Results for 'By Jyl Gentzler'

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  1. The Attractions and Delights of Goodness.By Jyl Gentzler - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):353–367.
    What makes something good for me? Most contemporary philosophers argue that something cannot count as good for me unless I am in some way attracted to it, or take delight in it. However, subjectivist theories of prudential value face difficulties, and there is no consensus about how these difficulties should be resolved. Whether one opts for a hedonist or a desire-satisfaction account of..
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  2.  97
    Method in Ancient Philosophy.Jyl Gentzler (ed.) - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Method in Ancient Philosophy brings together fifteen new, specially written essays by leading scholars on a broad subject of central importance. The ancient Greeks recognized that different forms of human activity are guided by different methods of reasoning; examination of how they reasoned, and how they thought about their own reasoning, helps us to see how they came to hold the views they did, and how our own methods of enquiry have developed under their influence. Contributors include Terence Irwin, Patricia (...)
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  3. Commentary on Bobonich.Jyl Gentzler - 1995 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 11 (1):140-153.
    Bobonich argues that, in the Laws, Plato is committed to the view that the goodness of all goods entirely distinct from virtue is dependent on the virtue of their possessor. He suggests further that Plato's commitment to this dependency thesis is best explained by Plato's commitment to two other theses: (1) that knowledge is sufficient for all virtue, and (2) that the goodness of goods entirely distinct from virtue depends on their possessor's knowledge of the nature of their goodness. While (...)
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  4. How Should I Be? A Defense of Platonic Rational Egoism.Jyl Gentzler - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):39-67.
    There has been a long tradition of interpreting Plato as a rational egoist. Over the past few decades, however, some scholars have challenged this reading. While Rational Egoism appeals to many ordinary folk, in sophisticated philosophical circles it has fallen out of favor as a general and complete account of the nature of reasons for action. I argue that while the theory of practical rationality that is often equated with rational egoism—a view that I call ‘Simple-Minded Rational Egoism'—is neither plausible (...)
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  5. Mastering the Art of Philosophy: A New Guide to Philosophical Writing with Seven Exemplary Essays.Jyl Gentzler & Daniel Koltonski - unknown
    Publishers offer no shortage of guidebooks to students who are struggling to write philosophy papers. The erroneous assumption, however, shared by most of these guides is that learning how to _write_ philosophy well is independent of learning how to _do_ philosophy well. The latter is largely ignored in these primers while the former is addressed with simplistic, general advice, often unrelated to specific philosophical issues and methods. In this book, experienced philosophy teachers Jyl Gentzler and Daniel Koltonski start with (...)
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  6. Cross-Examining Socrates: A Defense of the Interlocutors in Plato’s Early Dialogues.Jyl Gentzler - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):587-590.
  7. What is a Death with Dignity?Jyl Gentzler - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (4):461 – 487.
    Proponents of the legalization of assisted suicide often appeal to our supposed right to "die with dignity" to defend their case. I examine and assess different notions of "dignity" that are operating in many arguments for the legalization of assisted suicide, and I find them all to be deficient. I then consider an alternative conception of dignity that is based on Aristotle's conception of the conditions on the best life. I conclude that, while such a conception of dignity fits best (...)
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  8. Plato and His Predecessors: The Dramatisation of Reason.Jyl Gentzler - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):156-162.
  9.  26
    Philosopher-Kings: The Argument of Plato's Republic.Jyl Gentzler & C. D. C. Reeve - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):362.
  10. How to Know the Good: The Moral Epistemology of Plato's Republic.Jyl Gentzler - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (4):469-496.
    John Mackie famously dismissed the rational tenability of moral objectivism with two quick arguments. The second, the so-called “argument from queerness,” proceeds as follows. A commitment to moral objectivism brings with it a commitment to the existence of moral properties as “queer” as Platonic Forms that are apprehended only through occult faculties like so-called “moral intuition” (Mackie 1977, 38). Since we have no reason to believe that there is any faculty such as moral intuition that serves as a reliable Form (...)
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  11. How to Discriminate Between Experts and Frauds: Some Problems for Socratic Peirastic.Jyl Gentzler - 1995 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 12 (3):227 - 246.
  12. The Sophistic Cross-Examination of Callicles in the Gorgias.Jyl Gentzler - 1995 - Ancient Philosophy 15 (1):17-43.
    Socrates' cross-examination of Callicles in the 'Gorgias' has traditionally been viewed as a paradigm of the Socratic method. I argue that, when he cross examines Callicles, Socrates behaves out of character. In fact, he acts like a Sophist and violates the very principles of persuasion that he advocates in the 'Gorgias'. I offer an explanation of Socrates' temporary transformation into a Sophist, and suggest that his role-reversal reinforces Plato's representation of Socrates as the model of the virtuous philosopher.
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  13. The Attractions and Delights of Goodness.Jyl Gentzler - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):353-367.
    What makes something good for me? Most contemporary philosophers argue that something cannot count as good for me unless I am in some way attracted to it, or take delight in it. However, subjectivist theories of prudential value face difficulties, and there is no consensus about how these difficulties should be resolved. Whether one opts for a hedonist or a desire-satisfaction account of prudential value, certain fundamental assumptions about human well-being must be abandoned. I argue that we should reconsider Plato's (...)
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  14. Recollection and the Problem of the Elenchus.Jyl Gentzler - 1994 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 10 (1):257-295.
    We simply cannot make sense of Socrates' procedure for cross-examining his interlocutors in the early dialogues if we insist that Socrates uses cross-examination only for the purpose of testing his interlocutor's claim to knowledge. This view of Socratic cross-examination cannot explain the fact that Socrates examines theses that he himself proposes and that neither he nor his interlocutor explicitly endorses. In contrast,the supposition that Socrates is inquiring on these occasions provides a good explanation for his procedure. When one is attempting (...)
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  15. Recollection and the Problem of the Socratic Elenchus.Jyl Gentzler - 1994 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 10:257-95.
    We simply cannot make sense of Socrates' procedure for cross-examining his interlocutors in the early dialogues if we insist that Socrates uses cross-examination only for the purpose of testing his interlocutor's claim to knowledge. This view of Socratic cross-examination cannot explain the fact that Socrates examines theses that he himself proposes and that neither he nor his interlocutor explicitly endorses. In contrast,the supposition that Socrates is inquiring on these occasions provides a good explanation for his procedure. When one is attempting (...)
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  16. “Συμφωνειν” in Plato's Phaedo.Jyl Gentzler - 1991 - Phronesis 36 (3):265-276.
    In Socrates' account of his earlier investigations into the nature of causation in the "Phaedo", he describes a method that uses hypotheses. He posited as true those propositions that appeared to harmonize ("sumphonein") with his hypothesis and as false those propositions that failed to harmonize with his hypothesis. Earlier commentators on this passage have maintained that it is impossible to give a univocal reading of the occurrences of "sumphonein"' such that the method that Socrates describes is at all reasonable. It (...)
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  17.  1
    Brill Online Books and Journals.Patricia Kenig Curd, Jyl Gentzler, Christopher J. Martin, C. J. F. Williams, Nicholas Denyer & Christopher Kirwan - 1991 - Phronesis 36 (3):319-327.
  18. “Συμφωνειν” in Plato's Phaedo.Jyl Gentzler - 1991 - Phronesis 36 (3):265 - 276.
    In Socrates' account of his earlier investigations into the nature of causation in the "Phaedo", he describes a method that uses hypotheses. He posited as true those propositions that appeared to harmonize ("sumphonein") with his hypothesis and as false those propositions that failed to harmonize with his hypothesis. Earlier commentators on this passage have maintained that it is impossible to give a univocal reading of the occurrences of "sumphonein"' such that the method that Socrates describes is at all reasonable. It (...)
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  19.  4
    How Should I Be? A Defense of Platonic Rational Egoism.Jyl Gentzler - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):39-67.
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  20.  2
    Colloquium 7.Jyl Gentzler - 1994 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 10 (1):257-295.
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  21.  30
    Forms, Individuals, and Individuation: Mary Margaret McCabe's "Plato's Individuals".Jyl Gentzler - 1996 - Apeiron 29 (2):163-182.
  22.  14
    Plato Fine The Oxford Handbook of Plato. Pp. Xii + 604. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Cased, £85. ISBN: 978-0-19-5182903. [REVIEW]Jyl Gentzler - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (1):58-60.
  23. Promoting Freedom From Poverty: Political Mobilization and the Role of the Kensington Welfare Rights Union.Jyl Josephson & Diana Zoelle - 2006 - Feminist Review 82 (1):6-26.
    Contemporary social policy toward low-income women in the United States, as evidenced both by Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act and by the AFDC programme that preceded it, is in part an artefact of long-standing conceptions of the nature of citizenship. This view sees citizenship as resting primarily on civil and political rights, not on rights with respect to economic, social, and cultural matters. Drawing on scholarly literature on the development of international human rights regimes, the feminist literature that (...)
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  24.  36
    Method in Ancient Greek Philosophy.J. Gentzler (ed.) - 1998 - Clarendon Press.
    Method in Ancient Philosophy brings together fifteen new, specially written essays by leading scholars on a broad subject of central importance. The ancient Greeks recognized that different forms of human activity are guided by different methods of reasoning; examination of how they reasoned, and how they thought about their own reasoning, helps us to see how they came to hold the views they did, and how our own methods of enquiry have developed under their influence. Contributors include Terence Irwin, Patricia (...)
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  25. Queering the Trans: Gender and Sexuality Binaries in Icelandic Trans, Queer, and Feminist Communities.Svandís Anna Sigurðardóttir, Þorgerður Einarsdóttir & Jyl Josephson - 2017 - European Journal of Women's Studies 24 (1):70-84.
    Activists in feminist, queer, and trans movements share in common a critique of the existing gender order. Yet activists may have different understandings of what is wrong with existing gender arrangements, and different understandings of what might be required to establish greater social equality. Using data from interviews with activists in the feminist, queer, and trans movements in Iceland, this article looks at the ways that gender equality and the gender binary are understood by individuals who identify with feminist, queer, (...)
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  26.  10
    Globalisation, Networks and Translation: A Chinese Perspective.Jun Tang & Edwin Gentzler - 2009 - Perspectives 16 (3-4):169-182.
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  27.  5
    Jyl J. Josephson, Rethinking Sexual Citizenship, SUNY Press, Albany, 2016. 242 Páginas. ISBN 978-1-4384-6047-5.Francisco Camas García - 2018 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 18:149-152.
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  28.  2
    Gentzler Ed.Method in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford UP, 1998. Pp. Ix + 398. 0198235712.R. W. Sharples - 1999 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 119:189-190.
  29. 'By Leibniz's Law': Remarks on a Fallacy.By Benjamin Schnieder - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):39–54.
    The article is an investigation of a certain form of argument that refers to Leibniz’s Law as its inference ticket (where Leibniz’s Law is understood as the thesis that if x=y.
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  30.  2
    Interdisciplinary Connections.Edwin Gentzler - 2003 - Perspectives 11 (1):11-24.
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  31.  11
    Adult Attachment and Memory of Emotional Reactions to Negative and Positive Events.Amy Gentzler & Kathryn Kerns - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (1):20-42.
  32.  33
    The Origin of Species: By Means of Natural Selection of the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.Charles Darwin - 1859 - Norton.
    In The Origin of Species (1859) Darwin challenged many of the most deeply-held beliefs of the Western world. Arguing for a material, not divine, origin of species, he showed that new species are achieved by "natural selection." The Origin communicates the enthusiasm of original thinking in an open, descriptive style, and Darwin's emphasis on the value of diversity speaks more strongly now than ever. As well as a stimulating introduction and detailed notes, this edition offers a register of the many (...)
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  33.  18
    The Cost of Believing Emotions Are Uncontrollable: Youths’ Beliefs About Emotion Predict Emotion Regulation and Depressive Symptoms.Brett Q. Ford, Sandy J. Lwi, Amy L. Gentzler, Benjamin Hankin & Iris B. Mauss - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (8):1170-1190.
  34.  13
    A Syllabus of Chinese Civilization.Robert L. Backus & J. Mason Gentzler - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (3):675.
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  35.  3
    Commentary on Gentzler 1.Predrag Cicovacki - 1994 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 10 (1):296-311.
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  36.  9
    A Brief History of Chinese and Japanese Civilizations.J. Mason Gentzler & Conrad Schirokauer - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (3):391.
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  37. Book Review. [REVIEW]J. Gentzler - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (3):391-392.
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  38.  20
    Children's Responses to Cognitive Challenge and Links to Self-Reported Rumination.Amy L. Gentzler, Amanda L. Wheat, Cara A. Palmer & Rebecca A. Burwell - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):305-317.
  39. RM Dancy, Plato's Introduction of Forms.J. Gentzler - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (5):327.
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  40. Morals by Agreement.David Gauthier - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    Is morality rational? In this book Gauthier argues that moral principles are principles of rational choice. He proposes a principle whereby choice is made on an agreed basis of cooperation, rather than according to what would give an individual the greatest expectation of value. He shows that such a principle not only ensures mutual benefit and fairness, thus satisfying the standards of morality, but also that each person may actually expect greater utility by adhering to morality, even though the choice (...)
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  41.  32
    Review: What Pragmatism Was By F. Thomas Burke. [REVIEW]Review by: Colin Koopman - 2014 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 50 (2):304-308,.
  42.  21
    Timing and Rulership in Master Lü’s Spring and Autumn Annals (Lüshi Chunqiu). By James D. Sellmann.By James D. Sellmann & Jay Goulding - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (2):305–309.
  43. By Our Bootstraps.Karen Bennett - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):27-41.
    Recently much has been made of the grounding relation, and of the idea that it is intimately tied to fundamentality. If A grounds B, then A is more fundamental than B (though not vice versa ), and A is ungrounded if and only if it is fundamental full stop—absolutely fundamental. But here is a puzzle: is grounding itself absolutely fundamental?
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  44.  41
    Recognition-by-Components: A Theory of Human Image Understanding.Irving Biederman - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):115-147.
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  45.  31
    Making Things Up.By Karen Bennett - forthcoming - Analysis:anz003.
    Making Things Up By BennettKarenOxford University Press, 2018. xii + 260 pp.
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  46. Cause by Omission and Norm: Not Watering Plants.Paul Henne, Ángel Pinillos & Felipe De Brigard - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):270-283.
    People generally accept that there is causation by omission—that the omission of some events cause some related events. But this acceptance elicits the selection problem, or the difficulty of explaining the selection of a particular omissive cause or class of causes from the causal conditions. Some theorists contend that dependence theories of causation cannot resolve this problem. In this paper, we argue that the appeal to norms adequately resolves the selection problem for dependence theories, and we provide novel experimental evidence (...)
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  47.  48
    Determined by Reasons: A Competence Account of Acting for a Normative Reason.Susanne Mantel - 2018 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    This book offers a new account of what it is to act for a normative reason. The first part of the book examines the problems of causal accounts of acting for reasons and suggests to solve them by a dispositional approach. The author argues for a dispositional account which unites epistemic, volitional, and executional dispositions in a complex normative competence. This ‘Normative Competence Account’ allows for more and less reflective ways of acting for normative reasons. The second part of the (...)
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  48. Ground by Law.Gideon Rosen - 2017 - Philosophical Issues 27 (1):279-301.
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  49. Knowledge by Agreement : The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology.Martin Kusch - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Martin Kusch puts forth two controversial ideas: that knowledge is a social status and that knowledge is primarily the possession of groups rather than individuals. He defends the radical implications of his views: that knowledge is political, and that it varies with communities. This bold approach to epistemology is a challenge to philosophy and the wider academic world.
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  50. Trial by Statistics: Is a High Probability of Guilt Enough to Convict?Marcello Di Bello - 2019 - Mind 128 (512):1045-1084.
    Suppose one hundred prisoners are in a yard under the supervision of a guard, and at some point, ninety-nine of them collectively kill the guard. If, after the fact, a prisoner is picked at random and tried, the probability of his guilt is 99%. But despite the high probability, the statistical chances, by themselves, seem insufficient to justify a conviction. The question is why. Two arguments are offered. The first, decision-theoretic argument shows that a conviction solely based on the statistics (...)
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