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Claire Petitmengin [26]C. Petitmengin [8]
  1.  40
    Discovering the Structures of Lived Experience: Towards a Micro-Phenomenological Analysis Method.Claire Petitmengin, Anne Remillieux & Camila Valenzuela-Moguillansky - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):691-730.
    This paper describes a method for analyzing a corpus of descriptions collected through micro-phenomenological interviews. This analysis aims at identifying the structure of the singular experiences which have been described, and in particular their diachronic structure, while unfolding generic experiential structures through an iterative approach. After summarizing the principles of the micro-phenomenological interview, and then describing the process of preparation of the verbatim, the article presents on the one hand, the principles and conceptual devices of the analysis method and on (...)
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  2. Describing One’s Subjective Experience in the Second Person: An Interview Method for the Science of Consciousness. [REVIEW]Claire Petitmengin - 2006 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (3-4):229-269.
    This article presents an interview method which enables us to bring a person, who may not even have been trained, to become aware of his or her subjective experience, and describe it with great precision. It is focused on the difficulties of becoming aware of one’s subjective experience and describing it, and on the processes used by this interview technique to overcome each of these difficulties. The article ends with a discussion of the criteria governing the validity of the descriptions (...)
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  3.  40
    A Gap in Nisbett and Wilson’s Findings? A First-Person Access to Our Cognitive Processes.Claire Petitmengin, Anne Remillieux, Béatrice Cahour & Shirley Carter-Thomas - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):654-669.
    The well-known experiments of Nisbett and Wilson lead to the conclusion that we have no introspective access to our decision-making processes. Johansson et al. have recently developed an original protocol consisting in manipulating covertly the relationship between the subjects’ intended choice and the outcome they were presented with: in 79.6% of cases, they do not detect the manipulation and provide an explanation of the choice they did not make, confirming the findings of Nisbett and Wilson. We have reproduced this protocol, (...)
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  4.  94
    A Defense of Introspection From Within.M. Bitbol & C. Petitmengin - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):269-279.
    Context: We are presently witnessing a revival of introspective methods, which implicitly challenges an impressive list of in-principle objections that were addressed to introspection by various philosophers and by behaviorists. Problem: How can one overcome those objections and provide introspection with a secure basis? Results: A renewed definition of introspection as “enlargement of the field of attention and contact with re-enacted experience,” rather than “looking-within,” is formulated. This entails (i) an alternative status of introspective phenomena, which are no longer taken (...)
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  5.  56
    Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology.C. Petitmengin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):139-147.
    Context: The founding idea of neurophenomenology is that in order to progress in the understanding of the human mind, it is indispensable to integrate a disciplined study of human experience in cognitive neuroscience, an integration which is also presented as a methodological remedy for the “hard problem” of consciousness. Problem: Does neurophenomenology succeed in solving the hard problem? Method: I distinguish two interpretations and implementations of neurophenomenology: a light or “mild” neurophenomenology, which aims at building correlations between first-person descriptions and (...)
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  6.  45
    Anticipating Seizure: Pre-Reflective Experience at the Center of Neuro-Phenomenology.Claire Petitmengin, Vincent Navarro & Michel Le Van Quyen - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):746-764.
    The purpose of this paper is to show through the concrete example of epileptic seizure anticipation how neuro-dynamic analysis and “pheno-dynamic” analysis may guide and determine each other. We will show that this dynamic approach to epileptic seizure makes it possible to consolidate the foundations of a cognitive non pharmacological therapy of epilepsy. We will also show through this example how the neuro-phenomenological co-determination could shed new light on the difficult problem of the “gap” which separates subjective experience from neurophysiological (...)
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  7.  54
    Listening From Within.Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.
    In this paper we list the various criticisms that have been formulated against introspection, from Auguste Comte denying that consciousness can observe itself, to recent criticisms of the reliability of first person descriptions. We show that these criticisms rely on the one hand on poor knowledge of the introspective process, and on the other hand on a naïve conception of scientific objectivity. Two kinds of answers are offered: the first one is grounded on a refined description of the process of (...)
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  8.  42
    The Validity of First-Person Descriptions as Authenticity and Coherence.Claire Petitmengin - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.
    This article is devoted to the description of the experience associated with listening to a sound. In the first part, we describe the method we used to gather descriptions of auditory experience and to analyse these descriptions. This work of explicitation and analysis has enabled us to identify a threefold generic structure of this experience, depending on whether the attention of the subject is directed towards the event which is at the source of the sound, the sound in itself, considered (...)
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  9.  22
    What is It Like a Meditate? Methods and Issues for a Micro-Phenomenological Description of Meditative Experience.C. Petitmengin, M. van Beek, M. Bitbol, J. -M. Nissou & A. Roepstorff - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (5-6):170-198.
    In our society, where interest in Buddhist meditation is expanding enormously, numerous scientific studies are now conducted on the neurophysiological effects of meditation practices and on the neural correlates of meditative states. However, very few studies have been conducted on the experience associated with contemplative practice: what it is like to meditate -- from moment to moment, at different stages of practice -- remains almost invisible in contemporary contemplative science. Recently, 'micro-phenomenological' interview methods have been developed to help us become (...)
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  10.  28
    Microcognitive Science: Bridging Experiential and Neuronal Microdynamics.Claire Petitmengin & Jean-Philippe Lachaux - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  11.  12
    Anticipating Seizure: Pre-Reflective Experience at the Center of Neuro-Phenomenology.C. Petitmengin, V. NaVarro & M. Levanquyen - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):746-764.
    The purpose of this paper is to show through the concrete example of epileptic seizure anticipation how neuro-dynamic analysis and “pheno-dynamic” analysis may guide and determine each other. We will show that this dynamic approach to epileptic seizure makes it possible to consolidate the foundations of a cognitive non pharmacological therapy of epilepsy. We will also show through this example how the neuro-phenomenological co-determination could shed new light on the difficult problem of the “gap” which separates subjective experience from neurophysiological (...)
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  12.  76
    Towards the Source of Thoughts: The Gestural and Transmodal Dimension of Lived Experience.Claire Petitmengin - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (3):54-82.
    The objective of this article is to study a deeply pre- reflective dimension of our subjective experience. This dimension is gestural and rhythmic, has precise transmodal sensorial submodalities, and seems to play an essential role in the process of emergence of all thought and understanding. In the first part of the article, using examples, we try to draw the attention of the reader to this dimension in his subjective experience. In the second part, we attempt to explain the difficulties and (...)
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  13.  68
    Neuronal Dynamics and Conscious Experience: An Example of Reciprocal Causation Before Epileptic Seizures. [REVIEW]Michel Le Van Quyen & Claire Petitmengin - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):169-180.
    Neurophenomenology (Varela 1996) is not only philosophical but also empirical and experimental. Our purpose in this article is to illustrate concretely the efficiency of this approach in the field of neuroscience and, more precisely here, in epileptology. A number of recent observations have indicated that epileptic seizures do not arise suddenly simply as the effect of random fluctuations of brain activity, but require a process of pre-seizure changes that start long before. This has been reported at two different levels of (...)
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  14. On the Possibility and Reality of Introspection.Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin - 2013 - Kairos. Revista de Filosofia and Ciência 6:173-198.
  15.  18
    Anchoring in Lived Experience as an Act of Resistance.Claire Petitmengin - 2021 - Constructivist Foundations 16 (2):172-181.
    Context: The pandemic we are going through is an unprecedented situation from which tragic consequences loom. Disturbing and painful though it is, we should, however, remember that it is but a ….
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  16.  5
    Ten Years of Viewing From Within: The Legacy of Francisco Varela.Claire Petitmengin (ed.) - 2009 - Imprint Academic.
    _The View from Within_, edited by the late Francisco Varela in collaboration with Jonathan Shear, was published in 1999 and has proved a major stimulus to the scientific investigation of first-person methodologies in psychology and philosophy of mind. Ten years on, Claire Petitmengin has organized a collection of essays that examine and refine the research program on first-person methods defined in _The View from Within_, with contributions based on empirical research. She has kept close to the spirit of the earlier (...)
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  17.  23
    Editorial Introduction.Claire Petitmengin - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.
    This special issue commemorates the tenth anniversary of the publication of The View from Within , where Francisco Varela in collaboration with Jonathan Shear designed the foundations of a research program on lived experienced.
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  18.  37
    Describing the Experience of Describing? The Blindspot of Introspection.Claire Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (1):44-62.
    My comments on this pioneering book by Russ Hurlburt and Eric Schwitzgebel do not focus on the descriptions of experiences that it includes, but on the very process of description, which seems to me insufficiently highlighted, described and called into question. First I will rely on a few indications given by Melanie herself, the subject interviewed by the authors, to highlight an essential difficulty which the authors only touch upon: the not immediately recognized charac-ter of lived experience. Then I will (...)
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  19. On Pure Reflection.Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):24-37.
  20. On Pure Reflection A Reply to Dan Zahavi.Michel Bitbol & C. Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):24-37.
  21.  2
    Ten Years' Viewing From Within: Further Debate.Claire Petitmengin (ed.) - 2011 - Imprint Academic.
    This special issue of the Journal of Consciousness Studies is the sequel to Ten Years of Viewing from Within, JCS Vol. 16, No. 10-12, commemorating the tenth anniversary of the publication of The View from Within, JCS Vol. 6, No. 2-3, where Francisco Varela in collaboration with Jonathan Shear designed the foundations of a research program on lived experienced. The commemorative issue aimed to examine and refine this research program on first-person methods, through contributions based on empirical research.At the end (...)
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  22.  25
    On the Veiling and Unveiling of Experience: A Comparison Between the Micro-Phenomenological Method and the Practice of Meditation.Claire Petitmengin - 2021 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 52 (1):36-77.
    Both Buddhist meditation and micro-phenomenology start from the observation that our experience escapes us, we don’t see it as it is. Both offer devices that allow us to become aware of it. But, surprisingly, the two approaches offer few precise descriptions of the processes which veil experience, and of those which make it possible to dissipate these veils. This article is an attempt to put in parentheses declarative writings on the veiling and unveiling processes and their epistemological background and to (...)
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  23.  10
    Lets Trust the (Skilled) Subject! A Reply to Froese, Gould and Seth.Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):90-97.
    The article by Froese, Gould and Seth is a survey rather than a commentary, dealing with the intertwined issues of the validity of first- person reports and of their interest for a science of consciousness. While acknowledging that experiential research has already produced promising results, the authors find that it has not yet produced 'killer experiments' providing a definitively positive answer to these two questions, and wonder what kind of experiment would allow it. Our response will address these two questions (...)
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  24.  10
    Author’s Response: The Experiential Tipping Point.Claire Petitmengin - 2021 - Constructivist Foundations 16 (2):198-202.
    : My response focuses on three main issues raised by the commentaries that it is essential to clarify in order to understand anchoring in lived experience as an act of resistance: the ….
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  25.  75
    Is the “Core Self” a Construct? Review of “Subjectivity and Selfhood: Investigating the First-Person Perspective” by Dan Zahavi.C. Petitmengin - 2011 - Constructivist Foundations 6 (2):270-274.
    Upshot: Is lived experience always the experience of a self? The central thesis of Dan Zahavi’s book is that there is a “minimal” or “core” self, according to which a quality of “self-givenness” is a constitutive feature of experience. The adoption of a dynamic phenomenological perspective leads us to call this thesis into question.
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  26. On Life Beneath the Subject/Object Duality A Reply to Pierre Steiner.Michel Bitbol & C. Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):125-127.
     
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  27. Coming Into Contact with Experience A Reply to Jesse Butler.Claire Petitmengin & M. Bitbol - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):146-149.
  28. On Life Beneath the Subject/Object Duality.Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):125-27.
     
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  29. Coming Into Contact with Experience.Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):146-49.
  30.  19
    Author’s Response: Discovering the Microgenesis of the Hard Problem.C. Petitmengin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):159-165.
    Upshot: My answer focuses on two issues raised by the commentaries that it is essential to clarify in order to understand what radical neurophenomenology implies: Does radical neurophenomenology means stopping doing science? Does radical neurophenomenology require an intersubjective agreement on a method for investigating lived experience?
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  31.  10
    La Dynamique Pré-Réfléchie de L’Expérience Vécue.Claire Petitmengin - 2010 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 18:165-182.
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