eksen’s recent reading of Descartes’s Meditations as consisting of solely intellectual, rather than spiritual, exercises—since the latter, Eksen claims, involve extrarational means and ends. Part 2 presents an alternative account of the role of cognition in the ancient meditatio at issue in understanding Descartes’s antecedents. (...)
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  18.  20
    Cartesianism in Ethics.E. M. Adams - 1955 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 16 (3):353-366.
  19.  13
    Radical Cartesianism: The French Reception of Descartes.Matthew Kisner - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (2):439-441.
    Schmaltz’s excellent book tells a story unfamiliar to most English speaking historians of philosophy. The historical aspect of the story centers on Louis XIV’s 1671 decree opposing anti-Aristotelianism. The decree spoke to the growing popularity of Descartes’s philosophy during the twenty years after his death. Schmaltz examines two figures central to the dissemination and reinterpretation of Descartes’ philosophy at this time: Robert Desgabets and Pierre-Sylvain Regis. The Benedictine Desgabets played an important role in defending Descartes’s controversial views on the eucharist, (...)
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  20.  45
    Overturning Cartesianism and the Hermeneutics of Suspicion: Rethinking Dreyfus on Heidegger.Leslie MacAvoy - 2001 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 44 (4):455 – 480.
    This essay critically engages Dreyfus's widely read interpretation of Heidegger's Being and Time . It argues that Dreyfus's reading is rooted in two primary claims or interpretative principles. The first - the Cartesianism thesis - indicates that Heidegger's objective in Being and Time is to overturn Cartesianism. The second - the hermeneutics of suspicion thesis - claims that Division II is supposed to suspect and throw into question the results of the Division I analysis. These theses contribute to (...)
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  21.  24
    Evans, Transparency, and Cartesianism.David Zapero - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (3):685-702.
    In The Varieties of Reference, Evans makes two parallel claims about thought and perception. He argues that both our capacity to self-ascribe thought and our capacity to self-ascribe perception are fallible. The essay focuses on his claim about perception and examines its relation to Evans's project of rejecting a Cartesian conception of the mind. In his theory of perception, I argue, Evans embraces a conception of first-person authority that he seeks to reject in his account of thought. He is thus (...)
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  22.  19
    Cartesianism and Port-Royal in Descartes and His Contemporaries.Steven Nadler - 1988 - The Monist 71 (4):573-584.
    CONTRARY TO WHAT APPEARS TO BE POPULAR BELIEF, PORT-ROYAL WAS NOT A BASTION OF CARTESIANISM. IN FACT, OF ALL THE PORT-ROYALISTS OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, ONLY ARNAULD CAN BE CONSIDERED A CARTESIAN IN ANY INTERESTING SENSE. MOST OF THE OTHERS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ORDER WERE HOSTILE TO THE NEW PHILOSOPHY AND ACTIVELY CAMPAIGNED AGAINST IT, BELIEVING IT TO POSE A THREAT TO PIETY AND "TRUE" RELIGION. THIS CAN BE SEEN BY EXAMINING THE WRITINGS OF DE SACY, DU VAUCEL, AND (...)
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  23.  55
    On Husserl’s Alleged Cartesianism and Conjunctivism: A Critical Reply to Claude Romano.Andrea Staiti - 2015 - Husserl Studies 31 (2):123-141.
    In this paper I criticize Claude Romano’s recent characterization of Husserl’s phenomenology as a form of Cartesianism. Contra Romano, Husserl is not committed to the view that since individual things in the world are dubitable, then the world as a whole is dubitable. On the contrary, for Husserl doubt is a merely transitional phenomenon which can only characterize a temporary span of experience. Similarly, illusion is not a mode of experience in its own right but a retrospective way of (...)
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  24. Early Cartesianism and the Journal des Sçavans, 1665–1671.Mihnea Dobre - 2011 - Studium: Tijdschrift Voor Wetenschaps- En Universiteits-Geschiedenis | Revue d'Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 4:228-240.
    The appearance of scientific journals in the second half of the seventeenth century not only presented new opportunities for the dissemination of knowledge, but also offers the historian a privileged view of the shared knowledge within the scientific community. The Journal des Sçavans, founded in 1665, proclaimed its ambition to disseminate news about books and people concerning the République des lettres. Given the reportedly high interest in and opposition to the rise of Cartesianism among contemporary philosophers, this paper explores (...)
     
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  25. Cartesianism and History : From the Rejection of the Past to a "Critical" History of Philosophy.Gregorio Piaia - 2012 - In Marco Sgarbi (ed.), Translatio Studiorum: Ancient, Medieval and Modern Bearers of Intellectual History. Brill.
     
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  26. The Cartesianism of Desgabets and Arnauld and the Problem of the Eternal Truths.Emmanuel Faye - 2005 - In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy: Volume 2. Oxford University Press.
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  27. The Cartesianism of Desgabets and Arnauld and the Problem of the Eternal Truths.Emmanuel Faye - 2005 - In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume 2. Oxford University Press.
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  28.  2
    The Cartesianism and Anti-Cartesianism of Locke’s Concept of Personal Identity.Adam Grzeliński - 2020 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 68 (2):195-212.
    Kartezjanizm i antykartezjanizm locke’owskiej koncepcji tożsamości osobowej Niniejszy artykuł koncentruje się na zależnościach pomiędzy Locke’owskim i kartezjańskim pojmowaniem tożsamości osobowej. Wbrew częstym odczytaniom, różnica pomiędzy nimi nie daje się sprowadzić do prostego przeciwstawienia substancjalizmu i empiryzmu. Locke nie rezygnuje ze stanowiska substancjalistycznego, jednakże rozgranicza dwie sfery — naturalnego, bazującego na doświadczeniu poznania oraz filozoficznych spekulacji, w których stara się przedstawić racjonalną i zgodną ze swym programem epistemologicznym interpretację dogmatów religijnych. Krytyka Locke’a dotyczy możliwości istnienia rzeczy myślącej jako substancji istniejącej niezależnie (...)
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  29.  29
    Cartesianism Revisited.Eric P. Lewis - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (4):493-522.
  30. Cartesianism and Tolerance: Pierre Bayle's' Commentaire Philosophique'.M. Marilli - 1996 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 51 (3):555-579.
  31.  30
    Social Cartesianism: Francois Poulain de la Barre and the Origins of the Enlightenment.Siep Stuurman - 1997 - Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (4):617-640.
  32.  6
    Spinoza and Dutch Cartesianism: Philosophy and Theology.Alexander X. Douglas - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Alexander X. Douglas situates Spinoza's philosophy in its immediate historical context, and argues that much of his work was conceived with the aim of rebutting the claims of his contemporaries. In contrast to them, Spinoza argued that philosophy reveals the true nature of God, and reinterpreted the concept of God in profound and radical ways.
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  33. Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science: From Regius to ‘s Gravesande.Andrea Strazzoni - 2018 - De Gruyter.
    How did the relations between philosophy and science evolve during the 17th and the 18th century? This book analyzes this issue by considering the history of Cartesianism in Dutch universities, as well as its legacy in the 18th century. It takes into account the ways in which the disciplines of logic and metaphysics became functional to the justification and reflection on the conceptual premises and the methods of natural philosophy, changing their traditional roles as art of reasoning and as (...)
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  34. Anti-Cartesianism and James.Chandana Chakrabarti - 1976 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 6 (2):289.
     
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  35.  21
    The Cartesianism of Phenomenology.James Street Fulton - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (3):285-308.
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  36.  2
    Between Cartesianism and Orthodoxy: God and the Problem of Indifference in Christoph Wittich’s Anti-Spinoza.Yoshi Kato & Kuni Sakamoto - 2022 - Intellectual History Review 32 (2):239-257.
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  37. Spinoza and Dutch Cartesianism: Philosophy and Theology, by Alexander X. Douglas. [REVIEW]Yitzhak Melamed - 2017 - Mind 126 (504):1244-1251.
    _ Spinoza and Dutch Cartesianism: Philosophy and Theology _, by DouglasAlexander X.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. viii + 184.
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  38. Cartesianism and the Private Language Argument.Brian Garrett - 2002 - Sorites 14:57-62.
    In this paper, I argue that neither the #257 argument nor the #258 argument in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations undermines the coherence of the Cartesian Model, according to which a sensation word, such as `headache' or `tickle', gets its meaning in virtue of an act of `inner' association or ostensive definition. In addition, I argue against the standard assumption that the diarist's language of #258 is logically private.
     
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  39. Closet Cartesianism in Discursive Psychology.Wes Sharrock - 2009 - In Ivan Leudar & Alan Costall (eds.), Against Theory of Mind. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  40.  3
    Methodological Cartesianism.Gregory Landini - 2014 - In Javier Cumpa, Greg Jesson & Guido Bonino (eds.), Defending Realism: Ontological and Epistemological Investigations. De Gruyter. pp. 63-98.
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  41.  6
    Cartesianism According to Karl Barth.Fergus Kerr - 1996 - New Blackfriars 77 (906):358-368.
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  42. Cartesianism, Neo-Reidianism, and the A Priori: Reply to Pust.Gregory Stoutenburg - 2015 - Logos and Episteme 6 (2):231–235.
    Joel Pust has recently challenged the Thomas Reid-inspired argument against the reliability of the a priori defended by Alvin Plantinga, Nicholas Wolterstorff, William Alston, and Michael Bergmann. The Reidian argument alleges that the Cartesian insistence on the primacy of a priori rationality and subjective sensory experience as the foundations of epistemic justification is unwarranted because the same kind of global skeptical scenario that Cartesians recognize as challenging the legitimacy of perceptual beliefs about the external world also undermine the reliability of (...)
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  43.  84
    Holism in Cartesianism and in Today's Philosophy of Physics.Michael Esfeld - 1999 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 30 (1):17-36.
    The aim of this paper is to contribute to a more balanced judgement than the widespread impression that the changes which are called for in today's philosophy of physics and which centre around the concept of holism amount to a rupture with the framework of Cartesian philosophy of physics. I argue that this framework includes a sort of holism: As a result of the identification of matter with space, any physical property can be instantiated only if there is the whole (...)
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  44.  9
    Vincent Carraud.To Cartesianism - 1995 - In Roger Ariew & Marjorie Glicksman Grene (eds.), Descartes and His Contemporaries: Meditations, Objections, and Replies. University of Chicago Press. pp. 110.
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  45. Social Cartesianism.John Haugeland - 2004 - In Richard Schantz (ed.), The Externalist Challenge. De Gruyter.
  46.  13
    Platonism, Cartesianism and Hegel’s Thought in the Matrix Trilogy.Predrag Milidrag - 2013 - Filozofija I Društvo 24 (4):268-282.
    In this article I will try to interpret changes in Neo, the main character in The Matrix Trilogy, against the background of the ideas of Plato and Descartes, as well as Hegel?s from his Philosophy of History and The Phenomenology of Spirit. Although?philosophical? The Matrix Trilogy is not long-winded and boring film: instead of talking endlessly, the characters are working ceaselessly, and that work is changing them. Contrary to wide?spread opinion, this interpretation does not find the presence of Descartes? hyperbolic (...)
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  47. Cartesianism and Chymistry.Mihnea Dobre - 2011 - Society and Politics 5:121-136.
     
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  48. Experimental Cartesianism and the Problem of Space.Mihnea Dobre - 2016 - In Boundaries, Extents and Circulations. Springer Verlag.
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  49. Mixing Cartesianism and Newtonianism: The Reception of Cartesian Physics in England.Mihnea Dobre - 2014 - In . National Hellenic Research Foundation/Institute of Historical Research.
     
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  50.  5
    The Downfall of Cartesianism 1673-1712. [REVIEW]A. S. S. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):552-552.
    A lucid, scholarly, and largely historical study which seeks to show that Descartes' metaphysical system collapsed because it could not give an intelligible explanation of how substances interact or of how ideas represent their objects. It was Simon Foucher who first pounced on the internal conflict among Cartesian principles: the radical dualism between mind and matter could not be reconciled with the epistemological likeness principles according to which causes resemble their effects, ideas resemble their objects, as well as the principle (...)
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