Results for 'Byron Hawk'

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  1.  37
    Sonic Persuasion: Reading Sound in the Recorded Age by Greg Goodale (review).Byron Hawk - 2014 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 47 (2):219-226.
    Sonic Persuasion is predominantly a history of sound in twentieth-century American culture that offers examples of how sound functions argumentatively in specific historical contexts. Goodale argues that sound can be read or interpreted in a manner similar to words and images but that the field of communication has largely neglected sound and its relationship to words and images. He shows how dialect, accents, and intonations in presidential speeches; ticking clocks, rumbling locomotives, and machinic hums in literary texts; and the sound (...)
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  2. Knowability Relative to Information.Peter Hawke & Franz Berto - 2021 - Mind 130 (517):1-33.
    We present a formal semantics for epistemic logic, capturing the notion of knowability relative to information (KRI). Like Dretske, we move from the platitude that what an agent can know depends on her (empirical) information. We treat operators of the form K_AB (‘B is knowable on the basis of information A’) as variably strict quantifiers over worlds with a topic- or aboutness- preservation constraint. Variable strictness models the non-monotonicity of knowledge acquisition while allowing knowledge to be intrinsically stable. Aboutness-preservation models (...)
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  3. Complete Nihilism.Byron Williston - 2001 - In John Richardson & Brian Leiter (eds.), Nietzsche. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 4--1.
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  4. Ontological Pluralism and the Generic Conception of Being.Byron Simmons - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (3):1275-1293.
    Ontological pluralism is the view that there are different fundamental ways of being. Trenton Merricks has recently raised three objections to combining pluralism with a generic way of being enjoyed by absolutely everything there is: first, that the resulting view contradicts the pluralist’s core intuition; second, that it is especially vulnerable to the charge—due to Peter van Inwagen—that it posits a difference in being where there is simply a difference in kind; and, third, that it is in tension with various (...)
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  5.  54
    Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences.Byron Kaldis (ed.) - 2013 - Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
    This encyclopedia is the first of its kind in bringing together philosophy and the social sciences. It is not only about the philosophy of the social sciences but, going beyond that, it is also about the relationship between philosophy and the social sciences. -/- The subject of this encyclopedia is purposefully multi- and inter-disciplinary. Knowledge boundaries are both delineated and crossed over. The goal is to convey a clear sense of how philosophy looks at the social sciences and to mark (...)
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  6.  53
    Engineering Identities, Epistemologies and Values: Engineering Education and Practice in Context.Byron Newberry, Carl Mitcham, Martin Meganck, Andrew Jamison, Christelle Didier & Steen Hyldgaard Christensen (eds.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    This second companion volume on engineering studies considers engineering practice including contextual analyses of engineering identity, epistemologies and values. Key overlapping questions examine such issues as an engineering identity, engineering self-understandings enacted in the professional world, distinctive characters of engineering knowledge and how engineering science and engineering design interact in practice. -/- Authors bring with them perspectives from their institutional homes in Europe, North America, Australia\ and Asia. The volume includes 24 contributions by more than 30 authors from engineering, the (...)
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  7.  33
    The dilemma of ethics in engineering education.Byron Newberry - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):343-351.
    This paper briefly summarizes current thinking in engineering ethics education, argues that much of that ethical instruction runs the risk of being only superficially effective, and explores some of the underlying systemic barriers within academia that contribute to this result. This is not to criticize or discourage efforts to improve ethics instruction. Rather it is to point to some more fundamental problems that still must be addressed in order to realize the full potential of enhanced ethics instruction. Issues discussed will (...)
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  8. A thousand pleasures are not worth a single pain: The compensation argument for Schopenhauer's pessimism.Byron Simmons - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):120-136.
    Pessimism is, roughly, the view that life is not worth living. In chapter 46 of the second volume of The World as Will and Representation, Arthur Schopenhauer provides an oft-neglected argument for this view. The argument is that a life is worth living only if it does not contain any uncompensated evils; but since all our lives happen to contain such evils, none of them are worth living. The now standard interpretation of this argument (endorsed by Kuno Fischer and Christopher (...)
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  9.  40
    A Brief History of Time From The Big Bang to Black Holes.Stephen W. Hawking - 2020 - Bantam.
    A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes is a popular-science book on cosmology (the study of the origin and evolution of the universe) by British physicist Stephen Hawking. It was first published in 1988. Hawking wrote the book for readers who have no prior knowledge of the universe and people who are interested in learning.
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  10.  37
    Phenomenology, psychoanalysis, and subjectivity in Java.Byron J. Good - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (1):24-36.
  11. Fundamental non-qualitative properties.Byron Simmons - 2021 - Synthese 198 (7):6183-6206.
    The distinction between qualitative and non-qualitative properties should be familiar from discussions of the principle of the identity of indiscernibles: two otherwise exactly similar individuals, Castor and Pollux, might share all their qualitative properties yet differ with respect to their non-qualitative properties—for while Castor has the property being identical to Castor, Pollux does not. But while this distinction is familiar, there has not been much critical attention devoted to spelling out its precise nature. I argue that the class of non-qualitative (...)
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  12.  18
    Japan's Modern Myths: Ideology in the Late Meiji Period.Byron K. Marshall & Carol Gluck - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (1):168.
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  13.  77
    Impure concepts and non-qualitative properties.Byron Simmons - 2020 - Synthese 197 (7):3065-3086.
    Some properties such as having a beard and being a philosopher are intuitively qualitative, while other properties such as being identical to Plato and being a student of Socrates are intuitively non-qualitative. It is often assumed that, necessarily, a property is qualitative if and only if it can be designated descriptively without the aid of directly referential devices. I argue that this linguistic thesis fails in both directions: there might be non-qualitative properties that can be designated descriptively, and there appear (...)
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  14. Robert Boyle's Theological Voluntarism in Context.Byron Robert Levy - 1993
  15.  10
    Hardships of Student Life.Byron Tzou - 2003 - Chinese Studies in History 37 (1):74-77.
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  16. Schopenhauer's Pessimism.Byron Simmons - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian mind. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 282-296.
    Optimism and pessimism are two diametrically opposed views about the value of existence. Optimists maintain that existence is better than non-existence, while pessimists hold that it is worse. Arthur Schopenhauer put forward a variety of arguments against optimism and for pessimism. I will offer a synoptic reading of these arguments, which aims to show that while Schopenhauer’s case against optimism primarily focuses on the value or disvalue of life’s contents, his case for pessimism focuses on the ways in which life (...)
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  17.  45
    The Value of Pregnancy and the Meaning of Pregnancy Loss.Byron J. Stoyles - 2015 - Journal of Social Philosophy 46 (1):91-105.
    In the first part of this paper, I argue that the positions set out in traditional debates about abortion are focused on the status of the fetus to the extent that they ignore the value and meaning of pregnancy as something involving persons other than the fetus. -/- In the second part of the paper, I build on Hilde Lindemann’s ideas by arguing that recognition of the related activities of calling a fetus into personhood and creating an identity as a (...)
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  18. The Dialectics of Engineering.Byron Newberry - 2015 - In Byron Newberry, Carl Mitcham, Martin Meganck, Andrew Jamison, Christelle Didier & Steen Hyldgaard Christensen (eds.), Engineering Identities, Epistemologies and Values: Engineering Education and Practice in Context. Springer Verlag.
     
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  19. Consequentialist Friendship and Quasi-instrumental Goods.Michael Byron - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (2):249.
    Recent literature defends consequentialism against the charge that consequentialists cannot be friends. This paper argues in rebuttal that consequentialists value friends for the wrong reasons. Even if they are motivated by love and affection, consequentialists must act as if they valued their friends as merely instrumental goods, a mode of valuing I call. I conclude by suggesting the root cause of the problem of intrinsic value for consequentialism.
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  20. Can Modal Skepticism Defeat Humean Skepticism?Peter Hawke - 2016 - In Bob Fischer & Felipe Leon (eds.), Modal Epistemology After Rationalism. Cham: Springer. pp. 281-308.
    My topic is moderate modal skepticism in the spirit of Peter van Inwagen. Here understood, this is a conservative version of modal empiricism that severely limits the extent to which an ordinary agent can reasonably believe “exotic” possibility claims. I offer a novel argument in support of this brand of skepticism: modal skepticism grounds an attractive (and novel) reply to Humean skepticism. Thus, I propose that modal skepticism be accepted on the basis of its theoretical utility as a tool for (...)
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  21.  19
    John Venn, James Ward, and the Chair of Mental Philosophy and Logic at the University of Cambridge.Byron Emerson Wall - 2007 - Journal of the History of Ideas 68 (1):131-155.
    In 1897, Cambridge University created a professorship in Mental Philosophy and Logic; despite the double name it was filled by a “mental philosopher,” James Ward, who did no work in logic. The chief logician candidate, John Venn, then turned his attention elsewhere, leaving Cambridge without senior leadership in logic. Ward himself turned to other philosophical issues, doing little further original work in mental philosophy. Cambridge became a center for a fresh interpretation of logic in the early 20th century, but with (...)
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  22.  19
    Anatomy of a Precursor: The Historiography of Aristarchos of Samos.Byron Emerson Wall - 1975 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 6 (3):201.
  23.  37
    Studying mental illness in context: Local, global, or universal?Byron J. Good - 1997 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 25 (2):230-248.
  24.  26
    Letters to His Parents, 1839-1864Rudolf Virchow Marie Rabl L. J. Rather.Byron Boyd - 1992 - Isis 83 (2):335-335.
  25.  18
    Asian Medical Systems: A Comparative Study.Byron J. Good & Charles Leslie - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (3):383.
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  26. Effi ciency Animals: Efficiency as an Engineering Value.Byron Newberry - 2015 - In Byron Newberry, Carl Mitcham, Martin Meganck, Andrew Jamison, Christelle Didier & Steen Hyldgaard Christensen (eds.), Engineering Identities, Epistemologies and Values: Engineering Education and Practice in Context. Springer Verlag.
     
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  27.  1
    Historical and Theological Reflection on Ministry to Children at Risk.Byron Klaus - 1997 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 14 (2):15-18.
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  28.  33
    Toward openness and fairness in the review process.Byron P. Rourke - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):161-161.
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  29.  8
    Approaches to meaning in music.Byron Almén & Edward Pearsall (eds.) - 2006 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Approaches to Meaning in Music presents a survey of the problems and issues inherent in pursuing meaning and signification in music, and attempts to rectify the conundrums that have plagued philosophers, artists, and theorists since the time of Pythagoras. This collection brings together essays that reflect a variety of diverse perspectives on approaches to musical meaning. Established music theorists and musicologists cover topics including musical aspect and temporality, collage, borrowing and association, musical symbols and creative mythopoesis, the articulation of silence, (...)
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  30. Should an Ontological Pluralist Be a Quantificational Pluralist?Byron Simmons - 2022 - Journal of Philosophy 119 (6):324-346.
    Ontological pluralism is the view that there are different fundamental ways of being. Recent defenders of this view—such as Kris McDaniel and Jason Turner—have taken these ways of being to be best captured by semantically primitive quantifier expressions ranging over different domains. They have thus endorsed, what I shall call, quantificational pluralism. I argue that this focus on quantification is a mistake. For, on this view, a quantificational structure—or a quantifier for short—will be whatever part or aspect of reality’s structure (...)
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  31. Musical “Temperament”: Theorists and the Functions of Musical Analysis.Byron Almén - 2005 - Theoria 12:46.
     
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  32. Espacializando la memoria: Reflexiones sobre el tiempo, el espacio y el territorio en la constitución de la memoria.Byron Ospina Florido - 2011 - Aletheia: Anuario de Filosofía 2 (3):6 - 15.
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  33. The Role of Research in Academic Drift Processes in European and American Professional Engineering Education Outside the Universities.Byron Newberry & Steen Christensen - 2015 - In Byron Newberry, Carl Mitcham, Martin Meganck, Andrew Jamison, Christelle Didier & Steen Hyldgaard Christensen (eds.), International Perspectives on Engineering Education: Engineering Education and Practice in Context. Springer Verlag.
     
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  34.  12
    Marching and Rising: The Rituals of Small Differences and Great Violence.Byron Bland - 1997 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 4 (1):101-119.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:MARCHING AND RISING: THE RITUALS OF SMALL DIFFERENCES AND GREAT VIOLENCE Byron Bland Center ofInternational Strategic Arms Control What is really needed is the decommissioning of mind-sets in Northern Ireland. (Report of the International Body on Arms Decommissioning: The Mitchell Report, January 24, 1996) The 1996 Orange Marching season brought a major setback to peace process in Northern Ireland. On the Garvaghy Road in the Drumcree community of (...)
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  35. Aristotle, Akrasia, and the Place of Desire in Moral Reasoning.Byron J. Stoyles - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (2):195-207.
    This paper serves both as a discussion of Henry’s (Ethical Theory Moral Practice, 5:255–270, 2002) interpretation of Aristotle on the possibility of akrasia – knowing something is wrong and doing it anyway – and an indication of the importance of desire in Aristotle’s account of moral reasoning. As I will explain, Henry’s interpretation is advantageous for the reason that it makes clear how Aristotle could have made good sense of genuine akrasia, a phenomenon that we seem to observe in the (...)
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  36. Topics of Thought. The Logic of Knowledge, Belief, Imagination.Franz Berto, Peter Hawke & Aybüke Özgün - 2022 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    When one thinks—knows, believes, imagines—that something is the case, one’s thought has a topic: it is about something, towards which one’s mind is directed. What is the logic of thought, so understood? This book begins to explore the idea that, to answer the question, we should take topics seriously. It proposes a hyperintensional account of the propositional contents of thought, arguing that these are individuated not only by the set of possible worlds at which they are true, but also by (...)
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  37.  17
    Barriers to Dispute Resolution.Byron Bland, Brenna Powell & Lee Ross - 2012 - In Ryan Goodman, Derek Jinks & Andrew K. Woods (eds.), Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights. Oup Usa. pp. 265.
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  38. Rhythm and role recruitment in Manitoban aboriginal vocal and instrumental music.Byron Dueck - 2013 - In Martin Clayton, Byron Dueck & Laura Leante (eds.), Experience and meaning in music performance. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  39.  13
    The Cambridge History of Japan, Vol. 6: The Twentieth Century.Byron K. Marshall & Peter Duus - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):624.
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  40.  19
    Teaching and Learning through Inquiry.Byron G. Massialas - 1969 - Journal of Critical Analysis 1 (2):96-99.
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  41.  12
    Request for pedigrees.O. A. Merritt-Hawkes - 1945 - The Eugenics Review 36 (4):137.
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  42. Building For The Future.Byron Schlomach & Wendell Cox - forthcoming - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs.
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  43. Understanding the unpredictable: Beyond traditional research on mergers and acquisitions.Byron C. Clayton - 2010 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 12 (3):1-19.
     
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  44. The Fundamental Problem of Logical Omniscience.Peter Hawke, Aybüke Özgün & Francesco Berto - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 49 (4):727-766.
    We propose a solution to the problem of logical omniscience in what we take to be its fundamental version: as concerning arbitrary agents and the knowledge attitude per se. Our logic of knowledge is a spin-off from a general theory of thick content, whereby the content of a sentence has two components: an intension, taking care of truth conditions; and a topic, taking care of subject matter. We present a list of plausible logical validities and invalidities for the logic of (...)
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  45.  11
    No Association between 2D:4D Ratio and Hunting Success among Hadza Hunters.Duncan N. E. Stibbard-Hawkes - 2020 - Human Nature 31 (1):22-42.
    The ratio of index- and ring-finger lengths is thought to be related to prenatal androgen exposure, and in many, though not all, populations, men have a lower average digit ratio than do women. In many studies an inverse relationship has been observed, among both men and women, between 2D:4D ratio and measures of athletic ability. It has been further suggested that, in hunter-gatherer populations, 2D:4D ratio might also be negatively correlated with hunting ability, itself assumed to be contingent on athleticism. (...)
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  46.  15
    Schedule-induced attack on a pictorial target in feral pigeons.Byron C. Yoburn & Perrin S. Cohen - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (1):7-8.
  47.  50
    The Nature of Space and Time.Stephen Hawking & Roger Penrose - 2015 - Princeton University Press.
    Einstein said that the most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that it is comprehensible. But was he right? Can the quantum theory of fields and Einstein's general theory of relativity, the two most accurate and successful theories in all of physics, be united in a single quantum theory of gravity? Two of the world's most famous physicists - Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose - disagree. Here they explain their positions in a work based on six lectures with a final (...)
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  48. The Politics of Character in John Milton's Divorce Tracts.David Hawkes - 2001 - Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (1):141-160.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Ideas 62.1 (2001) 141-160 [Access article in PDF] The Politics of Character in John Milton's Divorce Tracts David Hawkes nunquam privatum esse sapientum --Cicero I. There has recently been a great deal of debate over the relative influence on Milton's politics of two discordant revolutionary ideologies: classical republicanism and radical Protestant theology. 1 In the mid-seventeenth century the search for intellectual precedents and rationalizations (...)
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  49.  50
    A Critique of Harman’s Empiric Relativism.Byron L. Haines - 1993 - Journal of Philosophical Research 18:97-107.
    In a paper, “Is there a Single True Morality,” Gilbert Harman presents an argument for moral relativism that some have found persuasive. Relativism is, Harman argues, the view that is most compatible with a scientific view of the world. The present paper argues that Harman’s argument is unsound since it contains at least one false premise. Further, there are considerations to which Harman himself draws attention which count against moral relativism and in favor of moral absolutism i.e., the view that (...)
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  50.  10
    A Critique of Harman’s Empiric Relativism.Byron L. Haines - 1993 - Journal of Philosophical Research 18:97-107.
    In a paper, “Is there a Single True Morality,” Gilbert Harman presents an argument for moral relativism that some have found persuasive. Relativism is, Harman argues, the view that is most compatible with a scientific view of the world. The present paper argues that Harman’s argument is unsound since it contains at least one false premise. Further, there are considerations to which Harman himself draws attention which count against moral relativism and in favor of moral absolutism i.e., the view that (...)
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