Results for 'Carl L. Roberts'

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  1. Human drug addiction is more than faulty decision-making.Carl L. Hart & Robert M. Krauss - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):448-449.
    We commend Redish et al. for the progress they have made in bringing a measure of theoretical order to the processes that underlie drug addiction. However, incorporating information about situations in which drug users do not exhibit faulty decision-making into the theory would greatly enhance its generality and practical value. This commentary draws attention to the relevant human substance abuse literature.
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  2.  19
    Secondary reinforcement based on stimulus-change primary reinforcement.Carl L. Roberts, Kenneth E. Lebow & Robert M. Yoder - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):339.
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  3.  4
    Oidipus. Geschichte eines poetischen Stoffs im griechischen Altertum.B. L. G. & Carl Robert - 1915 - American Journal of Philology 36 (3):338.
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  4.  32
    Degrees of orderings not isomorphic to recursive linear orderings.Carl G. Jockusch & Robert I. Soare - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 52 (1-2):39-64.
    It is shown that for every nonzero r.e. degree c there is a linear ordering of degree c which is not isomorphic to any recursive linear ordering. It follows that there is a linear ordering of low degree which is not isomorphic to any recursive linear ordering. It is shown further that there is a linear ordering L such that L is not isomorphic to any recursive linear ordering, and L together with its ‘infinitely far apart’ relation is of low (...)
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  5.  62
    The accuracy of using integrated electronic health care data to identify patients with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus.Michael L. Ho, Nadine Lawrence, Carl van Walraven, Doug Manuel, Erin Keely, Janine Malcolm, Robert D. Reid & Alan J. Forster - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (3):606-611.
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  6.  49
    Boolean Algebras, Stone Spaces, and the Iterated Turing Jump.Carl G. Jockusch & Robert I. Soare - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (4):1121 - 1138.
    We show, roughly speaking, that it requires ω iterations of the Turing jump to decode nontrivial information from Boolean algebras in an isomorphism invariant fashion. More precisely, if α is a recursive ordinal, A is a countable structure with finite signature, and d is a degree, we say that A has αth-jump degree d if d is the least degree which is the αth jump of some degree c such there is an isomorphic copy of A with universe ω in (...)
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  7.  52
    On the Border: Reflections on the Meaning of Self-Injury in Borderline Personality Disorder.Robert L. Woolfolk - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (1):29-31.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 10.1 (2003) 29-31 [Access article in PDF] On the Border:Reflections on the Meaning of Self-Injury in Borderline Personality Disorder Robert L. Woolfolk Keywords borderline personality disorder, values, psychotherapy, diagnosis IT IS A PLEASURE to comment on Nancy Potter's elegantly written, provocative paper. Professor Potter raises important and intriguing issues that have not only clinical implications for practitioners, but also are of theoretical significance for those (...)
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  8. The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers.Carl L. Becker - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (32):495-496.
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  9.  28
    The Gordian Knot of Ethics: Understanding Leadership Effectiveness and Ethical Behavior.Carl L. Harshman & Ellen F. Harshman - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):175-192.
    Recent ethical misconduct in American business has resulted in volumes of written commentary, various legislative responses, as well as litigation by those identified as victims. While legislators, judges, juries, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursue an increasing number of cases, there is little attention devoted to understanding what drives executives and other leaders to behave in ways that violate the ethical and legal standards of business in the United States. This understanding is a prerequisite to selecting leaders and (...)
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  10.  21
    Ethical parameters of challenge studies inducing psychosis with ketamine.Carl L. Tishler & Lisa B. Gordon - 1999 - Ethics and Behavior 9 (3):211 – 217.
  11.  58
    Psychotropic drugs and paediatrics: a critical need for more clinical trials.Carl L. Tishler & Natalie S. Reiss - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):250-252.
    Many children in the USA are prescribed psychotropic drugs that have not been fully investigated in paediatric clinical trials. The common practice of prescribing psychotropic drugs off-label poses unknown and potentially serious short- and long-term consequences for these children. This paper briefly reviews the factors associated with the lack of paediatric clinical trials. We advocate a shift toward increasing paediatric trials with psychotropic drugs through a combination of adequate safety controls, additional reimbursement/compensation, a more organised and large-scale effort to collate (...)
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  12.  6
    Science, SETI and mathematics.Carl L. DeVito - 2014 - New York: Berghahn.
    Mathematics is as much a part of our humanity as music and art. And it is our mathematics that might be understandable, even familiar, to a distant race and might provide the basis for mutual communication. This book discusses, in a conversational way, the role of mathematics in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. The author explores the science behind that search, its history, and the many questions associated with it, including those regarding the nature of language and the philosophical/psychological motivation (...)
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  13. The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers: Second Edition.Carl L. Becker - 2003 - Yale University Press.
    Here a distinguished American historian challenges the belief that the eighteenth century was essentially modern in its temper. In crystalline prose Carl Becker demonstrates that the period commonly described as the Age of Reason was, in fact, very far from that; that Voltaire, Hume, Diderot, and Locke were living in a medieval world, and that these philosophers “demolished the Heavenly City of St. Augustine only to rebuild it with more up-to-date materials.” In a new foreword, Johnson Kent Wright looks (...)
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  14.  51
    The Limits of Generosity: Lessons on Ethics, Economy, and Reciprocity in Kafka’s The Metamorphosis.Carl Rhodes & Robert Westwood - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (2):235-248.
    This paper interrogates the relation between reciprocity and ethics as it concerns participation in the world of work and organizations. Tracing discussions of business and organizational ethics that concern themselves, respectively, with the ethics of self-interest, the ethics of reciprocity, and the ethics of generosity, we explore the possibility of ethical relations with those who are seen as radically different, and who are divested of anything worth exchanging. To address this we provide a reading of Franz Kafka’s famous novella The (...)
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  15. al-Madīnah al-fāḍilah ʻinda falāsifat al-qarn al-thāmin ʻashar.Carl L. Becker - 1955 - al-Qāhirah: Maktabat al-Anjlū al-Miṣrīyah. Edited by Muḥammad Shafīq Ghurbāl.
  16. ... La ciudad de Dios del siglo XVIII.Carl L. Becker - 1943 - México,: Fondo de cultura económica. Edited by Josep Carner.
  17. Modern Democracy.Carl L. Becker - 1941 - Ethics 51 (4):470-473.
     
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  18. New liberties for old.Carl L. Becker - 1936 - Journal of Social Philosophy and Jurisprudence 1 (2):101.
     
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  19.  21
    Tuning the mind: Exploring the connections between musical ability and executive functions.L. Robert Slevc, Nicholas S. Davey, Martin Buschkuehl & Susanne M. Jaeggi - 2016 - Cognition 152:199-211.
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  20.  15
    Methodological Considerations in Ethical Review — 1.: Scientific Reviews: What Should Ethics Committees Be Looking For?L. Brabin, S. Roberts, M. Tully, A. Vail & R. McNamee - 2009 - Research Ethics 5 (1):27-29.
    This is the first of four papers to be published in Research Ethics Review in 2009 that address methodological issues of relevance to research ethics committees. These will be practical papers, intended to assist ethics committee members to determine whether a research method is both ethically justified and likely to lead to high quality research. This paper prepares the way for the series through a consideration of the relationship between research ethics and methodology.
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  21.  9
    Enlightenment Thought: An Anthology of Sources.Margaret L. King - 2019 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    "Margaret L. King has put together a highly representative selection of readings from most of the more significant—but by no means the most obvious—texts by the authors who made up the movement we have come to call the 'Enlightenment.' They range across much of Europe and the Americas, and from the early seventeenth century until the end of the eighteenth. In the originality of the choice of texts, in its range and depth, this collection offers both wide coverage and striking (...)
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  22. Philosophy and technology: readings in the philosophical problems of technology.Carl Mitcham & Robert Mackey (eds.) - 1983 - London: Collier Macmillan.
    From editors Carl Mitcham and Robert Mackey comes an unusually reflective and wide-ranging colloquium on technology as a philosophical problem. Organized into sections on conceptual issues, ethical and political critiques, religious critiques, existentialist critiques, and metaphysical studies, Philosophy and Technology features an introductory overview that suggests the aims of truly comprehensive philosophy of technology. Philosophy and Technology features essays by Jacques Ellul, Lewis Mumford, Ortega y Gasset, and C.S. Lewis. This revised and fully updated edition features a comprehensive bibliography.
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  23.  6
    New Directions in Interdisciplinarity: Broad, Deep, and Critical.Carl Mitcham & Robert Frodeman - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (6):506-514.
    Aristotle launched Western knowledge on a trajectory toward disciplinarity that continues to this day. But is the knowledge management project that began with Aristotle adequate for the age of Google? Perhaps an undisciplined discourse more evocative of Plato can help us constitute new, more relevant inter- and transdisciplinary forms of knowledge. This article explores the history of disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity, arguing for a new, critical form of interdisciplinarity that moves beyond the academy into dialogue with the public and private sectors. (...)
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  24.  35
    Memory and cognitive control in an integrated theory of language processing.L. Robert Slevc & Jared M. Novick - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):373-374.
    Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) integrated model of production and comprehension includes no explicit role for nonlinguistic cognitive processes. Yet, how domain-general cognitive functions contribute to language processing has become clearer with well-specified theories and supporting data. We therefore believe that their account can benefit by incorporating functions like working memory and cognitive control into a unified model of language processing.
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  25.  66
    New Directions in the Philosophy of Science: Toward a Philosophy of Science Policy.Carl Mitcham & Robert Frodeman - 2004 - Philosophy Today 48 (5):3-15.
    This is the introduction to a special, guest-edited issue of Philosophy Today. It lays out the extent to which the philosophy of science has ignored science policy and argues that policy issues deserve attention in parallel with epistemological ones. It further reviews the historical development of science policy in the United States since World War II, identifies some recent contributions to critical reflection on basic science policy assumptions, and outlines a set of issues to be addressed by any comprehensive philosophy (...)
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  26. Prayer-bots and religious worship on Twitter: a call for a wider research agenda.Carl Öhman, Robert Gorwa & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (2):331-338.
    The automation of online social life is an urgent issue for researchers and the public alike. However, one of the most significant uses of such technologies seems to have gone largely unnoticed by the research community: religion. Focusing on Islamic Prayer Apps, which automatically post prayers from its users’ accounts, we show that even one such service is already responsible for millions of tweets daily, constituting a significant portion of Arabic-language Twitter traffic. We argue that the fact that a phenomenon (...)
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  27.  8
    Bibliography of the Philosophy of Technology.Carl Mitcham & Robert Mackey - 1973 - University of Chicago Press.
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  28.  11
    The relationship between priming and linguistic representations is mediated by processing constraints.L. Robert Slevc & Iva Ivanova - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  29.  28
    Jacques Ellul and the Technological Society.Carl Mitcham & Robert Mackey - 1971 - Philosophy Today 15 (2):102-121.
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  30.  2
    Can Death be Valued as a Means?Robert Rein'L. - 1964 - Memorias Del XIII Congreso Internacional de Filosofía 8:51-57.
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  31.  29
    Comparative philosophy and intellectual tolerance.Robert L. Rein'L. - 1953 - Philosophy East and West 2 (4):333-339.
  32.  6
    Ideas of Substance.Robert Rein'L. - 1973 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 11 (4):570-574.
  33.  19
    Naturalism and supernaturalism in east and west.Robert Rein'L. - 1956 - Philosophy East and West 6 (1):49-67.
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  34.  15
    The limits of utility.Robert Rein'L. - 1956 - Journal of Philosophy 53 (18):549-556.
  35.  11
    Preserved processing of musical syntax in a person with agrammatic aphasia.Slevc L. Robert, Faroqi-Shah Yasmeen & Saxena Sadhvi - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  36.  11
    Bringing philosophy down to earth.Carl Mitcham & Robert Frodeman - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (3):47-48.
  37.  34
    Joseph Smith. [REVIEW]Carl L. Firstos - 1935 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 9 (4):685-688.
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  38.  5
    Joseph Smith. [REVIEW]Carl L. Firstos - 1935 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 9 (4):685-688.
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  39. Modern Democracy. By Frank H. Knight. [REVIEW]Carl L. Becker - 1940 - Ethics 51:470.
     
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  40.  54
    Influences Upon Willingness to Participate in Schizophrenia Research: An Analysis of Narrative Data From 63 People With Schizophrenia.Janet L. Brody, Laura Weiss Roberts & Alexis Kaminsky - 2003 - Ethics and Behavior 13 (3):279-302.
    Schizophrenia affects more than 1% of the world's population, causing great personal suffering and socioeconomic burden. These costs associated with schizophrenia necessitate inquiry into the causes and treatment of the illness but generate ethical challenges related to the specific nature and deficits of the illness itself. In this article, we present a systematic analysis of narrative data from 63 people living with the illness of schizophrenia collected through semistructured interviews about their attitudes, beliefs, and experiences related to psychiatric research. In (...)
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  41. Racial Justice Requires Ending the War on Drugs.Brian D. Earp, Jonathan Lewis, Carl L. Hart & Walter Veit - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):4-19.
    Historically, laws and policies to criminalize drug use or possession were rooted in explicit racism, and they continue to wreak havoc on certain racialized communities. We are a group of bioethicists, drug experts, legal scholars, criminal justice researchers, sociologists, psychologists, and other allied professionals who have come together in support of a policy proposal that is evidence-based and ethically recommended. We call for the immediate decriminalization of all so-called recreational drugs and, ultimately, for their timely and appropriate legal regulation. We (...)
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  42.  25
    Children's facial expressions of pain in the context of complex social interactions.Carl L. von Baeyer - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):473-474.
    In children experiencing pain, the study of the social context of facial expressions might help to evaluate evolutionary and conditioning hypotheses of behavioural development. Social motivations and influences may be complex, as seen in studies of children having their ears pierced, and in studies of everyday pain in children. A study of opposing predictions of the long-term effects of parental caregiving is suggested.
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  43.  69
    Strengthening the case for disease management effectiveness: un‐hiding the hidden bias.Ariel Linden, John L. Adams & Nancy Roberts - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (2):140-147.
  44.  49
    Wirtschaftspolitik. [REVIEW]Carl L. Herczeg - 1954 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 29 (3):463-464.
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  45.  33
    Who Owns the Data in a Medical Information Commons?Amy L. McGuire, Jessica Roberts, Sean Aas & Barbara J. Evans - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):62-69.
    In this paper, we explore the perspectives of expert stakeholders about who owns data in a medical information commons and what rights and interests ought to be recognized when developing a governance structure for an MIC. We then examine the legitimacy of these claims based on legal and ethical analysis and explore an alternative framework for thinking about participants' rights and interests in an MIC.
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  46.  20
    Cornell University: Founders and the FoundingEarly Cornell: 1865-1900.Ann Dryland, Carl L. Becker & Morris Bishop - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (3):336.
  47.  12
    Does ASMR propensity reflect a mentally flexible mindset? Exploring the relationship between ASMR propensity, transliminality, emotional contagion, schizotypal traits, roleplaying ability, and creativity.Kayley L. Zielinski-Nicolson, Natalie Roberts & Simon Boag - 2023 - Consciousness and Cognition 113 (C):103546.
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  48.  4
    Detecting and Quantifying Mind Wandering during Simulated Driving.Carryl L. Baldwin, Daniel M. Roberts, Daniela Barragan, John D. Lee, Neil Lerner & James S. Higgins - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  49.  14
    Prosodic Structure as a Parallel to Musical Structure.Christopher C. Heffner & L. Robert Slevc - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  50.  44
    How do speakers avoid ambiguous linguistic expressions?Victor S. Ferreira, L. Robert Slevc & Erin S. Rogers - 2005 - Cognition 96 (3):263-284.
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