Results for 'Caren A. Frosch'

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  1.  91
    Are Causal Structure and Intervention Judgments Inextricably Linked? A Developmental Study.Caren A. Frosch, Teresa McCormack, David A. Lagnado & Patrick Burns - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (2):261-285.
    The application of the formal framework of causal Bayesian Networks to children’s causal learning provides the motivation to examine the link between judgments about the causal structure of a system, and the ability to make inferences about interventions on components of the system. Three experiments examined whether children are able to make correct inferences about interventions on different causal structures. The first two experiments examined whether children’s causal structure and intervention judgments were consistent with one another. In Experiment 1, children (...)
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  2.  48
    The Effect of Controllability and Causality on Counterfactual Thinking.Caren A. Frosch, Suzanne M. Egan & Emily N. Hancock - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (3):317-340.
    Previous research on counterfactual thoughts about prevention suggests that people tend to focus on enabling rather than causing events and controllable rather than uncontrollable events. Two experiments explore whether counterfactual thinking about enablers is distinct from counterfactual thinking about controllable events. We presented participants with scenarios in which a cause and an enabler contributed to a negative outcome. We systematically manipulated the controllability of the cause and the enabler and asked participants to generate counterfactuals. The results indicate that when only (...)
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  3.  11
    The Legacy of Sigmund FreudThe Annual Survey of PsychoanalysisGreat MenArt and PsychoanalysisHamlet's Mouse Trap.Campbell Crockett, Jacob A. Arlow, John Frosch, Edward Hitschmann, William Phillips & Arthur Wormhoudt - 1958 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 16 (3):403.
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  4.  9
    Sum-Difference Theory of Remembering and Knowing: A Two-Dimensional Signal-Detection Model.Caren M. Rotello, Neil A. Macmillan & John A. Reeder - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (3):588-616.
  5.  14
    Children's Causal and Counterfactual Judgements.Teresa McCormack, Caren Frosch & Patrick Burns - 2011 - In Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Sarah R. Beck (eds.), Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation. Oxford University Press. pp. 54.
  6.  15
    Compensatory Justice and Social Institutions: Joseph H. Carens.Joseph H. Carens - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-67.
    Moral philosophers are fond of the dictum “ought implies can” and even deontologists normally admit the need to take account of consequences in the design of social institutions. Too often, however, philosophers fail to take advantage of the knowledge provided by the social sciences about the constraints and consequences of alternative forms of social organization. By discussing ideals in abstraction from the problems of institutionalization, they fail at least to see some of the important consequences and costs of a proposed (...)
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  7.  73
    Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness.Joseph H. Carens - 2000 - Oxford University Press..
    This book makes a significant contribution to the contemporary debate about multiculturalism and democratic theory. It reflects upon the ways in which claims about culture and identity are advanced by immigrants, national minorities, aboriginals, and other groups. It argues that liberal democrats should provide recognition and support for minority cultures and identities, and examines case studies from a number of different societies to show how theorists can learn about justice.
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  8. Migration and Morality: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective.Joseph H. Carens - 1992 - In Brian Barry & Robert E. Goodin (eds.), Free Movement: Ethical Issues in the Transnational Migration of People and of Money. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 25-47.
  9. A Contextual Approach to Political Theory.Joseph H. Carens - 2004 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (2):117-132.
    This article explores the advantages of using a range of actual cases in doing political theory. This sort of approach clarifies what is at stake in alternative theoretical formulations, draws attention to the wisdom that may be embedded in existing practices, and encourages theorists to confront challenges they might otherwise overlook and to think through the implications of their accounts more fully.
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  10.  14
    Carnal Knowledge: A Woman Is Missing.Caren Greenberg - 1975 - Diacritics 5 (4):57.
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  11.  66
    Do We Need a Liberal Theory of Minority Rights? Reply to Carens, Young, Parekh and Forst.Will Kymlicka - 1997 - Constellations 4 (1):72-87.
    In their perceptive critiques of my recent book on Multicultural Citizenship, Iris Young, Joseph Carens, Bhikhu Parekh and Rainer Forst raise a number of interesting and important issues. In this short response to their critiques, I focus on two of them. First, whereas I tried to draw a sharp distinction between immigrants and national minorities, my critics argue that we should think of ethnocultural groups on a more fluid continuum. Second, whereas I tried to ground a theory of minority rights (...)
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  12.  11
    Childbirth Induced Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Prevalence and Risk Factors.Dekel Sharon, Stuebe Caren & Dishy Gabriella - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  13. Culture, Citizenship, and Community. A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness.Joseph H. Carens - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (3):625-626.
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  14.  15
    Assessing the Belief Bias Effect with ROCs: It's a Response Bias Effect.Chad Dube, Caren M. Rotello & Evan Heit - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (3):831-863.
  15.  10
    Deciding About Decision Models of Remember and Know Judgments: A Reply to Murdock.Neil A. Macmillan & Caren M. Rotello - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):657-664.
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  16.  99
    Integrating Text and Pictorial Information: Eye Movements When Looking at Print Advertisements.Keith Rayner, Caren M. Rotello, Andrew J. Stewart, Jessica Keir & Susan A. Duffy - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (3):219.
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  17.  4
    Can a Perceptual Task Be Used to Infer Conceptual Representations?: A Reply to Glorioso, Kuznar, Pavlic, & Povinelli.Caren M. Walker & Alison Gopnik - forthcoming - Cognition:104414.
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  18.  18
    Explaining Prompts Children to Privilege Inductively Rich Properties.Caren M. Walker, Tania Lombrozo, Cristine H. Legare & Alison Gopnik - 2014 - Cognition 133 (2):343-357.
    Two studies examined the specificity of effects of explanation on learning by prompting 3- to 6-year-old children to explain a mechanical toy and comparing what they learned about the toy’s causal and non-causal properties to children who only observed the toy, both with and without accompanying verbalization. In Study 1, children were experimentally assigned to either explain or observe the mechanical toy. In Study 2, children were classified according to whether the content of their response to an undirected prompt involved (...)
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  19.  18
    Invitation to a Dialogue.Joseph H. Carens - 2014 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 26 (3-4):283-289.
    ABSTRACTLibertarians like John Tomasi, who care about social justice, must say more about which economic freedoms matter and why they matter if they hope to persuade liberal egalitarians to adopt their approach. In particular, they must clarify the preconditions of equal freedom and explore more fully the relationship between security and freedom. They must also address questions about collective-action problems and the extent to which the modern corporation should be viewed as an outgrowth and expression of individual freedom. Finally, libertarians (...)
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  20.  4
    “A Lab of Our Own”: Environmental Causation of Breast Cancer and Challenges to the Dominant Epidemiological Paradigm.Laura Senier, Rebecca Gasior Altman, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Stephen Zavestoski, Brian Mayer, Sabrina McCormick & Phil Brown - 2006 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 31 (5):499-536.
    There are challenges to the dominant research paradigm in breast cancer science. In the United States, science and social activism create paradigmatic shifts. Using interviews, ethnographic observations, and an extensive review of the literature, we create a three-dimensional model to situate changes in scientific controversy concerning environmental causes of breast cancer. We identify three paradigm challenges posed by activists and some scientists: to move debates about causation upstream to address causes; to shift emphasis from individual to modifiable societal-level factors beyond (...)
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  21.  6
    The Belief Bias Effect is Aptly Named: A Reply to Klauer and Kellen.Chad Dube, Caren M. Rotello & Evan Heit - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):155-163.
  22.  28
    Validating a Conceptual Model for an Inter‐Professional Approach to Shared Decision Making: A Mixed Methods Study.France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Susie Gagnon, Sandy Dunn, Pierre Pluye, Dominick Frosch, Jennifer Kryworuchko, Glyn Elwyn, Marie-Pierre Gagnon & Ian D. Graham - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):554-564.
  23.  13
    Peace, Human Rights, and Human Needs: A Comment on the Bay‐Flathman Debate.Joseph H. Carens - 1985 - Journal of Social Philosophy 16 (1):25-32.
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  24.  36
    Open Borders and Liberal Limits: A Response to Isbister.Joseph H. Carens - 2000 - International Migration Review 34 (2):636-643.
  25.  50
    Compensatory Justice and Social Institutions.Joseph H. Carens - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-.
    Moral philosophers are fond of the dictum “ought implies can” and even deontologists normally admit the need to take account of consequences in the design of social institutions. Too often, however, philosophers fail to take advantage of the knowledge provided by the social sciences about the constraints and consequences of alternative forms of social organization. By discussing ideals in abstraction from the problems of institutionalization, they fail at least to see some of the important consequences and costs of a proposed (...)
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  26.  9
    Discriminating Relational and Perceptual Judgments: Evidence From Human Toddlers.Caren M. Walker & Alison Gopnik - 2017 - Cognition 166:23-27.
    The ability to represent same-different relations is an important condition for abstract thought. However, there is mixed evidence for when this ability develops, both ontogenetically and phylogenetically. Apparent success in relational reasoning may be evidence for genuine conceptual understanding or may be the result of low-level, perceptual strategies. We introduce a method to discriminate these possibilities by pitting two conditions that are perceptually matched but conceptually different: in a "fused" condition, same and different objects are joined, creating single objects that (...)
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  27. Joseph H. Carens, Ed., Democracy and Possessive Individualism: The Intellectual Legacy ofC. B. Macpherson Reviewed By.Michael A. Principe - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (1):14-16.
  28. Joseph H. Carens, Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness Reviewed By.Michaele L. Ferguson - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (6):403-405.
     
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  29.  64
    Refugees and States: A Normative Analysis.Joseph H. Carens - 1991 - In Howard Adelman (ed.), Canadian and American Refugee Policy. York Lanes Press. pp. 18-29.
  30.  65
    Immigrants and the Right to Stay.Joseph H. Carens - 2010 - MIT Press.
    Suggests that illegal immigrants should be offered a path to citizenship.
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  31. The Rights of Irregular Migrants.Joseph H. Carens - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (2):163–186.
    Irregular migrants are morally entitled to a wide range of legal rights, including basic human and civil rights. Therefore, states ought to create a firewall between those charged with protecting and enforcing these rights and those charged with enforcing immigration laws.
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  32.  91
    Just Open Borders? Examining Joseph Carens' Open Borders Argument in the Light of a Case Study of Recent Somali Migrants to the Uk.T. Bloom - 2009 - Journal of Global Ethics 5 (3):231 – 243.
    This essay examines Joseph Carens' open borders argument in the light of a case study of recent Somali migrants to the UK. It argues that, although arguments for significantly more open borders are compelling, they must take into account existing domestic injustice in receiving states as well as existing global injustice.
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  33.  19
    Inmigración y justicia:¿A quién dejamos pasar?Joseph H. Carens - 2002 - Isegoría 26:5-27.
    Este artículo quiere ofrecer una visión general de lo que la justicia demanda respecto a la admisión de inmigrantes en Europa y en América del Norte si se aceptan dos presupuestos generales: un derecho general de los Estados a controlar la inmigración y el compromiso con los principios liberal-democráticos. El artículo argumenta que los Estados están moralmente constreñidos en cuanto a los tipos de criterios que pueden utilizar para excluir y seleccionar inmigrantes. En particular, normalmente no pueden utilizar criterios raciales (...)
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  34.  15
    Book ReviewsJoseph Carens,. Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Pp. 284. $65.00 ; $24.95. [REVIEW]James Johnson - 2002 - Ethics 112 (3):603-604.
  35. The Integration of Immigrants.Joseph Carens - 2005 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (1):29-46.
    This paper considers normative questions about the integration of legally resident immigrants into contemporary liberal democratic states. First, I ask to what extent immigrants should enjoy the same rights as citizens and on what terms they should have access to citizenship itself. I defend two general principles: (1) differential treatment requires justi.cation; (2) the longer immigrants have lived in the receiving society, the stronger their claim to equal rights and eventually to full citizenship. Second, I explore additional forms of economic, (...)
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  36.  2
    "Decision-Making Models of Remember-Know Judgments: Comment on Rotello, Macmillan, and Reeder ": Reply to Postscript.Neil A. Macmillan & Caren M. Rotello - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):664-665.
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  37.  34
    Why Naturalization Should Be Easy: A Response to Noah Pickus.Joseph H. Carens - 1998 - In Noah M. Jeddiah Pickus (ed.), Immigration and Citizenship in the 21st Century. Rowman & Lifflefield. pp. 141-146.
  38.  3
    Challenging Borders: The Case for Open Borders with Joseph Carens and Jean-Luc Nancy.James A. Chamberlain - 2019 - Journal of International Political Theory:175508821985991.
    Joseph Carens develops one of the most prominent cases for open borders in the academic literature on the basis of freedom and equality. Yet the implementation of his social membership theory would mean that immigrants who have not yet lived in a country long enough to become members would be excluded from political and social rights, thus raising the possibility of their domination and subordination by citizens. Given that these problems arise because Carens aims to balance the freedom of individuals (...)
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  39.  1
    Catalysts That Influence Leaders' Value System Development Towards a Prosocial Value Orientation.Charlene Bailey & Caren Brenda Scheepers - 2022 - Business and Society Review 127 (1):97-125.
    Business and Society Review, Volume 127, Issue 1, Page 97-125, Spring 2022.
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  40.  14
    How to Help Young Children Ask Better Questions?Azzurra Ruggeri, Caren M. Walker, Tania Lombrozo & Alison Gopnik - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    In this paper, we investigate the informativeness of 4- to 6-year-old children’s questions using a combined qualitative and quantitative approach. Children were presented with a hierarchical version of the 20-questions game, in which they were given an array of objects that could be organized into three category levels based on shared features. We then tested whether it is possible to scaffold children’s question-asking abilities without extensive training. In particular, we supported children’s categorization performance by providing the object-related features needed to (...)
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  41.  18
    Challenging Borders: The Case for Open Borders with Joseph Carens and Jean-Luc Nancy.James A. Chamberlain - forthcoming - Sage Publications: Journal of International Political Theory.
    Journal of International Political Theory, Ahead of Print. Joseph Carens develops one of the most prominent cases for open borders in the academic literature on the basis of freedom and equality. Yet the implementation of his social membership theory would mean that immigrants who have not yet lived in a country long enough to become members would be excluded from political and social rights, thus raising the possibility of their domination and subordination by citizens. Given that these problems arise because (...)
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  42.  30
    The Pervasive Effects of Argument Length on Inductive Reasoning.Evan Heit & Caren M. Rotello - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):244 - 277.
    Three experiments examined the influence of argument length on plausibility judgements, in a category-based induction task. The general results were that when arguments were logically invalid they were considered stronger when they were longer, but for logically valid arguments longer arguments were considered weaker. In Experiments 1a and 1b when participants were forewarned to avoid using length as a cue to judging plausibility, they still did so. Indeed, participants given the opposite instructions did not follow those instructions either. In Experiment (...)
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  43.  1
    Extranjeros Y ciudadanos.Joseph H. Carens - 2009 - Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía Del Derecho 30.
    Muchas personas pobres y oprimidas dejan sus paísesen el tercer mundo para veniralas ricas sociedades occidentales. Este artículo sostiene que hay pocas justificaciones para mantenerlos fuera. Su inspiración abreva de tres aproximaciones contemporáneas a la teoría política-la de Rawls, la de Nozick y el utilitarismo para construir argumentos a favor de la apertura de fronteras. El hecho de que, a pesar de sus significativos desacuerdos en otros temas, en esta materia las tres teorías converjan en las mismas conclusiones, fortalece el (...)
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  44.  16
    Absolute Truth and Unbearable Psychic Pain: Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Concrete Experience.Allan Frosch (ed.) - 2012 - Karnac Books.
    The title of this book refers to a particular construction of the world that brooks no uncertainty: 'things are the way I believe them to be'.
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  45.  12
    The Biopolitics of Technoculture in the Mumbai Attacks.Caren Kaplan - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (7-8):301-313.
    In the case of the attacks in Mumbai in November 2008 two primary discourses generative of biopolitics in the global matrix of war can be identified as a framework of knowledge about mobile technologies: first, that national security is threatened by the use of digital information technologies heavily symbolized by the use of mobile devices and the perceived manipulation of otherwise neutral forms of media by those deemed to be enemies; and, second, that national security is enhanced by the utilization (...)
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  46. Wisconsin's Own: Twenty Remarkable Homes.M. Caren Connolly, Louis Wasserman & Zane Williams - 2010 - Wisconsin Historical Society Press.
    These twenty homes, built between 1854 and 1939, represent the varied architecture in Wisconsin. They offer an intimate tour of residential treasures-- built for captains of industry, a beer baron, Broadway stars, and more-- that have endured the test of time.
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  47.  87
    An Interpretation and Defense of the Socialist Principle of Distribution.Joseph H. Carens - 2003 - Social Philosophy and Policy 20 (1):145-177.
    For this collection entitled “After Socialism,” we were asked to reflect upon such questions as what rectifications to present market capitalist systems might be desirable and whether there is any viable remnant in the socialist ideal that ought to be preserved. My basic answer to the latter is that the socialist principle of distribution “From each according to abilities, to each according to needs” remains a compelling moral ideal, superior to the resigned, complacent, or enthusiastic acceptance of economic inequality that (...)
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  48.  31
    Immigration and Democratic Principles: On Carens’ Ethics of Immigration.Sarah Song - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4):450-456.
    Carens has done more than any other political theorist or philosopher to develop the normative perspective of prospective migrants from within the liberal democratic tradition, but he has not sufficiently engaged with the other side of the argument – in particular, with the value of political community and the principle of collective self-determination. What is at stake for the immigrant-receiving country that might justify its claim to control immigration? I first examine Carens’ theory of social membership and its connection to (...)
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  49.  2
    Challenging Borders: The Case for Open Borders with Joseph Carens and Jean-Luc Nancy.James A. Chamberlain - 2021 - Journal of International Political Theory 17 (3):240-256.
    Joseph Carens develops one of the most prominent cases for open borders in the academic literature on the basis of freedom and equality. Yet the implementation of his social membership theory would mean that immigrants who have not yet lived in a country long enough to become members would be excluded from political and social rights, thus raising the possibility of their domination and subordination by citizens. Given that these problems arise because Carens aims to balance the freedom of individuals (...)
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  50.  47
    Liberalism and Culture.Joseph H. Carens - 1997 - Constellations 4 (1):35-47.
    Will Kymlicka’s new book makes important conceptual, methodological, and substantive contributions to contemporary discussions of multiculturalism. Nevertheless, Kymlicka’s attempt to construct a defense of special rights for minority cultural groups on the basis of his conception of “societal culture” entails implications that are both too radical and too restrictive with regard to the kinds of minority claims they support. In particular, Kymlicka’s account undermines the claims of immigrant minorities to the sorts of special rights that Kymlicka thinks they are entitled (...)
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