Results for 'Burrhus F. Skinner'

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  1.  19
    Review of Burrhus F. Skinner: Science and Human Behavior[REVIEW]Harry Prosch - 1953 - Ethics 63 (4):314-314.
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  2.  12
    The choroid plexus in the rise, fall and repair of the brain.Dwaine F. Emerich, Stephen J. M. Skinner, Cesario V. Borlongan, Alfred V. Vasconcellos & Chistopher G. Thanos - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (3):262-274.
    The choroid plexuses (CPs) are involved in the most-basic aspects of neural function including maintaining the extracellular milieu of the brain by actively modulating chemical exchange between the CSF and brain parenchyma, surveying the chemical and immunological status of the brain, detoxifying the brain, secreting a nutritive “cocktail” of polypeptides and participating in repair processes following trauma. This diversity of functions may mean that even modest changes in the CP can have far-reaching effects. Indeed, changes in the anatomy and physiology (...)
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  3. Selections from Science and Human Behavior.B. F. Skinner - 1983 - In . pp. 37-47.
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  4. Science and human behavior.B. F. Skinner - 1954 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 144:268-269.
     
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  5.  36
    Verbal Behavior.B. F. Skinner - 1957 - Appleton-Century-Crofts.
    Covert behavior may also be strong behavior which cannot be overtly emitted because the proper circumstances are lacking. When we are strongly inclined to go skiing, although there is no snow, we say I would like to go skiing. It is not very  ...
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  6. Are theories of learning necessary?B. F. Skinner - 1950 - Psychological Review 57 (4):193-216.
  7. The operational analysis of psychological terms.B. F. Skinner - 1945 - Psychological Review 52 (5):270-277.
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  8. Beyond Fredom and Dignity.B. F. Skinner - 1973 - Science and Society 37 (2):227-229.
     
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  9. 'Superstition' in the pigeon.B. F. Skinner - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (2):168.
  10. Why I am not a cognitive psychologist.B. F. Skinner - 1977 - Behaviorism 5 (2):1-10.
  11. The operational analysis of psychological terms.B. F. Skinner - 1945 - Psychological Review 52 (4):270-78.
    The major contributions of operationism have been negative, largely because operationists failed to distinguish logical theories of reference from empirical accounts of language. Behaviorism never finished an adequate formulation of verbal reports and therefore could not convincingly embrace subjective terms. But verbal responses to private stimuli can arise as social products through the contingencies of reinforcement arranged by verbal communities.
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  12. Behaviorism at fifty.B. F. Skinner - 1974 - New York,: J. Norton Publishers.
    Each of us is uniquely subject to certain kinds of stimulation from a small part of the universe within our skins. Mentalistic psychologies insist that other kinds of events, lacking the physical dimensions of stimuli, are accessible to the owner of the skin within which they occur. One solution often regarded as behavioristic, granting the distinction between public and private events and ruling the latter out of consideration, has not been successful. A science of behavior must face the problem of (...)
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  13. Beyond Freedom and Dignity.B. F. Skinner - 1974 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 7 (1):58-69.
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  14. Beyond Freedom and Dignity.B. F. Skinner - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (4):498-499.
     
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  15.  34
    The operational analysis of psychological terms.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):547.
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  16.  17
    Contributions of CBR to an Integrated Reasoning System.J. M. Skinner & G. F. Luger - 1995 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 5 (1):19-48.
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  17.  98
    Selection by consequences.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):477-481.
    Human behavior is the joint product of (i) contingencies of survival responsible for natural selection, and (ii) contingencies of reinforcement responsible for the repertoires of individuals, including (iii) the special contingencies maintained by an evolved social environment. Selection by consequences is a causal mode found only in living things, or in machines made by living things. It was first recognized in natural selection: Reproduction, a first consequence, led to the evolution of cells, organs, and organisms reproducing themselves under increasingly diverse (...)
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  18. An operant analysis of problem solving.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):583-591.
    Behavior that solves a problem is distinguished by the fact that it changes another part of the solver's behavior and is strengthened when it does so. Problem solving typically involves the construction of discriminative stimuli. Verbal responses produce especially useful stimuli, because they affect other people. As a culture formulates maxims, laws, grammar, and science, its members behave more effectively without direct or prolonged contact with the contingencies thus formulated. The culture solves problems for its members, and does so by (...)
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  19.  30
    A better way to deal with selection.B. F. Skinner - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):377-378.
  20.  31
    Behaviorism at fifty.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):615.
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  21.  18
    Cumulative Record.B. F. Skinner - 1963 - British Journal of Educational Studies 11 (2):209-210.
  22. The Shaping of a Behaviorist: Part Two of an Autobiography.B. F. Skinner - 1981 - Behaviorism 9 (1):95-97.
  23. Why I am not a cognitivist psychologist.B. F. Skinner - 1976 - Behaviorism 5:1-10.
  24. The problem of consciousness: A debate.Brand Blanshard & B. F. Skinner - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (3):317-37.
  25. Coming to terms with private events.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):572.
  26. Methods and theories in the experimental analysis of behavior.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):511-523.
    We owe most scientific knowledge to methods of inquiry that are never formally analyzed. The analysis of behavior does not call for hypothetico-deductive methods. Statistics, taught in lieu of scientific method, is incompatible with major features of much laboratory research. Squeezing significance out of ambiguous data discourages the more promising step of scrapping the experiment and starting again. As a consequence, psychologists have taken flight from the laboratory. They have fled to Real People and the human interest of “real life,” (...)
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  27.  28
    Theoretical contingencies.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):541-546.
  28. Some quantitative properties of anxiety.W. K. Estes & B. F. Skinner - 1941 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5):390.
  29.  79
    The phylogeny and ontogeny of behavior.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):669-677.
    Responses are strengthened by consequences having to do with the survival of individuals and species. With respect to the provenance of behavior, we know more about ontogenic than phylogenic contingencies. The contingencies responsible for unlearned behavior acted long ago. This remoteness affects our scientific methods, both experimental and conceptual. Until we have identified he variables responsible for an event, we tend to invent causes. Explanatory entities such as “instincts,” “drives,” and “traits” still survive. Unable to show how organisms can behave (...)
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  30. Why I Am Not a Cognitive Psychologist.B. F. Skinner - 1977 - Behavior and Philosophy 5 (2):1.
     
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  31. Critique of Psychoanalytic Concepts and Theories.B. F. Skinner - 1956 - In Herbert Feigl & Michael Scriven (eds.), Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. , Vol. pp. 1--77.
  32. Verbal behavior.Noam Chomsky & B. F. Skinner - 1959 - Language 35 (1):26.
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  33. Upon Further Reflection.B. F. Skinner - 1989 - Behaviorism 17 (1):79-83.
  34.  8
    Enjoy Old Age: A Practical Guide.B. F. Skinner & M. E. Vaughan - 1997 - W. W. Norton & Company.
  35.  29
    19. Beyond Freedom and Dignity.B. F. Skinner - 2014 - In Bernard Williams (ed.), Essays and Reviews: 1959-2002. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 87-89.
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  36.  25
    Walden Two. [REVIEW]H. A. L. & B. F. Skinner - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (20):654.
  37.  14
    Reply to Dr. Yacorzynski.B. F. Skinner - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (1):93-94.
    Skinner insists on the suitability of his own interpretation of Yacorzynski's results and points out a number of differences in the conclusions reached by each of them in the study of these data. (See 17: 1566.) ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved).
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  38. Autoclitic processes and the structure of behavior1.B. F. Skinner - 1980 - Behaviorism 8 (2):175-186.
  39.  32
    Contingencies and rules.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):607-613.
  40.  18
    Crítica dos conceitos e teorias psicanalíticos.B. F. Skinner - 2011 - Natureza Humana 13 (2):132-143.
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  41.  6
    Enjoy Old Age: A Program of Self Management.B. F. Skinner & M. E. Vaughan - 1985 - Grand Central.
    An eminent psychologist and a gerontologist explain how to cope with the problems of aging and how to get the most out of one's later years.
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  42.  57
    Is it behaviorism?B. F. Skinner - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):716-716.
  43.  5
    Imagining rotation of objects: Comment on Shepard and Metzler.Nicholas F. Skinner & Roger Stretch - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (2):165-166.
  44.  17
    Phylogenic and ontogenic environments.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):701-711.
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  45.  8
    Personality characteristics of volunteers for painful experiments.Nicholas F. Skinner - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (6):299-300.
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  46.  29
    Representations and misrepresentations.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):655.
  47.  20
    Reply to Catania.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):718.
  48.  11
    Reply to Harnad.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):721.
  49. Reply to Kenneth A. strike.B. F. Skinner - 1975 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 9 (1):137.
     
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  50. Reply to Place: "Three Senses of the Word 'Tact'".B. F. Skinner - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (1):75-76.
     
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